Malmö University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 67
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Al Musawi, Ahmed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).
    Hellström, Lina
    Department of Medicine and Optometry, eHealth Institute, Linnaeus University, Kalmar; Pharmaceutical Department, Region Kalmar County, Kalmar.
    Axelsson, Malin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Midlöv, Patrik
    Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Cheng, Yuanji
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Materials Science and Applied Mathematics (MTM).
    Eriksson, Tommy
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Intervention for a correct medication list and medication use in older adults: a non-randomised feasibility study among inpatients and residents during care transitions2024In: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, ISSN 2210-7703, E-ISSN 2210-7711Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Medication discrepancies in care transitions and medication non-adherence are problematic. Few interventions consider the entire process, from the hospital to the patient’s medication use at home.

    Aim In preparation for randomised controlled trials (RCTs), this study aimed (1) to investigate the feasibility of recruitment and retention of patients and data collection to reduce medication discrepancies at discharge and improve medication adherence and (2) to explore the outcomes of the interventions.

    Method Participants were recruited from a hospital and a residential area. Hospital patients participated in a pharmacist-led intervention to establish a correct medication list upon discharge and a follow-up interview two weeks post-discharge. All participants received a person-centred adherence intervention for three to six months. Discrepancies in the medication lists, the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ-S), and the Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS-5) were assessed.

    Results Of 87 asked to participate, 35 were included, and 12 completed the study. Identifying discrepancies, discussing discrepancies with physicians, and performing follow-up interviews were possible. Conducting the adherence intervention was also possible using individual health plans for medication use. Among the seven hospital patients, 24 discrepancies were found. Discharging physicians agreed that all discrepancies were errors, but only ten were corrected in the discharge information. Ten participants decreased their total BMQ-S concern scores, and seven increased their total MARS-5 scores.

    Conclusion Based on this study, conducting the two RCTs separately may increase the inclusion rate. Data collection was feasible. Both interventions were feasible in many aspects but need to be optimised in upcoming RCTs.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Ramji, Rathi
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Awad, Eman
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).
    Cirovic, Stefan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Health and quality of life among women after participation in a CBPR-informed physical activity intervention: with a pandemic perspective.2023In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 17972Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The lack of culturally and contextually oriented interventions promoting physical activity (PA) has led to increased physical inactivity among women living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Sweden. In this study one such intervention informed by community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been evaluated among 34 women from a disadvantaged neighbourhood before and during COVID-19. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL), behavioural and biomedical outcomes were assessed directly prior and post-intervention, followed by evaluations at 6-months and 18-months follow-up during COVID-19. The results revealed that HRQOL, particularly psychological, social, and environmental health significantly increased post-intervention compared to prior to intervention but reversed back at 6-months follow-up. Perceived health satisfaction and environmental health increased at 18-months follow-up during COVID-19. Participation in PA improved post-intervention and at 6-months follow-up. Everyday activities and fruit and vegetable intake continued to increase through all timepoints. Systolic blood pressure significantly decreased post-intervention and 6-months follow-up; blood flow rate increased significantly at all timepoints. Overall, the findings underscores the potential effectiveness of CBPR approaches in promoting and sustaining healthy lifestyles, even during acute situations such as the COVID-19. It may even serve as a future model for promoting health and addressing health disparities in similar groups.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Lindsjö, Cecilia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kumlien, Christine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Migrant women's engagement in health-promotive activities through a women's health collaboration2023In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 11, article id 1106972Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Social determinants of health impact health, and migrants are exposed to an inequitable distribution of resources that may impact their health negatively, leading to health inequality and social injustice. Migrant women are difficult to engage in health-promotional activities because of language barriers, socioeconomic circumstances, and other social determinants. Based on the framework of Paulo Freire, a community health promotion program was established in a community-academic partnership with a community-based participatory research approach.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how a collaborative women's health initiative contributed to migrant women's engagement in health promotion activities.

    Materials and methods: This study was part of a larger program, carried out in a disadvantaged city area in Sweden. It had a qualitative design with a participatory approach, following up on actions taken to promote health. Health-promotional activities were developed in collaboration with a women's health group, facilitated by a lay health promoter. The study population was formed by 17 mainly Middle Eastern migrant women. Data was collected using the story-dialog method and the material was analyzed using thematic analysis.

    Result: Three important contributors to engagement in health promotion were identified at an early stage of the analysis process, namely, the group forming a social network, the local facilitator from the community, and the use of social places close to home. Later in the analysis process, a connection was made between these contributors and the rationale behind their importance, that is, how they motivated and supported the women and how the dialog was conducted. This therefore became the designated themes and were connected to all contributors, forming three main themes and nine sub-themes.

    Conclusion: The key implication was that the women made use of their health knowledge and put it into practice. Thus, a progression from functional health literacy to a level of critical health literacy may be said to have occurred.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmo Univ, Fac Hlth & Soc, Dept Care Sci, Jan Waldenstroms Gata 25, SE-20506 Malmo, Sweden..
    Ramji, Rathi
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    'No one size fits all' - community trust-building as a strategy to reduce COVID-19-related health disparities2023In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Citizens with low levels of social capital and social status, and relative poverty, seem to have been disproportionally exposed to COVID-19 and are at greater risk of experiencing poor health. Notably, the incidence of COVID-19 was nearly three times higher among citizens living in socially vulnerable areas. Experiences from the African Ebola epidemic show that in an environment based on trust, community partners can help to improve understanding of disease control without compromising safety. Such an approach is often driven by the civil society and local lay health promoters. However, little is known about the role of lay health promoters during a pandemic with communicable diseases in the European Union. This study had its point of departure in an already established Community Based Participatory Research health promotion programme in a socially disadvantaged area in southern Sweden. The aim of this study was to explore how citizens and local lay health promoters living in vulnerable neighbourhoods responded to the COVID-19 pandemic a year from the start of the pandemic.Method In-depth interviews with the 5 lay health promoters and focus group discussions with 34 citizens from the neighbourhood who were involved in the activities within the programme were conducted in autumn 2020. The interviews and focus group discussions were transcribed verbatim and analysed using qualitative content analysis following an inductive approach.Results Four themes emerged including, 'balancing between different kinds of information', 'balancing between place-based activities and activities on social media', 'bridging between local authorities and the communities and community members', and 'balancing ambivalence through participatory dialogues'.Conclusion The study highlights that a Community Based Participatory Research programme with lay health promoters as community trust builders had a potential to work with communicable diseases during the pandemic. The lay health promoters played a key role in promoting health during the pandemic by deepening the knowledge and understanding of the role that marginalised citizens have in building resilience and sustainability in their community in preparation for future crises. Public health authorities need to take the local context into consideration within their pandemic strategies to reach out to vulnerable groups.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Isma, Gabriella E
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Enskär, Karin
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Perceptions of health among school-aged children living in socially vulnerable areas in Sweden2023In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 11, article id 1136832Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, all children have the right to health. Since good health is a decisive factor for children's future, investing in children's health is important, especially children from vulnerable areas. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of health among school-aged children from socially vulnerable areas.

    Methods: The study has an explorative mixed-method design with a participatory and inductive approach based on focus group interviews with children and youth leaders, respectively, at Multi-activity Centers in three of the vulnerable areas in Malmö Municipality, as well as results from the Multi-activity Centers' own questionnaire. The data has been analyzed with inductive and deductive content analysis.

    Results: The children and the youth leaders described health in terms of well-being, participation, and activity. Well-being included feeling good and safe, having a healthy body, and having fun by doing things together with friends and leaders. Participating in activities was described as having a feeling of involvement, being able to have an influence on the organization of the activities and participating on one's own terms.

    Discussion: The result of this study shows that participating in activities increases the child's sense of well-being.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Ramji, Rathi
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-BREF in citizens from a disadvantaged neighborhood in Southern Sweden2023In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Citizens living in disadvantaged neighborhoods experience poorer health than the majority, and this inequality is a public health problem even in a welfare state such as Sweden. Numerous initiatives aimed at improving health and quality of life in these populations are being implemented and evaluated. Given that these populations are predominantly multicultural and multilingual, an instrument such as the WHOQOL-BREF, which is cross-culturally validated and available in multiple languages, may be appropriate. However, this cannot be ascertained since the psychometric properties of WHOQOL-BREF have never been assessed in the Swedish context. Thus, the current study aimed at assessing the psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire in citizens from a disadvantaged neighborhood in Southern Sweden.

