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  • 51.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Lashin, Menna
    Elbably, Ahmed
    Going green in architectural education: An urban living lab experiment for a graduation green design studio in Saint Catherine, Egypt2017In: Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, E-ISSN 1471-1257, Vol. 144, p. 356-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the current energy crises, recent efforts have been directed at bringing energy efficiency and environmental awareness across the board into architectural education in Egypt. Although interest in sustainable design teaching and learning started more than 20 years ago at both post graduate and undergraduate level in Egypt, ecological illiteracy persists in architecture education. There is a large gap between what our schools of architecture offer, what the regulations currently specify, and what the market demands. This paper investigates the role of the graduation design studio in rooting an understanding of sustainability in architectural higher education, taking an experimental design studio case as an example. During this studio, the students developed a range of skills and techniques that were of value to their graduation projects and which will stand by them later as architects in the future. Students were able to experience climatic conditions and building technology in a specific context and associated with specific local vernacular architecture. Such experience was used to develop new adaptive and responsive climatic architecture approaches by means of physical hands on test cell models in a living lab environment. The design studio focuses on passive solar approaches suitable for a hot arid climate. The paper aims to show how this design studio could be a pilot model for green architectural education in Egypt.

  • 52.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Lewis, Miles
    Vernacular Architecture in the Face of Change2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vernacular architecture is the natural and largely informal way of building in traditional communities. The papers presented in this book their importance are in their disparate origins. They discuss a range of vernacular traditions well beyond what which would be familiar to any scholar. They have been grouped here under the broad headings of Principles, Survey & Description, and Conservation, though of course there is much overlap. These papers consider an astonishing range of vernacular architecture, and bring out surprising analogies between disparate areas such as China and the Middle East, and Europe and South America. They reveal an equally extensive range of problems and threats, of which, inevitably, development pressure is the greatest. But the situation is not entirely hopeless, because there are some success stories here, and if those success can be imitated, then much can be saved.

  • 53.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Maguid, Dalya
    British Univ Egypt, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abodeeb, Rasha
    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt..
    El Mahdy, Deena
    British Univ Egypt, Cairo, Egypt..
    The Practice and Politics of Urban Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Efforts: The Case of Cairo2022In: Urban Forum, ISSN 1015-3802, E-ISSN 1874-6330, Vol. 33, p. 83-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on climate change mitigation and adaptation is pressing in order to understand its implications and risks in different urban areas. It is especially critical for those who face high degrees of urban inequality in the context of an uneven state presence. This paper is an explorative and investigative study which uses Cairo as a case. The focus of the study is on mapping state and private sector efforts in mitigating climate change issues, specifically for vulnerable groups who have limited access to public services. The study adopted an investigative approach where a literature search and bibliometric mapping were used to identify the gap in knowledge in the field of architecture and urban climate change mitigation and adaptation, followed by a field survey which included conducting interviews and questionnaires with different stakeholders from the public and private sector to investigate the link between the efforts for climate change mitigation. The explorative part of the study concluded that there is a huge knowledge gap in the Middle East and in Egypt when it comes to research efforts related to climate change with a focus on the built environment. The results of the investigative part of this study revealed that-apart from already limited efforts on ground-there is no synchronization in efforts between the public and private sector. Climate change issues are still not a priority when poverty, economy, and health are still a prime concern and take precedence over climate change. There is uneven presence of public efforts for climate change adaptation and mitigation. The efforts that do exist in the public sphere are self-help unorganized work (efforts) conducted by the civil society.

