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  • 1.
    Edman, Kristina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Gustafsson, Anna W.
    The Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University.
    Cuadra, Carin B
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Facilitating children’s in-session involvement in child and family therapies: A dynamic framework of clinical practices.2024In: Psychotherapy, ISSN 0033-3204, E-ISSN 1939-1536, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 55-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s in-session involvement in child and family therapies correlates with both positive and negative treatment outcomes. Thus, it is important to gain a better understanding of the clinical practices that facilitate children’s involvement in therapy sessions so that practitioners can employ them with greater precision. To address this need, we conducted a study to answer the following question: What clinical practices facilitate children’s in-session involvement in child and family therapies? The data consisted of 16 extant audiovisual recordings of child and family therapy sessions and 24 stimulated-recall interviews with the participants in the recordings. Following constructivist grounded theory and incorporating storyline as an additional analytical technique, we have constructed a framework consisting of four involvement-enhancing practices: managing time, staying relevant, adjusting intensity, and facilitating inclusion. Furthermore, by detailing some of the complex processes that practitioners navigate when they facilitate children’s involvement, our study adds a multilayered and dynamic dimension to the list of already established involvement facilitators. It may be used to moderate an overstandardized work culture that continues to characterize services that address children’s needs. The results may be applied to other institutional encounters, providing resonance beyond the analyzed therapy sessions.

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  • 2.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Erfarenheter av socialt arbete i Malmö under det första året med covid-19: Katastrofriskreducering, resiliens och hållbarhetens "hur"2023Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här forsknings- och utvecklingsrapporten cirklar kring en fråga: Vad innebar covid-19-pandemin för det sociala arbetet i Malmö? I rapporten återges några svar på frågan. De är formulerade i möte med en rad personer verksamma inom socialt arbete som delade med sig av sina erfarenheter under pandemins första år. Svaren på frågan är viktiga eftersom de belyser vad en kris bär med sig för det sociala arbetet. Begreppet kris ger uttryck för att situationen i fråga präglas av osäkerhet och brådska och att den hotar centrala värden. Rapporten tar både upp hur det sociala arbetet var del av den omedelbara hanteringen av pandemin i staden och placerar in det i ett bredare perspektiv som låter det sociala arbetets roll i katastrofriskreducering framträda.

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  • 3.
    Thysell, Maria
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Imagining the ecosocial within social work2023In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 455-472Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aiming to explore how the ecosocial is imagined within social work research, this article engages with understandings of the relationship between the social and ecological realms when responding to the call for sustainability. A theoretical framework offering five possible imaginations of the ecosocial was developed: the holistic; the anthropocentric conflictual; the anthropocentric compatible; the ‘ecocentric’ conflictual; and the ‘ecocentric’ compatible. The material consists of international peer-reviewed articles referring to the ecosocial. The result reveals that the imagination of the ecosocial is heterogeneous. However, the holistic and anthropocentric compatible imaginations are common, while ‘ecocentric’ and conflictual understandings are rare, which confirms that nurturing social and ecological sustainability does not entail conflicting interests or rivalry but rather the opposite. This implies not only an ongoing widening of the notion of sustainability, in which the idea of limitations is re-installed, but also a possible re-definition of ‘the social’ so as to include the non-human. 

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  • 4.
    Rapeli, Merja
    et al.
    Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Helsinki, Finland .
    Carlstedt, Johan
    National Board of Health and Welfare, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hergeirsdottir, Ragnheiður
    University of Iceland, Faculty of Social Work, Reykjavík, Iceland.
    Guðmundsson, Halldór S.
    University of Iceland, Faculty of Social Work, Reykjavík, Iceland.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Hatakka, Ilona
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Three Nordic countries responding to COVID-19: Eldercare perspectives2023In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 84, article id 103442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comparative international studies show that about half of the deceased in the COVID-19 pandemic were persons living in institutional and residentialeldercare. As seniors are the most affected age group, we aim to study if and to what extent the eldercare services were included in theNational Pandemic Plans, and how they were included in the response during the first phase of the pandemic in Finland, Iceland, and Sweden. Weuse the CRISMART approach to crisis documentation and analysis in comparing national response to the pandemic for the eldercare sector. Themethod enables comparison of extraordinary crisis situations from the decision-making and policy-making perspective. We found that there wereboth similarities and differences in the preparedness of the three Nordic countries, as well as in how they responded to the pandemic. In all threecountries the focus of the national responses framed the problem as a health and healthcare services’ problem. We also found value conflicts in theresponse between the value of protection versus social contact and self-determination and hence relating to the quality of eldercare. Keeping in mindthe proportional increase of elderly people, care challenges, and future crises, we must strengthen the position of local social services within theemergency management systems to enhance disaster resilience and sustainability of our societies.

  • 5.
    Wallengren-Lynch, Michael
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Dominelli, Lena
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Working and learning from home during COVID-19: International experiences among social work educators and students2023In: International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, E-ISSN 1461-7234, Vol. 66, no 4, p. 1045-1058Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research seeks to explore the experiences of social work educators and students working and learning from home. The findings, from an international survey sample of 166 educators and students, showed that the respondents faced issues with private and personal boundaries, felt the impact of working and learning from home on both physical and emotional levels, and experienced challenges to what was expected of them. The respondents primarily used two types of coping mechanisms to manage these challenges. These findings contribute to a broader discussion of the impact of working and learning from home and are relevant for education administrators responsible for their employees’ and students’ well-being. 

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  • 6.
    Kennedy Tsunoda, Erin
    et al.
    Institutet för hållbar stadsutveckling.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Eco-social Interventions in Malmö: Capturing the "How" of Sustainable Urban Development2022Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 7.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Positioning social work in relation to disasters: A social notion running along a continuum2022In: Defining Disaster: Disciplines and Domains / [ed] Marie Aronsson-Storrier; Rasmus Dahlberg, Cheltenham and Camberley in the UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, p. 58-71Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the chapter is to position social work in relation to disasters. It elaborates on notions of disaster based on the literature of disaster studies as well as of social work. The main argument is that social work pursues a genuinely social notion of disaster rooted in a socially framed understanding of disasters, risks and vulnerabilities. It suggests a broad notion of disaster understood as a collapse of the social protection and running along a continuum by integrating intersubjective dimensions and structural dimensions of larger social systems. This broad notion seems to make the boundary between 'everyday steady-state' general social services and 'disaster-related' services permeable to a larger extent than in mainstream disaster management. Further, it can encompass phenomena originating from gradual processes in the wake of an ongoing transgression of planetary boundaries and environmental degradation.