    Methods: The respondents in this study were 103 citizens who participated in the health promotional activities of a Health promotional program and also responded to the 26-item, WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire as a part of an evaluation to assess the impact of the activities on the health-related quality of life of citizens. A Rasch model using WINSTEP 4.5.1 was used to assess the psychometric properties in this study.

    Results: Five of the 26 items, including pain and discomfort, dependence on medical substances, physical environment, social support, and negative feelings did not display acceptable goodness-of-fit to the Rasch model. On removing these items, the 21-item WHOQOL-BREF scale had an improved internal scale validity and person-separation reliability than the original 26-item version for this group of citizens from the neighborhood. When assessing the individual domains, three of the five items that were misfits on analyzing the full model also showed misfits in relation to two respective domains. When these items were removed, the internal scale validity of the domains also improved.

    Conclusion: WHOQOL-BREF seemed to be psychometrically inadequate when used in the original form due to internal scale validity problems, while the modified 21-item scale seemed better at measuring the health-related quality of life of citizens living in socially disadvantaged neighborhoods in Sweden. Omission of items shall be done but with caution. Alternatively, future studies may also consider rephrasing the items with misfits and further testing the instrument with larger samples exploring the associations between subsamples and specific item misfit responses.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Yin, Janina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Scania Univ Hosp, Dept Endocrinol, Malmö, Sweden..
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Wangel, Anne-Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sexual health in diabetes care is a 'hot topic'-A qualitative study with Diabetes Specialist Nurses2023In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 32, no 19-20, p. 7568-7577Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study is to illuminate Diabetes Specialist Nurses' experiences of having a conversation about sexual health with adults with diabetes.

    Background: It is well known that diabetes mellitus may affect a person's sexual function. Interview studies with men and women living with diabetes show that conversations about sexual health are important. However, research on Diabetes Specialist Nurses' experiences of having such conversations is limited.

    Design: A qualitative approach, with individual interviews, was used.

    Method: Purposive sampling was used to recruit 12 informants from adult diabetes care, within primary health care and within hospital settings in southern Sweden, between September and November 2021. A qualitative latent content analysis was used for data analysis. The COREQ guidelines were followed to ensure rigour for this study.

    Results: One theme, 'Sexual health is a hot topic', could be understood in light of three categories: 'Obstructive factors that complicate the conversation', 'Promoting factors that facilitate the conversation' and 'Improvements that may facilitate the conversation'. The findings embrace the Diabetes Specialist Nurses' experiences of having a conversation about sexual health with persons with diabetes.

    Conclusions: Diabetes Specialist Nurses often experience difficulty having a conversation about sexual health with their patients. The findings provide a deeper understanding of their experiences of obstructive as well as promoting factors related to conversations about what is considered a 'hot topic'.

    Relevance to Clinical Practice: To increase knowledge on how to have a conversation about sexual health within diabetes care, support is needed from the organisation; the organisation could, for instance, support the diabetes care staff in gaining education and training regarding sexual health.

    Patient or Public Contribution: Not applicable due to the current method.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Center for Middle Eastern studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Empowering communities with health promotion labs: result from a CBPR programme in Malmö, Sweden2022In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, no 1, p. 1-15, article id daab069Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health promotion is thus not only a participatory practice, but a practice forempowerment and social justice. The study describes findings from a community-basedparticipatory and challenge-driven research program. that aimed to improve health through healthpromotion platform in an ethnically diverse low-income neighbourhood of Malmö, Sweden. Localresidents together with lay health promoters living in the area were actively involved in theplanning phase and decided on the structure and content of the program. Academic, public sectorand commercial actors were involved, as well as NGOs and residents. Empowerment was usedas a lens to analyse focus group interviews with participants (n=322) in six co-creative healthpromotinglabs on three occasions in the period 2017-2019. The CBP R interview guide focusedon the dimensions of participation, collaboration and experience of the activities. The CBP Rapproach driven by community member contributed to empowerment processes within the healthpromotion labs: Health promotors building trust in social places for integration, Participantsmotivate each other by social support and Participants acting for community health in widercircle. CBP R Health promotion program should be followed up longitudielly with communityparticipants to be able to see the processes of change and empowerment on the community level.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Ramji, Rathi
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Impact of a CBPR-informed physical activity intervention before and during COVID-19 among women from a disadvantaged neighborhood in Sweden.2022In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, article id 997329Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Public health practitioners have been striving to reduce the social gradient and promote physical activity among citizens living in disadvantaged neighborhoods. The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has affected these citizens extensively, has posed a significant challenge to efforts to maintain a physically active lifestyle. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the impact of a CBPR-informed physical activity intervention before and during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of women from a socially disadvantaged neighborhood.

    METHODS: A total of 34 women participated in a CBPR-informed physical activity intervention previously developed in collaboration with lay health promoters and other citizens from the same neighborhood. Focus group discussions were conducted at four time points, namely, at baseline prior to the intervention, post-intervention, 6 months after the intervention ended, and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis following an inductive approach.

    RESULTS: In total, four themes emerged from the discussions: "Wavering between frustration and action," "Shifting from prioritizing family needs to taking control of self," "Between isolation and social support," and "Restricted access to health-related knowledge vs. utilizing internalized knowledge".

    CONCLUSION: The results of this study reveal that building on CBPR-informed health promotion initiatives has the potential to foster individual empowerment and assist during acute situations like the COVID-19 pandemic through mobilizing communities and their resources, which leads to increased community resilience and health. This study is regarded as unique in that it involves evaluation of a CBPR intervention that was initiated ahead of the pandemic and followed even during the pandemic.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Avery, Helen
    Lund Univ, Ctr Adv Middle Eastern Studies, Lund, Sweden.;Linnaeus Univ, Dept Languages, Växjö, Sweden..
    Lay Health Promoters Empower Neighbourhoods-Results From a Community-Based Research Programme in Southern Sweden2022In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, p. 1-13, article id 703423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the role of lay health promoters in the Lindangen initiative, a community-based participatory research (CBPR) programme for health promotion that started 2016 in a low-income neighbourhood in the outskirts of Malmo, southern Sweden. The programme aimed to support equitable health and develop an innovative model for community health promotion. The purpose of this article is to describe the role of the lay health promoters in the initiative and discuss the challenges of their position mediating between residents of the neighbourhood and the established institutions, using interviews, meeting notes and focus groups sessions with the health promoters and local stakeholders. Lay health promoters' role and function developed in a collaborative process of networking with local stakeholders and citizens in local meeting places. Their work was based on their credibility in their role, in combination with the use of a CBPR model that was open to innovation, with a strong focus on actively engaging members of the community. This allowed the lay health promoters to take political and social stances towards various issues, and to start to concretely address the social determinants of health in the community, as well as express recommendations to policymakers. Based on these experiences, the lay health promoters gained clearer insights into the institutional and structural conditions that impact their community. The position they had in the process of the programme resulted in empowerment and a new local association for health promotion; LindangenKraft (LindangenPower) driven by the health promotors and community members.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Mangrio, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Enskär, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Uppsala Universitet.
    Ramji, Rathi
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Tengland, Per-Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Theodoridis, Kyriakos
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    The Need for Parental Support for Migrant Parents in Transition Into Sweden: A Perspective2022In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, article id 680767Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration is a stressful experience and research shows that newly arrived migrants in Sweden suffer from different challenges and struggle to relate to parenting in a new culture that is different from their own. The Swedish Child Health Services (CHS) focuses on promoting health among children, as well as supporting parents in parenting. Although this is a goal, migrant parents participate at lower rates in parental support groups. This paper aims to discuss how the Swedish CHS can support these families and address the need for improvement in the parental support offered to migrant parents during transition into their host country. In addition, this paper also aims to review and discuss the advantages of using a community-based participatory research approach together with the Swedish CHS to identify and apply culturally appropriate support programs to increase health literacy among migrant parents.  