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  • 54.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Maguid, Dalya
    British University in Egypt, El Sherouk City, Egypt.
    El Mahdy, Deena
    British University in Egypt, El Sherouk City, Egypt.
    Emulating the desert vernacular: Towards zero-carbon eco desert settlements in Egypt2018In: Proceddings of CIAV scientific committee annual conference. Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Development, ICOMOS CIAV International Conference , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Zero carbon cities are relatively new concepts that aim to support cities in realizing ecological, social and economicsustainable futures. It is argued that urbanization in developing countries may be the distinct greatest challenge in thiscentury. It is expected that 400,000 square kilometers will be built in the coming 30 years. This is equivalent to the world’sbuilt-up urban area in last 2000 years, given that cities alone account for 78 % of anthropogenic carbon emissions.Furthermore, more devastation has been caused by the latest severe climate events, such as an increased average globaltemperature, flooding, and massive forest fires. Accordingly, a sense of urgency has turned about the necessity to adoptsustainable and ecological design principles for future cities development. Egypt as one of the developing countries thatis the third largest populated nation in Africa, is facing a series of threats. From which limited access to natural resourcesin relation to the population size and economic growth besides the continuous challenging climate change implications.Furthermore, Egypt is recently facing a major energy security problem, which strongly impacts all national plans foreconomic development. Despite that, till now there are no clear laws or legislations for eco cities like zero carbon citydesign and construction. The aim of this research paper is laying hands on hidden potentials and analyzing successfulprivate initiatives for existing eco communities in Egypt. Initiatives that have tried to apply some traditional zero carbondesign concepts based on lessons learned from vernacular architectural heritage in Egypt. The paper adopted an analyticalcase study method tackling different aspects like; renewable energy, permaculture, passive systems, green infra structurelike eco-sanitation, recycling and solid waste management ending with carbon free transportation and green circulareconomy. The research contributes by critically analyzing such attempts and concludes with design best practices andstrategies on how to reach an environmentally enriched, healthier, resilient and socially rewarding zero carbon cities,running on their own locally available resources. Hoping that the recommendations are a nucleus for a national designstandard or a best practice manual towards better equitable urban future.

  • 55.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Maguid, Dalya
    Faculty of Engineering, The British University in Egypt.
    El-Mahdy, Deena
    Faculty of Engineering, The British University in Egypt.
    Circularity in the New Gravity—Re-Thinking Vernacular Architecture and Circularity2022In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mounting climate change crisis and the rapid urbanization of cities have pressured

    many practitioners, policymakers, and even private investors to develop new policies, processes, and methods for achieving more sustainable construction methods. Buildings are considered to be among the main contributors to harmful environmental impacts, resource consumption, and waste generation. The concept of a circular economy (CE), also referred to as “circularity”, has gained a great deal of popularity in recent years. CE, in the context of the building industry, is based on the concept of sustainable construction, which calls for reducing negative environmental impacts while providing a healthier indoor environment and closing material loops. Both vernacular architecture design strategies and circular economy principles share many of the same core concepts. This paper aims at investigating circular economy principles in relation to vernacular architecture principles in the built environment. The study demonstrates how circular principles can be achieved through the use of vernacular construction techniques and using local building materials. This paper will focus on Egypt as one of the oldest civilizations in the world, with a wide vernacular heritage, exploring how circularity is rooted in old vernacular settlements and how it can inspire contemporary circular practices.

  • 56.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Makhlouf, Nahla N
    Hosny, Omar M
    Roof top PV retrofitting: a rehabilitation assessment towards nearly zero energy buildings in remote off-grid vernacular settlements in Egypt2016In: Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, E-ISSN 1471-1257, Vol. 123, p. 160-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vernacular buildings in Egypt express a variety of passive low-tech approaches in design and construction to achieve human comfort and fulfil inhabitants’ requirements. They have been devised to suit living in regions where local inhabitants had to invent various passive building strategies to live under severe local climatic conditions without depending on fossil fuels. This paper discusses a retrofitting approach for off-grid vernacular buildings in the Western Desert of Egypt. The study hypothesis argues that, when retrofitted and equipped with renewable energy solutions, vernacular structures can act as nearly zero energy buildings. A post occupancy evaluation was used as an assessment tool for two pilot projects that served as case studies. Results showed that combining vernacular passive strategies with affordable active renewables such as roof top solar panels results in a hybrid energy efficient retrofitting solution for deprived off-grid vernacular buildings. The intention is for the results to act as a basis for future retrofitting that would take into account the challenges and obstacles inherent in such work. This is an aim capable of contributing to a reduction of energy consumption that would also encourage retrofitting using renewable solutions for existing housing stock in Egypt.

