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  • 151. Holmberg, Tora
    et al.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för natur, miljö, samhälle (NMS).
    Secrets and lies: ''selective openness'' in the apparatus of animal experimentation2012Inngår i: Public Understanding of Science, ISSN 0963-6625, E-ISSN 1361-6609, Vol. 3, nr 21, s. 354-368Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers and other (human) actors within the apparatus of animal experimentation find themselves in a tight corner. They rely on public acceptance to promote their legitimacy and to receive funding. At the same time, those working with animal experimentation take risks by going public, fearing that the public will misunderstand their work and animal rights activists may threaten them. The dilemma that emerges between openness and secrecy is fairly prevalent in scientific culture as a whole, but the apparatus of animal experimentation presents specific patterns of technologies of secrets. The aim of the paper is to describe and analyse the meanings of secrets and openness in contemporary animal experimentation. We suggest that these secrets – or “selective openness” – can be viewed as grease in the apparatus of animal experimentation, as a unifying ingredient that permits maintenance of status quo in human/animal relations and preserves existing institutional public/science relations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 152. Holmberg, Tora
    et al.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Transgenic dilemmas: managing animals in laboratories and ethics committees2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ethics as well as practices of the new genetics depend on the global context, but techno-science also changes in the face of emerging everyday dilemmas according to local conditions. The new project presented in this paper project intends to ascertain how the management of transgenic animals shapes and are shaped by, wider socio-cultural and techno-scientific change. We investigate the everyday handling in production of and experimentation with transgenic animals concerning the emergence and management of ethical, social and ecological dilemmas. Transgenic animals challenge well established boundaries and can thus be expected to give rise to new quandaries and concerns; about culture and nature, human and animal, risk and safety, innovation and organism, science and technology, just to mention some. The project also intends to analyse the expression and management of the somewhat paradoxical situation, that industrial as well as university based research increasingly require transgenic animals, and that the same intensified research contribute to a situation where the handling of the hybrid become more and more complex and problematic, both on a societal, cultural and a scientific level. This is due to the challenges to established species boundaries and worldviews that these animals present. The research problems are analysed in two different areas: The everyday, practical interaction between humans and non-humans in laboratory settings and at the institutional level of animal experimentation ethics committees and their members. The objectives are thus: 1) to explore and understand the processes through which novel natures frame and are framed by public and scientific perceptions and worldviews, in the case of transgenic animals in Sweden, and 2) through this knowledge be able to contribute to well informed decision making on different institutional levels.

  • 153. Holmberg, Tora
    et al.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Transgenic Silences: The Rhetoric of Comparisons and Transgenic Mice as ‘Ordinary Treasures’2009Inngår i: BioSocieties, ISSN 1745-8552, E-ISSN 1745-8560, Vol. 4, nr 2-3, s. 165-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses how people who handle transgenic animals in practice – laboratory workers and members of animal ethics committees – talk about and handle dilemmas with transgenic animals. It is shown how dilemmas associated with transgenic animals become back-grounded through rhetorical comparisons with “something else”. Through these comparisons, transgenic animals are framed as normal, ordinary and thereby unproblematic, on the one hand, and as exclusive treasures imbedded in hopes and expectations of future medical treatments, on the other. This tension builds up to a discourse on transgenic mice as ordinary treasures. Towards the end of the paper we discuss how this discourse tends to exclude possibilities of discussing specific dilemmas of genetically modified animals. Instead the discourse is contributing to certain transgenic silences. This paper is based on the project Dilemmas with transgenic animals, in which notions of culture and nature, risk and safety, innovation and organism, science and technology, are investigated in the scientific production, use and ethical evaluation of transgenic animals. The project builds on case studies in two different contexts; laboratories and animal ethics committees. The methods used are interviews and ethnographic fieldwork.

  • 154.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Different views on ethics: How animal ethics is situated in a committee culture2009Inngår i: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 258-261Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research including non-human animal experimentation is fundamentally a dilemmatic enterprise. Humans use other animals in research to improve life for their own species. Ethical principles are established to deal with this dilemma. But despite this ethical apparatus, people who in one way or another work with animal experimentation have to interpret and understand the principles from their individual points of view. In interviews with members of Swedish animal ethics committees, different views on what the term “ethics” really means were articulated. For one member, the difficult ethical dilemma of animal experimentation is the lack of enriched cages for mice. For another, the ethical problem lies in regulations restraining research. A third member talks about animals’ right not to be used for human interests. These different views on “ethics” intersect once a month in the animal ethics committee meetings. There is no consensus on what constitutes the ethical problem that the members should be discussing. Therefore, personal views on what “ethics” means, and hierarchies among committee members, characterize the meetings. But committee traditions and priorities of interpretation as well are important to the decisions. In the present paper, I intend to discuss how “ethics” becomes situated and what implications this may have for committees’ decisions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 155.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Framtidens människa? Ett medialt drama om bioteknologi2007Inngår i: Att forma vår framtid. Bioteknikens möjligheter och problem. / [ed] Ulf Görman, Carl-Gustaf Andrén, Göran Hermerén, Nordic Academic Press, 2007, s. 56-68Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilken framtida människa kommer modern bioteknik att leda till? Den massmediala kristallkulan bjuder på åtminstone två möjliga scenarion. Å ena sidan presenteras en mardröm, biotekniken, med fosterdiagnostik och kloning i spetsen, kommer att bidra till ett samhälle där människovärdet har urholkats och endast ”perfekta människor” har rätt att leva. Å andra sidan visar kristallkulan en vision om ett samhälle där cancerns gåta är löst, parkinsonpatienter behandlas framgångsrikt och människor är friskare. Hot och hopp, mardrömmar och drömmar karaktäriserar med andra ord massmediernas berättelser om vilken framtida människa bioteknologin kan leda till. Med utgångspunkt i dessa mediala berättelser diskuteras i artikeln hur bilder av bioteknologins möjligheter och hot speglar kulturella föreställningar om naturens godhet, vetenskapens trovärdighet, arv och miljö samt människan som oersättlig.

  • 156.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Från bepälsade provrör till en ny arbetarklass?: om metaforer, möss och människor2009Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, nr 1, s. 2-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Transgenic animals are organisms that have been genetically altered on purpose: genes are knocked out, knocked in or reinforced, and the effects can thus be studied in a living (or dead) whole animal. Above all, it is mice that are being used, and since the early 90s, the practice has spread like wildfire. A lot of hope is invested in the technique, through the mice scientists expect to understand diseases as well as treat them. But animal experimentation is fundamentally a dilemmatic enterprise and all research including animals has to be reviewed by an animal ethics committee. This paper explores metaphors used when members of animal ethics committees talk about transgenic animals. Its aim is to analyze possible discursive effects from metaphors concerning a) how the transgenic animals are considered and treated; b) how members in animal ethics committees position themselves against each other. The paper analyses meanings of talk about transgenic animals as models, instruments and individuals. A third aim of the paper is to discuss how so called extendable metaphors can be used to bring in further perspectives into the debate, how to put more focus on humans responsibilities against laboratory animals. By using Donna Haraway as a theoretical framework, the author analyzes possible meanings of talking about the transgenic mice as cyborgs and workers.