    The Swedish government decided to place greater emphasis and resources on supporting parents and promoting equal health among families in Sweden, with special emphasis on migrants and other vulnerable groups. This report from the Swedish government indicates the importance of creating knowledge about new ways, methods, and actions that may be needed to increase this support. One suggestion of this paper is to provide culturally appropriate healthcare work using a community-based participatory research approach, where migrant parents themselves are actively involved in the development of support programs. This approach will not only provide migrant families knowledge and support, it will also build on their needs and the challenges they can share, and receive support to overcome.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Kronkvist, Maria Bendtsen
    et al.
    Umea Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Umea, Sweden..
    Forsberg, Karl-Anton
    Umea Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Umea, Sweden..
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umea Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Umea, Sweden..
    Janarv, Tove
    Umea Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Umea, Sweden..
    Dahlqvist Jonsson, Patrik
    Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden..
    User participation in decision-making - a qualitative intervention study on mental health professionals' experiences2022In: Journal of Public Mental Health, ISSN 1746-5729, E-ISSN 2042-8731, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 250-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe mental health professionals' experiences of changes in attitudes towards, and knowledge about, users of mental health-care recovery and decisional participation in clinical practice after an educational intervention.

    Design/methodology/approach Users of mental health care want to participate in decisions regarding their own mental health care. Shared decision-making as a method is coherent with recovery orientation in mental health services and results in better-informed patients and fewer conflicts regarding decisions. A qualitative intervention study was designed to evaluate changes in attitudes and knowledge about mental health recovery in Sweden. Nine participants were interviewed, and the data were analysed by content analysis.

    Findings Three categories were generated from the analysis: Increased theoretical knowledge, changing attitudes about practical approaches and the significance of social factors in recovery.

    Originality/value When shared decision-making is to be implemented in mental health, professionals need to gain knowledge about recovery and need to adopt changed roles as health professionals. Educational interventions therefore seem necessary if such changes are to happen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Collaborating in a penta-helix structure within a community based participatory research programme: 'Wrestling with hierarchies and getting caught in isolated downpipes'2021In: Archives of Public Health, ISSN 0778-7367, E-ISSN 2049-3258, Vol. 79, no 1, article id 27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In the light of the existence of social inequalities in health, a CBPR (Community Based Participatory Research) programme for health promotion started in Malmö, Sweden, in 2017. The programme was based on a penta-helix structure and involved a strategic steering group with representatives from academia, voluntary organisations, the business sector, the public sector, and citizens from the community where the programme took place. The aim of this study was to explore how the penta-helix collaboration worked from the perspectives of all partners, including the citizens.

    METHODS: Individual interviews, that were based on a guide for self-reflection and evaluation of CBPR partnerships, were conducted with the representatives (N = 13) on three occasions, during the period 2017-2019. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the interviews.

    RESULTS: Six themes emerged from the analysis, including Challenges for the partners in the penta-helix collaboration; Challenges for the professionals at the local level; Citizen-driven processes are important for the penta-helix collaboration; Health promoters are essential to build trust between different sectors of society; Shift of power; and System changes take time. The analysis shows that the penta-helix collaboration worked well at the local level in a governance-related model for penta-helix cooperation. In the overall cooperation it was the citizen-driven processes that made the programme work. However, the findings also indicated an inflexibility in organisations with hierarchical structures that created barriers for citizen involvement in the penta-helix collaboration.

    CONCLUSION: The main issue uncovered in this study is the problem of vertically organised institutions where discovery and innovation processes flow down from the top, thereby eliminating the essential input of the people and community that they are supposed to serve. The success of the programme was based on an interprofessional cooperation at a local level, where local professions worked together with voluntary organisations, social workers, CBPR researchers from the university, citizens and local health promoters.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Wallerstein, Nina
    et al.
    University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
    Belone, Lorenda
    University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
    Burgess, Ellen
    University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
    Dickson, Elizabeth
    University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
    Gibbs, Lisa
    University of Melbourne, Australia.
    Chanchien Parajon, Laura
    University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sheijkhattari, Payam
    Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
    Silver, Gillian Beth
    Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
    Community Based Participatory Research: Embracing Praxis for Transformation2021In: The SAGE Handbook of Participatory Research and Inquiry: volume 2 / [ed] Danny Burns, Johanna Howard, Sonia M Ospina, Sage Publications , 2021, p. 663-679Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Awad, Eman
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).
    Ramji, Rathi
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Cirovic, Stefan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University.
    Developing and evaluating non-invasive healthcare technologies for a group of female participants from a socioeconomically disadvantaged area2021In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 23896Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When compared to the general population, socioeconomically disadvantaged communitiesfrequently experience compromised health. Monitoring the divide is challenging since standardizedbiomedical tests are linguistically and culturally inappropriate. The aim of this study was to developand test a unique mobile biomedical testbed based on non-invasive analysis, as well as to explorethe relationships between the objective health measures and subjective health outcomes, asevaluated with the World Health Organization Quality of Life survey. The testbed was evaluated in asocioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhood in Malmö, which has been listed as one of the twelvemost vulnerable districts in Sweden. The study revealed that compared to conventional protocolsthe less intrusive biomedical approach was highly appreciated by the participants. Surprisingly, thecollected biomedical data illustrated that the apparent health of the participants from the ethnicallydiverse low-income neighborhood was comparable to the general Swedish population. Statisticallysignificant correlations between perceived health and biomedical data were disclosed, even thoughthe dependences found were complex, and recognition of the manifest complexity needs to beincluded in further research. Our results validate the potential of non-invasive technologies incombination with advanced statistical analysis, especially when combined with linguistically andculturally appropriate healthcare methodologies, allowing participants to appreciate the significanceof the different parameters to evaluate and monitor aspects of health.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Annersten Gershater, Magdalena
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Holmberg, C. Nagorny
    Novo Nordisk Scandinavia AB, Malmö, Sweden..
    Grahn, M.
    Malmö City, Malmö.
    Andersson, M.
    Hlth & Med Care Management, Grp Off, Reg Skane, Malmö, Sweden..
    Diabetes prevalence is rising among young residents in Malmö, Sweden2021In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 64, no SUPPL 1, p. 161-161Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Jonsson, C.
    Digitalisering IT & MT, VO Data & Analys, Lund, Region Skane, Sweden..
    Annersten Gershater, Magdalena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Ericsson, A.
    Novo Nordisk Scandinavia AB, Natl Market Access, Malmo, Sweden..
    Grahn, M.
    Unit Stat & Anal, Malmo, Sweden..
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Dozet, A.
    Dept Hlth Care Governance, Lund, Region Skane, Sweden..
    Health care costs for residents diagnosed with diabetes type 2 in Malmo, Sweden between 2011 and 20182021In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 31, no S3Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    During the last decade, type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevalence has increased worldwide, especially among children and young adults. Diabetes is a chronic disease that if not diagnosed in time can lead to serious health complications and put pressure on the societal resources. The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic impact of the increased T2D prevalence in Malmö over time on the regional health care organization.

    Methods

    A longitudinal population-based study in Malmö, within the Cities Changing Diabetes project. Data was collected from the Patient Administrative System in Region Skåne, classifying T2D by the ICD E11 code. The health care cost (HCC) has been adjusted by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) to 2020 prices.

    Results

    The prevalence of T2D increased from 2,5% in 2011 to 4,3% in 2018. The increase in T2D prevalence was most noticeable for residents 18 - 64 years. The overall HCC for treating residents with T2D was approximately €47,2 million in 2011 and €90,7 million in 2018. The HCC in 2018 was higher for males than for females (€54,6 million vs €36,2 million). In 2018, the cost was €49,9 million for those 18 - 64 years and €40,5 million for those being 65 years or older. The overall HCC increased during the study period (3,3 times for those 18 - 64 years and 1,4 times for those being 65 years or older). For the age group 18 - 64 the HCC per resident was €5 000 in 2011 and €5 300 in 2018. The HCC per resident for all age groups, has not changed markedly, from €6 200 in 2011 to €6 100 in 2018 as well as the number of health care visits (23 in 2011 and 29 in 2018).

