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  • 1.
    Alawadi, Neda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Parastatidou, Elisavet
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Informationssystem inom det svenska skolväsendet: ett medel för styrning eller ett hjälpmedel?: En studie om digitala lärplattformar i skolor2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 13 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization is an important part of today's society. Sweden aims to be a leader in exploiting the opportunities of digitalisation. The school system constitutes an important role for successful digitalisation work and therefore the government has designed a nationalized digitalisation strategy for the school system. In recent years, digital learning platforms have been implemented in pre-schools and primary schools, where it is intended that these will support teachers' administrative work. However, what is considered business support may differ for management and teachers. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether digital learning platforms in the school system are interpreted as a means of control from management that teachers need to adapt to or as a helping tool that is adapted to teachers.

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  • 2.
    Alkhabbas, Fahed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Alawadi, Sadi
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Spalazzese, Romina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Davidsson, Paul
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Activity Recognition and User Preference Learning for Automated Configuration of IoT Environments2020In: IoT '20: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on the Internet of Things, New York, United States: ACM Digital Library, 2020, p. 1-8, article id 3Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things (IoT) environments encompass different types of devices and objects that offer a wide range of services. The dynamicity and uncertainty of those environments, including the mobility of users and devices, make it hard to foresee at design time available devices, objects, and services. For the users to benefit from such environments, they should be proposed services that are relevant to the specific context and can be provided by available things. Moreover, environments should be configured automatically based on users' preferences. To address these challenges, we propose an approach that leverages Artificial Intelligence techniques to recognize users' activities and provides relevant services to support users to perform their activities. Moreover, our approach learns users' preferences and configures their environments accordingly by dynamically forming, enacting, and adapting goal-driven IoT systems. In this paper, we present a conceptual model, a multi-tier architecture, and processes of our approach. Moreover, we report about how we validated the feasibility and evaluated the scalability of the approach through a prototype that we developed and used.

  • 3.
    Alkhabbas, Fahed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Murturi, Ilir
    Distributed Systems Group, TU Wien, Austria.
    Spalazzese, Romina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Davidsson, Paul
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Dustdar, Schahram
    Distributed Systems Group, TU Wien, Austria.
    A Goal driven Approach for Deploying Self-adaptive IoT Systems2020In: Proceedings: 2020 IEEE International Conference on Software Architecture (ICSA), Salvador, Brazil, 16-20 March 2020 / [ed] Lisa O’Conner, 2020, p. 146-156Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Engineering Internet of Things (IoT) systems is a challenging task partly due to the dynamicity and uncertainty of the environment including the involvement of the human in the loop. Users should be able to achieve their goals seamlessly in different environments, and IoT systems should be able to cope with dynamic changes. Several approaches have been proposed to enable the automated formation, enactment, and self-adaptation of goal-driven IoT systems. However, they do not address deployment issues. In this paper, we propose a goal-driven approach for deploying self-adaptive IoT systems in the Edge-Cloud continuum. Our approach supports the systems to cope with the dynamicity and uncertainty of the environment including changes in their deployment topologies, i.e., the deployment nodes and their interconnections. We describe the architecture and processes of the approach and the simulations that we conducted to validate its feasibility. The results of the simulations show that the approach scales well when generating and adapting the deployment topologies of goal-driven IoT systems in smart homes and smart buildings.

  • 4.
    Alkhabbas, Fahed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Spalazzese, Romina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Cerioli, Maura
    Università di Genova, Dipartimento di Informatica, Bioingegneria, Italy.
    Leotta, Maurizio
    Università di Genova, Dipartimento di Informatica, Bioingegneria, Italy.
    Reggio, Gianna
    Università di Genova, Dipartimento di Informatica, Bioingegneria, Italy.
    On the Deployment of IoT Systems: An Industrial Survey2020In: 2020 IEEE International Conference on Software Architecture Companion (ICSA-C), 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things (IoT) systems are complex and multifaceted, and the design of their architectures needs to consider many aspects at a time. Design decisions concern, for instance, the modeling of software components and their interconnections, as well as where to deploy the components within the available hardware infrastructure in the Edge-Cloud continuum. A relevant and challenging task, in this context, is to identify optimal deployment models due to all the different aspects involved, such as extra-functional requirements of the system, heterogeneity of the hardware resources concerning their processing and storage capabilities, and constraints like legal issues and operational cost limits. To gain insights about the deployment decisions concerning IoT systems in practice, and the factors that influence those decisions, we report about an industrial survey we conducted with 66 IoT architects from 18 countries across the world. Each participant filled in a questionnaire that comprises 15 questions. By analyzing the collected data, we have two main findings: (i) architects rely on the Cloud more than the Edge for deploying the software components of IoT systems, in the majority of the IoT application domains; and (ii) the main factors driving deployment decisions are four: reliability, performance, security, and cost.

  • 5.
    Alkhabbas, Fahed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Spalazzese, Romina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Davidsson, Paul
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    An Agent-based Approach to Realize Emergent Configurationsin the Internet of Things2020In: Electronics, E-ISSN 2079-9292, Vol. 9, no 9, article id 1347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet of Things (IoT) has enabled physical objects and devices, often referred to as things, to connect and communicate. This has opened up for the development of novel types of services that improve the quality of our daily lives. The dynamicity and uncertainty of IoT environments, including the mobility of users and devices, make it hard to foresee at design time available things and services. Further, users should be able to achieve their goals seamlessly in arbitrary environments. To address these challenges, we exploit Artificial Intelligence (AI) to engineer smart IoT systems that can achieve user goals and cope with the dynamicity and uncertainty of their environments. More specifically, the main contribution of this paper is an approach that leverages the notion of Belief-Desire-Intention agents and Machine Learning (ML) techniques to realize Emergent Configurations (ECs) in the IoT. An EC is an IoT system composed of a dynamic set of things that connect and cooperate temporarily to achieve a user goal. The approach enables the distributed formation, enactment, adaptation of ECs, and conflict resolution among them. We present a conceptual model of the entities of the approach, its underlying processes, and the guidelines for using it. Moreover, we report about the simulations conducted to validate the feasibility of the approach and evaluate its scalability. View Full-Text