  • 57.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Misr International University, Cairo, Egypt.
    Nour, Haitham
    Cairo, Egypt.
    Passive design from training to practice: Passive design from training to practice.2013In: Building simulation Cairo, Towards Sustainable & Green Built Environment: Conference proceedings / [ed] Mohammad Fahmy, 2013, p. 271-278Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Dept. of Architecture, Misr International University, Egypt .
    Said, Rasha
    American university in Cairo.
    Affordable sustainable earthbag housing; achieving indoor thermal comfort in low cost housing in Egypt2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Lunds universitet,Institutionen för arkitektur och byggd miljö.
    Sakr, M.
    Lunds universitet,Institutionen för arkitektur och byggd miljö.
    Transdisciplinarity in rammed earth construction for contemporary practice2014In: Earthen architecture: past, present and future : proceedings of the International Conference on Vernacular Heritage / [ed] Mileto, F; Vegas, L.; García Soriano; V. Cristini, Leiden: CRC Press, 2014, p. 107-113Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Sakr, Mamdouh
    Prince’s School of Traditional Arts, Egypt.
    Transdisciplinary rammed earth construction and building practice2015In: Earthen Architecture: past, present and future : proceedings of the International Conference on Vernacular Heritage, Sustainability and Earthen Architecture, Valencia, Spain, 11-13 September 2014 / [ed] C. Mileto ; F. Vegas; L. García Soriano ; V. Cristini, Boca Ratón: CRC Press, 2015, p. 107-113Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For centuries rammed earth has been a method of construction in various parts of the world. It is an economical building technique as earth is an abundant cheap resource. It is durable, safe and a desirable building technique for hot climates. This paper is discussing a workshop activity in building with sustainable rammed earth construction methods in Egypt. It adds to previous research in vernacular rammed earth a transdiscipli-nary and participatory dimension. Believing that they are assets to promote for rammed earth benefits and applicability in contemporary practice. The central philosophy of this workshop is to enable researchers, practitioners, decision makers and interested laymen from different disciplines to interact in a transdisciplinary action approach to awaken the importance of adopting green affordable building practices. This paper shows how to initiate a low cost and an energy efficient earth buildings and discuss the criteria on which rammed earth structures is assessed.

  • 61.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sarkheyli, Elnaz
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Pandemic, doctoral students’ motivation and the role of supervision2023In: Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, E-ISSN 2004-4097, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Ph.D. research and supervision process passes through different momentums of ups and downs, demotivation, and stress. Unexpected situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, and its considerable influence on daily life and their working situation and research process, put new pressures on Ph.D. students. This study aims to investigate the COVID-19 pandemic on doctoral motivation, the supervisions' strategies, and the importance of supervisors in helping students tackle demotivation and stress situations. In this study, we conducted an online survey, including open-ended and Likert scale questions, distributed among the doctoral students and interviews with supervisors at Malmö University. According to the survey result, the pandemic has affected the doctoral students' research methodological process, communication frequency and efficiency with their supervisors, access to the office and laboratory, and motivation to write and finish their doctoral thesis. Stress, new life and family priorities, the uncertainty of fieldwork and research methods, isolation, skepticism about the importance of their research, and less connection with supervisors and peers have been mentioned as their reasons for demotivation. In addition, the survey results showed that most respondents emphasized the importance of the supervisors' role in their motivation. The message from this study is that the clarity of feedback, setting realistic goals, time management, mutual understanding, caring and support, flexibility and availability, regular and informal meetings, and positive attitudes are essential factors in doctoral supervision under stressful situations. The findings pinpoint the most efficient supervision strategies during challenging situations like the pandemic, which can be lessons for future similar events. However, the results also addressed the students' different needs and the importance of awareness and attention to the students' differences under supervision and mentoring.