  • 8.
    Edman, Kristina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Gustafsson, Anna W
    The Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University, Lund 223 62, Sweden.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Recognising children’s involvement in child and family therapy sessions: A microanalysis of audiovisual recordings of actual practice2022In: British Journal of Social Work, ISSN 0045-3102, E-ISSN 1468-263X, Vol. 52, no 6, p. 3480-3500, article id bcab248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s right to involvement in practices that address their well-being is frequentlyhighlighted, yet how children exercise involvement in face-to-face encounters hasremained fairly unknown. To fulfil our aim of identifying, describing and defining children’s involvement, we conducted an inductive microanalysis of face-to-face dialogue onaudiovisual recordings of naturally occurring therapy sessions with children attendingsocial services departments and mental health clinics. The resulting operationalisationgenerated six dimensions of children’s involvement: participatory, directive, positional,emotional, agentive and narrative. By operationalising how children exercise involvement, we render the abstract concept more amenable to fine-grained analysis, systematic evaluation and criticism. The domains also offer tools to recognise children’sinvolvement in practice. Lastly, the article discusses practical implications and presents acompass for orientation. Since many conversational elements in institutional talks aregeneric, the dimensions are potentially transferable to other settings, including schoolcounselling, child protection investigation and clinical psychology. A high inter-analystagreement, together with similar findings on utterance functions and interactionaldominance in other types of dialogues, also enhance the dimensions’ transferability.

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  • 9.
    Mangrio, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Grahn, Mathias
    Malmö Stad.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Social relations and mental ill-health among newly arrived refugees in Sweden: a cross-sectional study2022In: PLOS Global Public Health, E-ISSN 2767-3375, Vol. 2, no 7, article id e0000362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research indicates that social relations have an impact on the well-being of refugees and that well-being is important for effective integration into the host country. Few studies in Sweden have, to the best of our knowledge, looked at the association between social relations and mental ill-health among newly arrived refugees. The aim is to investigate what effect social relations have on the mental health of newly arrived refugees in the south of Sweden. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Scania, the southernmost county of Sweden, between February 2015 and February 2016. The study population consisted of newly arrived adult refugees speaking Dari or Arabic, who received the civic and health information that is part of an introduction course for all newly arrived refugees. Results: Individuals who rarely met with friends had higher odds of experiencing mental ill-health (OR=1.70, 95% CI, 1.03-2.82) than individuals who frequently spent time with friends. Furthermore, individuals who seldom attended social/community meetings or activities in an organisation or group, such as a sports association or another kind of association, a church, a mosque, or women’s or men’s meetings, had higher odds of mental ill-health (OR=1.58, 1.1-2.28), compared to those who frequently did so. Conclusions: The study suggests a link between spending time with friends, as well as engaging in social/community activities, and the mental health of newly arrived refugees in the southernmost county of Sweden, which is one of the counties in Sweden that received the highest number of refugees. The results are in line with a previous study on the same subject in Sweden.

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  • 10.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Swedish eco-social interventions for climate justice and social justice: Examples from the Global North2022In: Social work and climate justice: International perspective / [ed] Madhanagopal, D; Nikku, B.R., London: Routledge, 2022, p. 55-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Michailakis, Dimitris
    Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet.
    Förord: I pandemins spår. Socialvetenskapliga perspektiv på covid-192021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 377-386Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Redaktionens utgångspunkt är att det här temanumret – ”I pandemins spår. Socialvetenskapliga perspektiv på covid-19” – från Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift kan utgöra ett bidrag till förståelsen av hur pandemin har hanterats inom olika sociala verksamheter och framför allt de sociala konsekvenserna som den specifika hanteringen har haft i det svenska samhället.

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  • 12.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Hansson, KristoferMalmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).Michailakis, DimitrisInstitutionen för kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet.Neergaard, AndersInstitutionen för kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet.
    I pandemins spår: Socialvetenskapliga perspektiv på covid-192021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Redaktionens utgångspunkt är att det här temanumret – ”I pandemins spår. Socialvetenskapliga perspektiv på covid-19” – från Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift kan utgöra ett bidrag till förståelsen av hur pandemin har hanterats inom olika sociala verksamheter och framför allt de sociala konsekvenserna som den specifika hanteringen har haft i det svenska samhället.

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  • 13.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Cuadra, Sergio
    Kommunalt socialt arbete under covid-19 pandemin: Osäkerhet, reglering och kontroll av rummet2021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 417-438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on public social servi-ces from a leadership perspective, given that physical distance is recommended while social work most often presupposes social interaction at close quarters. The material consists of interviews with persons holding leading or strategic positions. By combining a risk management perspective and the reciprocal take on physical and social space as outlined by Simmel, it is found that regu-lations of space are paramount, with the aim of controlling space. Such control appears as a basic prerequisite to uphold the operations and their values involving social protection. The regulations address spaces for leadership, staff’s presence/absence, and in encounters with users they imply changing social interactions and adapted practices, thereby reproducing social space.

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  • 14.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Grönt och hållbart socialt arbete: Miljörättvisa, social rättvisa och ekosociala interventioner2020In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 207-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces an approach within social work called green social. It is argued that this approach has a critical potential in its ability to respond to urgent issues concerning people’s current and future living conditions. It is further argued that in addition to its traditional involvement in problematic distribution of resources, social work can act upon linkages between social issues and issues concerning environmental and climate crisis when integrating areas of knowledge from other disciplines. Such linkages imply a revision of the construct ”person-in-environment” that traditionally denote a delimited notion of environment as the ”social environment”, thereby disregarding the biophysical environment that human beings are a part of. The article discusses concepts such as ”sustainable welfare”, ”de-growth” and ”transition” and presents examples of so-called ecosocial interventions while also making an argument for strengthening community work in Sweden.

