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  • 1.
    Gross, Lena
    et al.
    Arctic Univ Norway, Sami Dutkamiid Guovddas, Norgga Arktalas Univ, Ctr Sami Studies, Tromso, Norway.
    Mashreghi, Sepandarmaz
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Söderman, Emma
    Refusal - opening otherwise forms of research2023Ingår i: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, Vol. 201, nr 2, s. 154-168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing interest towards researching other forms of knowledges is taking place, expanding the boundaries of knowledge to include forms that have been historically marginalised, negated, and neglected by the Western academy. Parallel to this, we have identified a rising critique of how voices marginalized by colonial modes of academic knowledge production are included, through a single-sided focus on pain and suffering (Tuck & Yang 2014). Yet there are less discussions around the process of research itself and what it entails. Against this backdrop, this paper aims to challenge the concept of 'discovery' and the unproblematic and inherent right of knowing granted to the Western academy, to argue for a kind of research that refuses. Interrogating instances of refusal in different contexts of Indigenous sovereignty and migration studies, this collective work creates a dialogue across different disciplines and reveals that refusal turns the gaze at colonial modalities of knowing. The empirical analysis of our work also demonstrates that refusal is a generative process that redirects the attention to ideas otherwise unacknowledged, thus making space for relationality, reciprocity, solidarity, community, and care.

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  • 2.
    Mashreghi, Sepandarmaz
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Ali, Mohammad (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Decolonial stories of forced migrants in physical activity and sport: 'We the Afghan kids'2022Ingår i: Leisure and forced migration: Lives lived in asylum systems / [ed] Nicola De Martini Ugolotti; Jayne Caudwell, London and New York: Routledge, 2022, s. 157-175Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    I went to work in the mornings at the construction site carrying heavy irons and bricks, that was hard work. But it was so much fun in the afternoons, we played ‘خردمپایی’, one would throw an old flipflop trying to hit others, we had to be very fast to not get hit! We played for hours. Later when we got older, we, the Afghan kids, turned an old gravel canal into a football field. Those were good times.

  • 3.
    Enderle (Mohammadi), Shahrzad
    et al.
    Independent Researcher, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Mashreghi, Sepandarmaz
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Methodological challenges and opportunities in working within a participatory paradigm in the context of sport, forced migration and settlement: an insider perspective2022Ingår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 469-484Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While a growing body of scholarship in (forced) migration, sport for development and peace, and community sport development contexts has advocated the use of participatory approaches and innovative methodologies, there is a lack of published empirical research on the complexities and challenges of implementing such approaches in the study of sport, forced migration and settlement. Drawing on the personal experiences of the authors as insider action researchers in two different geographical locations, this study aims to reveal the challenges and opportunities in working within a participatory paradigm. The insight gained through this work may provide practical tool for (sports) researchers and evaluators as well as community members taking up participatory approaches.

  • 4.
    Mashreghi, Sepandarmaz
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    These are the stories of our physical activities: Decolonial re-existence and poetry2022Ingår i: Text: Journal of the Australian Association of Writing Programs, E-ISSN 1327-9556, Vol. 26, nr Special 67Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I aim to disseminate the knowledge that was generated during a participatory art-based action research that I collaborated with a group of young Afghan asylum seekers in Sweden. The focus of the research was the lived experiences of the youth in relation to sport and physical activity. I have chosen a narrative poem which I crafted using vox participare [voices of participants] (Norton & Sliep, 2019) to do this work. In this way I have grounded the dissemination of our research in the shared epistemology of our peoples, the Khorasani peoples of central/western Asia. By adopting the persona of شاعر [the poet](Olszewska, 2015) and by writing in a reflective manner that does not obscure my own privilege, I work towards decolonising the process of research and knowledge generation as it relates to the field of sport. I attempt to show how the Afghan youth re-make sport (and physical activity) in ways that re-create conditions of dignity for themselves and their community in their everyday living. In this way I aim to disrupt the dominant understandings about what sport is, what it is supposed to do and how it can be utilised by those who are living with social injustices. 

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  • 5.
    Mashreghi, Sepandarmaz
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Decolonial re-existence and sports: stories of Afghan youth in Sweden2021Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of sports and migration, research within policy-driven themes (i.e., integration) have consistently flattened out the migrants’ experiences, meanings and understandings of sports and physical activity to make sense for and from Euro-centric perspectives and framings. Thus, muting other relevant, alternative and already existing ways of living sports and physical activity. Critical sports studies, on the other hand, have demonstrated that sports (and physical activity) remain a contested domain where various human experiences are negotiated and remade along the intersecting lines of class, gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, legal status and (dis)ability. The aim in this study has been to work within a decolonial framework to demonstrate how migrant youth in Sweden navigate, experience, challenge and generate knowledge in relation to physical activity and sports.

    Doing decolonial research in sports studies means delinking from Eurocentric thought and epistemology in order to uncover alternative forms of physical culture and practice that generate different meanings to that of the (Western) hegemonic discourse. To do this, we, the youth and I, have worked and researched together within the framework of participatory art-based action research and our shared Khorasani epistemology. This means that the coresearchers have been active participants in generating research material, analysing the material and disseminating the generated knowledge.  

    Grounded in Indigenous, borderland, Chicana and Black feminist knowldeges as well decolonial thought, this thesis contributes both theoretically and methodologically to the field of sport and exercise in relation to young asylum seekers and migration research. The participatory analysis demonstrates that for the Afghan youth in this study sport and physical activity was not a distinct entity, rather it was intertwined with various aspects of their lives, such as their experiences of child labour, pleasures, hopes for the future, leisure, social and mental aspects, and migration experiences. Furthermore, the youth revealed that despite various forms of oppression, trauma and hardship, they constantly returned, or rather, reclaimed life and future in their acts of self-reflection, friendship, love and hope within the context of sport and life. They, thus, moved beyond the mere resistance of the precarities in their lives to bring about a re-existence. 