  • 157.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för barndom, utbildning och samhälle (BUS).
    Google and the end of the teacher?: How a figuration of the teacher is produced through an ed-tech discourse2021Inngår i: Learning, Media & Technology, ISSN 1743-9884, E-ISSN 1743-9892, Vol. 46, nr 1, s. 33-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes how a figuration of the teacher is made up within an ed-tech discourse and how it organizes how we think of teaching. It departs from an interview study with 25 ‘edupreneurs’ selling hardware, software, and/or professional development regarding digital tools to Swedish schools. The analysis illuminates how the ‘desired teacher’ is similar to what is conceptualized as a Silicon Valley culture, privileging characteristics valued in the IT sector. Such a teacher coaches rather than lectures, is flexible, and ready to work whenever and wherever. S/he customizes his/her work to the individual student and his/her needs of knowledge, location, and timeframes, emphasizing that education is a personal business. ‘Boring’ parts of the work (grading and assessment) are believed to be taken over by technology. The teacher should be the one promising fun and creativity in order to educate dreamers for the future and workers in a knowledge economy. With help from Castells’ theory of the network society, the study illuminates and discuss what this means for how we can think of school in terms of teacher authority, place and time. It also claims that a commercialized, neoliberal rationale is made possible in schools through the platforms.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Google and the end of the teacher
  • 158.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    In the name of Science? How member of animal ethics committees talk about ethics.2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    What becomes an ethical issue in animal ethics committees? And what does not become an ethical issue in the same context? There are seven animal ethics committees in Sweden. Each committee consists of six experts and six laypersons. In interviews with members different views on what “ethics” really mean have become articulated. For one member the difficult ethical dilemma of animal experimentation is the lack of enriched cages for mice. For another the ethical problem lies in regulations restraining research. A third member talks about animals’ right to not be used for human interests. These different views on “ethics” intersect once a month in the animal ethics committees. There is no consensus on what the ethical problem, that the members should be discussing, is. Therefore personal views - and hierarchies among the committee members - on what “ethics” means, and how it should be used, characterize the meetings. In this paper I intend to discuss how “ethics” become situated (cf. Benhabib 1992) and what implication that might have on the committees decisions. This case study is included in an ongoing study, Dilemmas with transgenic animals, in which notions of culture and nature, risk and safety, innovation and organism, science and technology, are investigated in the scientific production and use of transgenic animals.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 159.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för barndom, utbildning och samhälle (BUS).
    Lyft blicken!: Om praktiknära forskning och behovet av flummiga pedagoger2023Inngår i: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 28, nr 1-2, s. 160-164Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är egentligen nyttig, relevant forskning? Vilken forskning kommer samhället bäst till gagn? Hur kan forskare inom det pedagogiska fältet bäst ta sig an olika samhällsutmaningar?  Frågan är egentligen helt rimlig med tanke på den enorma mängd och bredd av samhällsutmaningar som står till buds. Men hur står det till med svaren i dagens skolforskning och -debatt?

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 160.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Sick Children. How Medial and Personal Experiences are Woven Together2007Inngår i: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 37, nr 2007, s. 63-71Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the end of the 1990ths came alarming reports that the vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) could cause autism. The discovery about the connection was told in mass media all over the world and in Europe the vaccination frequency decreased with several percent. In some areas less than 90% of the children were vaccinated, a limit that calls “herd immunity”. In interviews with parents, who either have hesitated to vaccinate or have not vaccinated, have several causes for their view been uplifted. One important reason is that you want to keep nature going. Another reason is the meeting with sick children. These meetings might have been through mass media or in real life, and they have had consequences for personal choices. This article discuss why these children have been so important and how medial and real children become integrated in people’s handling of risks – for example the choice between the risk of your child getting measles and the risk of the vaccine’s side-effects. At another level the article discusses how medial and personal experiences are woven together and together shape a foundation for people’s opinions and decisions. Mass media work as a filter for what stories about biotechnology that are told. The filter is built on our cultural norms and values. And as a filter it has influence on people’s thoughts since it tells certain stories, but not others. But the media stories are put together with the private life situation and the personal outlook of life. Consumption of media’s stories about biotechnology is at the same time a kind of production of private stories about biotechnology. Experiences from media and life merge and create new stories.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 161.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Sjuka barn. Om hur mediala och personliga erfarenheter vävs samman2007Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, nr 5, s. 447-456Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the end of the 1990ths came alarming reports that the vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) could cause autism. The discovery about the connection was told in mass media all over the world and in Europe the vaccination frequency decreased with several percent. In some areas less than 90% of the children were vaccinated, a limit that calls “herd immunity”. In interviews with parents, who either have hesitated to vaccinate or have not vaccinated, have several causes for their view been uplifted. One important reason is that you want to keep nature going. Another reason is the meeting with sick children. These meetings might have been through mass media or in real life, and they have had consequences for personal choices. This article discuss why these children have been so important and how medial and real children become integrated in people’s handling of risks – for example the choice between the risk of your child getting measles and the risk of the vaccine’s side-effects. At another level the article discusses how medial and personal experiences are woven together and together shape a foundation for people’s opinions and decisions. Mass media work as a filter for what stories about biotechnology that are told. The filter is built on our cultural norms and values. And as a filter it has influence on people’s thoughts since it tells certain stories, but not others. But the media stories are put together with the private life situation and the personal outlook of life. Consumption of media’s stories about biotechnology is at the same time a kind of production of private stories about biotechnology. Experiences from media and life merge and create new stories.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 162.
    Ideland, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för barndom, utbildning och samhälle (BUS).
    Holmberg, Tora
    Department of sociology, Uppsala university.
    Fettvett, bajsbasket och Edward Blom.: Om metaironisk kommunikation i avloppsbranschen.2022Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 31, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avloppshantering är en infrastrukturell fråga med avgörande betydelse för såväl vardagsliv som miljön. Men infrastrukturerna är sköra, och människors beteenden kan orsaka att de brakar samman. Medborgarna måste uppfostras, men samtidigt är avföring ett känsligt ämne och toalettbeteenden privata. Hur kan VA-branschen informera om sådant vi inte vill tala om och dessutom styra konsumenters toalettvanor i en tid präglad av det fria valet? Artikeln handlar om hur humor fungerar neutraliserande och möjliggör information om kiss och bajs. Informationen använder sig av rim, lek och komik för att på ett explicit sätt uppfostra vuxna människor, disciplinera deras handlingar och skapa önskvärda subjekt. Detta sker genom att avdramatisera det intima toalettbeteendet men även själva styrningen av människor. I denna genre är pekpinnar vanligt förekommande i form av en slags metaironisk styrning, det vill säga med ett ironiskt förhållningssätt till själva ironin. Toaletthumorn är övertydlig propaganda, och därmed ofarlig för det liberala subjektet. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 163.
    Ideland, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för barndom, utbildning och samhälle (BUS).
    Hultén, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet.
    Skolan som ideologiskt slagfält2020Inngår i: Perspektiv på skolans problem.: Vad säger forskningen? / [ed] Andreas Fejes, Magnus Dahlstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, 1, s. 39-54Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    En av skolans stora utmaningar är att leva och verka i den politiska korselden. I detta kapitel kommer vi därför att beskriva en ideologisk klyfta i svensk skolpolitik som inte tillräckligt uppmärksammats. Det är inte en klassisk konflikt mellan höger och vänster, utan en mellan konservatism och nyliberalism. Konflikten speglar ett nytt politiskt landskap som kan förstås utifrån den politiska GAL-TAN-skalan (Grön Alternativ Libertär – Traditionell Auktoritär Nationalistisk). Efter en beskrivning av problematiken och vår metod beskriver vi de båda positionerna konservatism och nyliberalism var för sig. Därefter visar vi på likheter och skillnader mellan dem. Avslutningsvis pekar vi på skolans utmaningar då båda dessa ideologier under de senaste åren haft stort inflytande på skolan i faktiska – men ideologiskt mot- stridiga – reformer. Vi kommer påstå att det är ett problem att lärare och skolledare lämnas att hantera högerns konflikter och motstridiga reformer i sin praktik.