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  • 62.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Aalborg Univ, Dept Architecture Design & Media Technol, Aalborg, Denmark..
    Serageldin, Ahmed A.
    Hokaido Univ, Environm Syst Engn Lab, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.;Benha Univ, Shoubra Fac Engn, Banha, Egypt..
    Earth air heat exchanger, Trombe wall and green wall for passive heating and cooling in premium passive refugee house in Sweden2020In: Energy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904, E-ISSN 1879-2227, Vol. 209, article id 112555Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the increasing number of migrants and refugees, there is a need for energy-efficient and low impact temporary housing that can accommodate millions of displaced peoples worldwide. This study describes a design proposal for a premium passive refugee house that uses three main passive heating and cooling solutions (Earth Air Heat Exchanger, Trombe wall, and green wall) and is suited to the Swedish climate. The purpose of the combination of the three passive systems is to reduce cooling and heating loads to conserve a significant amount of primary energy and thus mitigate the impact of the house's energy use on the environment through a reduction in emissions. The house is designed to fulfill its energy needs from renewable sources and produce an annual surplus of 180 kWh/m(2)/annum. The methodology applied is a dynamic system modeling and simulation approach using TRNSYS and ANSYS software. The simulation results showed a heating load of 7.9 kWh/m(2)/annum and a cooling load of 2.8 kWh/m(2)/annum, with total energy consumption reaching 18.4 kWh/m(2)/annum. Preliminary feasibility costing showed a payback time of 7.4 years out of the 25-years suggested lifetime of building using the three passive solutions. The amount of CO2 emissions is 231.1 kg CO(2)e/annum with a primary energy demand of 0.032 GJ/m(2)/annum. As a follow-up to the initial study, a proof of concept has been implemented in Lund, Sweden, in an urban living lab to verify the simulation results through a 12-month post-occupancy monitoring and evaluation study.

  • 63.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Architecture and Built Environment, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Wanas, Omar
    Architecture Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University, Helwan, Egypt.
    Hegazy, Mohamed Ahmer
    Transsolar Energietechnik GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Johansson, Erik
    Architecture and Built Environment, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Reducing cooling demands in a hot dry climate: A simulation study for non-insulated passive cool roof thermal performance in residential buildings2015In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 89, p. 142-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In hot dry climates, it is estimated that almost half the urban peak load of energy consumption is used to satisfy air-conditioning cooling demands in summer time. Since the urbanization rate in developing countries – like the case in Egypt – is rising rapidly, the pressure placed on energy resources to satisfy inhabitants’ indoor comfort requirements is consequently increasing too. This paper introduces passive cool roof as a means of reducing energy cooling loads for satisfying human comfort requirements in a hot climate. A designed algorithmic hybrid matrix was used to simulate 37 roof design probabilities alternating roof shape, roof material and construction. The result of using a vault roof with high albedo coating shows a fall of 53% in discomfort hours and saves 826 kW h during the summer season compared to the base case of the conventional non insulated flat roof in a typical Cairo residential buildings. It is recommended that the selected cool roof solution be combined with natural ventilation to increase the indoor thermal comfort, and with passive heating strategies to compensate the increase in heating hours. The application is intended for low cost residential buildings in a hot dry climate.