    Conclusions

    The HCC for T2D has increased markedly since 2011. This increase is most noticeable for people under 65 years. The overall HCC for these patients and its change over time puts an increased strain on the health care provider Region Skåne, mainly due to increased prevalence.

    Key messages 

    • The overall HCC during 2011 – 2018 has increased 2 times for residents with T2D and 1.5 times for residents without T2D. This increase is likely to continue if the current trend remains.
    • The main driving force behind the increase in HCC over time is the increase in T2D prevalence and not in HCC per resident.
  • 18.
    Lindsjö, Cecilia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kumlien, Christine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Health promotion focusing on migrant women through a community based participatory research approach2021In: BMC Women's Health, E-ISSN 1472-6874, Vol. 21, article id 365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Migrants are often more vulnerable to health issues compared to host populations, and particularly the women. Therefore, migrant women's health is important in promoting health equity in society. Participation and empowerment are central concepts in health promotion and in community-based participatory research aimed at enhancing health. The aim of this study was to identify conditions for health promotion together with women migrants through a community-based participatory research approach. Methods A community-based participatory research approach was applied in the programme Collaborative Innovations for Health Promotion in a socially disadvantaged area in Malmo, Sweden, where this study was conducted. Residents in the area were invited to participate in the research process on health promotion. Health promoters were recruited to the programme to encourage participation and a group of 21 migrant women participating in the programme were included in this study. A qualitative method was used for the data collection, namely, the story-dialogue method, where a process involving issue, reflections and actions guided the dialogues. The material was partly analysed together with the women, inspired by the second-level synthesis. Results Two main health issues, mental health and long-term pain, were reflected upon during the dialogues, and two main themes were elaborated in the process of analysis: Prioritising spare time to promote mental health and Collaboration to address healthcare dissatisfaction related to long-term pain. The women shared that they wanted to learn more about the healthcare system, and how to complain about it, and they also saw the togetherness as a strategy along the way. A decision was made to start a health circle in the community to continue collaboration on health promotion. Conclusions The community-based participatory research approach and the story dialogues constituted an essential foundation for the empowerment process. The health circle provides a forum for further work on conditions for health promotion, as a tool to support migrant women's health.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Grahn, M.
    Municipal Malmo, Unit Stat & Anal, Malmo, Sweden..
    Schölin, T.
    Avdelningen Reg Utveckling, Malmo, Sweden..
    Holmberg, C. Nagorny
    Novo Nordisk Scandinavia AB, Med Affairs, Malmo, Sweden..
    Annersten Gershater, Magdalena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Inequalities in diabetes type 2 prevalence in the multicultural city Malmo, Sweden2021In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 31, no S3Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Type-2 diabetes is a progressive disease and very much linked to health equity prerequisites and poverty. Its long-term complications include cardiovascular diseases, blindness, amputation and kidney failure. The aim of the study was to explore diabetes type 2 (T2D) prevalence in Malmö, a socioeconomically diverse and multicultural city with a relatively young population.

    Methods

    The study is a part of the Cities Changing Diabetes project related to the 14 geographical developing areas CTC (Community That Care) in Malmö. The whole city has been divided into 14 areas based on socioeconomical homogeneity as well as shared local area affiliation. Results are obtained from the Patient Administrative System (ICD E11 code) in regional health care as well as from Statistics Sweden.

    Results

    The prevalence of T2D was 4.3% in 2018. It has increased since 2011 mostly noticeable for residents between 18 and 64 years of age. There are considerable differences in T2D prevalence by CTC-areas where the highest observed prevalence rate was 6.4% and the lowest was 2.6%. The areas with the lower prevalence rates have a high level of education as well as high average household income. The opposite is observed in the areas with the highest prevalence rates where the residents have lower educational level as well as low average income. Two of the three CTC-areas with the highest T2D prevalence rates consists of a younger population as compared to the city in general whereas the third consists of the oldest population in the city.

    Conclusions

    The prevalence of T2D has increased during the last decade in Malmö. There are significant differences in T2D prevalence within the city related to contextual and socioeconomic factors. The highest T2D prevalence occurs in the area with the lower income and lower level of education.

    Key messages 

    • Promotive actions need to be specifically targeted at younger populations in the city of Malmö to prevent the increase in type-2 diabetes and its complications.
    • Contextual factors need to be taken into consideration in the development of sustainable primary and secondary preventive actions for type-2 diabetes in community care and the health care system.
  • 20.
    Olofsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Bramhagen, Ann-Cathrine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Older migrants' experience of existential loneliness2021In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 28, no 7-8, p. 1183-1193, article id 969733021994167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: With rapidly ageing population worldwide, loneliness among older adults is becoming a global issue. Older migrants are considered being a vulnerable population and ethical issues are often raised in care for elderly. A deeper sense of loneliness, existential loneliness is one aspect of loneliness also described as the ultimate loneliness. Making oneself understood or expressing emotions, have shown to be particularly challenging for older migrants which could lead to experience of existential loneliness. Ageing and being a migrant are potential triggers for experiencing existential loneliness. There appears to be, however, little known about being a migrant experiencing existential loneliness in old age.

    AIM: This study explored older migrants' experience of existential loneliness.

    RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative study.

    PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: Data were collected through interviews (n = 15) with older (>65) migrants' in Swedish nursing homes or senior citizen centres. A thematic analysis was performed to analyse the data.

    ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study was conducted in accordance with the principles of research ethics.

    FINDINGS: The result was described in terms of three themes: (1) Choices made in life, (2) seeking reconciliation with life and (3) thoughts about death and dying in a foreign country.

    DISCUSSION: Ethical reflection and knowledge about how older migrants' life story can lead to experiencing existential loneliness, could be of use in care for older migrants'.

    CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the experience of existential loneliness derived from being a migrant is a long-term and significant process. Migration was a hope of creating a meaningful life, the experience of existential loneliness occurred as migrants sought reconciliation with life, reflected upon their past choices, and thought about death and dying in a foreign country.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Enskär, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Isma, Gabriella E
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Safe environments: Through the eyes of nine-year-old schoolchildren from a socially vulnerable area in Sweden2021In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 57-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Children are more vulnerable than adults to environmental risks. Also, children have little control over their environment. Unlike adults, they may be both unaware of risks and unable to make choices to protect their health. Children living in especially vulnerable areas might be even more at risk due to socioeconomic factors, immigration, and high crime rates. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the perceptions that schoolchildren from a socially vulnerable area have of safe environments.

    METHODS: 52 nine-year-old schoolchildren from a socially vulnerable area participated in this study. The data collection consisted of an environmental walk with photovoicing, followed by rating of the photos, and a focus-group discussion elaborating on the photos and ratings. Six focus groups, with 6-8 children in each group, were conducted and analyzed using an inductive content analysis.

    RESULTS: The results show that, according to the children, places that they think are bright and beautiful, where they can do fun things with others and do not risk being exposed to danger, create safety. To increase safety, the children suggested cleaning up, making the environment beautiful with grass and flowers, and painting it in nice colours. Furthermore, they suggested that building features that increase the opportunities to play and engage in activities together with others, would improve safety and enhance protection and surveillance.

    CONCLUSIONS: All children have the right to protection and safety. Therefore, it is important to create safe environments for all children by listening to children's own voices.

  • 22.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Grahn, M.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Annersten Gershater, Magdalena
    Are recently arrived migrants at higher risk of developing diabetes in Scania, Sweden?2020In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 30, no s5, article id ckaa166.1107Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The world is facing increased migration as well as increased diabetes prevalence including earlier disease debut than ever before. Sedentary lifestyle and obesity constitute risk factors for development of diabetes type 2, the most common diabetes type among adults. It is thus important to increase the awareness of diabetes prevalence and of those being at risk for the disease. The aim was to focus on self-reported diabetes and weight in recently arrived migrants (RAM) in comparison with the rest of the population of Scania.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was used to collect data through random sampling using a self-administrated questionnaire. 10 000 questionnaires in Arabic were sent to adult RAM in Scania born in Syria or Iraq and 10 000 questionnaires to a random sample of the Scania population as a control group. The overall response rate was 32.8 %, 3461 were male and 3105 were female and the overall mean age was 44.7 (range 22 -70).