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  • 15.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Heterogena element i det sociala arbetet: COVID-19 och dess organisatoriska effekter på socialt arbete2020Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan mars 2020 har vi genomfört korta telefonintervjuer för att i realtid undersöka vilka sociala, kulturella och organisatoriska effekter Coronaviruset (COVID-19) har på de aktörer som bedriver socialt arbete i Sverige. Projektet syftar till att undersöka det sociala arbetets förmågor att fortsätta sin kärnverksamhet under den pågående krisen. Ett viktigt resultat i dessa intervjuer är hur det uppkommit ett antal nya, så kallade, heterogena element (Fox & Alldred 2019) som på ett väldigt oförutsägbart sätt påverkar det sociala arbetets verksamheter. Detta har fört med sig, vad som inom STS-forskningen benämns som, ”wicked problems” (Mcconnell 2017), alltså oförutsägbara och svårlösta problem som verksamheterna är tvungna att acceptera för att kunna arbeta vidare. Det är problem som möjligen skulle behöva lösas på ett högre organisatoriskt eller politiskt plan.

    I detta paper önskar vi fördjupa analysen av verksamheternas arbete genom att fokusera på Barbara Czarniawskas (2019) tankar om betydelsen av tid i relation till verksamheternas organisatoriska uppbyggnad och hur de heterogena elementen hanteras inom verksamheterna. I grund och botten handlar detta om kunskap och hur verksamheterna förhåller sig till den mängd riktlinjer som kommit angående COVID-19 under mycket kort tid. Vi kan nämligen i vårt material se att liknande verksamheter har agerat på varierande sätt. Hur har viruset – som ett av många heterogena element – kommit att betraktas som ett problem under denna vår? Vilka andra element har verksamheterna förhållit sig till under denna vår? Vad kan ageranden i relation till de heterogena elementen säga om det sociala arbetets organisering?    

  • 16.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Socialtjänst i ofred: resiliens, beredskap och planering. Ett kunskapsunderlag för den kommunala socialtjänsten2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten är resultatet av projektet Socialtjänsten, dess förutsättningar och sammanhang i planeringen för civilt försvar och utgör ett kunskapsunderlag inom området planering för civilt försvar. Projektet har i samverkan med en rad svenska kommuner under 2017-2018 genomfört workshopar och seminarier där företrädare för socialtjänst tillsammans med andra kommunföreträdare träffats för samtal om civilt försvar, konsekvenser för socialtjänstens verksamhet och möjliga konkreta uppgifter vid höjd beredskap.

    Kunskapsunderlaget presenterar resultatet i termer av planeringsområden för socialtjänsten. Vidare ges förslag på preliminärt identifierade åtgärder på såväl nationell, regional och lokal nivå som bedöms kunna bidra till att stärka socialtjänstens förutsättningar till planering för civilt försvar. Åtgärdsförslagen rör både det socialrättsliga och det folkrättsliga området, utveckling av stöd till socialtjänsten och konkreta åtgärder kring samverkan, läkemedelsförsörjning, upphandling samt olika kartläggningar i planerande syfte.

    Kunskapsunderlaget vänder sig till engagerade i socialtjänst, beredskaps- och säkerhetsfrågor och/eller planering för civilt försvar. 

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  • 17.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Technology-dependent documentation and social redundancy: a scenario-based analysis of an IT failure in the social services2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore what disruptions in information technology implies for the local social services in Sweden. Direct consequences of disruptions for documentation and communications will be in focus. The aim is also to contribute to a theoretical underpinned understanding of the events during disruptions in information technology. By building on Luhmann’s perspective, the local social services is introduced as a functional system and the events can consequently be related to the system’s continuity of services in spite of disruptions. The material originate from four scenario-based analysis performed by staff in local social services within the framework of risk- and vulnerability analysis in four Swedish municipalities. The scenario outlines a disruption in information technology lasting 2-6 weeks. The material consists of the compilation of what staffs’ assessments of direct consequences as well as organisational and staffs’ responses to the situations. The findings start of by describing the direct consequences such as non-accessible computers (hence inaccessible operational systems and files) telephones and alarms. The findings suggest that technological disruptions are challenging for social services as a functional system. However, the disruption seems not to lead to corresponding disruptions of social service. The functions are upheld thru adjustments made possible by functional equivalence and accessible redundancy. In this regard, it is the staff that parallel to technical adjustments do interactive adjustments, partly at the cost of their working environment. I call this social redundancy to underline how technology are replaced by social interaction. The findings suggests that information security is an area in need for improvement and strengthened structural coupling (in Luhmann’s sense) so as to emphasize the social services perspectives at the technologies in use and consequences of disruptions.

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  • 18.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Att vara beredd är allt: krisberedskap inom äldreomsorgen2018In: Äldre och åldrande: från anhörigskap till krisberedskap / [ed] Finnur Magnússon, Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 93-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    En scenariobaserad analys av ett IT-avbrott i socialtjänsten: anpassningar och social redundans2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 25, no 3-4, p. 287-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes as its starting point the fact that documentation as well as communication within the social services are to a great extent dependent on IT. Against that backdrop, an investigation is presented whose aim is to contribute to knowledge about what IT failures can mean within the social services. The focus is on the immediate consequences for the documentation and communication of the social services. The aim is also to contribute to the understanding of how the course of events relates to the maintenance of social work despite interruptions. Systems theory provides an overarching theoretical framework. Based on that approach, social work is seen as a societal functional system aiming at the administration of exclusion. The study is based on empirical material consisting of assessments of the consequences of failures, as formulated by social services staff in risk and vulnerability analyses conducted within the framework of the investigation. The results include descriptions of consequences that arise as a result of inaccessible operative systems but also as a result of, for example, the disruption of VoIP telephony. Further, the results describe concrete adaptations and suggestions for possible changes that potentially reduce the vulnerability entailed by IT dependency. The conclusion is that the IT failure does not lead to a corresponding failure of social work as a functional system, despite technical dependencies. The system is maintained through adaptations, which are possible thanks to functional equivalence (that is, a goal may be reached in several ways) and available redundancy. It is the staff that, besides a number of technical adaptations, make concrete organizational and social adaptations, to some degree at the expense of their working environment. This is called social redundancy in order to highlight how lost technology is replaced by social processes.