    The findings of this thesis also highlight the affordances and limitations of participatory methods, art-based research and decolonising work. Although the participatory methods grounded in the epistemology of the youth (and myself), allowed us to reclaim and tell our stories in our ways, they fell short in making lasting systemic transformations. These limitations also give rise to new questions and possibilities for future research in relation to how change and transformation are defined and researched; and whether these definitions are somewhat limiting and influenced by the colonial rhetoric of salvation underlining participatory action research basic principles of empowerment and critical consciousness. 

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  • 6.
    Mashreghi, Sepandarmaz
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Decolonizing Sport and Exercise Psychology Within a European Context: A Critical Overview2020Ingår i: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 11, s. 25-42Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Until recently, sport and exercise psychologists have been researching acculturation and its relation with sport and exercise through a lens of universalism and (post)positivism. Using such ontological and epistemological assumptions, researchers have been preoccupied with finding linear patterns that predict the behaviours of immigrants in their new environments without much consideration to historical, sociopolitical and cultural contexts (Chirkov, 2009a). Acculturation, however, is a changing process that is extended over time and revolves within and around specific historical, political and cultural contexts. Considerations from post/anti/decolonial studies maintain that through the western eyes, race and ethnicity have become synonymous for non-white people who have been positioned as different and lesser than their white counterparts (Butryn, 2009). Western scholarship has continued to place this ‘cultural other’ in the margins of the society and in constant need of intervention. Despite a call for rethinking the epistemological understanding of the acculturation and its relation to sport and exercise (Chirkov, 2009b; Ryba & Schinke, 2009), European and Scandinavias sport and exercise psychology has remained unchallenged territory for the most part. This critical overview is a call for decolonizing the knowledge and scholarship within sport and exercise psychology by utilizing transformative approaches that centralize the voices of the cultural ‘other’ and treat them as active agents in the process of knowledge production.

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  • 7.
    Mashreghi, Sepandarmaz
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    ParticipatoryActivist Research :AfghanYouth and Physical Education2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference, Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 69-69Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This research is within the field of physical activity, immigration and youth. There have been numerous qualitative studies, within the European context, which have mostly concentrated on case studies (Walseth & Fasting, 2004; Walseth 2008; Hertting & Karlefors; Fundberg, 2012; Lundvall, 2009) and fewer quantitative studies (Kreuwel et al, 2006; Kouli & Papaioannou, 2009; Hatzigeorgiadis et al, 2013; Elbe et al, 2016). These studies have created basic knowledge in this particular field and have shed light on different aspects of sports and integration. There are, however, very limited number of studies that have researched interventions using the participants knowledge and specific needs in order to make a real impact in the community. Aim and theoretical framework: Critical participatory activist research (PAtR) is a method that can utilize the situated knowledge of the commu- nity members and create lasting impact. Through participatory activist research, community members are active participants in contributing and creating knowledge which is then utilized to enhance the community itself and instigate action within the community. Moreover, such enquiry will contribute to the wider research and promote research implications in the communities (lisahunter, emerald & Martin, 2013; Schinke & Blodgett, 2016). PAtR alternate approach to subjectivity of knowledge and grassroots participation is a fresh perspective in contrast to ‘expert-driven’ research which reinstate the dynamic of dominance and oppression (Schinke & Blodgett, 2016). PAtR has its roots in participatory action research (PAR) and critical theory, hence it emphasizes that research is not a neutral activity and it is always political, working to maintain or change dominant power relations. PAtR is an accessible and interrelated approach that works alongside the notion of doing justice “with” and “by” those who are oppressed using practices that confront dominant and cultural norms (lisahunter et. al. 2013). The goal of this research is working with the immigrant youth in Sweden in recognizing and deconstructing prevailing socially constructed definitions of integration and Swedish-ness within a Physical Education class (PE) context. The project aims to create a space where the participants can realize their agency and power in shaping and creating their own social environments. Research Questions: 1) What are the benefits and barriers to a participatory and (inclusive) P.E environment? a. Scrutinizing the current practiced curriculum by the coresearchers, and b. Personal experiences 2) How to overcome such barriers through changing the present environment, approaches and requirements? 3) What are the thought processes and personal experiences of the researchers throughout the various stages of this project? Methods: Methods of constructing field texts (data collection): Narrative inquiry methods as well as focus groups will be used where all the researchers will contribute to the creation of field texts (data). Working with Afghan youth, narrative inquiry methods such as prose and poetry, storytelling or photo-voice are culturally appropriate meth- ods that have a long history and familiarity for the members of the research team. Using these culturally familiar methods, therefore, enables the research team to share their experiences and knowledge in meaningful ways and engages them as the experts of their own lived experiences (Blodgett, et.al, 2013). Methods of analyzing field texts: Inductive narrative analysis and thematic analysis will be used by all researchers in order to shed light on what meanings are represented as standard and conformed, what meanings are obscured and resisted and what are the voices from the margin. Results and Discussion: The result will provide novel insight into how PE experiences of Afghan refugees in this group are shaped by the dynamics and interaction of the Swedish practiced curriculum and participants’ cultural background. The results will also highlight the challenges of acculturation (second-culture learning) and (re)construction of the sense of identity and belonging within (and through) the context of PE. With regards to action, the research team illustrations and public display of their experiences through poetry or photo-voice, will centralise their voice and high- light the benefits of some practices and the necessity for change for other practices within a PE context.

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