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  • 1.
    Baeten, Guy
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Valli, ChiaraMalmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Smart Cities for City Officials: A Social Sciences approach.2021Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 2.
    Hammami, Feras
    et al.
    Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg.
    Jewesbury, DanielHDK-Valand Academy, University of Gothenbur.Valli, ChiaraMalmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Heritage, Gentrification and Resistance in the Neoliberal City2022Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    What happens when versions of the past become silenced, suppressed, or privileged due to urban restructuring? In what ways are the interpretations and performances of ‘the past’ linked to urban gentrification, marginalization, displacement, and social responses? Authors explore a variety of attempts to interrupt and interrogate urban restructuring, and to imagine alternative forms of urban organization, produced by diverse coalitions of resisting groups and individuals. Armed with historical narratives, oral histories, objects, physical built environment, memorials, and intangible aspects of heritage that include traditions, local knowledge and experiences, memories, authors challenge the ‘devaluation’ of their neighborhoods in official heritage and development narratives.

  • 3.
    Hammami, Feras
    et al.
    Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg.
    Jewesbury, Daniel
    HDK-Valand Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Introduction: Exploring Injustices through Heritage in the Neoliberal City2022Ingår i: Heritage, Gentrification and Resistance in the Neoliberal City / [ed] Hammami, Feras; Jewesbury, Daniel; Valli, Chiara, New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2022Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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  • 4.
    Jewesbury, Daniel
    et al.
    HDK-Valand Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Hammami, Feras
    Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Epilogue: Reflections on Heritage, Gentrification, Resistance2022Ingår i: Heritage, Gentrification and Resistance in the Neoliberal City / [ed] Hammami, Feras; Jewesbury, Daniel; Valli, Chiara, New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2022, s. 185-193Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 5. Kusevski, Dragan
    et al.
    Stalevska, Maja
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Neighborhood-Based Business Improvement Districts (BIDs): A New Milestone of Neoliberal Urbanism in Sweden?2022Ingår i: Urban Affairs Forum, nr 2022-03-25Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Kusevski, Dragan
    et al.
    Independent Researcher.
    Stalevska, Maja
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    The Business of Improving Neighborhoods. A Critical Overview of Neighborhood-Based Business Improvement Districts (NBIDs) in Sweden2023Ingår i: Urban Affairs Review, ISSN 1078-0874, E-ISSN 1552-8332, Vol. 59, nr 4, s. 1046-1079, artikel-id 107808742110707Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article offers an overview of neighbourhood-based BIDs (NBIDs) in Sweden. Swedish NBIDs tend to appear in stigmatized residential areas engaging with pressing sets of urban issues that have been longstanding concern of social policy. Their overarching goal is raising property values in neighborhoods on the edge between urban decline and (re)development potential. Emerging in a neoliberalizing institutional context, NBIDs present themselves as correctives to public-policy failures by promoting property-oriented solutions. The adaptation of the BID model in the Swedish ‘post-welfare’ landscape, however, exhibits, and arguably exacerbates, the shortcomings found in BID elsewhere. Their opaque institutional structure and lack of accountability contribute to curbing democratic influence over local development, thus reinforcing spatial inequalities. We argue that the growing political advocacy for the institutionalization of the BID model in Sweden presents a new milestone in the neoliberalization of urban governance, as private actors are promoted to legitimate co-creators of urban policy.

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  • 7.
    Listerborn, Carina
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Baeten, GuyMalmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).Valli, ChiaraMalmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Bostadsmanifest: 22 krav för framtidens hem. Av CRUSH med vänner2021Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken Bostadsmanifest – 22 krav för framtidens hem samlar 25 forskare och aktivister som vill bidra med att skapa en bostadsmarknad för alla. Deras 22 krav utgår från kunskap och erfarenhet från både forskning och aktivism, där författarna efterlyser en aktiv kommunal och statlig socialt inkluderande bostadspolitik.

    Boken ska inspirera medborgare, politiker och aktivister med nya erfarenheter, forskningsresultat och visioner i bostadsfrågan. Kraven placerar hemmet i fokus som en viktig plats i alla människors liv. Bostaden är mer än en marknadsvara, den är en rättighet.

    Bostadsmanifest är en uppföljning och utveckling av boken 13 Myter om bostadsfrågan (2016), författad av forskarkollektivet CRUSH – Critical Urban Sustainability Hub.