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  • 20.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Kris, katastrof och ekosocial hållbarhet2018In: Manifest: för ett socialt arbete i tiden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Philip Lalander, Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 303-313Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21. Rapeli, Merja
    et al.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Dahlberg, Rasmus
    Eydal, Gudny
    Hvinden, Björn
    Omarsdottier, Ingibjörg
    Salonen, Tapio
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Local social services in disaster management: Is there a Nordic model?2018In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 27, p. 618-624Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic states have extensive welfare systems in which the local social services are an important component. Despite a growing research on disaster resilience, we lack research examining in systematic way whether and how local social services in the Nordic countries contribute to resilience. Aiming to fill this gap, this article asks whether we can identify a common Nordic model of the role of local social services in disasters, or whether the countries have taken different paths. We use policy documents and legislation to examine the extent to which roles for local social services are embedded in the disaster management systems of the five Nordic countries. We analyze the institutional organization in each country, as well as the models of social services related to disasters from a comparative perspective. We find that the Nordic countries have chosen quite different paths regarding local social services’ role in disaster management and conclude that there is no Nordic model. Another general conclusion is that a more robust position of local social services within the disaster management system might enhance disaster resilience in the Nordic countries as a whole.

  • 22.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    The emergency preparedness in elder care in Sweden: A study of staff perspective.2018In: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, ISSN 1935-7893, E-ISSN 1938-744X, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 86-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the interface between elderly care and emergency preparedness from the elderly care staff's perspective. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was sent to elderly care staff in 4 Swedish municipalities. The questions involved experiences of extraordinary events, education and exercises, and risk and vulnerability analyses, evaluations of main risks and emergency preparedness, and familiarity with preparedness plans. In total, 568 elderly care staff responded. RESULTS: Between 15% and 25% of the respondents claimed experiences of extraordinary events, exercises and education, and risk and vulnerability analyses. The same number claimed familiarity with the organization's preparedness plan, whereas ~85% answered that they need more education and exercises. Emergency preparedness was evaluated as important. The experiences and risks referred to pertained to both official categories used within emergency preparedness and issues such as work conditions, seniors' fall accidents. CONCLUSION: Elderly care staff, though highly motivated, do not seem to be involved in emergency preparedness and are not targeted to a large extent when education and training are organized. A development of the interface between emergency preparedness and elderly care could require a clarification of the scope and context of emergency preparedness and of differing understandings of central concepts. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;page 1 of 8).

  • 23.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Eydal, Guðný Björk
    Towards a Curriculum in Disaster Risk Reduction from a Green Social Work Perspective2018In: Routledge handbook of green social work / [ed] Lena Dominelli, Routledge, 2018, p. 522-534Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24. Björk Eydal, Gudny
    et al.
    Dahlberg, Rasmus
    Lilja Omarsdottir, Ingibjörg
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Hvinden, Björn
    Rapeli, Marja
    Salonen, Tapio
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Known and unknown risks: future challenges for local social services2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a product of The Nordic Welfare Watch research project. It was carried out during the Icelandic Presidency Program in the Nordic Council of Ministers 2014-­‐2017 and was funded by the Council. The Nordic Welfare Watch aimed at promoting and strengthening the sustainability of Nordic welfare systems through cooperation, research and mutual exchange of acquired experience and knowledge. A further objective was to provide means and recommendations useful for policy making, to better prepare Welfare systems to meet future challenges.

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  • 25.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Lunds universitet, Socialhögskolan.
    Kunskapsunderlag för socialtjänstens delaktighet i kommunala risk- och sårbarhetsanalyser (Sorsa)2017Report (Other academic)
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    Bilaga 1 Sorsa
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    Bilaga 2 Sorsa
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    Bilaga 3 Sorsa
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    Flödesschema
  • 26.
    Lind, Jacob
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Djampour, Pouran
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Sager, Maja
    Söderman, Emma
    Nordling, Vanna
    Mulinari, Diana
    Neergard, Anders
    Pull, Emil
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Keshavarz, Mahmoud
    Montesino, Norma
    Lundberg, Anna
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Ascher, Henry
    Cuadra, Carin
    Farahani, Fataneh
    Wikström, Hanna
    Khosravi, Shahram
    Selberg, Niklas
    Holgersson, Helena
    Knezevic, Zlatana
    Persdotter, Maria
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Moksnes, Heidi
    Wahlström Smith, Åsa
    Öberg, Klara
    Herbert, Mikaela
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Selberg, Rebecca
    Sigvardsdotter, Erika
    Grander, Martin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Claesson, Ragnhild
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Stretmo, Live
    Hansen, Christina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Jerve Ramsøy, Ingrid
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Spång, Mikael
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Staaf, Annika
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Tsoni, Ioanna
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Mc Glinn, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Elsrud, Torun
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Molina, Irene
    Aracena, Paula
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Herz, Marcus
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Mulinari, Paula
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Kalm, Sara
    Jakt på papperslösa gör oss till en polisstat2016In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2016-10-04Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Regeringen föreslår nio åtgärder för att hitta och utvisa papperslösa. Det kommer att slå hårt och främst gå ut över redan svaga och jagade människor. Vi uppmanar därför regeringen att ta tillbaka åtgärderna, skriver 43 forskare.