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  • 6.
    Alkhabbas, Fahed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Spalazzese, Romina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Davidsson, Paul
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Human-Centric Emergent Configurations: Supporting the User Through Self-configuring IoT Systems2021In: Advances in Neuroergonomics and Cognitive Engineering: Proceedings of the AHFE 2021 Virtual Conferences on Neuroergonomics and Cognitive Engineering, Industrial Cognitive Ergonomics and Engineering Psychology, and Cognitive Computing and Internet of Things, July 25-29, 2021, USA / [ed] Hasan Ayaz; Umer Asgher; Lucas Paletta, Springer, 2021, p. 411-418Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is revolutionizing our environments with novel types of services and applications by exploiting the large number of diverse connected things. One of the main challenges in the IoT is to engineer systems to support human users to achieve their goals in dynamic and uncertain environments. For instance, the mobility of both users and devices makes it infeasible to always foresee the available things in the users’ current environments. Moreover, users’ activities and/or goals might change suddenly. To support users in such environments, we developed an initial approach that exploits the notion of Emergent Configurations (ECs) and mixed initiative techniques to engineer self-configuring IoT systems. An EC is a goal-driven IoT system composed of a dynamic set of temporarily connecting and cooperating things. ECs are more flexible and usable than IoT systems whose constituents and interfaces are fully specified at design time

  • 7.
    Baron, Rixt
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    An Interaction Design approach to Clothing Swaps2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analysed the second hand clothing culture and clothing swaps that have gained popularity in recent years. Through interaction design, a solution is sought to the problem that secondhand shopping has become popular and thereby less affordable for people with a low income. By means of the five phases of design Thinking, a final concept has been designed. In which an early version of a prototype has been developed. The final concept helps solve the problem by making clothing swapping easier and more efficient, this is done through a combination of drop off locations and the use of an app. It demonstrates how interaction design can be used in clothing swaps and make them accessible to anyone interested.

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  • 8.
    Belfrage, Michael
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Brown, Barry
    Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University.
    Danielsson, Henrik
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University.
    Dignum, Virginia
    Department of Computing Science, Umeå University.
    Glöss, Mareike
    Digital Fututres Research Centre, KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Lorig, Fabian
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).
    Passero, Sergio
    Department of Culture and Society, Linköping University.
    Rahm, Lina
    Division of History of Science, Technology and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Sarayeva, Tatyana
    Department of Computing Science, Umeå University.
    Wiberg, Mikael
    Department of Informatics, Umeå University.
    WASP-HS. Community Reference Meeting: Sustainability and Smart Cities2022Report (Other academic)
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  • 9.
    Billewicz, Agnieszka
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Silly Lamp2018In: CHI EA '18: Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, article id SRC03Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Silly Lamp project strives to propose an alternative designerly approach towards Machine Learning and produce semi-abstract knowledge on the relationship that can be established between human and Machine Learning artefacts. Aiming to fill the gap between technology driven research with utility-focused application proposals heavily grounded in the tradition of computer science and the more recent work done from an artistic point of view, described Research through Design process works within the emerging Human-Centred Machine Learning field. In a series of design engagements and experiments, grounded in the present time and simple technology, the relationship between user and machine learning artefact in a home setting is explored, together with the established power relations and human role within the space opened by the design approach.

  • 10.
    Bircan, Tuba
    et al.
    VUB, Belgium.
    Akdağ Salah, Almila
    Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
    Qi, Haodong
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    A Bibliometric Analysis of Computational Social Science in Turkish Academia2023In: 2023 31st Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU), IEEE conference proceedings, 2023, , p. 1-4p. 1-4Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using bibliometrics, this study explores the land-scape of social computing sciences within the Turkish academic sphere. The analysis conducted at both the country and organizational levels reveals that collaborations in the field of social computing are not solely influenced by geographical factors. Through network analysis of keyword co-occurrences, distinct thematic patterns emerge, highlighting areas such as health-related applications, the social implications of computational approaches, the intersection of computational methods with the economy and agriculture, machine learning techniques, and the utilization of big data analytics for business applications. These findings provide evidence of the multidisciplinary nature inherent in social computing research.

  • 11.
    Botero, Andrea
    et al.
    Aalto University.
    Marttila, Sanna
    IT University of Copenhagen.
    Poderi, Giacomo
    IT University of Copenhagen.
    Saad-Sulonen, Joanna
    IT University of Copenhagen.
    Seravalli, Anna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Teli, Maurizio
    Aalborg University.
    M.C van Amstel, Frederick
    UTFPR.
    Commoning Design and Designing Commons2020In: PDC '20: Proceedings of the 16th Participatory Design Conference 2020 - Participation(s) Otherwise - Volume 2, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2020, p. 178-180Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This workshop explores the relevance of the notion of commons as an objective, and commoning as a way of doing and being for design. We invite the PD community to reflect on ways in which these concepts help us critically protect and support sustainable futures for communities of humans and non-humans. How can participatory design remain open to multiple ways of sharing and different worldviews? What would it mean for the participatory design community in terms of challenging established notions such as participation, facilitation, empowerment, to name but a few? How can participatory design contribute further to theoretical elaboration and activist practices?

  • 12.
    Boztepe, Suzan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Glöss, Mareike
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Grönvall, Erik
    Department of Digital Design, IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Christiansson, Jörn
    Department of Digital Design, IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Linde, Per
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Designing the city: challenges and opportunities in digital public service design2023In: C&T '23: proceedings of the 11th international conference on communities and technologies, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2023, , p. 3p. 266-269Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities around the world have become increasingly reliant upon digital technologies in their everyday operations. In pursuit of a faster, cheaper, and more efficient local government, service platforms and applications that mediate citizen-government inter- actions, smart city infrastructures, and automated decision-making systems have proliferated. More recently, digital technologies are also sought to address socially complex issues and foster civic en- gagement. These ambitions, motivated by both rational and demo- cratic perspectives, however, confront many challenges such as de- signing with wide heterogeneous groups, navigating organizational structures, and dealing with the political agendas and conflicting perspectives of multiple stakeholders. Designing digital technolo- gies for municipalities, therefore, requires an ability to address the technical, social, institutional, and political challenges critically, practically, and holistically. This hybrid workshop aims to bring together researchers and practitioners to (1) explore how this could be achieved and (2) map the existing and emerging challenges and opportunities for designing public digital services and technologies.