  • 64.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Zakaria, Monica Michel
    Kazem, Medhat
    Stay cool without fossil fuel: A passive eco-cooler for low-income population in informal settlements2021In: CISBAT 2021 Carbon-neutral cities - energy efficiency and renewables in the digital era, Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2021, Vol. 2042, no 1, p. 1-7, article id 012155Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With climate change severe events, more and more vulnerable populations suffer from extreme heat waves. This paper presents a hands-on experimental idea for testing vernacular passive cooling strategies using traditional Shisha clay funnels for the Egyptian hot dry climate. Several clay funnels were investigated in terms of shape, size and form. The clay funnels were measured and simulated for their efficiency in accelerating air flow inside residential units and ability to enhance the air velocity if used combined with cross ventilation strategies. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted in ANSYS Fluent to understand the airflow behaviour inside the simulated test shoe boxes resembling living rooms - using the standard k-ε turbulence model - for single and multi-units’ configurations. Followed by experimental test cells application for the cooling system and monitoring for testing thermal performance. The simulation results showed significant enhancement in air flow and air speed inside the test room compared to conventional windows, while the test cells monitoring showed an average reduction in indoor temperature and humidity with 2 degrees and 15 % respectively. Further monitoring is needed for other alternations of the eco-cooler funnel design for better performance. 

  • 65. El-Sayed, Marwa Adel
    et al.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ismaeel, Walaa S.E
    Kenawy, Inji
    Towards A Fossil Free Energy Production Using GIS Multi-criteria Decision-making Support Tool2018In: Green Heritage Conference: Chance - Change - Challenge, Elain Publishing House , 2018, p. 164-183Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Egypt’s Sustainable Development Strategy: Vision 2030 calls for renewable energy plans and the adoption of a sustainable development approach. Given the government’s gradual removal of energy subsidies for local citizens and the current energy crises, the study in hand aims to detect potential investment zones for free fossil fuel energy production. Site analysis for renewable energy allocation using GIS to identify potential capability to locate a renewable energy source was applied in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. The study used an accumulative co-relation matrix between different development sectors, Sinai’s geographical location and promising future investment scenarios. A set of data analysis process was developed to examine potentials and constraints. The analysis revealed that 36% of the area is suitable for the development of solar farms and a further 4% for wind farms. These findings could help decision makers to fill the gap between the country’s future energy needs and its available natural sources. Applying this methodology across the different areas offering similar potential in Egypt would help to identify more likely locations for renewable energy production. Wider replication of the method could also point to the significant contribution that different zones in Egypt, and even in other zones within the Middle East region, could make towards a more sustainable future.

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  • 66.
    Fernandes, Jorge
    et al.
    University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University.
    Mateus, Ricardo
    University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal.
    Bragança, Luís
    University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal.
    The influence of the Mediterranean climate on vernacular architecture: a comparative analysis between the vernacular responsive architecture of southern Portugal and north of Egypt2014In: World Sustainable Buildings (WSB), 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mediterranean vernacular architecture was developed not only with respect to environmental and climatic factors but also with respect to culture, traditional construction materials and morphology. Despite the far distance between Portugal and Egypt, it was possible to find similar vernacular strategies under the influence of the Mediterranean climate and both Roman and Arab cultures. The paper adopted an explanatory qualitative analysis and comparative synthesis methods for vernacular passive and climatic responsive strategies for two regions. Covering from site planning, building design till building materials used through considering topography, resources, historic and cultural aspects. The outcomes of this research allow for understanding how different passive solar strategies and the use of natural energy sources can contribute to achieve appropriate indoor comfort conditions for contemporary practice. The paper draws a set of recommendations for more in-depth quantitative survey and energy efficiency measurements in Mediterranean climate.

  • 67. Fernandes, Jorge
    et al.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Mateus, Ricardo
    Monteiro Silva, Sandra
    Bragança, Luís
    Gervásio, Helena
    Thermal performance and comfort of vernacular earthen buildings in Egypt and Portugal2017In: Vernacular and Earthen Architecture: Conservation and Sustainability: Proceedings of Sostierra 2017 (Valencia, Spain, 14-16 September 2017) / [ed] Camilla Mileto, Fernando Vegas López-Manzanares, Lidia García-Soriano, Valentina Cristini, CRC Press, 2017, p. 95-100Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the far distance between Portugal and Egypt, it was possible to find points of similarity on the influence of Roman and Arab cultures, and on solar passive and construction techniques used in vernacular architecture. Earthen construction techniques are one of these examples, being used in both countries for thousands of years. Through an explanatory qualitative and quantitative analysis, this paper presents an overview of the effects of climate-responsive strategies on thermal performance and indoor comfort of earthen architecture from Northern Egypt and Southern Portugal. To understand the effectiveness of these strategies, measurements of hygrothermal parameters and surveys on occupants’ thermal sensation were conducted in two case studies. From the results, it has been found that the case studies have shown a good thermal performance only by passive means and that the occupants expressed as being comfortable. Thus, vernacular passive strategies still can contribute to achieve indoor comfort conditions and reduce the dependency on mechanical systems.