  • 27.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Grahn, Mathias
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Kartläggning av nyanländas hälsa2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund God hälsa är en förutsättning för en inkluderande och effektiv etablering av nyanlända flyktingar i Sverige. En migrationsprocess föranledd av flykt utgör en belastande livserfarenhet. Kännedom om hur tiden innan och efter flykten påverkar hälsan, och det allmänna hälsotillståndet i nära anslutning till flykten, utgör viktig kunskap för beslutsfattare. Denna kunskap utgör en central grund för att kunna behovsanpassa etableringsinsatser för nyanlända flyktingar. Syfte Syftet med kartläggningen är att ge en väl underbyggd bild av hälsoläget bland nyanlända flyktingar som omfattas av etableringslagstiftningen. Material och metod Studien vänder sig till alla vuxna nyanlända flyktingar med modersmålen arabiska, dari, pashto eller somaliska. Ett mätinstrument, i det här fallet en enkät, utvecklades på respektive språk och omfattar bland annat självrapporterad hälsa, förändring i hälsa, sjukdomar, läkemedel, bakgrundsfaktorer, livsstilsfaktorer, sociala bestämningsfaktorer, sömn- och välbefinnande, tandhälsa, smittsamma sexuella sjukdomar och preventivmedel samt hälsolitteracitet. Enkätutdelningen påbörjades den 13 februari 2015 och avslutades den 12 februari 2016. Studien bygger på frivilligt deltagande och anonymitet. Totalt besvarades 681 enkäter (svarsfrekvens 39,5 %) varav 93,7 % på arabiska och 6,3 % på dari. 69,3 % av respondenterna var män. Enkäter på pashto och somaliska har inte delats ut eftersom det 10 vid tiden för datainsamlingsperioden inte funnits grupper på dessa språk inom samhälls- och hälsokommunikationen. Majoriteten av respondenterna var födda i Syrien (75,6 %) följt av Irak (4,1 %) och Afghanistan (3,1 %). Konklusion De flesta nyanlända som besvarat enkäten har långsiktiga planer på att stanna i Sverige och ser ljust eller mycket ljust på framtiden. Det rådande hälsotillståndet bland respondenterna verkar utgöra en god utgångspunkt för en effektiv etablering. Självrapporterad hälsa, hälsobesvär och använda läkemedel är någorlunda i linje med den övriga befolkningen. Oroväckande livsstilsfaktorer för framtida sjukdom är övervikt och fetma samt fysisk inaktivitet och rökning. Bekymmersamma sociala faktorer är trångboddhet, osäker boendesituation, låg tillit och lågt förtroende för samhällsinstitutioner såsom sjukvården och tolkar. Flertalet har varit utsatta för allvarliga hot om våld innan flykten och nästan hälften lider av dålig psykisk hälsa. Var tionde ser mörkt eller mycket mörkt på framtiden. Var femte sover ganska eller mycket dåligt och varannan har dålig eller mycket dålig tandhälsa. Ekonomisk stress verkar inte utgöra en riskfaktor men väldigt få har en kontantmarginal att klara en oförutsedd situation. Var femte har hälsoproblem som hindrar ett aktivt jobbsökande. Otillfredsställda vårdbehov eller bristfällig kunskap om vården är vanligt förekommande. Att läsa och förstå skriftlig hälsoinformation är problematisk och bristande för många nyanlända. Det är viktigt att uppmärksamma att föreliggande resultat främst gäller arabisktalande nyanlända med högre utbildningsnivå. Alla resultat och konklusioner bör också sättas i förhållande till den situation de nyanlända befinner sig i. Upplevelse av en underordnad situation i mötet med myndigheter tillsammans med viljan och behovet till etablering och självförsörjning kan eventuellt i vissa fall ha lett till en överskattning av den egna hälsorelaterade förmågan.

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  • 28. Eydal, Guðný Björk
    et al.
    Ómarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Lilja
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Dahlberg, Rasmus
    Hvinden, Björn
    Salonen, Tapio
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Rapeli, Merja
    Local Social Services in Nordic countries in Times of Disaster: Report for the Nordic Council of Ministers2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The project focused on the emergency management systems in the five Nordic countries. It investigated whether local social services have a formal role in the contingency planning of the systems. The project was part of The Nordic Welfare Watch research project during the Icelandic Presidency Program in the Nordic Council of Ministers 2014-2016. The council financed the project. The main findings show that Finland, Norway and Sweden specifically address the role of social services in times of disaster in their legal frameworks on emergency management. Finland and Norway also address the role in the law on social services. In Sweden, the role is more implicit as the social service act applies regardless of circumstances. All countries expect all authorities to make a contingency plan. This means that even if the law in Denmark and Iceland does not address the roles of social services, the services are legally obligated to make contingency plans. Furthermore, Finland, Norway and Sweden have prepared special guidelines on contingency planning for social services. In recent years the Nordic countries have all faced disasters due to natural, technical and man-made hazards. The frequency of such disasters is on the rise according to forecasts. In order to enhance resilience and preparedness of those most vulnerable in disasters, the involvement of local social services in the emergency management system is of vital importance. The literature shows how social services can enhance social and human investment, the citizen’s economic participation and political empowerment. Furthermore, the literature shows that the co-operation between social services and the voluntary sector during the emergency and recovery phases is crucial, and the Red Cross is usually the largest voluntary organization providing social services during disasters in all the countries. The following recommendations build on the results of the project. Their purpose is to make the Nordic Welfare States more resilient and better prepared for future challenges. - There is a need to share knowledge on how to increase the involvement of social services in all phases of emergency management. The guidelines for social services' contingency planning and their plans should be shared across the Nordic countries and among various actors on the state, regional and local levels. This task could also be implemented under the umbrella of the Svalbard Group. - There is a need to make the role of social services known in the emergency management systems, so that the relevant parties can activate the full potential of social services in all phases of the disaster cycle. It is likewise important to inform the social services of emergency management law and organization in order to facilitate effective co-operation in the event of disaster. - It is important to address the role of emergency management in the education of social workers and social carers and enhance disaster research in the social sciences. - It is important to create opportunities for the social services to prepare for future disasters. It is also important to include the social services in emergency management exercises. The exercises might also be extended in scope in order to cover all phases of disasters. Nordic countries could share exercise scenarios involving tasks for the social sector and make use of scenarios already developed. - The Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic Welfare Center (NVC) should address social sector preparedness issues. Social sector preparedness cooperation should be enhanced under the umbrella of the Nordic Council of Ministers (Svalbard Group) and collaborate closely with the Haga-process. Such high-level co-operation enhances regional and local level co-operation.