  • 13.
    Brink, Henning
    et al.
    Osnabrück University, Germany.
    Packmohr, Sven
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Data Society.
    Analyzing Barriers to Digital Transformation in the German Engineering Industry: A Comparison of Digitalized and Non-Digitalized Enterprises2022In: Proeccedings of the 55th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Bui, Tung X., 2022, p. 4849-4858Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The German engineering sector is one of the most prominent industries in Germany in terms of revenues, the number of employees, and reputation for the “Made in Germany” brand. In this industry, digital transformation (DT) has become a significant trend. DT is more than optimizing internal processes by digital means. It entails the offer of digital services and products and the enhancement of customer experience. Complex barriers need to be overcome to drive this transformation forward. Therefore, our study analysis the organizational barriers to DT within the German engineering industry. We follow a quantitative approach to gain insight on organizational barriers by a comparison of digitalized and less digitalized enterprises and their DTs. Our research demonstrates that digitalized enterprises perceive lower degrees of certain barriers in leadership, culture, employees, and skills, which are essential parts in a socio-technical view. However, there are still barriers that digitalized enterprises are struggling with.

  • 14.
    Brink, Henning
    et al.
    Osnabrück University, Germany.
    Packmohr, Sven
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Data Society.
    Paul, Fynn-Hendrik
    Osnabrück University, Germany.
    Extending a Socio-Technical Model of the Barriers to Digital Transformation Through Data Triangulation2022In: 8th International Conference on Information Management (ICIM), 2022, p. 68-74Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital Transformation is one of the megatrends to re-shape industries, non-profit sectors, higher education, and even societies. Digital technologies merge with physical production processes provoking changes in value creation processes. These changes may lead to positive effects such as more effectiveness, revised business models, and closer customer contact. However, there are also negative effects hindering the digital transformation journey. As many firms still struggle, it is essential to understand the barriers which slow down or even stop a digital transformation. Based on qualitative data from 525 respondents working in different sectors, we reevaluate and extend an existing model by using a triangulation approach. The result is a holistic socio-technical model of the barriers to digital transformation consisting of seven distinct dimensions. The model can serve as input for future research instruments. Firms can use it to reflect barriers in their digital transformation.

  • 15.
    Fridlund, Stina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Vad får företag veta om dig?: en experimentell studie om åsikter kring insamlingav personliga information på internet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Personliga data, digital integritet, e-handel, datainsamling, PINTEG.

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  • 16.
    Garcia, Nicolas Acosta
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Global Studies, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Boyd, Eric
    Univ Durham, Dept Anthropol, Durham, England..
    Gillette, Maris Boyd
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Global Studies, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Rask, Nanna
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Global Studies, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Saldert, Hannah
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Global Studies, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Singleton, Benedict Esmond
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Disagreeing well in an unparadigmatic field: a response to Bodin (2021)2023In: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 1049-1052Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent opinion article, sustainability researcher orjan Bodin claims that a shift leftward in sustainability science has rendered certain topics and research methods taboo, thus inhibiting the field's ability to contribute to achieving Agenda 2030. In this response, we problematise Bodin's framing of sustainability science, arguing he has misrepresented the field as "normal" rather than acknowledging its unparadigmatic character. It is precisely the unparadigmatic character of sustainability sciences (plural emphasised) that allows the field to begin addressing the wicked problems of our time. The question is then how to "disagree well" and assure quality in this unparadigmatic field.

  • 17.
    Grauers, Björn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Digital innovation through the use of participatory design in the development of Swedish public healthcare support services2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish public sector stands in front of great challenges, threatening the very existence of a Swedish welfare state. An aging population has increased the need for welfare support for the elderly population. At the same time, Sweden is facing a decrease in tax revenue from a shrinking percentage of work-able citizens among its population. Politicians, citizens, and service providers ask for radical innovation, and many see the opportunity to make use of digital technology to make our public services more efficient. However, it is not the lack of technical innovation that hinders public services from becoming more efficient, but rather the lack of knowledge into what is efficient and for whom. Without the understanding of user needs rather than wants it is hard, if not impossible, to know how digital technology is best utilized to increase user value. The findings show that participatory- and service design practices can answer why digital technology is needed and how and when it should be implemented. This project aims to find ways to increase accessibility, efficiency, and trust in digital healthcare support services and give insight into the opportunities for Interaction designers to bring value to healthcare development using participatory design practices.

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  • 18.
    Haliti, Albulena
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Hodza, Syzana
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    En jämställd IT-bransch: En förutsättning för teknisk utveckling: Hur kvinnliga nätverk för IT-kvinnor arbetar för att få en jämställd IT-utveckling.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 13 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Informationsteknikbranschen har en central inverkan på individer, organisationer och samhälle men förblir drabbad av en bestående ojämlikhet mellan män och kvinnor. Denna studie ämnar bidra med en förståelse för hur och varför tekniken och dess utveckling kan gynnas av jämställdhet. Studien lyfter kvinnliga nätverk i Sverige för att få perspektiv på hur en inkludering av kvinnor i branschen gynnar teknikutvecklingen. Genom att använda en kvalitativ forskningsmetod med tematisk analys och semistrukturerade intervjuer, har betydande insikter och aspekter identifierats. Män dominerar IT-branschen i Sverige och därtill även skapandet av tekniken som görs. Studiens resultat belyser att kvinnliga nätverk har en betydande roll i den svenska IT-branschen och att en inkludering av både kvinnor och män i skapandet av digitala artefakter leder till bättre teknik. Slutsatsen blir att den strukturella barriär som finns i branschen behöver förändras för att närma sig en bättre utveckling av digitala praktiker, resurser, artefakter och system. 