  • 164.
    Ideland, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT).
    Nilsson, FredrikMalmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT).Hansson, KristoferLund university.
    ETN :003 KRY2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Jag hoppas att jag får ha hälsan”, är ett uttryck som idag känns passé. Hälsa är inte längre något man ”har”, eller ens ”får”. Idag är hälsa något man ”gör”. Det är individens ansvar att ”göra” sin hälsa genom att äta rätt, motionera väl, hålla sig uppdaterad om vetenskapliga rön och nya behandlingsmetoder och inte minst – tro på sig själv. Hälsa är – åtminstone i den offentliga diskursen – beroende av individen själv. Denne tycks ha möjlighet att påverka sitt liv, men bär också ansvar och kanske till och med skuld för om det går fel. ETN:KRY är en tidskrift som tar upp hälsa och sjukdom utifrån ett etnologiskt perspektiv.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 165.
    Ideland, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för barndom, utbildning och samhälle (BUS).
    Serder, Margareta
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för naturvetenskap, matematik och samhälle (NMS).
    Edu-business within the Triple Helix. Value production through assetization of educational research2023Inngår i: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 336-351Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing demands on evidence-based teaching, combined with increasing business involve-ment, constitute a transformation of education in which research and research collaborations have become commodities and selling points for companies. This article, building on interviews with 30 Swedish edupreneurs, explores how the discursive trope of the Triple Helix organises collaborations between the business sector, research, and school. In what ways do people in edu-business use research and research collaborations and what kinds of values do they expect to produce through different practices? The study identifies five approaches to research - philanthropists, influencers, ambassadors, brokers, and engineers - and describe the edupreneurs' manifold ways of using, relating to, and translating research into sellable products. Using the theoretical lens of assetization, we show how different values are produced: (1) economic - strengthening the company's brand; (2) pedagogical - changing teaching practices; (3) political - lobbying for policy change and changing public conversations; (4) academic - defining useful research and funding research, and (5) social - building networks. We conclude that the striving for Triple Helix collaborations preserves the entrepreneurial right to define useful research and providing legitimacy through the power of research, an important asset on the edu-market.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 166. Irwin, Rachel
    et al.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    ”Folkhälsomyndigheten följer WHO:s rekommendationer”2020Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, nr 2020-04-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 167.
    Irwin, Rachel
    et al.
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University.
    Hansson, KristoferMalmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Research forum: imaging a post-antimicrobial future2022Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 168.
    Irwin, Rachel
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Research forum: maging a post-antimicrobial future2022Inngår i: Medical Humanities, ISSN 1468-215X, E-ISSN 1473-4265, Vol. 48, nr 3, s. 357-358Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial resistance, or AMR, is a global challenge, with the WHO declaring it one of the ‘top 10 global public health threats facing humanity’. Specifically, the WHO, governments and researchers have highlighted the ‘misuse and overuse of antimicrobials’, and the lack of clean water, sanitation and preventative measures, specifically noting concern over resistant strains of gonorrhoea, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus influenza, HIV, malaria and tuberculosis (WHO 2021). AMR leads to increased morbidity, mortality and costs from infections, not least as a patient may cycle through several antimicrobials before an effective one is prescribed. Additionally, many second-line and third-line (and beyond) antimicrobials are not readily available in low-resource settings. Moreover, antimicrobials are regularly prescribed as a prophylaxis, for instance, to prevent infection in routine surgeries (WHO 2021).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 169.
    Irwin, Rachel
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hansson, KristoferMalmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Special Issue: Intersections and Transformations in Medical Humanities: Defining and Conceptualising New Paths2022Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue of Ethnologia Europaea explores new paths for our scientific disciplines within the expanding field of medical humanities. Medical humanities have seen a significant expansion in recent years, creating new research foci and leading to collaborations both within and outside of the humanities. As it is a growing academic field, we argue that it is necessary to be part of the medical humanities in defining and conceptualising new paths. The contributions to this special issue demonstrate the ways in which disciplines like European ethnology, folklore studies, social and cultural anthropology can contribute to the expansion, drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork from Croatia, Estonia, Slovenia and Sweden. This special issue opens a space for more collaboration within our fields, as well as with medicine. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 170.
    Jönsson, Lars-Eric
    et al.
    Etnologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Etnologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    ”Etnologiska klassiker?”2007Inngår i: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Classics in Ethnology? Is there a need for classics in ethnology? If so, which texts should be considered classics? In what way could these texts be a resource in the “everyday life” of ethnology? In this issue of Rig we address these interesting and difficult questions. Generally speaking ethnologists tend to know the history of the discipline rather well, but, at the same time, there seems to be a reluctance being associated with, or making use of research conducted ten years ago, not to mention even older studies. Thus, bringing the concept of classics into ethnology might seem to be odd since the concept, and the related concept of canon, often is associated with a conservative attitude. In other words, classics are something we, as ethnologists, do not want to be associated with. However, even though ethnologists try to avoid the concept, few of us would deny the existence of a silent canon. There is every reason to pay attention to this fact, as well as to discuss how the classics could be used in contemporary research. 