    Nu har fler vänner bjudits in till att medverka till detta mångsidiga manifest där steget tas från kritiska reflektioner till visioner om en framtida välkomnande stads- och bostadsplanering.

    Bostadsmanifest – 22 krav för framtidens hem är illustrerad av seriekonstnären Daria Bogdanska, författare till den hyllade serieromanen Wage Slaves. Boken är formgiven av Magnus Frederiksen.

  • 8.
    Valli, Chiara
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University.
    A sense of displacement: Long‐time residents' feelings of displacement in gentrifying Bushwick, New York2015Ingår i: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 39, nr 6, s. 1191-1208Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a contribution to reinforcing our understanding of gentrificationand displacement as neighborhood expressions of inequality. It explores the experiencesof gentrification of lower-income, long-time residents in the gentrifying neighborhood ofBushwick, Brooklyn, New York City. The focus is on components of displacement beyondthe traditional emphasis on outmigration. In particular, the article pinpoints the emotional,affective, psychological reactions of long-time residents triggered through the encounterwith newcomers. While the entry point is the exploration of emotions and affects, thearticle argues that these feelings are outcomes of material socio-economic inequalitiesand, in particular, their powerfully racialized historical foundations, as embodied in thecontemporary encounter of long-time residents with newcomers.

  • 9.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Artistic careers in the cyclicality of art scenes and gentrification: symbolic capital accumulation through space in Bushwick, NYC2022Ingår i: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 43, nr 8, s. 1176-1198Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Why and how do artists engage in activities that likely lead to gentrification, despite their awareness of its effects and despite that they will possibly be among the displaced groups? I highlight a missing link in existing literature explaining the recurring patterns of art scenes and gentrification in US cities– the cyclicality of artistic careers trajectories in art scenes’ spatiality. The study shows that the shifted reputation of the neighborhood in early stages of gentrification is instrumental to positioning individual cultural producers in the cultural field through the local art scene’s collective accumulation of symbolic capital. Early-career artists accumulate symbolic capital through space. Paired with the capitalist and racist legacies of the US city, this contributes to reproducing gentrification. Theoretically, the article draws from Bourdieu’s theory of the cultural field and geographical literature of the symbolic economy. Empirically, it draws on interviews with cultural producers in Bushwick (Brooklyn, NYC).

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  • 10.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Att bostaden ska ge en jämlik start i livet2020Ingår i: Bostadsmanifest: 22 krav för framtidens hem / [ed] Baeten, Guy; Listerborn, Carina; Valli, Chiara, Stockholm: Dokument press , 2020, s. 60-63Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 11.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    ‘Cleaning up’ Heritage in the Post-Industrial City: Making Heritage, Gentrification and Legitimacy in Gamlestaden2022Ingår i: Heritage, Gentrification and Resistance in the Neoliberal City / [ed] Hammami, Feras; Jewesbury, Daniel; Valli, Chiara, New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2022, s. 63-81Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Emotional Displacement: Misrecognition, Symbolic Violence, and Loss of Place2020Ingår i: Housing Displacement: Conceptual and Methodological Issues / [ed] Baeten, Guy; Listerborn, Carina; Persdotter, Maria; Pull, Emil, Oxon: Routledge, 2020Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Where do the feelings of disgust, fury, anger, frustration, suffocation, and rage expressed by long-time residents in the gentrifying neighborhood of Bushwick (Brooklyn, NYC) come from? What are the structural social relations that instigate these feelings of displacement? And finally, what do these feelings do, and what may be done with them to resist displacement and gentrification? This study contributes to the definition of displacement by focusing on Emotional Displacement, i.e. the intangible, yet vividly experienced, forms of gentrification-led ‘loss of place’. Far from pertaining to the individual psychological sphere, affective and emotional components of displacement speak directly to urban sociological and geographical studies and therefore can critically nuance and complement more traditional class-, race-, and culture-based accounts of gentrification. By combining urban literature on displacement with readings of Sarah Ahmed and Pierre Bourdieu, and drawing on empirical research on Bushwick, I unpack feelings of gentrification-led displacement and then re-embed them into structural power relations. The core argument is that emotional displacement derives from what Bourdieu identified as the 'symbolic violence' of 'misrecognition'. The symbolic violence that comes from misrecognition is not less political or violent than physical displacement, as it is an expression and tool of class- and racial domination.