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  • 19.
    Hertzberg, Charlotte
    et al.
    Malmö University, Malmö University Library.
    Ericson Lagerås, Karin
    Malmö University, Malmö University Library.
    A road to ROAM: collaborating with a system provider in developing and implementing an electronic resource management system2021In: Journal of Electronic Resources Librarianship, ISSN 1941-126X, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 288-297Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Library electronic resource management involves administering several complex workflows. The authors share their experiences as librarians at Malmö University, Sweden, in participating in a system development project for the Electronic Resource Management System ROAM, from initial discussions to implementation. An awareness of internal and external processes grounded in Techniques for Electronic Resource Management Systems (TERMS) proved to be essential in guiding the various implementation stages. Future challenges for ROAM are considered, mainly concerning integrations with other systems and usage statistics.

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  • 20.
    Hillgren, Per-Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Democratizing the city: Democratic configurations and imagination2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0905-0167, E-ISSN 1901-0990, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 93-98, article id 5Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 21.
    Hilmkvist, Mirella Sara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Scaling Up Robotic Process Automation (RPA) capacity within the Scania region2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Jönsson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö Universitet.
    Jönsson, Tobias
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Organisatoriska aspekters koppling till teknisk skuld: En fallstudie om hur balansen av organisatoriska aspekter kan understödja kontrasterande perspektiv och påverka teknisk skuld2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 13 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization has meant an increasing complexity in organizations, which has led to the creation of the concept of technical debt. Just as organizations incur financial debts the organizations incur technical debts. Previous research in technical debt sheds light on a knowledge gap regarding organizational aspects, which influence technical debt. Based on this, the study aims to examine the assumption regarding contrasting views on technical debt between commercially controlled and technically controlled organizational units. To then explore whether the balance of organizational aspects between units can support a certain type of perspective and thereby influence the organization's actual actions, trade-offs and decision-making in relation to technical debt. The study was created through a qualitative case study where eight interviews were conducted in four software developing organizations. The study shows that the perspectives between units in this survey differ slightly, but that this does not affect technical debt to any great extent. This thanks to mutual understanding, good communication, consensus through overriding goals and a balance between power and culture. Commercial forces seem to possess somewhat more power, but surveyed companies have at the same time offset this through a clear product- and technology-focused culture. Which may cause organizations to, if anything, balance a little bit more on future sustainability and thus miss out on current business opportunities by avoiding a more flexible and permissive approach to technical debt.

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  • 23.
    Karie, Nickson M
    et al.
    Cyber Security and Forensics Research Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Eswatini, Private Bag 4, Kwaluseni, Eswatini.
    Kebande, Victor R.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP). DigiFORs Research Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Pretoria, Lynwood Road, South Africa.
    Venter, H S
    DigiFORs Research Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Pretoria, Lynwood Road, South Africa.
    Diverging deep learning cognitive computing techniques into cyber forensics2019In: Forensic science international. Synergy, ISSN 2589-871X, Vol. 1, p. 61-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    More than ever before, the world is nowadays experiencing increased cyber-attacks in all areas of our daily lives. This situation has made combating cybercrimes a daily struggle for both individuals and organisations. Furthermore, this struggle has been aggravated by the fact that today's cybercriminals have gone a step ahead and are able to employ complicated cyber-attack techniques. Some of those techniques are minuscule and inconspicuous in nature and often camouflage in the facade of authentic requests and commands. In order to combat this menace, especially after a security incident has happened, cyber security professionals as well as digital forensic investigators are always forced to sift through large and complex pools of data also known as Big Data in an effort to unveil Potential Digital Evidence (PDE) that can be used to support litigations. Gathered PDE can then be used to help investigators arrive at particular conclusions and/or decisions. In the case of cyber forensics, what makes the process even tough for investigators is the fact that Big Data often comes from multiple sources and has different file formats. Forensic investigators often have less time and budget to handle the increased demands when it comes to the analysis of these large amounts of complex data for forensic purposes. It is for this reason that the authors in this paper have realised that Deep Learning (DL), which is a subset of Artificial Intelligence (AI), has very distinct use-cases in the domain of cyber forensics, and even if many people might argue that it's not an unrivalled solution, it can help enhance the fight against cybercrime. This paper therefore proposes a generic framework for diverging DL cognitive computing techniques into Cyber Forensics (CF) hereafter referred to as the DLCF Framework. DL uses some machine learning techniques to solve problems through the use of neural networks that simulate human decision-making. Based on these grounds, DL holds the potential to dramatically change the domain of CF in a variety of ways as well as provide solutions to forensic investigators. Such solutions can range from, reducing bias in forensic investigations to challenging what evidence is considered admissible in a court of law or any civil hearing and many more.

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  • 24.
    Klein, Mikaela
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Isaksson-Bengtsson, Niklas
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Kommunicera digitalisering i traditionella verksamheter: Lost in translation2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 13 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization of society is constantly creating new conditions for change. The phenomenon placesdemands on companies to change and keep up with the continuous developments, which creates newchallenges for traditional companies. Initiatives for change that are motivated by saying that one“needs to become more digital” presuppose that there is a basic understanding of digitalization as aphenomenon within the organization.This phenomenographic study deals with how employees in a traditional company interpret andexperience the change. The study highlights how the presumption that there is a consensus aboutdigitalization can affect a digital journey in a traditional company. Through interactive interviews, theemployees' digital work environment and experiences of the digital journey were mapped. Visualizationof this shows different ways of elevating digitalization as an interpretive framework for change.Furthermore, the study shows how different understandings of the phenomenon can manifest themselvesin a traditional way of thinking about product and business. The risk in this case lies in how the digitaljourney can be justified as relevant to this group of employees. They risk interpreting the change asmeaning that it is concerning the "IT department" whenever digital initiatives are motivated. Theconclusion highlights the need for a discussion about the presupposed, which is anchored in Latour'sreasoning on matters of concern, and highlights the role of visualization in making this visible

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  • 25.
    Kurti, Erdelina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    Lund University.
    Digital innovation challenges: the case of anacademic library2024In: ECIS 2024 Proceedings, Association of Information Systems , 2024, p. 1-16, article id 2289Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The push to accelerate digitalization, particularly in educational organizations like academic libraries, highlights the innovation potential. Our study shows that achieving innovation requires understanding unprecedented complexity and tensions that cannot be overlooked. We present three identified phases: (1) emergence of digital practices; (2) enforced experimentation with digital initiatives; and, (3) advancing with digital resources, that depict an organization’s digital innovation journey. Through the case of an academic library, we capture the depths of complexities and tensions in the three phases, where we identify two crucial aspects—work practices and co-dependence – that undergo digital innovation across these three phases. Our findings offer new insights into the complexity and tension-filled nature of digital innovation, particularly pertaining to academic libraries. Despite such challenges, these organizations undergo a transformative digital innovation process, worthy of investigating in future endeavours.