  • 171.
    Koelemeijer, Dorien Neema
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Tachtler, Franziska Maria
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Fear Division; Archiving the Intangible2016Inngår i: CHI EA '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM Publications, 2016, s. 309-312Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the theoretical grounding, the concept and the construction of an embodied interactive installation about fear. The processes in the brain when exposed to fear, the memories related to it and the triggering of these memories are taken as a starting point. The functionality and design of the installation are based on the findings of neuroscientific research and the distribution of cultural probes. The neuroscientific research encompassed the exploration of two parts in the brain, the amygdala and the hippocampus, that cooperate when processing fear reactions. The acquired knowledge about these processes in the brain that is active when encountering fear enabled us to make informed decisions during the design process. Additionally, the cultural probes provided new insights about different fears and the content for the installation. The goal of the audiovisual installation is to give people more insight into the subject of fear, by offering them an interactive experience that is based on the archiving and retrieving of emotions and sounds related to fear.  

     

  • 172. Lenander, Cecilia
    et al.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Ett antibiotikums uppgång och fall: Historien om läkemedlet Chloromycetin2021Inngår i: Att leva med bakterier: Möjligheter till ett levbartimmunitärt liv / [ed] Kristofer Hansson; Cecilia Lenander; Henrik Loodin, Lund: Pufendorfinstitutet, Lunds universitet , 2021, s. 71-85Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att leva med bakterier: möjligheter till ett levbart immunitärt liv är en antologi som tvärvetenskapligt undersöker betydelsen av bakteriers växande antibiotikaresistens. Detta är en förändring som håller på att göra antibiotikan ineffektiv och därmed omskapa den mänskliga historien på lång sikt. Det uppskattas att tio miljoner människor år 2050 kommer att dö av infektioner som inte längre svarar på den i dag tillgängliga antibiotikan. Hur kan vi här och nu hitta alternativa vägar mot en mer levbar framtid – med eller utan verksam antibiotika? Antologin är ett resultat av det tvärvetenskapliga forskarsamarbete som under 2019-20 bedrevs vid Pufendorfinstitutet, Lunds universitetet under Temat Postantibiotiska framtider. I antologin utvecklar tio forskare sina tankar och idéer kring hur samhället idag och i morgon kan utformas för att hantera smittämnen som bakterier och virus i vår vardag. Smittämnen det i framtiden kanske inte finns något botemedel mot.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 173.
    Lundin, Johan A.
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Individ och samhälle (IS).
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Individ och samhälle (IS).
    Håkansson, Peter
    Rock'n'roll och folkbildarnas gränser2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I vårt paper intresserar vi oss för den omfattande rockmusikverksamhet som byggdes upp inom studieförbunden under 1980-talet. Vi är intresserade av hur denna skapades och hur kulturella gränser synliggjordes, hotades och överskreds i mötet mellan folkbildare och de ungdomar som spelade rockmusik. Av utrymmesskäl är det här endast folkbildarnas perspektiv som diskuteras. Texten inleds med ett teoretiskt avstamp i Actor Network Theory, varefter vi analyserar hur rockmusikverksamheten utvecklades i studieförbunden på 1980-talet. Därefter följer en diskussion om Konsertbyråutredningen från 1963 som i stora delar legat till grund för folkbildarnas syn på rockmusik. Vi gör sedan två nedslag i material från tidigt 1980-tal. Det första är en studie av Skånes bildningsförbunds musikverksamhet utifrån dess programutbud. Det andra är en studie av vad som skrevs om rockmusik i ABF:s medlemstidning Fönstret. Texten är prövande och tänkt som underlag för en vidare diskussion om hur ett mer omfattande projekt med denna tematik skulle kunna utvecklas.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 174.
    Mellander, Elias
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wiszmeg, Andréa
    University of Lund, Sweden.
    Interfering With Others: Re-configuring Ethnography as a Diffractive Practice2016Inngår i: Kulturstudier, E-ISSN 1904-5352, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 93-93Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will concern itself with what we – ethnologists or ethnographers by any other name – do. Not primarily “do” in terms of activities we undertake; we interview, we observe, we write, we send emails, we have coffee, we print stacks of paper, we structure administrative chores, we go to meetings, we apply for grants, etc. Rather, we want to address the “do” in terms of what we make, or bring into the world through ethnography. What is it that we through the combination of all of our practices bring into being? What is that bringing into being dependent on? And, how does it influence the world? The first step to addressing these questions is outlining ethnography itself and how we – the authors – choose to articulate it. Articulation, as articulated by Donna Haraway is a process of signifying and of putting things together, letting them be diverse and maybe even in friction with one another and themselves. The concept connotes an on-going indeterminacy. The articulations made in research, we argue, should be allowed to be of a searching quality, as well as being relational and expressive. They should not excuse themselves, neither make greater claims than they can fulfill. They should never be conclusive. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Interfering with others
  • 175.
    Mirsalehi, Talieh
    et al.
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University .
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    To reach the unreachable: migration, health vulnerabilities, and the problem of nonresponse bias in health research2023Inngår i: Medicine Across Borders: exploration of Grey Zones / [ed] Susanne Lundin; Rui Liu; Elmi Muller & Anja Smith, AFRICAN SUN MeDIA, 2023, s. 133-151Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim in this chapter is to explore how outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic has revealed the existing methodological challenges and prospects in research on health vulnerabilities among the groups of foreign-born and migrant in Sweden. We focus on the strengths and weaknesses of different methodological approaches when dealing with the issue of accessibility to the (seemingly) inaccessible and absent groups. In other words, our intention is to discuss the issue of nonresponse bias in different methodological approaches rather than presenting empirical explanations for the situations that have arisen during the pandemic.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 176. Nilsson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Lund university.
    Berättade fantasier om förr, nu och framtiden i vården av barn med diabetes2016Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, nr 3, s. 261-270Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the concept of fantasy it is examined in this article, the meeting between health professionals and parents of children recently diagnosed with diabetes. An ethnographic analysis of the narratives expressed in health care encounter reveals that fantasies about the past, present and future are recurrent in the process of as a parent accept responsibility for the care of a child with a chronic disease. The fantasies, which can be both reproductive and subversive, are part of a negotiation about what should be considered ill and healthy. They are part of the normalization process in which families must learn to live with diabetes.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 177. Nilsson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Lund university.
    Medicin på kulturens villkor2011Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, nr 3, s. 195-198Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här temanumret av Socialmedicinsk tidskrift undersöker etnologer den kulturella grund som medicinen vilar på. Etnologin studerar de föreställningar om liv, död, sjukdom och bot som skapats, och skapas, i en viss historisk kontext; vilken syn på samhället, individen och kroppen som den medicinska blicken genererar och hur människors vardag med sjukdom och ohälsa ser ut. Medicinska förklaringsmodeller och praktiker formas i mötet mellan olika personalgrupper eller mellan patient och personal, men även i förhållande till de förändringar som sker i samhället. Centralt är att beskriva hur synen på hälsa och sjukdom förhandlas fram, omtolkas eller anpassas från situation till situation. I den kulturella process som vårdmötet utgör tydliggörs de olika roller och positioner som är verksamma och som antingen underlättar eller försvårar möjligheten till kommunikation. Genom att avtäcka och beskriva de föreställningar, normer och värderingar som präglar såväl patienter som vårdpersonal kan etnologin bidra till en större förståelse för medicinens kulturella beståndsdelar.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 178.
    Nilsson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Lunds universitet.
    Tiberg, Irén
    Lunds universitet.
    Hallström, Inger
    Lunds universitet.
    How dislocation and professional anxiety influence readiness for change during the implementation of hospital-based home care for children newly diagnosed with diabetes: an ethnographic analysis of the logic of workplace change2018Inngår i: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 18(1), nr 61Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In 2013–14, the evidence based care model Hospital-based Home Care for children newly diagnosed with diabetes was implemented at a large paediatric diabetes care facility in the south of Sweden. The first step of the implementation was to promote readiness for change among the professionals within the diabetes team through regular meetings. The aim was to analyse the implicit facilitators and barriers evident on a cultural micro level in discussions during the course of these meetings. What conceptions, ideals and identities might complicate, or facilitate, implementation?