    Results: 170 RAM and 147 controls reported diabetes, 741 RAM and 585 controls reported a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2. A significantly higher prevalence of self-reported diabetes was observed among RAM (6.2% compared to 4.9%, p-value = 0.02). In comparison with age, significantly (p-value < 0.05) higher prevalence was present in RAM as compared to the control group in all age categories except the age category 65-80 where the difference was borderline significant (p-value = 0.056). With regard to BMI no significant difference was observed between the RAM and the control group having diabetes, but independently of diabetes the prevalence of BMI 25-30 kg/m2 and BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 was significantly higher in RAM (p-value < 0.01).

    Conclusions: Self-reported diabetes is more prevalent in RAM as compared to a control group representing the rest of the population in Scania. Considerably large amount of the respondents in both groups are overweight or obese and are therefore to be considered at risk for developing diabetes type 2.

    Key messages 

    Self-reported diabetes in Scania is more prevalent in RAM from Iraq and Syria than in the rest of the population in Scania.Health care services need to address that a large number of the population in Scania is being overweight or obese, which is even more prominent in RAM from Iraq and Syria.

  • 23.
    Ramji, Rathi
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Awad, Eman
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Development and evaluation of a physical activity intervention informed by participatory research: a feasibility study2020In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 20, article id 112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite numerous interventions aiming to improve physical activity in socially disadvantagedpopulations, physical inactivity remains to be a rising challenge to public health globally, as well as, in Sweden. Inan effort to address this challenge, a community-based participatory intervention was developed through activecommunity engagement and implemented in a socially disadvantaged neighborhood in Sweden. The current studyaims to present the development and initial evaluation of a participatory research driven physical activityintervention.Methods: Fifteen participants (11 females and 4 males) aged 17–59 years volunteered to participate in the physicalactivity intervention program. The intervention program was evaluated using a longitudinal mixed methods designmeasuring health impact changes over time through focus group discussions and quality of life surveys. Furtheradditional biomedical health parameters such as levels of glycosylated hemoglobin, blood pressure, levels ofoxygen saturation and body mass index were monitored before and after the intervention. Focus group data wereanalyzed using content analysis with an inductive approach. The pre-and post-test scores from the survey-basedquality of life domains, as well as the health parameters were compared using non-parametric and parametricstatistics.Results: Four themes emerged from the analysis of the focus group discussions including sense of fellowship,striving for inclusion and equity, changing the learner perspective and health beyond illness. The scores for thedomains Physical Health, Psychological Health, Social Relationships and Health Satisfaction where significantlyhigher after participation in the physical activity intervention program compared to the pre-test scores (p < .05)s.There were however, no significant changes in the scores for the environmental domain and overall quality of lifeafter intervention compared to that prior to intervention start. Overall, the biomedical health parameters remainedstable within the normal ranges during intervention.Conclusion: The focus group discussions and results from the surveys and biomedical measures reveal importantfindings to understand and further develop the intervention program to promote health equity among citizens indisadvantaged areas. Evaluating the feasibility of such an intervention using multiple approaches contributes toeffective implementation of it for larger communities in need.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24. Chung, B P M
    et al.
    Olofsson, Jonas
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Wong, F K Y
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Overcoming existential loneliness: a cross-cultural study2020In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Moving into a long-term care facility (LTCF) can reduce the ability for older adults to engage in meaningful roles and activities and the size of their social network. These changes and losses can lead them to experience existential loneliness (EL)-the intolerable emptiness and lack of meaningful existence resulted from the losses they have experienced. While EL has often been understood as a universal human experience, it has primarily been studied in people from Western cultures; little is known about how EL may be experienced by and manifested in people from Eastern cultures. Hence, this qualitative study aimed to describe the experience and coping of EL in Hong Kong Chinese and Swedish older adults living in LTCFs.

    METHODS: A qualitative study using Thorne's (2004) interpretive description was conducted. Thirteen Chinese and 9 Swedes living in LTCFs in Hong Kong, China and Malmo, Sweden, respectively were interviewed about their experience of EL in two series of semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis.

    RESULTS: The core theme of "overcoming EL" described the participants' experience of EL, which came about through the combined process of "Feeling EL" and "Self-Regulating". Both Chinese and Swedish participants had similar experience with EL. Realizing that they did not want to living with EL anymore, they coped by reframing their experience and identifying new meaning in their life.

    CONCLUSIONS: The study findings suggested that early and clear counselling support that help older adults to define new meaning in life may help them cope. In addition, more opportunities should be available at the LTCFs to promote quality relationships, enable older adults to reflect on their lives with pride, and support their ability to do the things they enjoy.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Larsson, Helena
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kumlien, Christine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Spouses' existential loneliness when caring for a frail partner late in life: a hermeneutical approach2020In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 1734166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Spouses are in a vulnerable situation when caring for a frail partner late in life. Exploring their existential loneliness can be a way to understand more about their existential needs. Method: A hermeneutic approach was used. Multistage focus group interviews were conducted with two groups consisting of five spouses, respectively, who met three times each. To work with the text, an approach was adapted where quotations are converted into poems in a linguistic manner. Results: Existential loneliness can be understood as the following: 1) being in a transition from us to merely me, 2) being forced to make decisions and feeling excluded, 3) navigating in an unfamiliar situation and questioning oneself, and 4) longing for togetherness but lacking the energy to encounter other people. The main interpretation is that existential loneliness emerges when one is in moments of inner struggle, when one is forced to make impossible choices, when one is approaching and is in limit situations, and when one is experiencing the endless loss of the other. Conclusion: For health care professionals to achieve a holistic picture, person-centeredness can be a way to make the spouses' existential needs visible and to provide support based on their needs.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Sunnqvist, Charlotta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Örmon, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Time Geography, a Method in Psychiatric Nursing Care2020In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 41, no 11, p. 1004-1010Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients' life history is of primary interest in psychiatric nursing care. Our aim was to illustrate how we used time geography as a method to identify individuals' patterns in relation to certain situations in place. We have used interviews and diaries to construct life charts by hand and with a computer software program. By using time geography, we provide a rich amount of information, which can generate a broader picture of a person's life, to identify stressful as well as social aspects of a person's life. Patients with mental ill health need and value the therapeutic relationship using time geography.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Ramji, Rathi
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Brogårdh-Roth, Susanne
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Olofsson, Anna Nilvéus
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Understanding behavioural changes through community-based participatory research to promote oral health in socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Southern Sweden.2020In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 10, no 4, article id e035732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Inequalities in oral health have been on the rise globally. In Sweden, these differences exist not between regions, but among subgroups living in vulnerable situations. This study aims at understanding behavioural change after taking part in participatory oral health promotional activity among families living in socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Southern Sweden.

    SETTING: The current study involved citizens from a socially disadvantaged neighbourhood in Malmö, together with actors from the academic, public and private sectors. These neighbourhoods were characterised by high rates of unemployment, crime, low education levels and, most importantly, poor health.