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  • 29.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Grahn, Mathias
    Department of Public Health and Social Sustainability, Scania Regional Council, Malmö, Sweden.
    Valentin Kvist, Ann
    Strategic Unit, Department Rehabilitation to Work, Swedish Public Employment Service, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Östergren, PO
    Social Medicine and Global Health, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    School of Social Work, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Recently arrived migrants’ health status in the region of Scania, Sweden2016In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, no Suppl 1, p. 492-492Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Knowledge of health and health related issues in recently arrived migrants (i.e. refugees) to Sweden is limited, although studies indicate that health status of migrants in general is worse than people born in Sweden and that it deteriorates over time. Regular public health surveys have difficulty reaching new migrants, partly due to language barriers. In order to address health and health related issues a study was initiated in Scania targeting recently arrived migrants. A grant for the study was received by the European refugee fund. Methods Data was collected within the framework of the public system for supporting migrants’ establishment to society and labour market, which ensures coverage. The inclusion criteria were all adult recently arrived migrants to Scania, 18 to 64 years taking part in the public support system between February 13, 2015 and February 12, 2016. Questionnaires in Arabic, Dari, Pashto and Somali were used for data collection. Health issues covered diabetes, asthma, war injuries, dental, mental, and selfreported health among others. Health related issues address health-literacy, smoking, drug use, physical activity, and health system use as well as education and social relations mentioning few. The further aims of the study are to identify evidence for introducing need-specific strategies and to enhance the possibility for evaluating the adequacy of present practices. Results The study reveals necessary knowledge about health and health related needs in this group of new residents of Scania. Results will be available after the summer 2016 also including methodological concerns. Conclusions The study adds knowledge on health and health related needs in recently arrived residents and serves as a complement to the regular public health survey in Scania. It also addresses a number of methodological questions. Key messages: - Unique health and health related knowledge will be revealed in recently arrived immigrants of Scania - The study will reveal evidence for need-specific health strategies and for evaluating the adequacy of present practices

  • 30.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Grahn, Mathias
    Public Health and Social Sustainability Unit Region Skåne, Malmö, Sweden.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    School of Social Work, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Self-reported health issues in recently arrived migrants to Sweden2016In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, no suppl 1, p. 220-220Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The awareness of health and health related needs in migrants (i.e. refugees) is crucial for effective public support systems. For this and other reasons a regional survey was established to address various health issues in recently arrived migrants to Scania. The questions that the present study is seeking answers for relates health, changes in health as well as self-reported possibility to affect health in general but also in relation to level of education. Methods Data collection occurred between February 13, 2015 and February 12, 2016. The inclusion criteria were recently arrived adult migrants speaking Arabic, Dari, Pashto or Somali participating in the public support system. Questions on selfreported health, self-reported changes in health since the move to Sweden, self-reported possibility to affect own health as well as education was examined among others in an extensive health survey. The survey was funded by the European refugee fund. Results 681 respondents took part in the survey where 94% were Arabic speaking. 69% were men and 51% were 18 to 34 years. 23% graded self-reported health as very well and 46% as well. Highly educated reported very well to a higher degree (30%) than the primary (17%) and the secondary level (12%) (pvalue< 0.01). Change in health was reported by 32% as negative and by 21% as positive. No significant difference was observed in relation to education. 70% reported the possibility of affecting own health as very important and the comparison with education was significant (p-value<0.01). Over 64%, independently of education, reported own contribution as very important. Conclusions The majority of recently arrived migrants’ reports good health and own contribution for health as very important. Negative change in health was reported by almost a third of the migrants. (a) Increase efforts to stop negative changes in health. (b) Enhance health information practice to increase the benefits of own contribution for health. Key messages: - Recently arrived migrants reports a similar level of good health as the inhabitants of Scania observed in the latest regional public health survey - A third of the respondents reports worsening health since the move to Sweden

  • 31.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Socialt arbete med papperslösa: Collateral damage och erkännbarhet i den kommunala socialtjänsten2016In: Irreguljär migration i Sverige: rättigheter, vardagserfarenheter, motstånd och statliga kategoriseringar / [ed] Maja Sager, Helena Holgersson, Klara Öberg, Daidalos, 2016, p. 375-417Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Socialtjänstens roll i samhällets krisberedskap: en studie ur personalens perspektiv2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 129-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of the social services in the public system for crisis preparedness – an empirical  study from staff perspective

    The aim of this study is to contribute to knowledge as regard the relationship between the social services and the public system for crisis preparedness as seen from the perspective of social services staff with direct contact with clients and/or first-line leaders. Empirically the study concerns the staff’s experience of severe events and of activities and processes pertaining to crisis preparedness, such as risk and vulnerability analysis, education and exercises. Further, it concerns staff’s valua- tion of major risks and of crisis preparedness as an area of operation. The material was obtained with a web based questionnaire (N=1020) with closed and open questions and with room for free text. The material was analysed in terms of frequencies and subjected to open qualitative coding. The results suggests that the staff are not involved in the activities and processes of crisis prepared- ness to a significant extent, although they seem to be motivated. They do not seem to have been given opportunities to develop an understanding of crisis preparedness and how it affects social services. They also seem to have a composite understanding of central concepts in the area of crisis preparedness such as crisis, extraordinary events, risk and vulnerability. Their understanding seems to be underpinned by considerations involving intersubjective dimensions of security.

    It is concluded that it would be beneficial for the system of crisis preparedness if the social servi- ces were systematically involved and differing notions of central concepts were clarified. Further, given an acknowledgement of the role of intersubjective dimensions of security the social services could contribute perspectives informed by their close contacts with users and the general popula- tion as regards risks, vulnerability and consequences of crisis and disasters. It is argued that this would contribute qualitatively to crisis preparedness as an area of operation.  

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  • 33.
    Runesson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Larsson, Monica
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Barn och unga migranters delaktighet2015In: Att arbeta med delaktighet inom habilitering / [ed] Kristofer Hansson, Eva Nordmark, Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 65-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 34.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Disaster social work in Sweden: context, practices and challenges in an international perspective2015Report (Other academic)
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  • 35.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Encounters With Irregular Migrants in Social Work: “Collateral Damage” and Reframing of Recognizability in Swedish Public Social Services2015In: Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, E-ISSN 1556-2956, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 302-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to explore experiences and considerations of social workers regarding irregular migrants, understood as being prone to be “collateral damage.” It is revealed that some social workers approve assistance exceeding that which can find support in the national legislation. They are hereby addressing the normative conditions for recognition and installing new frames for apprehending irregular migrants. This process is referred to as a reframing of recognizability. By exceeding the limits of “belonging,” social workers question their profession's national link as well as the inability of a nationally anchored understanding of social work to deal with irregular migrants.