    Methods

    A case study was conducted during the implementation process. This article draw on ethnographic observations carried out at team meetings (n = 6) during the introductory element of implementation. From a discourse theoretical perspective, the verbal negotiations during these meetings were analysed.

    Results

    Three aspects were significant in order to understand the dislocation during this element of implementation: an epistemological disagreement that challenged the function of information within care practice; a paradoxical understanding of the time-knowledge intersection; and expressions of professional anxiety. More concretely, the professionals exhibited an unwillingness to give up the opportunity to provide structured, age-independent information; a resistance against allowing early discharge; and a professional identity formed both by altruistic concern and occupational guardiancy. The findings suggest the necessity of increased awareness of the conceptions and ideals that constitute the basis of a certain professional practice; a deeper understanding of the cultural meaning that influences care practice within a specific logic in order to predict in what way these ideals might be challenged by the implemented evidence.

    Conclusions

    Our main contribution is the argument that the implemented evidence in itself needs to be examined and problematized from a cultural analytical perspective before initiation in order to be able to actively counter negative connotations and resistance.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 179. Nordgren, Lars
    et al.
    Hansson, KristoferLunds universitet.
    Health Management: Vinst, värde, kvalitet i hälso- och sjukvård2019Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken vänder sig till studerande, vårdsökande, politiker och medarbetare i organisationer inom offentliga välfärdssystem och inom den privata hälsomarknaden som önskar mer kunskap om frågor som rör vinst, kvalitet och värde. Flervetenskapliga bidrag förklarar, problematiserar och fördjupar kunskapen om dessa teman inom ämnet health management. Boken är indelad i två delar: 1. Vinst, kontrakt och värdelöfte 2. Ansvar, värdeskapande och demokrati.

  • 180. Nordgren, Lars
    et al.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Lunds universitet.
    Inledning2019Inngår i: Health Management: vinst, värde, kvalitet i hälso- och sjukvård, Stockholm: Sanoma Utbildning , 2019, s. 9-32Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken vänder sig till studerande, vårdsökande, politiker och medarbetare i organisationer inom offentliga välfärdssystem och inom den privata hälsomarknaden som önskar mer kunskap om frågor som rör vinst, kvalitet och värde. Flervetenskapliga bidrag förklarar, problematiserar och fördjupar kunskapen om dessa teman inom ämnet health management. Boken är indelad i två delar: 1. Vinst, kontrakt och värdelöfte 2. Ansvar, värdeskapande och demokrati.

  • 181.
    Nordmark, Eva
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Lunds universitet.
    Hur blir delaktighet en helhet för barn och unga?2015Inngår i: Att arbeta med delaktighet inom habilitering / [ed] Kristofer Hansson; Eva Nordmark, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, s. 33-45Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Delaktighet har kommit att bli ett samlingsbegrepp för hur samhället ska kunna möta alla människors röster och perspektiv. Inte minst inom habiliteringens olika verksamheter är det idag ett centralt begrepp. Denna antologi tar sin utgångspunkt i ett mångfacetterat habiliteringsperspektiv och presenterar nya synsätt på hur delaktighet kan förstås, hur det praktiskt används, men också hur det kan problematiseras utifrån ett flervetenskapligt och tvärprofessionellt perspektiv. Kapitlen har ett praktiknära perspektiv och presenterar forskning gjord i nära samarbete med verksamhetsområden inom habilitering. För både yrkesverksamma, studerande och forskare reser antologin ett antal centrala frågor: Vad menas med delaktighet och på vilket sätt kan jag skapa delaktighet för andra människor? Är jag beredd att dela mitt inflytande och ansvar? Men också frågor om vem det är som ska bestämma vad som är en tillräcklig delaktighet, när den inte är tillräcklig och för vem denna delaktighet är tänkt? Med andra ord, hur kan delaktighet bli på riktigt? Detta är frågor som inte alltid har ett självklart svar men som är viktiga att diskutera. Det är också frågor som synliggör den spännvidd det finns i begreppet delaktighet och som gör det både lockande och spännande att arbeta med. 

    Att arbeta med delaktighet inom habilitering vänder sig till universitets- och högskolestudenter som fokuserar på habilitering och delaktighet i olika typer av utbildningar. Även yrkesverksamma inom exempelvis habilitering och rehabilitering liksom samhällsaktörer inom området får en värdefull introduktion till tvärprofessionella och flervetenskapliga perspektiv på delaktighet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 182.
    Odin, Tuan
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Andersson, Samuel
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    En växande roll för cykeln i Malmö: En studie om cykelplanering och cykelkultur i Malmö2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Malmö stad har idag som mål att öka cykelanvändningen till att 30% av alla resor som genomförs ska göras med cykel. Vi vill således ta reda på vad en kommun kan göra för att stärka och bibehålla ett stort antal cyklister. Denna studie handlar om cykelkultur, cykelplanering samt cykelfrämjande åtgärder med ett huvudfokus på Malmö stads arbete.

    Studiens syfte och fokus är att analysera Malmö stads strategier för ett ökat cyklande och hur de relaterar till verkligheten. Vidare kommer studien att använda Köpenhamn som referens för en god planering då staden toppar världsrankningen när det gäller världens bästa cykelstäder. Studien är baserad på insamlat material och kunskap från Malmö och Köpenhamn som samlats in med hjälp av dokumentstudier, etnografiska cykelstudier samt intervjustudier.