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  • 26.
    Lagerqvist, Gustaf
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Stålhandske, Anton
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Recommendation systems for recruitment within an educational context2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Alongside the evolution of the recruitment process, different types of recommendation systems have been developed. The purpose of this study is to investigate recommendation systems within educational contexts, successful implementations of recommendation system architecture patterns, and alternatives to previous experience when evaluating candidates. The study is conducted through two separate methods; A literature review with a qualitative approach and design science research methodology focused on design and development, demonstration and evaluation. The literature review shows that, for recommendation systems, a layered architecture built within a microservice ecosystem is successfully utilized and has multiple beneficial aspects such as improved scalability, maintainability and security. Through design science research methodology, this study shows a suggested approach to implementing a layered architecture in combination with KNN and hybrid filtering. To avoid the lapse of suitable candidates, caused by demanding previous experience, this study shows an alternative approach to recruitment, within an educational context, through the use of soft skills. Within the study, this approach is successfully used to evaluate and compare students, but the same approach could possibly be applied to evaluate and compare companies. Moving forward, this study could be further expanded by looking into possible biases arising as a result of using AI and choices made during this study, as well as weighting of student-attributes.

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  • 27.
    Larsson, Vilma
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    To, Malin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Den digitaliserade butiken: En studie av detaljhandelns digitala omställning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explain how four small businesses in retail have innovated and digitized parts of or the whole business model and are conducting phygital stores. Therefore the research question is as follows: “How can a business innovate its business model using digital means?”. The research question was answered through conducting and analyzing case studies. With relevant theories a framework was developed to describe the business model and the digital changes within. 

    The study presents that the stores are not struggling as initially thought and all businesses have transformed their store into a phygital one, mainly because of customer demand. They have received positive feedback from their customers, which implies that it is worthwhile. Thus it does not bring in a lot of money, it rather operates as a complement to the business than a crucial part. All of the businesses have or are planning to implement a webshop with services such as click and collect, delivery and in one case, drive through. All of them are using social media to connect with their customers. 

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    Examensarbete Den digitaliserade butiken
  • 28.
    Martinez-Maldonado, Roberto
    et al.
    University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.
    Echeverria, VanessaUniversity of Technology, Sydney, Australia.Prieto, Luis P.School of Educational Sciences, Tallin University, Estonia.Rodriguez-Triana, Maria JesusÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne & Tallinn University, Estonia.Spikol, DanielMalmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Disciplinary literacy and inclusive teaching.Curukova, MutluUCL Knowledge Lab, United Kingdom.Mavrikis, ManolisUCL Knowledge Lab, United Kingdom.Ochoa, XavierEscuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, ESPOL, Ecuador.Worsley, MarceloNorthwestern University, United States.
    2nd Crossmmla: Multimodal learning analytics across physical and digital spaces2018Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Students’ learning is ubiquitous. It happens wherever the learner is rather than being constrained to a specific physical or digital learning space (e.g. the classroom or the institutional LMS respectively). A critical question is: how to integrate and coordinate learning analytics to provide continued support to learning across physical and digital spaces? CrossMMLA is the successor to the Learning Analytics Across Spaces (CrossLAK) and MultiModal Learning Analytics (MMLA) series of workshops that were merged in 2017 after successful cross-pollination between the two communities. Although it may be said that CrossLAK and MMLA perspectives follow different philosophical and practical approaches, they both share a common aim. This aim is: deploying learning analytics innovations that can be used across diverse authentic learning environments whilst learners feature various modalities of interaction or behaviour.

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    Preface
  • 29.
    Maurer, Jason
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Decolonial affordances of a communal heritage platform: A case study of the Reciprocal Research Network2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Museums are increasingly reckoning with their roles in the colonization of Indigenous peoples as they seek to engage diverse forms of participation and justify their social relevance. Many are turning to digital solutions to aid with these endeavors, including digital repatriation/return platforms. How users interact with these platforms to create knowledge and how these platforms contribute to a larger decolonial aspiration is not well understood. In this study, I explore these issues, drawing on postcolonial/decolonial theories and affordance theory, using the Reciprocal Research Network (RRN). The RRN was co-designed by the Museum of Anthropology, U’mista Cultural Society, Musqueam Indian Band, and Stó:lō Nation/Tribal Council to meet the need for museums to involve Indigenous communities in heritage work. With an actor-network theory approach, I interviewed nine stakeholders (users, developers, and steering group members) of the RRN and explored the platform and documents to identify RRN actors’ specific enactments of decolonial aspirations as affordances. My exploration revealed that the RRN is bound as a network by the Item Search, which allowed for multiple entry points into a vast collection of heritage objects. These multiple entryways broke down technical and cultural barriers to and allowed for plurality in interaction with heritage. The RRN also allowed a direct contestation of museums’ data ownership by allowing users to dictate how shared knowledge is used. The RRN also was deeply embedded in Vancouver, BC, and its surrounding area, where multiple points of offline/online interaction allowed for deep explorations of the histories of First Nations peoples and aided in projects aimed at their revival. However, platform logics and museums’ lack of participation in relationship-building threatened the decolonial aspirations of the RRN. Broadly, my findings indicate that the RRN, as a communal heritage platform, is a necessary step towards building relations with Indigenous communities that requires further participation on museums’ part to develop.

