Malmö University Publications
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  • 1.
    Gillborg, Susanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Orofacial pain and tooth wear in swedish adults: cross-sectional studies in southern Sweden2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. The present licentiate thesis investigated the prevalence of TMDpainand related factors, the prevalence and severity of tooth wear, andthe etiology and factors related to tooth wear in adults in southern Sweden.Methods. The methods used included a questionnaire, history, clinical examination,intraoral photographs, and saliva sample. In Paper I, twoscreening questions for TMD pain were used to query a study samplecomprising 6123 questionnaire participants about their pain experience.In Paper II, a clinical examination and intraoral photographs helped determinethe presence and severity of tooth wear. Information from a questionnaire,patient histories, and participant saliva samples were analyzedregarding tooth wear-related factors. The study sample comprised 831 individuals.Results. Paper I found a prevalence of TMD pain once a week or moreoften in 11% of the study sample. Related factors were female gender,subjects under 50 years of age, weekly headache, self-reports of poor generalhealth, impaired oral health-related quality of life, and tooth wear.Paper II showed tooth wear in all individuals. Attrition, the most commontooth wear, was found in over 90% of the study sample. Signs of erosionwere found in almost 80% of the individuals. Men had more tooth wearthan women, but none of the factors that were investigated as related factorsdiffered between the genders. Only some of the individuals, includingthe group with severe tooth wear reported having received information about tooth wear from their clinician. Participants reported receiving informationabout tooth wear due to extensive tooth brushing more thanabout erosion.Conclusions. Paper I found a prevalence of TMD pain in 11% of the studysample. In Paper II, attrition was found in over 90% of the study sample.Almost 80% of the individuals exhibited signs of erosion. Only a few reportedhaving received information about tooth wear due to erosion fromtheir clinician.

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  • 2.
    Gillborg, Susanna
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Lundegren, Nina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Åkerman, Sigvard
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Ekberg, EwaCarin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    TMD-pain among adults in the county of Scania2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The prevalence of TMD has been shown in epidemiological studies to be 10-15 % and it is most often women in their 20-40´s, but also men, children and elderly have TMD. The most common reason for seeking care for TMD seems to be pain. In a recently published meta-analysis of the epidemiological literature the need for TMD treatment was estimated to be about 15 % among adults. Objectives: This study evaluates the prevalence of TMD-pain in adults in the county of Scania. Methods: A questionnaire was 2006 mailed to a randomized selected sample of 10000 individuals in the county of Scania. If the subjects answered yes to one or both of following questions, the subject was classified as having TMD-pain (1) “ Do you have pain in your temples, face, jaw joint or jaws once a week or more?” and (2) “Do you have pain when you open your mouth wide or chew once a week or more?”. Results: 6123 subjects (64%) answered the questionnaire. 1210 subjects (20,4 %) reported TMD-pain. Mean age was 47 years, with a female-male ratio of 7:5. A higher prevalence of TMD-pain was found for the ages 20-59 with the highest figure for the ages between 20 and 29 years. TMD-pain was reported by 19–21 % of subjects born in Sweden or another Nordic country compared to 32 % of the subjects born in another country. Length of education was not related TMD-pain. A higher prevalence of reported TMD-pain was found for subjects being unemployed, retired or were on sick leave compared to other occupations. TMD-pain was reported by 19 % of married subjects, 23 % of not married subjects compared to 27 % of subjects with another family-situation. Conclusion: The study found a high prevalence (20,4 %) of TMD-pain among adults in the county of Scania.

  • 3.
    Gillborg, Susanna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Åkerman, Sigvard
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Ekberg, EwaCarin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Tooth wear in Swedish adults: A cross-sectional study2020In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 235-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Tooth wear has been recognised as a growing oral health problem in children and adolescents, with erosion often cited as the main cause of the tooth wear. Most studies on tooth wear have been conducted on children and adolescents, and only few studies focus on adults. Our aim was to study the prevalence of different types of tooth wear in an adult population and investigate related factors to tooth wear.

    METHODS: A total of 831 adults in Sweden participated in the study by completing a questionnaire about oral health, a clinical examination, saliva sample and intraoral photographs. Tooth wear was estimated according to the Basic Erosive Wear Examination index, and the aetiology was determined based on the clinical appearance.

    RESULTS: Almost 80% of the individuals had signs of erosion, and over 90% had signs of attrition. A high level of tooth wear was found in 4.6% of the individuals, few of who reported having received information about both attrition and erosion. Significantly, more men had tooth wear. Daily consumption of fruit had a stronger correlation to tooth wear than acidic drinks.

    DISCUSSION & CONCLUSION: A high level of tooth wear was found in 4.6% of the individuals, and it was more common in men than women. Aside from attrition, tooth wear due to erosion was a frequent finding in adults. Only a few of the individuals with a high level of tooth wear reported to have received information about tooth wear from their dentist or dental hygienist.

  • 4.
    Gillborg, Susanna
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Åkerman, Sigvard
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Lundegren, Nina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Ekberg, Ewa Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Temporomandibular Disorder Pain and Related Factors in an Adult Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in Southern Sweden2017In: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache, ISSN 2333-0384, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 37-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To measure the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain and examine its association with gender and other factors in an adult population in southern Sweden. Methods: In 2006, a questionnaire was sent to randomly selected individuals (n = 10,000) aged 20 to 89 years. Two specific questions were used to screen individuals with TMD pain, and an additional 16 questions were analyzed regarding the subjects' relation to TMD pain. The chi-squared test was used to compare the distribution of categorical variables, and factors possibly related to TMD pain were analyzed by using logistic regression models with a likelihood-ratio test. Results: The response rate was 63%. The prevalence of TMD pain (once a week or more) was 11.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.2% to 11.8%). Women reported experiencing TMD pain more frequently than men. Further, the prevalence of TMD pain increased significantly in adults < 50 years of age. Those with TMD pain reported headaches much more frequently than those without TMD pain, and individuals with TMD pain self-reported poorer general health than those without it. Individuals with TMD pain also had higher scores on the oral health impact profile (OHIP-14). Moreover, the TMD pain group was three times more likely to have had a dentist or hygienist comment on their tooth wear than the non TMD pain group. Conclusion: The prevalence of TMD pain in the adult population in southern Sweden was 11%. Factors related to TMD pain were female gender, age < 50 years, headaches, self-reported poor general health, high scores on the OHIP-14, and tooth wear. Age was the only factor that showed a significant difference between genders for TMD pain.

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