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  • 68.
    Lorenzon, Marta
    et al.
    Univ Helsinki, Fac Arts, Fabininkatu 24, Helsinki 00014, Finland..
    Kinzel, Moritz
    German Archaeol Inst, Istanbul, Turkiye..
    Zoega, Guony
    Holar Univ, Holar, Iceland..
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Earthen Architecture in Nordic Countries: Future Directions2023In: Open Archaeology, E-ISSN 2300-6560, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 20220350Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout prehistory, earthen architecture has played a pivotal role in establishing a sustainable and easily maintainable built environment, showcasing humanity's capacity to design and construct intricate structures using eco-friendly and cost-effective materials. This special issue underscores the enduring significance of earthen architecture in our historical and contemporary understanding of sustainable building practices.

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  • 69. Lundgren Kownacki, Karin
    et al.
    Kjellberg, Siri M
    Gooch, Pernille
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Anandh, Latha
    Venugopal, Vidhya
    Climate change-induced heat risks for migrant populations working at brick kilns in India: a transdisciplinary approach2018In: International journal of biometeorology, ISSN 0020-7128, E-ISSN 1432-1254, Vol. 68, p. 347-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the summer of 2015, India was hit by a scorching heat wave that melted pavements in Delhi and caused thousands of deaths, mainly among the most marginalized populations. One such group facing growing heat risks from both occupational and meteorological causes are migrant brick kiln workers. This study evaluates both current heat risks and the potential future impacts of heat caused by climate change, for the people working at brick kilns in India. A case study of heat stress faced by people working at brick kilns near Chennai, India, is the anchor point around which a transdisciplinary approach was applied. Around Chennai, the situation is alarming since occupational heat exposure in the hot season from March to July is already at the upper limits of what humans can tolerate before risking serious impairment. The aim of the study was to identify new pathways for change and soft solutions by both reframing the problem and expanding the solution space being considered in order to improve the quality of life for the migrant populations at the brick kilns. Technical solutions evaluated include the use of sun-dried mud bricks and other locally Bappropriate technologies^ that could mitigate the worsening of climate change-induced heat. Socio- cultural solutions discussed for empowering the people who work at the brick kilns include participatory approaches such as open re-localization, and rights-based approaches including the environmental sustainability and the human rights-based approach framework. Our analysis suggests that an integrative, transdisciplinary approach could incorporate a more holistic range of technical and socio-culturally informed solutions in order to protect the health of people threatened by India’s brick kiln industry.

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  • 70. Lundgren Kownacki, Karin
    et al.
    Kjellberg, Siri M.
    Gooch, Pernille
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Venugopal, Vidhya
    Increasing heat creates hardship for brick kiln workers in Chennai, India and the alternative pathways reducing it2019In: Climanosco Research Articles, ISSN 2673-1568, Vol. 2, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change brings new burdens to people working outdoors. Migrant populations working at brick kilns in India are one such group facing dangerously overheated working conditions. Many migrate to the kilns from rural areas under bonded labor conditions. We argue that solutions need to go beyond industry-oriented technology-based solutions and focus on the social problem and take a people focused stance. In addition to adopting more locally appropriate technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and heat in the work environment, solutions focusing on the workers situation must be considered from a human rights perspective.