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  • 30.
    Mies, Yannick A. A.
    et al.
    Osnabrueck Univ, Technol & Innovat Management, Osnabruck, Germany..
    Hausberg, J. Piet
    Osnabrueck Univ, Technol & Innovat Management, Osnabruck, Germany..
    Packmohr, Sven
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Data Society.
    Digitising Miles and Snow: using cluster analysis to empirically derive digital business strategy types2023In: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, ISSN 0953-7325, E-ISSN 1465-3990Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitisation is among the macro-trends that significantly influence the business world in the twenty-first century. Firms striving to succeed in this environment must develop new strategic approaches. The accelerating development of information technology (IT) drives digitisation. Therefore, IT and business strategies must be integrated. In this context, the information systems literature promotes the concept of digital business strategies (DBSs), reflecting a fusion between IT and business strategies. However, knowledge of the types and characteristics of such DBSs is currently scarce. Therefore, we developed a conceptually and empirically grounded typology of DBS based on the well-known business strategy classification by Miles and Snow (1978). Using a dataset comprising 192 firms worldwide, we conducted a cluster analysis, identified basic types of DBS, and evaluated their effects on firm performance. Moreover, we identified four types of DBS: non-digital reactor, analyser, digital opportunist, and digital producer. The study contributes to a better understanding of new business strategy concepts in the digitisation context.

  • 31.
    Mårtensson, Ellen
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Ström Hylén, Carina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Brink, Henning
    Department of Organization and Information Systems, Osnabrück University, Germany.
    Packmohr, Sven
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Evaluating the Impact of Strategies on Students’ Perceptions of Digital Transformation – A Case Study of a Swedish Higher Education Institution2023In: 9th International Conference on Higher Education Advances (HEAd’23) / [ed] Josep Domenech; David Menéndez Álvarez-Hevia; Alicia Martínez-Varea; Rosa M. Llácer-Iglesias; Domenico Brunetto, ITACA - Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain, 2023, p. 1375-1382Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital transformation (DT) in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) affects the learning environment with digitally-enhanced teaching methods, student assistance, and administration processes. HEIs develop strategies to exploit the chances offered by DT. Our study investigates the connection between the strategic work of HEIs on DT and how students perceive the results of this work in their daily studies. We applied a case study design on a Swedish HEI to gather our results. Results show that students are somewhat positive about the strategic work but still perceive digitalization as a barrier to collaborating with peers and lecturers. Our research contributes to knowing if the time and effort spent on an HEI’s DT impact the student stakeholder group. By bringing forth ways of improvement, we generate new knowledge about DT processes in HEIs. Thus, we inspire educators and administrators in this industry by putting forward lessons learned and improvements.

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  • 32.
    Nyman, Simone
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Persson, Alfred
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Digital kommunikation i virtuella team: IT-miljöns påverkan på digital kommunikation2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 13 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ways in which work is performed have developed and changed over time. Groups working together are no longer in the same geographical location, while the members of the group are often replaced. What is driving this change is largely technological development, which has provided tools that enable people to communicate more smoothly digitally. At the same time as technology is becoming more powerful, organizations and members of these organizations is starting to realize that communicating via digital tools is not the same as communicating face to face. This study has, by interviewing members of two major Swedish organizations about their experiences of the digital tools they use for communication, tried to understand what in the technical environment that enables and influences digital communication. The outcome leads to conclusions about how the tools are used and which components of these tools the users consider using them in their daily work. The conclusion is thought to use as a support for organizations to understand what happens in the layer between technology and man.

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  • 33.
    Olsson, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Eriksson, Jeanette
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Methodological capabilities for emergent design2014In: Human-Computer Interaction. Theories, Methods, and Tools: 16th International Conference, HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings;1, Springer, 2014, p. 110-121Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we revisit emergent design and review five design oriented methodologies; action research, design research, controlled experiments, participatory design and ethnographic based approaches. Based on this review, we outline implications for the use of these methodologies in conjunction with an emergent design stance. Adopting such a stance is in line with both the exploratory way in which users embrace technology and the strong acceptance that agile software development approaches have had. It is therefore, we argue, appropriate that our research methodologies are adapted to embrace this change.

  • 34.
    Packmohr, Sven
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Data Society.
    Liere-Netheler, Kirsten
    Institute of Information Management and Information Systems Engineering (IMU), Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany.
    Vogelsang, Kristin
    Institute of Information Management and Information Systems Engineering (IMU), Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany.
    Endüstri 4.0'ın Değer Zincirine Entegrasyonu: Bir Alman Mühendislik Şirketi Örneği2021In: Dijital Dönüşümü İşletme Biliminin Gözlükleriyle Anlamak / [ed] Mehmet Eryılmaz, Ankara: NOBEL AKADEMİK YAYINCILIK EĞİTİM DANIŞMANLIK , 2021, p. 187-200Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing process of digitalization and development of self-adaptive systems in manufacturing is announced as Industry 4.0. It hauls a fundamental change not only in production processes as the whole value chain of an enterprise is affected. Many practical approaches can be found which deal with the engineering aspects of Industry 4.0 technologies. A deeper discussion about the enterprise-wide use, integration and application is still missing. This paper examines the impact of the digital transformation on value chain processes. On the basis of a case study in cooperation with a German engineering company, we develop an overview of the actual integration state of Industry 4.0 into the value chain. Using the model of the value chain from Porter, we will show these impacts.

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    Accepted manuscript
  • 35.
    Prince, Emma
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Manzi, Filip
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Från bardisk till touchskärm: En studie om självbetjäningssystemets påverkan på anställdas arbetssituation inom cafébranschen.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 13 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the consequences of digitalization on individuals and organizations, this study investigates how the implementation of a self-service system affects employees' work situations within the café industry. Through a qualitative research method using thematic analysis based on interviews, the study has shed light on various aspects of the self-service system's impact. The results show that the system contributes to changing job roles and demands on personal qualities, as well as a negative influence on employees' well-being, manifested through stress and resistance. It is evident that employees' ability to use the system as intended is dictated by previous experience, training in the system, and access to support. The conclusion thus becomes that the self-service system possesses emerging properties which impact employees' work situation.