    Det huvudsakliga fokuset kommer att ligga på att analysera olika kommunala dokument och se hur de förhåller sig till den tidigare forskningen inom området för cykelplanering. Uppsatsen kommer exempelvis att diskutera hårda infrastrukturella åtgärder men även mjuka åtgärder såsom marknadsföring. Dessutom behandlas begreppet cykelkultur som belyser hur kulturen kan påverka cyklingenanvändningen i en stad. Därutöver tas även transporträttviseperspektiv upp, där cykeln ställs i relation till bilen.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 183.
    Pink, Sarah
    et al.
    School of Media and Communication, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Fors, Vaike
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sweden.
    Glöss, Mareike
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sweden.
    The contingent futures of the mobile present: automation as possibility2018Inngår i: Mobilities, ISSN 1745-0101, E-ISSN 1745-011X, Vol. 13, nr 5, s. 615-631Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we outline and demonstrate a design anthropological approach to investigating automated mobile futures as a processual opening up of possibilities, rather than as a process of technological innovation. To undertake this we investigate the example of how the car-smartphone relationship is configuring in the contingent circumstances of the mobile present and the implications of this for automated mobile futures. Our discussion is set in the context of the growing possibility that automonous driving (AD) features are increasingly part of everyday mobilities (even if unequally distributed globally) and in which personal mobile smart technologies and artificial intelligence (AI) will exist in some form and will interface with humans and be interoperable with other technologies. In developing this we draw on ethnographic understandings of how people live with the possibilities afforded by technologies in everyday life.

  • 184.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Aistimuistot ja affektiivinen jatkuvuus humanitaarisen avun esineissä2020Inngår i: Affektit ja tunteet kulttuurien tutkimuksessa / [ed] Jenni Rinne, Anna Kajander, Riina Haanpää, Helsinki: Suomen kansatieteilijöiden yhdistys Ethnos ry , 2020, s. 31-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1992–95 war, the vast majority of people in Bosnia and Herzegovina relied on international humanitarian assistance for survival. Material goods sent as humanitarian aid were crucial to the civilians trapped in Sara-jevo under siege. This chapter presents what some of the residents remember and how they talk about it two decades later. The analysis pursues how the act of narration of a particular person–object interaction activates corporeal memories and establishes affective links – resonances in the body and mind – between then (when the experience was acquired) and now (when one narrates it), between what the research participants talked about (their humanitarian aid-related experiences), and how they talked about it (affects that were revived in the course of narration). The vivid descriptions of sensual experiences concerning humanitarian aid – the tastes and smells of food and feel of clothing items received from distant donors – witness to the lingering sensual effects those experiences still have today.

  • 185.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Southeast European Connections: Towards an Ethnography of Immigrants’ Transnational Practices2008Inngår i: MESS and RAMSES II / [ed] Jaka Repič, Alenka Bartulović, Katarina Sajovec Altshul, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts , 2008, s. 147-167Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 186.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The transnational lives of immigrants: transnationalism as a bodily experience2004Inngår i: Times, Places, Passages: Ethnological Approaches in the New Millenium / [ed] Attila Paládi-Kovács, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest , 2004, s. 84-97Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter exemplifies how ethnology is entitled to make visible and understand migrants who negotiate their identities by entering into and acting - socially, culturally, politically - wihtin the spaces opened up by the intersection of capital, labour mobility, communication and transportation technologies.

  • 187.
    Radmann, Aage
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Andersson, Torbjörn
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Herd, Katarzyna
    Lund University.
    A Struggle Between Loyalty and Commodification: Scandinavian Football Fans2023Inngår i: Football Fandom in Europe and Latin America: Culture, Politics, and Violence in the 21st Century / [ed] Bernardo Buarque de Hollanda; Thomas Busset, London & New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, 1, s. 81-105Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter will give insight into the Nordic football fandom culture describing supporter culture in all five Nordic countries, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, and Finland. Focusing on history, identities, policies, and politics the authors discuss if a specific “Nordic supporter culture” exists and if there are significant perspectives in this culture compared to other football fandom cultures. Sweden has the most devoted fans when it comes to club football in the Nordic countries and Denmark and Iceland when we talk about fans supporting the national teams. Scandinavia of today has a strong supporter culture and good attendances at football matches. While following the development patterns seen in many European countries, football fans in Scandinavia have developed region-specific modes of creative engagement with the game. Supporters not only encourage their clubs, they also provide a modern commentary and criticism of social and economic changes within the globalized football world. The evolution of football fans, exemplified by the Scandinavian context and taking neighboring countries into consideration, is paired with socio-temporal national realities and European developments. Thus, the activities on Scandinavian football arenas result in producing identities and histories relevant in the Nordic context.

  • 188.
    Radmann, Aage
    et al.
    Department of Teacher Education and Outdoor Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Hedenborg White, Manon
    Department of Religious Studies, Södertörns University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Hedenborg, Susanna
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Segregated femininities?: Creating female fandom through social media in Sweden2022Inngår i: Soccer & Society, ISSN 1466-0970, E-ISSN 1743-9590, Vol. 23, nr 3, artikkel-id 2037213Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study analyses female fandom in Sweden, focusing on female football supporters' self-presentation on social media. We found social media to function as a forum for empowerment, where the female football fans construct and express solidarity between girls and women and challenge hegemonic notions of femininity. Female football supporters are actively involved in formulating and shaping their own agenda and self-presentation and are drawn to the supporter culture for many of the same reasons as their male peers: group community, thrill and excitement, and the love for their team. The contribution of the study is two-fold: it fills a knowledge gap regarding Swedish female fans, while also making a conceptual intervention in the study of female fandoms more broadly, demonstrating the usefulness of critical theorization on femininities and indicating how social media enables female football supporters to 'play' with different conceptions of femininity to create space within the supporter milieu.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 189.
    Ristilammi, Per-Markku
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    The Bridge: Redux—The Breakdown of Normative Conviviality2020Inngår i: Conviviality at the Crossroads: The Poetics and Politics of Everyday Encounters / [ed] Oscar Hemer, Maja Povrzanovic Frykman, Per-Markku Ristilammi, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, s. 189-201Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter the concept of conviviality is used as an analytic concept around which recent developments concerning the changing role of state borders in Europe are discussed. It aims at highlighting a specific kind of normative state-driven conviviality through the example of the transnational Öresund Bridge, between Sweden and Denmark, thus showing how the concept can be used in an analysis of the changing roles, or even states of the state. The Bridge and the surrounding region was part of a bi-national project of conviviality at its inauguration in 2000, but 15 years later the border controls that were put in place in response to the so called refugee-crisis, which signaled a breakdown of this specific form of conviviality. The chapter shows how this breakdown of state conviviality opens up for a new form of biopolitical regime at the border.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 190.
    Schaefer, Stefan
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Andersson, Magnus
    Lund University.
    Bjarnason, Elizabeth
    Lund University.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Lund University.
    Introduction2018Inngår i: Working and Organizing in the Digital Age / [ed] Stefan Schaefer; Magnus Andersson; Elizabeth Bjarnason; Kristofer Hansson, The Pufendorf Institute for Advanced Studies, Lund University , 2018, s. 9-18Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital technologies have changed and will continue to change the way we think, live and work. Working and Organizing in the Digital Age presents case studies, analyses and graphic illustrations of how various digital technologies transform work processes and affect the working lives of professionals. The anthology draws upon knowledge bases and perspectives from multiple disciplines to facilitate a holistic, critical and innovative investigation of the transformational potential of digitalization on working and organizing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 191.
    Schaefer, Stefan
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Andersson, MagnusLund University.Bjarnason, ElizabethLund University.Hansson, KristoferLund University.
    Working and Organizing in the Digital Age2018Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital technologies have changed and will continue to change the way we think, live and work. Working and Organizing in the Digital Age presents case studies, analyses and graphic illustrations of how various digital technologies transform work processes and affect the working lives of professionals. The anthology draws upon knowledge bases and perspectives from multiple disciplines to facilitate a holistic, critical and innovative investigation of the transformational potential of digitalization on working and organizing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 192.
    Svensson, Daniel
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Girls’ Races and Gender Equality: Review of I tjejers spår – för framtids segrar. Om tjejlopp och villkor för tjejers motionsidrottande (Karin S. Lindelöf & Annie Woube)2020Inngår i: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 50, s. 299-301Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Why are there keep-fit races specifically for women? How were they established and why are they so popular? Are girls’ races good or bad if the goal is greater equality in sport? With this book, Karin S. Lindelöf and Annie Woube (both ethnologists working at the Centre for Gender Studies, Uppsala University) shed new light on girls’ races and their participants.