    PARTICIPANTS: Families with children aged 7-14 years from the neighbourhood were invited to participate in the health promotional activities by a community representative, known as a health promoter, using snowball sampling. Between 8 and 12 families participated in the multistage focus groups over 6 months. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: Three main themes emerged from the analysis, providing an understanding of the determinants for behavioural change, including meaningful social interactions, family dynamics and health trajectories. The mothers in the study valued the social aspects of their participation; however, they believed that gaining knowledge in combination with social interaction made their presence also meaningful. Further, the participants recognised the role of family dynamics primarily the interactions within the family, family structure and traditional practices as influencing oral health-related behaviour among children. Participants reported having experienced a change in general health owing to changed behaviour. They started to understand the association between general health and oral health that further motivated them to follow healthier behavioural routines.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study show that oral health promotion through reflection and dialogue with the communities, together with other stakeholders, may have the potential to influence behavioural change and empower participants to be future ambassadors for change.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Larsson, Helena
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Edberg, Anna- Karin
    Bolmsjö, Ingrid
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Contrasts in older persons’ experiences and significant others’ perceptions of existential loneliness2019In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 1623-1637Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: As frail older people might have difficulties in expressing themselves, their needs are often interpreted by others, for example, by significant others, whose information health care staff often have to rely on. This, in turn, can put health care staff in ethically difficult situations, where they have to choose between alternative courses of action. One aspect that might be especially difficult to express is that of existential loneliness. We have only sparse knowledge about whether, and in what way, the views of frail older persons and their significant others concerning existential loneliness are in concordance. Objective: To contrast frail older (>75) persons’ experiences with their significant others’ perceptions of existential loneliness. Methods: A case study design was chosen for this study. Individual interviews with frail older persons (n ¼ 15) and interviews with their significant others (n ¼ 19), as well as field notes, served as a basis for the study. A thematic analysis was used to interpret data. Ethical considerations: This study was conducted in accordance with the principles of research ethics. Findings: The findings showed three themes: (1) Meaningless waiting in contrast to lack of activities, (2) Longing for a deeper connectedness in contrast to not participating in a social environment and (3) Restricted freedom in contrast to given up on life. Discussion: Knowledge about the tensions between older persons’ and their significant others’ views of existential loneliness could be of use as a basis for ethical reflections on the care of older people and in the encounter with their significant others. Conclusion: It is of importance that health care professionals listen to both the frail older person and their significant other(s) and be aware of whose voice that the care given is based on, in order to provide care that is beneficial and not to the detriment of the older person. Keywords case study, existential loneliness, frail older person, significant other, thematic analysis

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 29.
    Bolmsjö, Ingrid
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Tengland, Per-Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Existential loneliness: An attempt at an analysis of the concept and the phenomen2019In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 1310-1325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Background: According to ethical guidelines, healthcare professionals should be able to provide care that allows for the patients’ values, customs and beliefs, and the existential issues that are communicated through them. One widely discussed issue is existential loneliness. However, much of the debate dealing with existential loneliness concludes that both the phenomenon and the concept are quite vague. Aim: To clarify what constitutes existential loneliness, and to describe its lived experiences. A further aim was to provide a definition of existential loneliness that can function as a tool for identifying the phenomenon and for differentiating it from other kinds of loneliness. Method: A literature review including theoretical and empirical studies. Different search strategies were used to gather the articles included in the study. The analysis of the empirical studies had an interpretative approach. The articles were also analysed with the aim of providing a definition of existential loneliness. This was done by means of criteria such as language, uniqueness, theory and usefulness. This study is not empirical and does therefore not require an ethics review. Results: The analysis resulted in two main characteristics. The first one was perceiving oneself as inherently separated (disconnected) from others and from the universe. The second one brings out emotional aspects of EL, such as isolation, alienation, emptiness and a feeling of being abandoned. The empirical findings were divided into two categories: experiences of EL and circumstances in which EL arises. A definition of EL is also suggested, based on the two main characteristics identified. Conclusion: In order to meet patients’ needs, it is an ethical duty for healthcare staff to be able to recognise experiences of EL, that is, to communicate with the patients about these experiences in an appropriate manner. This in turn demands knowledge about existential issues and skills to deal with them.

  • 30.
    Sundström, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Research Platform for Collaboration for Health, Faculty of Health Science, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    The context of care matters: Older people's existential loneliness from the perspective of healthcare professionals-A multiple case study.2019In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 14, no 3, article id e12234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To explore existential loneliness among older people in different healthcare contexts from the perspective of healthcare professionals. BACKGROUND: Professionals meet and care for older people in most care contexts and need to be prepared to address physical, psychological, social and existential needs. Addressing existential loneliness can be both challenging and meaningful for professionals and is often not prioritised in times of austerity. DESIGN: A multiple case study design was used. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted with healthcare professionals (n = 52) in home, residential, hospital and palliative care settings. The analysis was performed in two steps: firstly, a within-case analysis of each context was conducted, followed by a cross-case analysis. FINDINGS: Differences and similarities were observed among the care contexts, including for the origin of existential loneliness. In home care and residential care, the focus was on life, the present and the past, compared to hospital and palliative care, in which existential loneliness mainly related to the forthcoming death. The older person's home, as the place where home care or palliative care was received, helped preserve the older person's identity. In hospital and palliative care, as in institutional care, the place offered security, while in residential care, the place could make older people feel like strangers. Creating relationships was considered an important part of the professionals' role in all four care contexts, although this had different meanings, purposes and conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The context of care matters and influences how professionals view existential loneliness among older people and the opportunities they have to address existential loneliness. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Support for professionals must be tailored to their needs, their education levels and the context of care. Professionals need training and appropriate qualifications to address existential loneliness related to existential aspects of ageing and care.

  • 31.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Håkansson, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Björk, Josefin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Det sociala sammanhanget: om Finsam MittSkånes arbete mot utanförskap2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Finsam MittSkåne (där kommunerna Eslöv, Hörby och Höör ingår) har mellan åren 2012–2017 initierat och drivit ett flertal stora samverkansinsatser. I denna bok beskrivs tre av dessa insatser. Det som dessa tre insatser haft gemensamt är dels att de syftat till att öka graden av självförsörjning bland deltagarna, dels att de alla utgått från ett salutogent perspektiv. I detta perspektiv har det sociala sammanhanget och känslan av sammanhang haft särskilt stor betydelse. Malmö universitet har under flera år haft olika uppdrag för Finsam MittSkåne att studera, kartlägga och följa upp dessa insatser. Denna bok sammanfattar de erfarenheter som de olika rapporterna beskriver, men den ger även en djupare teoretisk bakgrund som inte beskrivits i rapporterna.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 32.
    Sundström, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Research Platform for Collaboration for Health, Faculty of Health Science, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, SWEDEN.
    Edberg, Anna- Karin
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Encountering existential loneliness among older people: perspective of health professionals2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, article id 1474673Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT Purpose: Existential loneliness is part of being human that is little understood in health care, but, to provide good care to their older patients, professionals need to be able to meet their existential concerns. The aim of this study was to explore health care professionals’ experiences of their encounters with older people they perceive to experience existential loneliness. Method: We conducted 11 focus groups with 61 health professionals working in home care, nursing home care, palliative care, primary care, hospital care, or pre-hospital care. Our deductive–inductive analytical approach used a theoretical framework based on the work of Emmy van Deurzen in the deductive phase and an interpretative approach in the inductive phase. Results: The results show that professionals perceived existential loneliness to appear in various forms associated with barriers in their encounters, such as the older people’s bodily limitations, demands and needs perceived as insatiable, personal shield of privacy, or fear and difficulty in encountering existential issues. Conclusion: Encountering existential loneliness affected the professionals and their feelings in various ways, but they generally found the experience both challenging and meaningful.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 33. Årestedt, Liselott
    et al.
    Persson, Carina
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Benzein, Eva
    Experiences of encounters with healthcare professionals2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 836-847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: To describe and explore the experience of healthcare encounters in families living with chronic illness. Background: Living with chronic illness is a family concern and often includes frequent encounters with healthcare professionals. These encounters affect how persons with illness and family members handle everyday life. Disease-related explanations are perceived by healthcare professionals as being of higher importance than the actual experience of illness, even though patients are concerned with issues involving their everyday life. Design: A descriptive design with a qualitative approach. Methods: Narrative family interviews were conducted with twelve families, using a qualitative content analysis. Results: One main category was indicated following analysis, specifically “The impact of an accompanying family member.” Additionally, three subcategories were revealed; “The importance of collaboration,” “Mutual understanding,” “A desire to be confirmed in one’s illness”. Conclusions and relevance to clinical practice: Having a participating family member increased the sense of power in families during encounters with healthcare professionals. This participation constitutes a level of support, making it easier for families to handle everyday life due to illness. Family members are, in most cases, included in discussions and decisions, both before and after encounters, and it should be a natural for healthcare professionals to invite them to the encounter too. This is an offer that may not fit every family, but the person with illness or the family should at least have the opportunity to choose.