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  • 36.
    Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Pille
    Malmö University, Data Society. Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University.
    How-To Discussion Forum: Museums and data power.2022Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    As an academic researcher, I have proposed that the way we celebrate metrification and numbers as measures of our work has implications in the misinformation and fake news. If we think things that have lots of likes or shares are indicators of great engagement - what are we missing out on our understanding of engagement 

  • 37.
    Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Pille
    et al.
    Malmö University, Data Society. Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Coli, Elena
    University of Pisa.
    CULTURAL AND CREATIVE INDUSTRIES IMPACT CANVAS2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The Impact Canvas and the visualised guidelines to fill out the impact canvas are outcomes of the research project Me-Mind. The aim of these visual materials is to support the self-assessment of cultural and creative organisations to understand their potential impact and to identify the necessary data to measure the impact of a cultural and creative industry organisation.

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    The impact canvas guidelines in English
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    The impact canvas guidelines in Italian: LINEE GUIDA PER LA COMPILAZIONE DELL’IMPACT CANVAS
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    The Impact Canvas in Estonian: KULTUURI- JA LOOMESEKTORI (KLS) ORGANISATSIOONI MÕJUMUDELI LÕUEND
    Download full text (pdf)
    The impact canvas guidelines in Estonian KULTUURI- JA LOOMESEKTORI ORGANISATSIOONI MÕJUMUDELI LÕUENDI TÄITMISE JUHEND
    Download (pdf)
    The Impact Canvas in English
    Download (pdf)
    The Impact canvas in Italian: IMPACT CANVAS PER LE INDUSTRIE CULTURALI E CREATIVE
  • 38.
    Rieder, Bernhard
    et al.
    Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Borra, Erik
    Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Coromina, Òscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Matamoros-Fernandez, Ariadna
    Queensland Univ Technol, Brisbane, Australia..
    Making a Living in the Creator Economy: A Large-Scale Study of Linking on YouTube2023In: Social Media + Society, E-ISSN 2056-3051, Vol. 9, no 2, article id 20563051231180628Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores monetization and networking strategies within the consolidating creator economy. Through a large-scale study of linking practices on YouTube, we investigate how creators seek to build their online presence across multiple platforms and widen their income streams. In particular, we build on a near-complete sample of 153,000 "elite" YouTube channels with at least 100,000 subscribers, retrieved at the end of 2019, and investigate the URLs found in 137 million video descriptions to analyze traces of these strategies. We first situate our study within relevant literature around the creator economy, the role of platforms, and issues such as social capital building and economic precarity. We then outline our data and analytical approach, followed by a presentation of our findings. The article finishes with a discussion on how monetization and networking strategies via placing URLs in video descriptions have become more important over time, but also differ substantially between channel sizes, content categories, and geographic locations. Our empirical analysis shows that YouTube, as a highly unequal platformed media system, thrives on the economic pressures it exerts on its creators.

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  • 39.
    Sarkheyli, Azadeh
    et al.
    Dalarna University.
    Sarkheyli, Elnaz
    Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
    Smart Megaprojects in Smart Cities, Dimensions, and Challenges2019In: Smart Cities Cybersecurity and Privacy / [ed] Danda B. Rawat; Kayhan Zrar Ghafoor, Elsevier, 2019, 1st, p. 269-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart cities providing a large amount of data and information in different dimensions make the complicated process of impact assessment and management of megaprojects feasible. The management and control of megaprojects as costly, long-term, and large-scale developments are critical to their success. In addition, they can facilitate data management in smart cities as they usually use new and innovative technologies, and can provide the integrable data. This chapter tries to propose a framework for megaprojects’ management in smart cities via reviewing the dimensions and the existing data categories and domains in smart cities to enable the megaprojects to smartly react to the risks; smartly manage the energy, service and space usage; and smartly control their footprint. Thus, the concept of smart megaprojects is introduced, and the related challenges in safety and security are discussed.

  • 40.
    Schröder, Anna Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Unboxing The Algorithm: Understandability And Algorithmic Experience In Intelligent Music Recommendation Systems2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After decades of black-boxing the existence of algorithms in technologies of daily need, users lack confidence in handling them. This thesis study investigates the use situation of intelligent music recommendation systems and explores how understandability as a principle drawn from sociology, design, and computing can enhance the algorithmic experience. In a Research-Through-Design approach, the project conducted focus user sessions and an expert interview to explore first-hand insights. The analysis showed that users had limited mental models so far but brought curiosity to learn. Explorative prototyping revealed that explanations could improve the algorithmic experience in music recommendation systems. Users could comprehend information the best when it was easy to access and digest, directly related to user behavior, and gave control to correct the algorithm. Concluding, trusting users with more transparent handling of algorithmic workings might make authentic recommendations from intelligent systems applicable in the long run.

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  • 41.
    Shahzad, Umar
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Skirnevskaya, Ksenia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Digital mognad utifrån medarbetarperspektivet i Malmö kommun och faktorer som hindrar digital utveckling: En studie om digital utveckling i Malmö kommun2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze Malmö municipality's digitization and the degree of digitalmaturity from the employee perspective. It is important for all public organizations, includingmunicipalities, to identify the degree of digital development in relation to the requirements set bythe state and society. In the essay, three main questions are answered to shed light on what effortsthe municipality has made in recent years to improve digitization, how the employees view thedigital maturity of the organization, what obstacles they identify in the digital development andwhat efforts can be made in the municipality to benefit digital transformation. As a result, wetried to understand which factors benefit and hinder the municipality in its work with digitizationgoals to increase the degree of digital maturity. There can be a big gap between how the workwith the set goals is perceived by those who develop strategies and those who actually are affectedby it. Therefore, in this study we analyzed different groups of employees by conducting qualitativeand quantitative research in order to analyze different perspectives on the problem and therebyidentify the critical elements that potentially affect the gap.