  • 71. Makhlouf, Nahla N.
    et al.
    Maskell, Daniel
    Marsh, Alastair
    Natarajan, Sukumar
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Moemen Afify, Mohamed
    Hygrothermal performance of vernacular stone in a desert climate2019In: Construction and Building Materials, ISSN 0950-0618, E-ISSN 1879-0526, Vol. 216, p. 687-696Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote desert communities are often the most vulnerable to temperature extremes, as lack of access to reliable electricity prevents the use of active cooling or heating. Hence, there is a need to investigate how the building envelope itself can be used to passively regulate indoor environments. Readily available vernacular building materials in such areas are thought to aid in not only attenuating temperature swings but also moisture regulation, which improves comfort in a dry climate. Thus, the aim of this research is to investigate the hygrothermal properties of three different stone types commonly used as building materials in the Western Desert of Egypt: sandstone, limestone and, uniquely, Karshif, a rock rich in sodium chloride. The materials’ thermal conductivity, moisture sorption and buffering, water vapour resistance, porosity distribution and phase composition are experimentally investigated. Our results show that the local perception of limestone buildings having poor indoor comfort, despite the material’s superior thermal conductivity and specific heat capacity is only explainable through the relative superiority of sandstone and Karshif in moisture buffering. Vernacular materials need to be tested in environmental conditions representative of their local climate, rather than standardised conditions, as the latter may paint an incorrect picture of performance which, in the case of Karshif, led to partial dissolution under relative humidity of greater than 80%. However, testing under typical desert conditions demonstrates that both Karshif and sandstone are viable building materials that exhibit excellent moisture regulation behaviour. Since building materials in desert conditions may have to withstand atypical weather extremes, including rain, local materials need to be utilised within carefully designed wall assemblies or treated wall sections and, in the case of Karshif, not used in areas where relative humidity regularly reaches 80%. These findings are an important contribution in validating the performance of vernacular stone, and more widely, in demonstrating the importance of selecting appropriate testing conditions.

  • 72.
    Rodil, Kasper
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Bisbo, Kasper
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Thorsø Kronborg, Kasper
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Bisgaard Kristensen, Lukas
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Bloch Atkinson, Pelle
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Using Virtual Reality to Demonstrate Sustainable Architecture Concepts: Making Passive Systems Interactive2022In: NordiCHI '22: Adjunct Proceedings of the 2022 Nordic Human-Computer Interaction Conference / [ed] Bouvin, Niels Olof; Pakanen, Minna, New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2022, p. 1-2, article id 29Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 73.
    Rosa, Salvatore Paolo De
    et al.
    Lund Univ Ctr Sustainabil Studies LUCSUS, Biskopsgatan 5, S-22362 Lund, Sweden.;Charlotte Muncks Vej 4,1th, Copenhagen 2400, Denmark..
    de Moor, Joost
    Ctr European Studies & Comparat Polit, Sci Po, 27 Rue St Guillaume, F-75337 Paris, France..
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Vulnerability and activism in urban climate politics: An actor-centered approach to transformational adaptation in Malmö? (Sweden)2022In: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 130, article id 103848Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change adaptation is rising on the agenda of cities. However, critics have argued that urban adaptation efforts largely focus on preserving economic growth while overlooking the root causes of unequal vulnerability to climate impacts, giving rise to climate injustices. In response, literature on transformational adaptation has politicized these issues but it has remained largely conceptual, particularly in relation to the question of which actors can define and advance transformative approaches. Furthermore, existing empirical studies focus on positive cases while ignoring why these issues more commonly are not politicized. In this article, we add empirical rigour to these debates through an investigation into Malmo center dot's climate politics. We analyse what enables or inhibits the role of three political outsiders - disadvantaged communities, climate movements and social justice activists - in politicizing urban climate adaptation. We find that, while the most vulnerable social groups struggle with climatic impacts and experience difficulties in politicizing these issues, climate movements remain focused on climate mitigation and largely ignore local adaptation. In turn, we highlight the untapped capacity of social justice activism to act as social infrastructure for adaptation. Our findings suggest that alliances between the victims of adaptation injustices and local activist groups could support the politicization of those grievances by responding to emerging needs and by building policy-oriented pressure for transformational adaptation. However, we identify several factors that limit this potential, thereby contributing to an understanding of why social movements sometimes do not live up to their transformational potential.