  • 36. Vilhlemsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Östergren, Per-Olof
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Hälsa i centrum för etableringsprocessen: Bedömning av arbets- och prestationsförmåga inom etableringen av nyanlända2015Report (Other academic)
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  • 37.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Carlzén, Katarina
    Inledning MILSA2015In: Milsa: Stödplattform för migration och hälsa: Grunden läggs, Länsstyrelsen Skåne , 2015, p. 9-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna bok beskrivs hur vi tillsammans inom MILSA – stödplattform för migration och hälsa – i ett gemensamt arbete lagt en grund for ett gemensamt arbete mot en hälsofrämjande etablering som bidrag till en socialt hållbar samhällsutveckling. Hälsa är en mänsklig rättighet som berör alla politikområden. Vi som arbetat tillsammans är Arbetsförmedlingen, Försäkringskassan, kommuner i Skåne, Kommunförbundet Skåne, Lunds universitet, Länsstyrelserna, Länsstyrelsen Skåne, Malmö högskola, Migrationsverket, NÄTVERKET Idéburen sektor Skåne, Region Skåne, Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting och Uppsala universitet. Arbetet har möjliggjorts genom finansiering av den Europeiska flyktingfonden. Projektet har haft gemensam projekt ledning av Malmö högskola och Länsstyrelsen Skåne.

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  • 38.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Kartläggning av nyanländas hälsa2015In: Milsa: Stödplattform för migration och hälsa: Grunden läggs, Länsstyrelsen Skåne , 2015, p. 79-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 39.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Närvaron av de ”papperslösa” i välfärdsstatens moraliska ekonomi2014In: Perspektiv på social utsatthet / [ed] Philip Lalander, Bengt Svensson, Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, p. 91-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Staaf, Annika
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Public social services’ encounters with irregular migrants in Sweden: amid values of social work and control of migration2014In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 88-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines Public Social Services’ encounters with irregular migrants in Sweden from the perspectives of institutional and street-level bureaucrats. Staff and executive considerations are influenced by a de jure exclusion of irregular migrants, which is an element of the control of migration. Staff face contradictory demands concerning international and national regulations, which leads to legal ambiguities open to discretionary powers. The aim of this study is to explore the handling of such cases experiences and considerations with an interest in the values that are invoked when AQ1 enacting discretion and to discuss implications of the unclear legal situation. The material was obtained using web-based questionnaires. A tentative analysis confirms that the Public Social Services encounter irregular migrants and that handling differs greatly. It suggests that different approaches and the contradictory legal framework endanger the rule of law. Differing reference points appear to be invoked when enacting discretion: some related to social work and others to controlled migration. The social work values invoked by some respondents might imply an appreciation of a right to services and control of migration as independent processes and jurisdiction related to human rights that are applicable beyond the nationally framed legal status and not subordinated to policies of migration.

  • 41.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Health and Welfare Studies (HV).
    Grahn, Mathias
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Self-reported health and country of origin: Does level of education and length of stay in Sweden make a difference?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Self-reported health (SRH) is an important indicator for general health status of an individual. The latest measure of SRH in Scania resulted in the majority reporting good or very good health. This encouraging overall finding does not target vulnerable subgroups such as migrants. The aim of this study is to address the effect of country of birth on SRH and explore if level of education and length of stay (LOS) makes a difference. Methods The 2012 public health survey in Scania served as the basis for the study. Data was collected on 28029 adults aged 18-80. The variables of interest were SRH, LOS in Sweden of foreign born and level of education. Results The mean age of people born in Sweden was 51.4 and 48.6 for those born abroad. The odds ratio (OR) of poor SRH was 1.38 (95% CI=1.30-1.47) where people born abroad reported worse SRH overall and across different levels of education. People born in Sweden reported poor SRH more than those born abroad with LOS below 10 years 1.24 (1.10-1.41) independent of education, except for highly educated people born in Sweden 0.72 (0.59-0.89). People born in Sweden reported poor SRH less than those born abroad with LOS above 10 years 0.55 (0.51-0.60) independent of education. Conclusions Inequalities in health persist across educational levels and SRH deteriorates with LOS. Recommended actions: a. Enhance the understanding of health inequalities. b. Improve procedures for including foreign born to the society. c. Initiate future studies in the field. Message 1 Inequalities in health due to country of birth are not due to level of education. Message 2 LOS in the country worsens health in those born abroad as compared to people born in Sweden independently of education.

  • 42.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    The right to healthcare for irregular migrants in Sweden: a dilemma for the universal model and the moral economy2014In: The Integration and protection of immigrants: Canadian and Scandinavian critiques / [ed] Paul Van Aerschot, Paticia Daenzer, Ashgate, 2014, p. 139-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this chapter is to explore Swedish policies related to health care for irregular migrants residing in Sweden. Accordingly, policies in that field will be outlined along with criticism and arguments voiced by advocacy groups as well as enacted changes, most salient in the adoption of a new law which came into force in July 2013. Under this law, irregular migrants have a certain and limited right to health care. Taking into consideration the acknowledged strong link between immigration, integration and welfare policies (Brochmann and Hagelund 2011), this chapter will discuss health care policies in light of the general Swedish welfare policy as well as the policies of migration and integration. Some possible interpretations of ‘what is at stake’ will be offered and it will be argued that Sweden seems to find itself in a dilemma involving how to respond to the presence of irregular migrants. This presence challenges the ‘territorially bounded state-centric model’ (Benhabib 2002) making it, to paraphrase Benhabib, increasingly transparent and fragile. The dilemma involves a highly valued universal welfare model and its underpinning moral economy, which generally does not include irregular migrants in its norms, because there is no relation of reciprocity leading to enti-tlement to Swedish general welfare. This chapter argues that the new law targeting irregular migrants is not to be understood as an inclusion in the moral economy. Rather, it is to be seen as maintenance of exclusion, yet, in a new mode. However, arguments and actions championed by advocacy groups and some stakeholders bear witness to processes that can be interpreted as an ongoing renegotiation of the current moral economy. The renegotiation concerns the relationship between two central policy areas, health care policy and migration policy.