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  • 42.
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Collaborating in a penta-helix structure within a community based participatory research programme: 'Wrestling with hierarchies and getting caught in isolated downpipes'2021In: Archives of Public Health, ISSN 0778-7367, E-ISSN 2049-3258, Vol. 79, no 1, article id 27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In the light of the existence of social inequalities in health, a CBPR (Community Based Participatory Research) programme for health promotion started in Malmö, Sweden, in 2017. The programme was based on a penta-helix structure and involved a strategic steering group with representatives from academia, voluntary organisations, the business sector, the public sector, and citizens from the community where the programme took place. The aim of this study was to explore how the penta-helix collaboration worked from the perspectives of all partners, including the citizens.

    METHODS: Individual interviews, that were based on a guide for self-reflection and evaluation of CBPR partnerships, were conducted with the representatives (N = 13) on three occasions, during the period 2017-2019. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the interviews.

    RESULTS: Six themes emerged from the analysis, including Challenges for the partners in the penta-helix collaboration; Challenges for the professionals at the local level; Citizen-driven processes are important for the penta-helix collaboration; Health promoters are essential to build trust between different sectors of society; Shift of power; and System changes take time. The analysis shows that the penta-helix collaboration worked well at the local level in a governance-related model for penta-helix cooperation. In the overall cooperation it was the citizen-driven processes that made the programme work. However, the findings also indicated an inflexibility in organisations with hierarchical structures that created barriers for citizen involvement in the penta-helix collaboration.

    CONCLUSION: The main issue uncovered in this study is the problem of vertically organised institutions where discovery and innovation processes flow down from the top, thereby eliminating the essential input of the people and community that they are supposed to serve. The success of the programme was based on an interprofessional cooperation at a local level, where local professions worked together with voluntary organisations, social workers, CBPR researchers from the university, citizens and local health promoters.

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  • 43.
    Ståhl, Anna
    et al.
    Mobile Life @ SICS, Swedish Institute of Computer Science, Sweden.
    Löwgren, Jonas
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Höök, Kristina
    Mobile Life @ KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Evocative balance: designing for interactional empowerment2014In: International Journal of Design, ISSN 1991-3761, E-ISSN 1994-036X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 43-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose an experiential quality called evocative balance as key in designing for affective interaction that aims to empower users in and through the interaction. Evocative balance draws on the dual meaning of the word “evoke” in characterizing the user’s sense that data and actions evoke familiar recollections of lived experience, yet are still open enough to evoke multiple interpretations in an ongoing process of co-constructive making of meaning. Our aim is to capture those experiences that resonate with our lived, everyday, social and bodily experiences; those experiences that we can recognise in ourselves and, through empathy, in others. We elaborate on and substantiate the meaning of this quality by means of retrospective reflection on three of our own design projects. This account provides detailed insights on how to find the balance between openness and familiarity through design.

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  • 44.
    Sumislawska, Katarzyna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Socially Responsible Digitization: A Case Study of Media and Digital Literacy Project for the Secondary Schools in Wroclaw, Poland2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's digital age, media literacy and critical thinking are essential for informed decision-making, safeguarding against disinformation, and addressing online harms like hate speech. These skills are crucial for effective cognitive processing and decision-making, as they support critical thinking when consuming information, promote responsible media production and consumption, facilitate the ability to make informed decisions and protect oneself from disinformation and misinformation. Moreover, media and digital literacy can help raise awareness about hate speech and influence operations that aim to sow distrust in media, democratic systems and lead to polarisation. Increased body of work suggests that online hate stands in a correlation with depression and suicide attempts among youth.

    This paper delves into media literacy's facets, its role in mitigating social threats, and its progression, referencing international guidelines. A case study from Wroclaw, Poland's "Socially Responsible Digitization" pilot project, conducted between November 2022 and January 2023, illustrates practical applications with students and teachers. Finally, the paper concludes with a set of recommendations to improve the future iterations of the project, integrating participatory methodology and study of perception of disinformation and hate speech among youth.

  • 45.
    Treichel, Patrycja Anna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Local Facebook groups in times of the pandemic.: Mixed methods analysis of COVID-19 related content within the public Facebook group “Lappis”.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In times of the pandemic, Facebook has become a virtual space that through e.g.“coronavirus support groups” (Harris, 2020), partially substitutes social interactions and allows its users to better cope with the isolation and social distancing. A public Facebook group “Lappis” established in 2006 is a space facilitating communication for the local community of the biggest student housing in Stockholm “Stora Lappkärrsberget”. Since the outbreak of the pandemic in 2020, Covid-related postings started to emerge in the group’s forum. The study examines Covid-related content in order to define the function of the group through describing the forms of communication around the pandemic, i.e. the themes, the scope and the ways the content is conveyed. In doing so, the model combining the uses and gratifications theory and the theory of affordances is applied, allowing to investigate the motivations and interactivity of the members through Facebook group affordances. In order to encompass the puzzle from multiple angles, an adaptive approach of mixed methods is used by combining: qualitative content analysis and survey. Key finding of the research is that the Covid-related content is a minor part of the content shared in the group, yet that it provokes extensive discussions among the members with both “aggressive” and “unaggressive” responses. Furthermore, it is argued that the group has potential to be a coronavirus support group (Harris, 2020) and a substitute for interpersonal communication (Papacharissi & Mendelson, 2011). Finally, the study identifies possibilities for future research in the further examination of local Facebook groups in the context of pandemic, in order to map the possible changes in Facebook affordances that would lead to higher reliability of those groups as spaces for sharing Covid-related content.

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  • 46. Üstdag, Mehmet Fatih
    et al.
    Packmohr, Sven
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Malmö University, Data Society.
    Identifying Barriers to Digital Transformation for Digital Native Companies in Turkey: A Research Approach Using Propositions2020Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on barriers to Digital Transformation (DT) in German non-digitally born (NDB) companies exists. This existing research could potentially be extended into different directions to validate and contrast results. We have chosen to continue the current research into Barriers to DT in Turkish digitally born (DB) companies. As a country, Turkey has a lower degree of digitalization than Germany. At the same time, DB companies might face fewer obstacles within their DT journey than NDB companies.

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