    The history of sport shows how women have been excluded from major keep-fit events for paternalistic, sexist, and downright idiotic reasons. The pictures of Kathrine Switzer, who was forced to defend herself against an attack by a functionary to be able to finish the Boston Marathon in 1967, are iconic. In Sweden we have several examples of women who defied the ban on participating in the Vasaloppet ski race. Girls’ races (tjejlopp) should be understood in the light of this historical heritage – they are a response to exclusion mechanisms that were at first highly concrete, but they have additionally had a more subtle impact on the culture of keep-fit sporting events. Here, as in sport in general, men have often been the norm. In the girls’ races, it is the other way around. As Lindelöf and Woube ably demonstrate, this entails both a liberating element and a limiting image of women doing sports.

  • 193.
    Svensson, Daniel
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Saltzman, Katarina
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH.
    Movement Heritage and Path Dependence: Layering the Past2022Inngår i: Pathways: Exploring the Routes of a Movement Heritage / [ed] Daniel Svensson, Katarina Saltzman, Sverker Sörlin, Cambridge: White Horse Press, 2022, s. 1-30Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Pathways Introduction: Movement Heritage and Path Dependence: Layering the Past
  • 194.
    Svensson, Daniel
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Saltzman, Katarina
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH.
    Pathways: Exploring the Routes of a Movement Heritage2022Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Trails and paths are pathways to the past – and serve as a physical and cultural infrastructure of human memory. While they lead the way forward for anyone out walking, they also point backwards, towards history. 

    Walking has been a common denominator for human life everywhere, at all times. While other forms of mobility have grown in importance and changed our societies in dramatic ways, most of us still depend on walking in our daily life. The massive number of human steps throughout history has created a rich and widespread network of trails that cross the globe and connect places. It has also resulted in a vast immaterial heritage through literature, art and music about walking. Paths and trails accommodate both the material and the immaterial, and challenge not only conventional heritage management but also the very essence of the nature/culture divide. 

    In our current age, the Anthropocene, traces of people’s movements can be regarded as a distinct kind of cultural heritage, a ‘movement heritage’ that is dependent on continuous use or memory work to remain. It also points to historical and current forms of land use that is sustainable in the most basic meaning of the word, i.e. that these activities can be and de facto has been practiced over long periods of time without causing large-scale environmental degradation. Few other forms of human mobility can make similar claims.

    So, while traces and remains from different kinds of movement may be small in physical scale, they are monumental in terms of their importance for the understanding of how a landscape has been used historically. Traces of mobility form lines that, with Tim Ingold, tie together the life worlds of the past with those of the present.

    Walking tracks, paths, and trails are usually ephemeral and often also neglected traces of humans moving by foot through landscapes in the past and the present. These subtle landscape features seem to be difficult to handle within established heritage management regimes, partly because of their fugitive and timid nature. However, their uses and impacts have often been decisive and important for individuals and communities across spatial and temporal scales.

    In this anthology, we explore possibilities to acknowledge human motion, and traces thereof, as heritage. Today, with the increasing interest in local and sustainable connections, and in bodily and spiritual enhancement, we see a growing use of walking tracks both in landscapes within reach from urban centres and in more remotely located or ‘wild’ areas. The corona pandemic has further propelled these trends. Of course, landscapes that are commonly understood as wilderness or ‘nature’ are in most cases clearly influenced by human actions and movements. While walking trails tend to be regarded as pathways to experience nature and as tools to promote public health, they could also be seen and used as routes to culture and history, indeed as pathways to the past. Based on a Swedish research project with the aim to explore the multiple dimensions of walking, paths and movement, this volume discuss the potential effects of such an expansion of the heritage register.

    Landscapes of mobility have been shaped by hiking, hunting, outdoor life, tourism, sports, and physical training for centuries. They are historical remains of those activities, while simultaneously being the infrastructure for present-day usages. The demand for places suitable for movement, training and events continue to grow, and hiking trails are a key component in the rise of nature-based tourism, sport events such as trail running and mountain biking, and the increasing interest in outdoor life and hiking. So far, the historical and heritage aspects of these developments have been underarticulated. However, the Norwegian heritage board together with the Norwegian Tourist Association (Den Norske Turistforening, DNT) have initiated a project around historical hiking trails that have been attracting attention over the last couple of years. Similar attempts are now being made in Sweden, England, and elsewhere. There is need for a more explicit discussion about trails as heritage. With this anthology we contribute with precisely that through gathering leading scholars in Europe and beyond around this subject and engaging them in dialogue.

  • 195.
    Thor Tureby, Malin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    En kritisk blick på arkiv2021Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 196.
    Tiberg, Irén
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Lunds universitet.
    Holmberg, Robert
    Lunds universitet.
    Hallström, Inger
    Lunds universitet.
    An ethnographic observation study of the facilitator role in an implementation process2017Inngår i: BMC Research Notes, E-ISSN 1756-0500, Vol. 630, nr 10(1)Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Even though the importance of a facilitator during an implementation process is well described, the facilitator’s role is rarely problematized in relation to the organizational context in terms of power and legitimacy; themes which have recently been brought to the fore when studying change in health care organizations. Therefore, in this article, we present a qualitative study with the aim of identifying key aspects of the experience of being in a facilitator role. The data collection involved ethnographic fieldwork encompassing observations and field notes, as well as two qualitative interviews with the facilitator. The data were analysed using a phenomenological hermeneutical method in order to formulate thematic aspects of the implementation process. The study was conducted in southern Sweden between January 2013 and August 2014.