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  • 74.
    Steinø, Nicolai
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Benbih, Karima
    World Bank, Washington, DC, USA.
    Post-conflict reconstruction in the Middle East and North Africa region: A Bidirectional Parametric Urban Design Approach2020In: International Journal of Architectural Computing, ISSN 1478-0771, E-ISSN 2048-3988, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 296-313Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Post-conflict reconstruction is a major topic in war-torn cities in the Middle East and North Africa region. Rather than being limited to re-establishing pre-conflict conditions, new formats of urban settings may be adopted, both for the design and quality of urban space, as well as for the design and building process. This article proposes a combined top-down and bottom-up design approach, supported by parametric urban design modelling. As sustainable (re-)development of the urban-scape requires coordination across different scales, a top-down approach is partly needed for reasons of coordination. As participatory design processes involving local stakeholders work from the partial to the whole, a bottom-up approach is partly needed for reasons of inclusion. By means of a parametric urban model combining both overview and detail, the two approaches can be combined. This article shows the theoretical framework and, by way of example, applies the model to Fallujah in Iraq as a case study.

  • 75.
    Wafa, Athmani
    et al.
    Laboratory of Design and Modeling of Architectural Ambiances and Urban Forms (LACOMOFA), Department of Architecture, Mohamed Khider University of Biskra, BP 145 RP, Biskra, 07000, Algeria.
    Sriti, Leila
    Laboratory of Design and Modeling of Architectural Ambiances and Urban Forms (LACOMOFA), Department of Architecture, Mohamed Khider University of Biskra, BP 145 RP, Biskra, 07000, Algeria.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Khadraoui, Mohamed Amine
    LGCA laboratory, Department of Architecture, Abderrahmane Mira University, Bejaia, Algeria.
    An Investigation on Using Passive Cooling Roofs Techniques for Improving Climatic Performance of Residential Buildings in Hot Arid Regions based on Post-Occupancy Evaluation of Inhabitants’ Thermal Comfort Appreciations2022In: Technium Social Sciences Journal, E-ISSN 2668-7798, Vol. 36, p. 685-699Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     In hot dry climates, employing passive cooling roofs systems can providecooling needs with less amount of electrical energy. Furthermore, when focusing onliving spaces in terms of indoor thermal comfort and energy performance issues,occupant’s interaction with the building should not be underestimated. Recent studieswith occupant-based focus have shown that human behaviour significantly impactsenergy consumption, even more than building design. Likewise, understandingoccupant’s interactions within buildings plays a key role in enhancing the indoorenvironment performance. To examine the potential for cooling load reduction andthermal comfort enhancement by using cool roofs in residential buildings, a study wasperformed. Considering a sample of twelve multi-story houses located in the city ofBiskra (southern Algeria), thermal comfort conditions were analysed on the basis of apost-occupancy evaluation (POE) survey and in situ recorded measurementscampaign. The POE household survey indicated that out of 43 respondents, 54%perceive indoor thermal conditions as “hot” during summer period, while 79.33% ofthem operate HVAC device day and night. Using interviews, the study also exploressocial acceptability toward implementing passive roofing techniques. Results showedthat cool roof and cool tiles were the best accepted systems with 100% and 90% votedstrongly agree. Furthermore, the potential of thermal comfort and energy-efficiencyimprovements due to cool roofs was investigated through a dynamic simulation usingTRNSYS software. Results indicated that air temperature was reduced by an averageof 4.11°C to 3.28°C, and cooling loads have decreased to 508.60kWh/m² and384.54kWh/m² respectively during the hottest period of summer. Therefore, user-centric satisfaction as a research method would enhance future buildings design.

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