  • 34.
    Sundström, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). School of Health and Society, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Peterson, Pia
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Varland, Linda
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Health and social care planning in collaboration in older persons’ homes: the perspectives of older persons, familymembers and professionals2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 147-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health and social care planning in collaboration in older persons’ homes: the perspectives of older persons, family members and professionals Providing health and social care to older persons is challenging, since older persons often have multiple diseases and a complex health situation. Hence many professions and organisations are involved. Lack of interprofessional and interorganisational collaboration leads to fragmented care. Care planning meetings before hospital discharge have long been used to overcome this fragmentation, but meetings conducted at the hospital have limitations in identifying long-term needs at home. A new model for health and social care planning in collaboration (HSCPC) in older persons’ homes was introduced in two Swedish municipalities. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the HSCPC-meeting from the perspectives of older persons, family members, and professionals. Ten care planning meetings from two municipalities were consecutively included. Interviews in retrospect with ten older persons, eight family members, and ten groups of professionals who had attended the HSCPC-meeting at home were analysed with a hermeneutic approach. Four themes emerged: unspoken agendas and unpreparedness, security and enhanced understanding, asymmetric relationships, and ambiguity about the mission and need for follow-up. The comprehensive interpretation is that the professionals handled the HSCPC-meeting mainly as a routine task, while the older persons and family members viewed it as part of their life course. Older persons are in an inferior institutional, cognitive and existential position. However, meeting together in the home partly reduced their inferior position. Findings from this study provide some general suggestions for how HSCPC-meetings should be designed and developed: attention of power relations, the importance of meeting skills and follow- up.

  • 35.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Teamets lärande främjar personcentrerad vård2018In: Bar liv för äldre: forskning ger möjligheter / [ed] Birgit Rösblad, Elisabeth Strandberg, Carita Nygren, Svensk sjuksköterskeförening , 2018, p. 21-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 36. Wijk, Helle
    et al.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Ledarskap och Teamarbete2017In: Omvårdnad & Äldre / [ed] Kerstin Blomqvist, Anna-Karin Edberg, Marie Ernsth Bravell, Helle Wijk, Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 581-590Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Larsson, Helena
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Bolmsjö, Ingrid
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Older persons’ existential loneliness, as interpreted by their significant others - an interview study study2017In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 17, no 138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In order to better understand people in demanding medical situations, an awareness of existential concerns is important. Studies performed over the last twenty years conclude that when dying and death come closer, as in the case with older people who are stricken by infirmity and diseases, existential concerns will come to the fore. However, studies concerning experiences of existential loneliness (EL) are sparse and, in addition, there is no clear definition of EL. EL is described as a complex phenomenon and referred to as a condition of life, an experience, and a process of inner growth. Listening to someone who knows the older person well, as significant others often do, may be one way of learning more about EL. Methods: This study is part of a larger research project on EL, the LONE study, where EL is explored through interviews with frail older people, their significant others and health care professionals. The aim of this study was to explore frail older (>75) persons’ EL, as interpreted by their significant others. The study is qualitative and based on eighteen narrative interviews with nineteen significant others of older persons. The data was analysed using Hsieh and Shannon’s conventional content analysis. Results: According to the interpretation of significant others, the older persons experience EL (1) when they are increasingly limited in body and space, (2) when they are in a process of disconnecting, and (3) when they are disconnected from the outside world. Conclusion: The result can be understood as if the frail older person is in a process of letting go of life. This process involves the body, in that the older person is increasingly limited in his/her physical abilities. The older person’s long-term relationships are gradually lost, and finally the process entails the older person’s increasingly withdrawing into him- or herself and turning off the outside world. The result of this study is consistent with previous research that has shown that EL is a complex phenomenon, but the implications of this research include a deepened understanding of EL. In addition, the study highlights the interpretations of significant others.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 38.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Forsgren, Annika
    Avery, Helen
    PHR in health and social care for older people: regional development whitin and across organisations2017In: Educational action research, ISSN 0965-0792, E-ISSN 1747-5074, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 506-524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study draws on findings from a series of seven participatory action research projects in community care for older people carried out over a period of eight years in 20 municipalities in southern Sweden. The analysis here looks at social impact across administrative levels and geographical scales. Different professional groups and care workers in community care participated, crossing divides between social work and health care. The participatory methods all involved a phase of individual reflection, a phase of reflection in practice with colleagues and mixed groups at the regional level, including unit managers and directors in some stages. Impacts concerned interprofessional learning and improved conditions for collaboration in care for older people across institutional boundaries as well as organisational learning across the municipalities. The action research approach was characterised by intensive work with values, empowering low-status professional groups. Social impacts were achieved beyond each project by benefitting from the multi-stakeholder design, using the structure of the organisations and the regional R&D department of the Association of Local Authorities. Over time, the different projects thus contributed to regional development ‘from below’. Nevertheless, employer perspectives tended to determine which conclusions from the projects were eventually implemented and prioritised. Continued reflective dialogue meetings between professional groups are therefore, needed as part of regular work processes. Local and regional structures need forms of autonomy that allow them to implement recommendations from participatory projects. Finally, employee perspectives need to be reflected in decision-making at all levels, particularly including low-status groups of care staff.

  • 39.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Wijk, Helle
    Platsens betydelse för vården2017In: Omvårdnad & Äldre / [ed] Kerstin Blomqvist, Anna-Karin Edberg, Marie Ernsth Bravell, Helle Wijk, Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 567-580Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40. Abma, Tineke
    et al.
    Cook, Tina
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Kleba, Elisabeth
    Harris, Janet
    Wallerstein, Nina
    Social impact of participatory health research: collaborative none- linear processes of knowledge mobilization2017In: Educational action research, ISSN 0965-0792, E-ISSN 1747-5074, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 489-505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social impact, defined as an effect on society, culture, quality of life, community services, or public policy beyond academia, is widely considered as a relevant requirement for scientific research, especially in the field of health care. Traditionally, in health research, the process of knowledge transfer is rather linear and one-sided and has not recognized and integrated the expertise of practitioners and those who use services. This can lead to discrimination or disqualification of knowledge and epistemic injustice. Epidemic injustice is a situation wherein certain kinds of knowers and knowledge are not taken seriously into account to define a situation. The purpose of our article is to explore how health researchers can achieve social impact for a wide audience, involving them in a non-linear process of joint learning on urgent problems recognized by the various stakeholders in public health. In participatory health research impact is not preordained by one group of stakeholders, but the result of a process of reflection and dialog with multiple stakeholders on what counts as valuable outcomes. This knowledge mobilization and winding pathway embarked upon during such research have the potential for impact along the way as opposed to the expectation that impact will occur merely at the end of a research project. We will discuss and illustrate the merits of taking a negotiated, discursive and flexible pathway in the area of community-based health promotion.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 41.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Peterson, Pia
    Vården som system2017In: Omvårdnad & Äldre / [ed] Kerstin Blomqvist, Anna-Karin Edberg, Marie Ernsth Bravell, Helle Wijk, Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 551-566Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42. Årestedt, Liselott
    et al.
    Benzein, Eva
    Persson, Carina
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    A shared respite: the meaning of place for family well-being in families living with chronic illness2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Living with chronic illness is a family affair that involves ongoing changes and challenges in everyday life. When life changes, the environment is important for family health and well-being. The relation between a place and a family is rarely described, and therefore the aim of this study was to explore the meaning of place for family well-being in families living with chronic illness. A qualitative design was chosen. Data were collected by photovoice combined with narrative family research interviews with 10 families living with chronic illness. A phenomenological hermeneutic analysis was used to interpret the data. The results showed that the meaning of place for family well-being in families living with chronic illness can be described as ‘‘a shared respite.’’ This main theme included three subthemes: ‘‘a place for relief,’’ ‘‘a place for reflection,’’ and ‘‘a place for re-creation.’’ These results were further understood by means of the concept place security. Feeling well means having place security in these families. Through knowledge about the meaning of place for family well-being, health care personnel can stimulate families living with chronic illness to find respite in places that contribute to well-being, both in familiar and new places. Key words: Family systems nursing, place security, sense of place, family well-being, chronic illness, phenomenological

