Malmö University Publications
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  • 1.
    Nordström, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Malmö universitet.
    Young Adults Achieve Satisfying Oral Health by Coping with Socio-economic Challenges2023In: Community Dental Health, ISSN 0265-539X, Vol. 40, no 4, article id S1-S61Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    Conference abstract
  • 2.
    Nordström, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Carlsson, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Ericson, Dan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Hedenbjörk-Lager, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Hänsel Petersson, Gunnel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Common resilience factors among healthy individuals exposed to chronic adversity: a systematic review2023In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 81, no 3, p. 176-185Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To identify common resilience factors against non-communicable diseases (dental caries, diabetes type II, obesity and cardiovascular disease) among healthy individuals exposed to chronic adversity.

    Materials and methods: The databases MEDLINE (via PubMed), Scopus and CINAHL were searched. Observational studies in English assessing resilience factors among populations living in chronic adversity were included. Intervention studies, systematic reviews, non-original articles and qualitative studies were excluded. There were no restrictions regarding publication year or age. No meta-analysis could be done. Quality assessments were made with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS).

    Results: A final total of 41 studies were included in this systematic review. The investigated health resilience factors were divided into the following domains: environmental (community and family) and individual (behavioural and psychosocial). A narrative synthesis of the results was made according to the domains.

    Conclusions: Individual psychosocial, family and environmental factors play a role as health resilience factors in populations living in chronic adversity. However, the inconclusive results suggest that these factors do not act in isolation but interplay in a complex manner and that their interaction may vary during the life course, in different contexts, and over time.

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    fulltext
  • 3.
    Nordström, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Carlsson, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Ericson, Dan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Lager, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Jansson, Henrik
    Folktandvården Skåne Lund Sweden.
    Wolf, Eva
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Hänsel Petersson, Gunnel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Some young adults can maintain good oral health despite socioeconomic challenges2024In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, article id e12985Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The association between dental caries experience and socioeconomic status, as reflected in income and educational level, is well known. However, some individuals maintain good health despite socioeconomic disadvantage. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore salutogenic (health-promoting) factors among healthy caries-free young adults of low socioeconomic status. Seventeen participants (11 women), 19–23 years of age, who were caries-free and of low socioeconomic status were interviewed in-depth. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. The theme revealed was ‘Building trust and shifting responsibility from parent to child throughout children's development lays the salutogenic foundation for oral health’, comprising three categories: (i) a basis for health; (ii) creating one's own path by testing wings; and (iii) developing resources for health. A feeling of trust was expressed, participants were confident in the unconditional support of their caregivers, and caregivers were trusting participants to be able to take control over their own oral health. Health-promotive factors were established not only by instilling healthy habits during childhood, but also by parental guidance through adolescence, enabling young adults to develop resources and assets to take control over their own health independently.

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    fulltext
  • 4.
    Nordström, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Lager, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Hänsel Petersson, Gunnel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Ericson, Dan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Karies: världens vanligaste icke smittsamma sjukdom2024In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 121, article id 23127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    More than 2.8 billion individuals worldwide suffer from untreated caries. Over ninety-five percent of all 50-year-olds in Sweden have caries experience. Caries is the most common cause of dental restorations and tooth loss. Tooth loss is associated with cardiovascular diseases, dementia, and death. Periapical tooth infections caused by caries can spread and cause severe infection, however rarely with lethal outcome. Sugars are a common risk factor for caries and other noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and obesity.  Caries is a consequence of sugar-provoked acid production and dysbiosis in the tooth biofilm (dental plaque). There are several conditions which may increase the risk for dental caries, such as different medical conditions and medications which may cause dry mouth. Treatment costs for caries are high.

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    fulltext
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