  • 43.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Public Social Services’ encounters with irregular migrants in Sweden: a preliminary outline of reframing of recognisability2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper involves Public Social Services’ encounters with irregular migrants in Sweden and outlines an understanding of on-going processes in terms of being not only a differing recognition (Honneth 1996; 2004) of irregular migrants enacted in practice but also a suggested re-framing of their recognisability (Butler 2009) implying an egalitarian way of recognizing precariousness. The point of departure in the empirical studies is an unclear legal situation and a general exclusion of irregular migrants in legislation as well as in social policy. Staff within Public Social Services might thus face contradictory demands concerning international and national regulations, which leads to legal ambiguities open to discretionary powers when encountering irregular migrants. The aim of the paper is to explore the handling of cases and actual experiences. In addition, the interest concerns the considerations made by street-level bureaucrats with an interest in the values that are invoked when enacting discretion. The material in the study was obtained using web-based questionnaires. The analysis confirms that the Public Social Services encounter irregular migrants and that handling seems to differ and that staff applies different approaches. Differing reference points appear to be invoked when enacting discretion: some related to social work and others to controlled migration. The social work values invoked by some respondents might imply an appreciation of a right to services and control of migration as independent processes and jurisdiction and that social work is not to be subordinated to policies of migration. Please contact the author at carin.cuadra@mah.se if you want a copy.

  • 44.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Socialt arbete i Malmö: Perspektiv och utmaningar2013In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 4-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid institutionen för socialt arbete på Malmö högskola samlas stora delar av forskningen under en gemensam programförklaring om social utsatthet. Vi beskriver här några teoretiska och normativa utgångspunkter, centrala forskningsområden och den relation vi försöker bygga upp med forskningsfältet. Vi ger även konkreta exempel på vår forskning. Med begreppet social utsatthet riktar vi fokus mot orättvisor och processer som gör att individer och grupper hamnar i sårbara livssituationer som kan innebära att deras framtidsmöjligheter, deras möjligheter att få en någorlunda trygg livssituation, och deras hälsa och upplevelse av värdighet hotas. Social utsatthet betraktas i plattformen som något processuellt och något som skapas och utvecklas beroende på hur man är positionerad i den lokala, nationella, välfärdsstatliga och globala kontexten. I analyser av social utsatthet är det viktigt att synliggöra människors aktörskap. Men det är också av stor vikt att inte se aktörskapet frikopplat från kontextuella faktorer.

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  • 45.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    A study of approaches within research on problems of access to services for youth and children with functional, cognitive and developmental disabilities from a multicultural perspective2012In: Diversity and equality in health and care, ISSN 2049-5471, E-ISSN 2049-548X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 125-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes how research approaches the problems of access to services for children and younger people. The aim is to identify approaches to ‘the multicultural question’ in relation to access to service, geographic origins, disciplines and methods. Two main approaches were identified in the review: a culture-based and a rights-based, both equally preoccupied with problems such as the disproportionate representation of minorities. The culture-based approach was influenced by a “strong’ notion of culture and was inclined to target problems of access ‘at the counter’ (service delivery). The rights-based approach was influenced by a notion of culture connected to agency and gave primacy to ‘the gateway’ (recognition of eligibility). The field could benefit from more attention and possibly from further development of a rights-based approach, which implies a notion of culture that entails a connection to agency, a linking to power, participation, and self-representation.

  • 46.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Cuadra, Sergio
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Estado de bienestar y Trabajo Social: educación, investigación y práctica. El caso de Suecia.2012In: Espacio Regional. Revista de Estudios Sociales, ISSN 0718-1604, Vol. 1, no 9, p. 29-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article's main objective is to present the educational, research and professional situation of the discipline of social work in Sweden. It is therefore an essentially descriptive article. This description propose an analytical model that can capture the most relevant in the situation of the discipline of social work in a society that has practiced welfare state policies for more than half a century. From this description it appears that there is a permanent tension between two different types of rationalities within the social work discipline. On the one hand the classic academic rationality and on the other the rationality that impregnate the objective of the welfare state. In conclusion it is proposed that this tension can be resolved in two ways: the first is that one of the rationalities dominates the other generating negative imbalances in the discipline; the other is to try to prevent this from happening and link the rationalities and synthesize the ultimate goal of social work discipline in them which is social welfare based on human experience not only locally but also internationally.

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  • 47.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Irregular migrants challenging policy hierarchies and health professions: the case of Sweden2012In: Journal of Hospital Administration, ISSN 1927-6990, E-ISSN 1927-7008, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 34-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a European comparative perspective Sweden, though upholding a universal welfare model is one of the most restrictive countries as regards irregular migrants’ right to access health care. They do not access care via the legal framework beyond emergency care upon payment of the full cost. This article presents findings from a study aiming at exploring and elucidating the Swedish policy answers as regards right to access health care for irregular migrants. The current policy is outlined besides a new governmental agreement and standpoints put forward by health and welfare professionals. The analysis suggests that migration policy has primacy over health policy. Further, it suggests, that by claiming that their jurisdiction is independent from the state’s interest of control of migration the hierarchy is renegotiated. The core involves the fundamental norms and principles underpinning the exclusion of irregular migrants from welfare services and their connection to controlled migration.

  • 48.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Policy towards undocumented migrants In the EU272012In: Migration and health in Nowhereland: access of undocumented migrants to work and health care in Europe / [ed] Gudrun Biffl, Friedrich Altenburg, Omnium , 2012, p. 109-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 49.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Right of access to health care for undocumented migrants in EU: a comparative study of national policies2012In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 267-271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to characterise policies regarding the right of access to health care for undocumented migrants in the 27 member states of European Union and to identify the extent to which these entitlements are congruent with human rights standards. Methods The study is based on a questionnaire sent to experts, non-governmental organisations and authorities in the member states between April and December 2009, as well as on available reports and official websites. Primary sources were also consulted as regards legislation. Results Right of access to health care differs considerably between member states. States can be grouped into three clusters: in 5 countries undocumented migrants have the right to access care that is more extensive than emergency care; in 12 countries they can only access emergency care; and in 10 countries not even emergency care can be accessed. These variations are independent of the system of financing or the numbers of undocumented migrants present. Rather, they seem to relate to the intersection between practices of control of migration, the main types of undocumented migrants present, and the basic norms of the welfare state – the ‘moral economy’ of the work society. Conclusion International obligations articulated in human rights standards are not fully met in the majority of member states. A more complete understanding of the differing policies might be obtained by considering the relationship between the formal and informal economy, as well as the role of human rights standards within the current ‘moral economy’.

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  • 50.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Sjuksköterskors tillitsarbete: om professionsetik och patienter som revisorer2012In: Tillit och förtroende: ständiga utmaningar för professioner / [ed] Carin Björngren Cuadra, Ola Fransson, Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, p. 67-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
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