    Results

    One main theme, “walking a tightrope”, and four sub-themes, all of which involved balancing acts of different levels and different ways, were identified. These included: being in control, but needing to adjust; pushing for change, but forced to stand back; being accepted, but dependent; and being reasonable, but culturally sensitive.

    Conclusion

    Instead of listing the desirable qualities and conditions of a facilitator, this study shows that being a facilitator can be described more completely by applying the concept of role, thus allowing a more holistic process of reflection and analysis. This in turn makes it possible to move from the reactive stance of balancing to a more proactive stance of negotiating.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 197.
    Wiszmeg, Andréa
    Lund University.
    Cells in Culture, cells in Suspense.: Practices of Cultural Production in Foetal Cell Research2019Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative affliction to whichresearchers have long striven to find a cure. The human embryois a source of vital cells used in regenerative medicine, as well as apowerful symbol of life. Using foetal cells from aborted embryosfor transplantation to the brains of Parkinson patients is an avenuethat has been explored by neuroscientistson and off for the lastthirty years. This ethnological compilation thesis follows a nationalbranch of a foetal cell transplantation trial through successes as wellas challenges in processing foetal material into an effective, transplantablecell suspension. The cell suspension is conceptualized as abio-object, and explored as something that produces new knowledge,emotions and logistical and ethical negotiations. These products arebeyond the scope of the trial and biomedical research in general, butthey do nonetheless interact with and affect society at large.New biomedical inventions and forms of therapies transgress thelimits of life and death and the boundaries of individuals, as well asbetween species. Such cultural reordering challenges researchers,health care professionals as well patients on a daily basis. Exploringthe intersection between instruction and practice, nature and cultureas well as between science and ritual, this thesis contributes to abroader understanding of cultural and material conditions ofknowledge production. It also offers a methodological elaborationof how a diffractive approach may be fruitful in ethnographicresearch, when trying to reconcile epistemological differences incross-disciplinary endeavours.The thesis is itself a product of multidisciplinary cooperation, inwhich the researcher is affiliated with the milieus the Departmentof Art and Cultural Sciences and the Basal Ganglia DisordersLinnaeus Consortium (Bagadilico) of the Medical Faculty, bothat Lund University, as well as the Learning and Media Technology(LET) Studio at Gothenburg University.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 198.
    Wiszmeg, Andréa
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.
    Cells in suspense: Unboxing the negotiations of a large-scale cell transplantation trial2016Inngår i: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 46, s. 104-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout scientific work and research,many processes and procedures are maderoutine, mundane and then taken forgranted. So are some underlying assump-tions – not only about the state of the nat-ural world, but about what its different ac-tors are supposed or expected to be orwork like. These assumptions are not onlydescriptive, but prescriptive. If we pro-ceed from the notion that expectations andbeliefs are written into our everyday prac-tices and made opaque even to their prac-titioners, it becomes an urgent issue tofind tools to better scrutinize and evaluatethem. This is, I argue, a matter of ethics.How such assumptions are written intopractices is perhaps as available as ever, inthe instructions, documents and processesof evidence-based science. When somepremises and practices are locked to eachother, others are excluded. The aim of thisarticle is to explore the dynamics of thisprocess in a biomedical research practice,with regard to how it affects what are con-sidered ethical issues and how they arehandled.Based on ethnographic fieldwork, I willinvestigate what happened when staff in alarge-scale and multi-site cell transplanta-tion trial in Parkinson’s research had toscrutinize their procedures. I want to un-derstand what subsequent negotiationsneeded to be done in order to progress; or,more specifically, what deliberationsabout perspectives, procedures and ethicalissues of the project were required to seethe trial through. The focus is on what thestaff described as causing the major delaysthat they faced, and temporality is subse-quently conceptualized as an importantfactor in the homogenization and repro-ducibility of science. I discuss how thenecessary changes and negotiations relateto the aims and standards presented by therationale of evidence-based science, andthe implications they have for researchpractice of future trials and for researchethics.I argue that investigations such as thisare crucial to better understand how ethi-cal dilemmas are not primarily abstractdeliberations addressed in policy docu-ments, but embedded in everyday prac-tice. I will also address the importance ofethnographic practices to this end.In the following, the content and theconditions of the trial will be presented incontext.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 199.
    Wiszmeg, Andréa
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.
    Diffractions of the foetal cell suspension2017Inngår i: Interpreting the brain in society.: Cultural reflections on neuroscientific practices / [ed] Hansson, Kristofer; Idvall, Markus, Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017, 1, s. 73-94Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the quest for a cure for Parkinson’s disease, scientists have travelledmany avenues. One is the use of cells from aborted fetuses. These cellshave been proven to restore the lacking dopamine production in thebrain of the afflicted person. In order to place the cells inside the patient’sbrain, a so-called cell suspension must be made and administered, whichis a liquid produced in a laboratory containing mainly foetal brain cells.This can be transplanted either into rats for research or into human subjectsfor clinical trials, and theoretically for treatment.For people encountering the cell suspension, it enters their lives indifferent ways, giving it diverse shape and meaning; it also gives rise tomany different kinds of expectations. Thus, a delicate issue such as theuse of the cell suspension, with its foetal origin, provides a good basisfor discussing what I would call ‘science’s understanding of/engagementwith knowledge’. Normally when issues of participation in scienceare discussed, it is done in relation to how stakeholders and otherwiseaffected people such as for example patients and relatives understand science.The so-called ‘information deficit model’, where the public wasseen as lacking in knowledge and understanding, was a concept commonin the research field of the ‘public understanding of science’ (Evans &Durant 1995; Sturgis & Allum 2004). This model was gradually replacedby views in which engagement and information exchange were regardedas more of a two-way communication between researchers and the public;lay-people’s understanding was also seen as a kind of knowledge. Thedevelopment of a more reciprocal view of knowledge is expressed in thenewer concept of ‘public engagement with science and technology’ (see e.g. Stilgoe, Lock & Wilsdon 2014). Still, even with the newer terminologyand the ideas connected with it, much of the focus is on the ‘recipients’of scientific results, and less on those who produce them. This isproblematic, because it sets the researchers’ views apart as somethinglargely free from values, meaning and desire, as opposed to the afflictedlay-peoples’ views. In this chapter, I will give a more nuanced and complexpicture of how scientists value what they do. With the help ofinterviews with two laboratory researchers, I focus upon how they understand,value and provide meaning to the foetal cell suspension that theywork with. I argue that they do it differently, depending on how theyinteract with the suspension. The aim is to gain a better understanding ofhow the scientific knowledge comes into being in a scientific laboratory.The analysis thus problematizes how participation can be understood ina laboratory context.

  • 200.
    Wiszmeg, Andréa
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.
    En morgon i köttbyn.2011Inngår i: Kulturdreven innovation.: Nye metoder, nye muligheder / [ed] Damsholt, Tine; Salomonsson, Karin; Schollert Hvalsum, Laura & Wiszmeg Andréa, SAXO instituttet , 2011, s. 5-6Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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