  • 13.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Participatory dissemination: bridging in-depth interviews, participation, and creative visual methods through Interview-Based Zine-Making (IBZM)2021Ingår i: Fennia, E-ISSN 1798-5617, Vol. 199, nr 1, s. 25-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I make the case for an underexplored research practice – participatory dissemination – and reflectively introduce a new research method, IBZM (Interview-Based Zine-Making), which I developed in my fieldwork research on the gentrifying neighborhood of Bushwick, Brooklyn, in New York City. Participatory dissemination is a practice that engages research participants in the interpretation of preliminary research findings, and through art-based methods, leads to the coproduction of visual outputs and research communication for diversified audiences, especially those beyond solely academic readers. Participatory dissemination has received little attention within academic debates thus far. The paper addresses this gap in the literature by outlining the rationale and potential for incorporating participatory processes within research dissemination, even where so-called traditional (non- or less-participatory) research methods are used. IBZM follows the technique of zine-making (that is, the practice of cutting, rearranging, and creatively pasting printed materials in a new pamphlet), but instead of using media texts and pictures as raw materials, IBZM works with transcribed texts from researcher-conducted interviews. The aim is to let the research participants (zine-makers) engage with the perspectives of the interviewees and find assonances, disagreements, and connections with their own thoughts. The output is a collectively produced zine to be further disseminated. IBZM offers a means of combining traditional detached research methods, such as interviews, with participatory and creative/visual research methods. As such, participatory dissemination can be helpful in bridging literatures and debates on participatory and traditional research methods, providing new avenues for researchers working primarily with the latter to incorporate participatory elements into their research process and outputs.

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  • 14.
    Valli, Chiara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Pushing borders: Cultural workers in the restructuring of post-industrial cities2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the agency and positioning of cultural workers in the restructuring of contemporary cities. This positioning is ambiguous. Cultural workers often lead precarious professional lives, yet their significant symbolic and cultural capital is widely mobilised in the service of neoliberal urban restructuring, including ‘creative city’ flagship developments and gentrification. But cultural workers’ actual agency, their reactions to urban processes that exploit their presence, and their relations to other urban social groups, are poorly understood and hard to decipher. This thesis addresses these issues through three articles.

    Paper I examines a process of artist-led gentrification ongoing in Bushwick, Brooklyn, New York. It shows that artists, gallerists and other members of the local art scene contribute to sustaining gentrification through their everyday practices and discourses. The gentrification frontier is constructed on an everyday level as a transitional space and time in the scene members’ lives. Gentrification is de-politicised by discursively underplaying its conflictual components of class and racial struggle. Forms of resistance to gentrification amongst scene members are found, but they appear to be sector-specific and exclusive. Finally, scene members tend to fail at establishing meaningful relationships with long-time residents.

    Paper II brings the perspectives of long-time residents in Bushwick to the forefront. Examination of the emotional and affectual components of displacement reveals that these aspects are as important as material re-location to understanding displacement and gentrification. The encounter with newcomers’ bodies in neighbourhood spaces triggers a deep sense of displacement for long-time residents, evoking deep-rooted structural inequalities of which gentrification is one spatial expression.

    Paper III examines the case of Macao, a collective mobilisation of cultural workers in Milan, Italy. There, cultural workers have mobilised against neoliberal urbanism, top-down gentrification, corruption, growing labour precarity and other regressive urban and social issues. The paper considers the distinctive resources, aesthetic tactics and inaugurative practices mobilised and enacted in the urban space by Macao and it argues that by deploying their cultural and symbolic capital, cultural workers can reframe the relations between bodies, space and time, and hence challenge power structures.

    Cultural workers might not have the power to determine the structural boundaries and hierarchies that organize urban society, including their own positioning in it. Nonetheless, through their actions and discourses and subjectification processes, they can reinforce or challenge those borders. 