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 43.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    INSATS MITHRA: ger stöd och möjlighet att närma sig arbetsmarknaden för den som varit utsatt för våld i nära relationer2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Insatsen MITRA i Hörby Kommun startades av Finsam MittSkåne för att det finns ett behov av riktade stödinsatser till personer som varit utsatta för våld i nära relationer. MITRA betyder skydd och vänskap och har sitt namn efter en beskyddande gudinna. Insatsen riktar sig mot de personer som varit utsatta för relationsrelaterat våld efter det akuta skedet när utredningsprocesser, krisbearbetning och missbruk är avslutade. Avsikten med insatsen är således inte att utreda själva våldshandlingen utan snarare att öka social inkludering och möjliggöra för personer som varit utsatta för våld i nära relationer att bli självförsörjande. Det övergripande syftet med insatsen är att deltagare genom MITRA skall närma sig arbetsmarknaden genom arbetsträning, praktik eller studier. Deltagarens delaktighet och det salutogena arbetssättet står i fokus i insatsen eftersom den riktas mot ett promotivt förebyggande arbete där deltagarnas egna resurser skall stärkas och tas tillvara. Samtidigt skall myndigheter och hälso- och sjukvård erbjuda olika former av stöd. Genom att detta arbete sker i samverkan med lokala myndigheter och hälso- och sjukvård i Hörby förväntas kommunen åter bli en trygg plats för dessa personer.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 44. Cuesta, Marta
    et al.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Intersectional perspective in elderly care2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 30544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Earlier research has shown that power relationships at workplaces are constructed by power structures. Processes related to power always influence the working conditions for (in this study in elderly care) the working groups involved. Power structures are central for intersectional analysis, in the sense that the intersectional perspective highlights aspects such as gender and ethnicity (subjective dimensions) and interrelates them to processes of power (objective dimension). This qualitative study aims to explore in what way an intersectional perspective could contribute to increased knowledge of power structures in a nursing home where the employees were mostly immigrants from different countries. By using reflexive dialogues related to an intersectional perspective, new knowledge which contributes to the employees’ well-being could develop. Narrative analysis was the method used to conduct this study. Through a multi-stage focus group on six occasions over 6 months, the staff were engaged in intersectional and critical reflections about power relationship with the researchers, by identifying patterns in their professional activities that could be connected to their subjectivities (gender, ethnicity, etc.). The result of this study presents three themes that express the staff’s experiences and connect these experiences to structural discrimination. 1) Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of professionalism; 2) Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of collaboration; and 3) Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of discrimination. The result demonstrates that an intersectional perspective reinforces the involved abilities, during the conversations, into being clear about, for example, their experiences of discrimination, and consequently developing a better understanding of their professionalism and collaboration. Such deeper reflections became possible through a process of consciousness raising, strengthening the employee’s self-confidence, in a positive way. Key words: Power, intersectionality, focus group, elderly care, ethnicity, gender

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 45.
    Lill, Linda
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Intersektionalitet i vården2016In: Praktiska grunder för omvårdnad / [ed] Nina Jahren Kristoffersen, Finn Nortvedt, Eli-Anne Skaug, Janeth Leksell, IngaLill Källström Karlsson, Liber, 2016, p. 465-478Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med följande kapitel är att introducera begreppet intersektionalitet och att med utgångspunkt i ett antal beskrivande fall illustrera betydelsen av ett intersektionellt perspektiv i möten inom vården. Intersektionalitet är ett sätt att förstå världen utifrån hur föreställningar om klass, genus och etnicitet får betydelse för möten mellan människor. Globalisering och förändrad könsuppdelning i samhälle och familj gör att vi ständigt måste reflektera över hur överlappningen av olika faktorer påverkar orättvisor, hälsa och ohälsa.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 46.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Kulturbegreppet och personal i äldreomsorgen2016In: Omsorg: Nordisk tidsskrift for Palliativ Medisin, ISSN 0800-7489, no 3, p. 17-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln problematiserar först olika perspektiv på kulturell identitet i relation till personalens berättelser om att vårda i livets slut i den kommunala äldreomsorgen. Därefter presenteras ett tredje kulturgeografiskt perspektiv som kan berika en multikulturell ansats i den palliativa vården

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 47.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Mangrio, Elisabeth
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Strategies for diversity: medical clowns in dementia care: an ethnographic study2016In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, no 16, article id 152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: As nursing homes become increasingly diverse, dementia care needs a wider range of culturally responsive strategies for individual and collective social interactions. While previous studies conclude that medical clowns have positive effects on verbal and non verbal social interactions, research is lacking from the perspective of residents’ cultural background. Aim: The aim of this study was to identify interaction strategies employed by medical clowns in culturally diverse dementia care settings Method: An ethnographic approach was used and data were collected through observation of interactions between medical clowns and residents with dementia in two nursing homes during a ten week period. Results: The observations showed that the medical clowns interacted with residents by being tuned in and attentive to the residents as individuals with a unique life-history, confirming each person´s sense of self. The clowns used sensory triggers, encouragement and confirmation in culturally responsive ways to bond socially with the residents in their personal spaces. The clowns involved objects in the daily environment that were meaningful for the residents, and paid attention to significant places and habits in the past. The clowns further contributed to joint interaction in the common spaces in the nursing homes, using music and drama Conclusion: The strategies employed by medical clowns in activities with older people with dementia appear to support social interaction. The medical clowns used the social and material environment in culturally responsive ways to strengthen individuals’ sense of self, while contributing to a sense of togetherness and interaction among residents in the common spaces. Findings suggest that both verbal and non-verbal cultural content affected social interaction. The non-demanding encouraging way the clowns tuned in to the residents as individuals could help nurses and staff members improve ways of communication in social activities inside the nursing home.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 48.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Blomkvist, Kerstin
    Petersson, Pia
    Developing health and social care planning in collaboration2015In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 354-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration between different professions in community care for older people is often both difficult and complex. In this project, a participatory action research (PAR) was conducted in order to support the professions involved in the care for older people to develop individualized health and social care plans. Cases from daily work were discussed in different professional groups over a period of one year. A key finding was that lack of knowledge regarding the other professions’ field of expertise and their underlying professional culture and values was a barrier in their collaboration. However, as the continuous reflective dialogue process progressed,the participants began to reflect more about the importance of collaboration as a prerequisite to achieve the best possible care for the recipient. This process of reflection led to the often complex needs of the care recipients being given a more central position and thus care plans being better tailored to each person’s needs.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 49. Holmberg, Anna
    et al.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Esbjörnsson, Mattias
    Jämlik hälsa: en agenda för att främja innovationer för en bättre och mer jämlik hälsa2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Agendan syftar till att möta Sveriges utmaning med att uppnå en jämlik hälsa i befolkningen. För att ta sig an denna utmaning behövs en kraftsamling från alla berörda aktörer. Agendan är därför framtagen i samverkan mellan offentlig sektor, idéburen sektor, näringsliv, akademi och medborgare.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 50.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Utvägen: ett salutogent samverkansprojekt finansierat av Finsam Mitt Skåne - slutrapport2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten berör forskningen runt en salutogen insats (utvägen) hos socialtjänsten i Höörs kommun. Insatsen är implementerad i ordinarie verksamhet och har resulterat i att 40% långtidsarbetslösa deltagare i insatsen, många med hälsoproblem, har uppnått självförsörjning. Rapporten fokuserar på deltagarnas egna upplevelser, och en samverkan i ett deltagarbaserat perspektiv samt en ekonomisk utvärdering av insatsen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
12 1 - 50 of 67
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf