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  • 1. Freidenfelt Liljeberg, Jenny
    et al.
    Eklund, Jenny
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    af Klinteberg, Britt
    Poor school bonding and delinquency over time: bidirectional effects and sex differences2011In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The association between poor school bonding and delinquency has only been partly addressed in earlier research. Using a longitudinal design, the objective of our study was to investigate possible bidirectional effects and sex differences between adolescents’ experienced school bonding and self-rated delinquency over time. A total of 788 adolescents (353 boys and 435 girls) were investigated by questionnaire at age 14 and 16. Poor school attachment and commitment as well as poor teacher attachment were found to be stronger determinants of delinquency for males than for females. Delinquency predicted poor school commitment for both boys and girls, and poor school attachment for girls, thus indicating bidirectional effects over time and sex differences in some of the bidirectional effects. The study concludes that the delinquency propensity of adolescent boys may be affected by all school bonding dimensions, whereas for girls it is their relationship with their teachers that is of significance.

  • 2.
    Khoshnood, Ardavan
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Offender Characteristics: A study of 23 Violent Offenders in Sweden2016In: Deviant behavior, ISSN 0163-9625, E-ISSN 1521-0456, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 141-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty-three offenders convicted of homicide or attempted murder/manslaughter, and their respective crimes, were examined to identify any common characteristics. Court documents were assessed, and the most prominent information of the offenders was that they were often single, most of them had no psychiatric diagnoses, the most frequent modus operandi was a knife or sharp weapon (although firearms resulted in more homicides), and the most common homicide typology was domestic disputes, and disputes between friends or acquaintances. Based on a cluster analysis, two profiles emerged: one with so-called traditional criminals and another profile over-represented with offenders who commit domestic crimes.

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  • 3.
    Khoshnood, Ardavan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Ekelund, Ulf
    Gärningsmannen, brottet och offret2019In: Brottslighet och utsatthet i Malmö / [ed] Marie Väfors Fritz, Ardavan Khoshnood, Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 51-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Khoshnood, Ardavan
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Ekelund, Ulf
    Nineteen Victims of Homicide and Attempted Homicide in Sweden - Their Injuries, Cause of Death, and Offender Relationship2017In: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, ISSN 0195-7910, E-ISSN 1533-404X, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 241-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Victims of homicide and attempted homicide are not uncommon in Sweden. We therefore aimed to study these victims to understand their injuries, their cause of death, and their relationship to the offender. All cases during five years in a district court in Sweden, where an offender had been convicted for homicide or attempted homicide, were identified and the court documents reviewed. Nineteen victims were identified; 14 males and five females, with an average age of 39.1 years. Although knife/sharp weapon was the most common weapon used, the use of firearm caused more deaths. Our study shows higher rates of firearm use than many other countries. The most common anatomical site to be injured by knife/sharp weapon and firearm was the thorax followed by the head. The most common cause of death was hypovolemia, followed by intracranial injuries. The high rate of firearm use shows that firearms are common modus operandi in Sweden often causing lethal injuries, if the offender intends to kill the victim. Our results support other studies showing that it is foremost injuries to the vessels, intracranial injuries, and injuries to intrathoracic organs, which causes a victim's death when assaulted with knife/sharp weapon or firearm.

  • 5.
    Liahaugen Flensburg, Olivia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Richert, Torkel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Parents of adult children with drug addiction dealing with shame and courtesy stigma2023In: Drugs: education prevention and policy, ISSN 0968-7637, E-ISSN 1465-3370, Vol. 30, no 6, p. 563-572Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to provide insight into the lives of parents to adult children with drug addiction. We focus on how the parents' social life and interactions were affected by feelings of guilt and shame, and how they dealt with the stigma that often accompanies drug addiction. 32 semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents (age 46-70) of adult children (age 18-47) with drug addiction in Sweden. Three themes emerged (1) Experiences of guilt, shame, and courtesy stigma, (2) Impact on social life and relationships and, (3) Strategies to reduce guilt and shame. Guilt, shame, and courtesy stigma complicated and restricted the parents' social interactions. Many parents applied a selective openness, carried experiences of alienation and in some cases isolated themselves. At the same time, several parents described that they were open about their child's addiction in certain contexts. For some parents, this meant a relief from guilt and shame and an opportunity for increased social interaction. Both informal and professional support for family members of individuals with drug addiction is vital to reduce experiences of guilt, shame, and courtesy stigma.

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  • 6.
    Mellgren, Caroline
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Väfors Fritz, MarieMalmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).Tiby, Eva
    Kriminologi: en Studiehandbok (2nd ed.)2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 7. Pinnetti, Carlo
    et al.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Border Crossings: Internationalization in Higher Education and Criminology2018In: Kriminologi: En Studiehandbok (2:a uppl.) / [ed] Caroline Mellgren, Marie Väfors Fritz, Eva Tiby, Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 35-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8. Pinnetti, Carlo
    et al.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Border Crossings: Internationalization in Higher Education and Criminology2014In: Kriminologi: en studiehandbok / [ed] Caroline Mellgren, Eva Tiby, Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, p. 31-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim in this chapter is to present a concise overview of internationalization in higher education and criminology. We first give a brief introduction to the internationalization of higher education and some of its advantages and limitations. This is followed by a description of what internationalization means in the field of criminological research. The foal here is to pinpoint the central features of international criminology and some of the constraints and opportunities it offers to you’re the student. Overall, our hope is that, after reading this chapter, you will have a better understanding of what internationalization means in the context of your studies in criminology.

  • 9.
    Rydén, Kajsa
    et al.
    Polismyndigheten.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Kvinnors utvecklingsvägar till missbruk och kriminalitet2019In: Brottslighet och utsatthet i Malmö / [ed] Marie Väfors Fritz, Ardavan Khoshnood, Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 67-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Slates, Sarah
    et al.
    Seton Hill University.
    Cook-Sather, Alison
    Bryn Mawr College, USA.
    Aghakhani, Sima
    University of Toronto.
    Al-Humuzi, Ali
    McMaster University.
    Alonso, Dulce
    The University of Texas at Austin.
    Borgström, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).
    Boyle, Fiona
    University of Cumbria.
    Cachia, Chris
    Toronto Metropolitan University.
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Cole, Jonathan
    Queen's University Belfast.
    Dennehy, Tadhg
    University College Cork.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Gadzirayi, Marlene
    University of Sussex.
    Goff, Loretta
    University College Cork.
    Gudmundsson, Petri
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).
    Han, Yang
    Wenzhou-Kean University.
    Hellman, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Holder, Kal
    Purdue University.
    Hou, Sixun
    Wenzhou-Kean University.
    Hughes, Julie
    University of Wolverhampton.
    Jennings, Jimmy
    University of Wolverhampton.
    Jegliska, Wiki
    University of Warwick.
    Kaur, Amrita
    Wenzhou-Kean University.
    Kehan, Lu
    Wenzhou-Kean University.
    Kelly, Andrew
    Edith Cowan University.
    Lee, Carrie
    Blackpool and The Fylde College.
    Leonard, Constance
    United States Air Force Academy.
    Lewitzky, Rachael
    George Brown College.
    Majeed, Asia
    University of Toronto.
    Marquart, Matthea
    Columbia University.
    Marsden, Joshua
    Queen's University Belfast.
    Marshall, Lia
    Columbia University.
    Matu, Florina
    U.S. Air Force Academy.
    Molefe, Tsholo
    University of Sussex.
    Mori, Yoko
    University of Otago.
    Morrell-Scott, Nicola
    Liverpool John Moores University.
    Mullenger, Elizabeth
    Oxford Brookes University.
    Obregon, Monica
    University of Texas.
    Pearce, Matt
    University of Wolverhampton.
    Pike, Claire
    Anglia Ruskin University.
    Pol, Hurshal
    Purdue University.
    Riva, Elena
    University of Warwick.
    Sands, Caitlin
    Queen's University Belfast.
    Sinanan, Rachel
    Deakin University.
    Smart, Kelsey
    Purdue University.
    Smeltzer, Sandra
    Western University.
    Spence, Abi
    University of Wolverhampton.
    Maggard Stephens, Teresa
    RN P.R.E.P.
    Stollenwerk, Maria Magdalena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).
    Sum, Kiu
    Solent University.
    Van-Ess, Josephine
    University of Sussex.
    Vick, Dustin
    Air University.
    Wong, Michael
    McMaster University.
    Wright, Heather
    University of Texas.
    Wright, Jasmine
    University of Texas.
    Zou, Wei
    Wenzhou-Kean University.
    How can students-as-partners work address challenges to student, faculty, and staff mental health and well-being?2023In: International Journal for Students as Partners, E-ISSN 2560-7367, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 221-240Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    Voices
  • 11.
    Stiernströmer, Emelie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Mellgren, Caroline
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Khoshnood, Ardavan
    Lund Univ, Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Sci, Emergency Med, Lund, Sweden..
    Characteristics of convicted male-on-female rapists in the South of Sweden between 2013 and 2018: a pilot study2020In: Forensic Sciences Research, ISSN 2096-1790, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 126-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the main characteristics of adult male offenders convicted of rape or aggravated rape against adult females. We reviewed all convictions (n = 21) based on court documents from the District Court, the Court of Appeal and information from the Swedish Tax Agency in Malmo, Sweden, between 2013 and 2018. The findings indicated that the most common offender characteristics were a single status, mean age of 33 years and foreign background. The rapes primarily occurred within a private setting while the victims (who were often younger and knew the offender) were unconscious. Although assumptions based on these results should be made with caution, our findings provide a clear image of the typical circumstances under which these rapes occurred. This study should be viewed as a first attempt to create a database of characteristics of convicted rapists. As more data are added, more sophisticated analyses can be performed and stronger generalizations may be made. Information of this kind may also be important for further research, classification of rapists in offender profiling, and case linking.

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    fulltext
  • 12.
    Stiernströmer, Emelie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Mellgren, Caroline
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Khoshnood, Ardavan
    Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Skane University Hospital, Emergency Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Demographic characteristics of convicted child sexual abusers in South of Sweden, between 2013 and 2018: a pilot study2022In: Forensic sciences research, ISSN 2471-1411, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 393-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study evaluates variables concerning demographic characteristics for all adult male offenders convicted of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) aged 0–17 in Malmö, Sweden between 2013 and 2018. All convictions (n = 18) based on court documents from the District Court, the Court of Appeals and information from the Swedish Tax Agency were reviewed. A total of 30 victims were identified. Frequency analyses show that the most common features were that of a single offender, averaging 25 years old, with a non-Swedish background and a high school degree. The predominately extrafamilial CSA (i.e. committed by an acquaintance to the family) occurred in a private setting and consisted of penetrative acts. Girls averaging 13 years old were abused multiple times, under fear and pressure. Although assumptions based on these results are preliminary, they provide a clearer image of the typical circumstances under which CSA occurred within this time frame and geographical location. This study is a first attempt to construct an overview of demographic characteristics of CSA. As more data are gathered from this region, more sophisticated analyses can be conducted, providing stronger generalizations. Information of this kind may be important for research, classification of offender profiling and in case linking.

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    fulltext
  • 13.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    In and Out of Criminality and Substance Abuse: Life Stories2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many would agree that desistance from crime and substance abuse is a process and not a one-time event. In order to enhance the understanding of this process, a small number of interviews were conducted to listen to the subjective voices of individuals that have been through the hazards of trying to repeatedly leave a life of crime and substance abuse. Men and women in the ages between 20-50 yrs. of age were asked to narrate their own life stories. The purpose of the study was to investigate the lives of people with repeated substance abuse and criminal behavior. Semi-structured interviews were used in order to give the narrators the freedom of conveying freely their life story and yet giving the interviewer opportunity to ask about and thus cover aspects of their lives known in the literature as risk factors to develop antisocial behavior. The subjects were recruited by the general manager together with a psychiatric consultant at a treatment center for repeated and hard to treat individuals with sever substance abuse problems and criminal behavior. Results will convey both the power and challenges of individual perceptions on family and social bonds and utilization of health care.

  • 14.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Internationalising the Curriculum: Benefits and Challenges in a Swedish Case2022In: Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (JoTL), E-ISSN 2004-4097, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Global experience and internationally enriched learning environments are increasingly valued in today’s higher education. To meet these demands, a curricular reform was initiated to internationalise the Master’s Programme at the Department of Criminology at Malmö University. International research collaborations were already well established and bilateral exchange agreements existed but were used to a limited extent due to language obstacles. Swedish students went abroad, but this was not reciprocated. English was therefore introduced as the medium of instruction. This paper describes the plan to implement this internationalisation process and its subsequent effectuation. The process included an external market analysis, support seminars and workshops for both students and teaching staff, and a brief process evaluation. Finally, the paper presents post-process reflections and concluding remarks from a group of domestic and international students in the programme, as well as from an external review panel that assessed the educational quality of the programme.

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    fulltext
  • 15.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Eklund, Jenny
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Freidenfelt Liljeberg, Jenny
    af Klinteberg, Britt
    Quality of Life in Different Male Offender Groups: Possible Underlying Effects of Intelligence and Psychopathic Tendencies2016In: Journal of Forensic Science & Criminology, ISSN 2348-9804, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of psychopathic tendencies and intelligence on Quality of life (QoL) ratings in different male offender groups was explored. Participants were 199 Swedish males with a history of criminality at age 11-14 and matched controls from the longitudinal project Young Lawbreakers as Adults. Based on registered crimes prior to 15 years and up to 34 years of age, four criminal groups were yielded: non-criminals (NC); adolescence-limited (AL); persistent (P); and adult-onset (AO). The QoL construct consists of the following dimensions: Self-perception, Psychological health, Family, Children, Education, Work, and Finances, all self-rated at age 38-41 when also psychopathic tendencies were clinically assessed using the Psychopathy Check List (PCL). The P group reported lower QoL in all dimensions compared to the NC and AL groups and lower QoL regarding Family and Education than the AO group. When controlling for psychopathic tendencies, the group differences in QoL regarding Self-perception and Children was no longer significant. Generally, individuals with higher IQ scores rated higher QoL than individuals with lower IQ scores. IQ however did not explain the divergence in QoL between offender groups. Psychopathic tendencies are suggested to overtake the importance of group belonging regarding the QoL dimensions of Self-perception and Children.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 16.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Ivert, Anna-Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Self-Reported Mental Health and Risky Lifestyle in Swedish Youth2014In: Book of Abstracts, European Society of Criminology , 2014, p. 465-465Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-reported mental health and risky lifestyle in Swedish youth Marie Väfors Fritz (Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Sweden), Anna-Karin Ivert (Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Sweden) Mental ill-health has become increasingly common among youth in Sweden. Mental ill-health and criminality are substantial public health problems in terms of human suffering as well as direct and indirect societal costs. A particularly vulnerable group to experience mental health problems and subsequent consequences are immigrants and immigrants’ children. Identification difficulties, social constrains and psychosomatic symptoms are some of the arduousness experienced by immigrants and reflect the hurdles of acculturation. Another vulnerable group in terms of specific mental health symptoms constitutes half of the population, females. More females than ever seek help and treatment for depression, alcohol abuse and suicidal attempts and recommendations are to develop a knowledge base and lead local discussions to stop this down spiral trend. Hence, the purpose of the present study is to investigate mental health and lifestyles among 15-16 year olds living in Malmo, Sweden. The first aim is to explore how these youths report their mental health according to the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Secondly, the relationship between reported mental health and problematic lifestyle (such as drinking, smoking, and delinquency) will be explored. Lastly, possible differences in mental health and lifestyles across sex and ethnicity will be investigated. Results indicate differences in self-reported mental health across sex and ethnic groups.

  • 17.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Khoshnood, ArdavanMalmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Brottslighet och utsatthet i Malmö2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Rajaleid, Kristina
    Hemström, Örjan
    af Klinteberg, Britt
    Quality of life: towards and understanding of individuals with psychopathic tendencies2009In: Personality and Mental Health, ISSN 1932-8621, E-ISSN 1932-863X, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 183-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives are to explore: (1) the association between psychopathy and self-rated quality of life; and (2) the possible role of childhood hyperactivity on the relationships between Psychopathy Checklist (PCL) scores and self-rated domains of Quality of Life (QoL). Male subjects with a history of criminality at age 11-14 years (n = 108) and matched controls (n = 59) from a Swedish longitudinal project were studied. Self-rated QoL domains of psychological health, family relationships and work satisfaction were dichotomized and used as dependent variables in calculations of odds ratios (ORs) with dichotomized PCL scores as the independent variable, as assessed at age 38-41. The results showed that for each of the three QoL domains, the proportion of individuals that reported dissatisfaction was significantly higher in both criminals and controls characterized by psychopathic tendencies (PT) compared with the groups with no psychopathic tendencies. Furthermore, the results revealed higher strata-specific risk of dissatisfaction among the PT individuals for two of the domains: psychological health (OR = 6.58) and work satisfaction (OR = 7.98). Childhood hyperactivity individuals were overrepresented in the PT group. However, hyperactivity did not confound the association between PCL and QoL. The results are discussed in the light of possible treatment implications.

  • 19.
    Väfors Fritz, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Rydén, Kajsa
    Women’s pathways to substance use and offending: qualitative in-depth interviews2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a well-established connection between substance abuse and offending for both men and women. Further, risk factors that increase likelihood of developing substance abuse and offending are generally thoroughly researched, yet specific female risk factors are under-researched. More research on gender-specific pathways to substance abuse and offending is therefore warranted. Thus, the overall aim of the current study was to explore how Swedish women with a history of substance use and offending describe their lives in terms of what factors they consider having contributed to their life style of substance abuse and crime. First general themes identified through the subjective voices of individuals will be described; second results from in-depth analyses of the material will be discussed. The data consists of ten in-depth qualitative interviews with clients at treatment facilities for substance abuse. In the interviews, they were asked to talk freely about their lives, and their narratives were analyzed using systematic text condensation. The results suggests that 1) the women’s substance abuse is a way of coping with adverse internal and external factors, 2) the women’s relationships to their family, peers, and significant others have been central for their substance abuse and offending, and 3) substance abuse and offending are closely linked. These women’s risk fac- tors for substance abuse and offending occur on different structural levels and in different life stages as will be discussed. A comprehensive view of substance abuse and offending is therefore crucial when attempting to find generative mechanisms.

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