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  • 15. Valli, Chiara
    Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to Researching with Visual Materials (Third edition). London: Sage. 408 pp.2013Ingår i: Graduate Journal of Social Science, E-ISSN 1572-3763, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 191-194Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Valli, Chiara
    Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    What and who counts in smart city knowledge?: A feminist epistemology for smart cities : Reflecting with Gillian Rose, Germaine Halegoua and Linda Gustafsson2022Ingår i: Urban Matters, Vol. 2Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Valli, Chiara
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University.
    When cultural workers become an urban social movement: political subjectification and alternative cultural production in the Macao movement, Milan2015Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 643-659Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between cultural production and insurgentpolitical activity. The specific context for the study is the urban cultural movement ofMacao, in Milan. Macao is an urban social movement that aims to challenge neoliberalcultural production and neoliberal urban politics through alternative cultural productionmodels. The overarching argument is that Macao pursues its subjectification processthrough aesthetic tactics: the process of the formation of a political subject passes througharts and creative expressions to impact and reconfigure the sensible domain. This collectivesubject is created by: first, reappropriating urban spaces; second, enacting alternativepractices of cultural production; and third, guerrilla branding tactics. Ultimately, thepaper explores the potential of alliances between urban struggles and struggles overcommodification and exploitation of culture.

  • 18.
    Valli, Chiara
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Baeten, Guy
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Editorial: Imagining/doing smart cities2022Ingår i: Urban Matters, Vol. 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Valli, Chiara
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Dezarvianka, Alina
    Vidarsson, Elina
    Art that makes heritage: Swedish and Belarusian perspectives on art and heritagization2019Ingår i: Artistic practices and social change: Observations from Belarus and Sweden: STATUS / [ed] Borisionok, Aleksei, Gothenburg: Konstepidemin Publishing house , 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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  • 20.
    Valli, Chiara
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Hammami, Feras
    University of Gothenburg.
    Introducing Business Improvement Districts (BIDs) in Sweden: A social justice appraisal2021Ingår i: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 155-172Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In a context of growing socio-spatial polarization and of restructuring state–market relations in urban governance, a new phenomenon is emerging in Swedish cities, that is, partnerships for urban regeneration inspired by the Business Improvement District (BID) model. Through an empirical case study research on one of the most long-standing BID partnerships in Sweden – that is, BID Gamlestaden in Gothenburg – the article critically assesses whether the BID model as it has been applied in Sweden represents a socially and politically sustainable tool for urban regeneration. Namely, the study analyses the complex constellation of power entrenched in the BID, with a focus on the relations with urban governance actors ‘above’ (city planning department, public housing, real estate companies, media, politicians) and ‘below’ (residents and local businesses). Despite general claims around BIDs as successful tools for uplifting distressed neighbourhoods, BID Gamlestaden presents shortcomings regarding issues of urban social justice in terms of democratic participation and representation (democracy), disciplining and sanitizing strategies (diversity) and gentrification risks (equality). In fact, while BID partners notice improved attractiveness and sense of security and higher estate values, this improvement is based upon the removal of the most socio-economically vulnerable residents and the disciplining of residents’ and businesses’ behaviours and aesthetics. This study warns about the risk that BIDs as they are currently implemented in Sweden are used as a ‘neoliberal fix’ to move social problems elsewhere rather than solving them, which might lead to new landscapes of exclusion and gentrification.

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  • 21.
    Valli, Chiara
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Hammami, Feras
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Jewesbury, Daniel
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Så formar historien framtidens planering: Reflektioner om kulturarv, gentrifiering och motstånd2022Ingår i: PLAN, Tidskriften för samhällsplanering., nr 7, s. 28-33Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Valli, Chiara
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Olesen, Kristian
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Parker, Peter
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Solutions in search of a problem: Opening policy windows for Business Improvement Districts in the Nordic countries2024Ingår i: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, E-ISSN 2399-6552Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Policy mobility literature invites us to consider the power-laden processes of how urban policies are exported, mimicked, and transformed in different urban contexts. However, recent critique has highlighted the need for a fuller understanding of urban policy context to understand where and when policies come to be implemented in new settings and how they are transformed. The purpose of this study is to explore understandings of urban policy context in a comparative study of policy mobility, and specifically relations between internationally packaged concepts, local pilot projects and national level actors. We develop a framework for understanding these relations in policy mobility based on case studies of BID policy development in Sweden and Denmark drawing on both Policy Mobility literature and a Multiple Streams Approach. The main finding is that local pilots play a key role in translating packaged policy concepts but also serve as ‘proof of concept’ for further institutionalization. The way these pilots are discursively situated in relation to ‘problems’ is therefore of central importance for further implementation. Furthermore, the study highlights the role of policy entrepreneurs that connect local pilots (and discursive problems) with national level actors, and political opportunities.

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