Malmö University Publications
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  • 1.
    Doyle, Maria Camacho
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Gerell, Manne
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University.
    Exploring violent and property crime geographically: A comparison of the accuracy and precision of kernel density estimation and simple count2021In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, E-ISSN 2703-7045, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are multiple geographical crime prediction techniques to use and comparing different prediction techniques therefore becomes important. In the current study we compared the accuracy (Predictive Accuracy Index) and precision (Recapture Rate Index) of simply counting crimes: Simple Count with Kernel Density Estimation in the prediction of where people are reported to commit violent crimes (assault and robbery) and property crimes (residential burglary, property damage, theft, vehicle theft and arson), geographically. These predictions were done using a different number of years into the future and based on a different number of years combined to do the crime prediction, in a large Swedish municipality. The Simple Count technique performed quite well in comparison to simple Kernel Density Estimation no matter what crime was being predicted, making us conclude that it may not be necessary to use the more complex method of Kernel Density Estimation to predict where people are reported to commit crime geographically

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  • 2.
    Ingrell, Joakim
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Unit for Police Work.
    Egerius, Christian
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Unit for Police Work.
    Mellgren, Caroline
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Unit for Police Work.
    Simulator-Based Driving Training in Low-Speed Maneuvering for Swedish Police Students2022In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, E-ISSN 2703-7045, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Driving simulators are a common tool for researching and practicing driver behaviors. Despite this, research on the use of driving simulators within the basic police training in Nordic countries is sparse. Therefore, the purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to evaluate and compare students’ driving ability regarding low-speed maneuvering in tight spaces, during a limited part of their education, based on the type of training (simulator only, courtyard only, or 50/50) they receive. 83 Swedish police students, divided into four classes, attending their second semester at the police program, participated in the study. These four classes were divided into three different experimental groups. The simulation group (two classes, n = 41) only practiced driving using a driving simulator. The 50/50 group (one class, n = 22) practiced driving a vehicle in the courtyard and in the simulator. The courtyard group (one class, n = 20) only practiced driving a vehicle in a courtyard. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences between type of training and performance on the examination regarding low-speed maneuvering in tight spaces. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for the use of driving simulators in higher education, more specifically in police basic training programs.

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  • 3.
    Leijon, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of School Development and Leadership (SOL). Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Centre for Teaching and Learning (CAKL).
    Stigmar, Martin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Centre for Teaching and Learning (CAKL).
    Knowledge Requriements in the Governing Documents of the Swedish Police Programme: An Explorative Study of the Programme's First Semester2022In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, E-ISSN 2703-7045, Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our study investigates how knowledge requirements are formulated in policy documents for a police education situated in an academic context. Through an explorative quantitative and qualitative content analysis, we seek to answerthe following questions: What knowledge requirements are presented in course syllabi for the first semester of fivedifferent police programmes in Sweden? What similarities and differences are there? The result implies that a highereducation policy frame dominates the design of curricula and program profiles. Lower-order cognitive skills are predominant in the knowledge requirements in the first semester of all police training programmes in Sweden, but witha balance of academic and professional practices, and of conceptual and contextual coherence in curricula. The universities differ mostly when it comes to knowledge requirements on a higher-order cognitive level, and here there isan imbalance in sequence and pace in curricula between different programmes. Both balance and variations are discussed with the aim of opening up for an innovative debate on knowledge requirements in police education.

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  • 4.
    Magnusson, Mia-Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR). The Stockholm Police, Sweden.
    Preventing Relapse into Drug Crime through Motivational Talks at a Drug Scene in Stockholm: A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Law Enforcement Tactic2023In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, E-ISSN 2703-7045, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A randomised controlled trial was developed and implemented together with police officers working to combat drugcrime at an open drug scene in Stockholm. The aim was to evaluate a method called motivational talks, which areheld by police officers to encourage drug crime suspects to seek help. Relapse into drug crime was compared betweenthe control group and the experimental group to determine whether the treatment, i.e., the motivational talk, had aneffect. The study shows that motivational talks had a small but non-significant impact on relapse into drug crime afternine months, but the effect had disappeared at the second follow-up. Motivational talks might still have other effectson the individual or the police. Studying the use of repeated treatment might be a way of furthering the research onthe effect of motivational talks.

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1 - 4 of 4
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