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  • 1.
    Aamodt Bentsen, Beint Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Attitudes Towards Immigrants among Youth in Sweden2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Attitudes towards out-groups have been of academic interest for a long time, and two often-used theoretical frameworks are intergroup contact theory, and group threat theory. This article combines insights from both to investigating attitudes among youth in Sweden using multiple regression analysis. I seek particularly to understand the role that contact has on reducing attitudes, and what role different contact situations, and forms may play. Specifically contact in schools and the local area is investigated after controlling for the effect of personal friendships. The analysis finds that high quality contact does have an effect on attitudes among Swedish youth even after controlling for background variables. Superficial contact has no additional effect in the investigated context. Group threat effects are also found to be important for the groups that are most directly in competition with immigrants in the labor market.

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  • 2.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Resettled Refugees in Sweden: a statistical overview2015In: Resettled and Connected?: Social Networks in the Integration Process of Resettled Refugees / [ed] Brigitte Suter, Karin Magnusson, Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM) , 2015, p. 35-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Voting participation of immigrants in Sweden: a Cohort Analysis of the 2002, 2006 and 2010 Elections2015In: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 61-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three decades ago, Sweden extended municipal and provincial voting privileges to non-citizen residents on the grounds that this would increase political influence, interest and self-esteem among this group of immigrants. Three decades later, in the political and public debate, electoral participation on the part of immigrants is perceived as being substantially lower than for native-born citizens. As a result, questions have arisen regarding the degree to which this may be symptomatic of a larger integration issue. The aim of this paper is to explore the determinants of voting in municipal elections for immigrants—both naturalised and non-citizens, in Sweden, by controlling for a number of socio-economic and demographic and immigrant specific characteristics. More specifically, using cohort analysis, the idea is to study the impact of time spent in the country on the voting behaviour of immigrants, foreign citizens and naturalised over time. Two unique sets of data were used in the research. The 2002, 2006 and 2010 electoral surveys (participation study) all contain information about individual electoral participation in municipal elections. This information is matched to registry data from Statistics Sweden, which also contains information relating to every Swedish resident. From these two sources of information, a database is created that matches voting to individual characteristics. This study analyses 60 thousand immigrants of which 43 thousand are non-citizens. After controlling for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, the results show that the acquisition of citizenship makes a real difference in the voting odds. Immigrants who obtain citizenship are far more likely to vote than those who do not. Country of birth also makes a difference: Compared to immigrants from the Nordic countries, Europeans and North American immigrants are equal or less likely to vote, whereas immigrants from Asia, Africa and Latin America are more likely to vote. Finally, immigrants’ odds of voting increase as their length of stay in the country does.

  • 4.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Dahlstedt, Inge
    Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Sweden’s Population Groups Originating from Developing Countries: Change and Integration2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with the integration of individuals originating from the six non-western immigrant countries of Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Somalia, Turkey and Vietnam and their descendants in Sweden in the ten-year period 1998-2008. The central aim of the report is to analyse the integration patterns of these groups in three important areas: demographic behaviour, educational enrolment and labour market integration. This research has three objectives. The first is to determine when the groups came into being and how they have developed, with a focus on key features of population change, i.e. the overall growth, components of growth and age-sex-structure shifts. The second objective is to analyse two specific aspects: the groups’ integration and participation in the educational system, i.e. educational enrolment, and their integration patterns in the labour market, with a main focus on employment and unemployment. In order to provide a bridge between the analyses of population change and integration, compositions of the groups by selected traits, such as immigrant generation and duration of residence, are also examined. The third objective is to study, where feasible, the impact of selected public policies and practices, particularly those pertaining to immigration and integration. Over the last six decades the size of Sweden’s immigrant population (immigrants and their descendants) has steadily increased. Migration flows into the country have been associated with societal phenomena such as labour demand in the growing economy, family reunions and refugee streams due to wars and political conflicts. Although earlier migration streams appear to have integrated relatively well, concern about the current streams is high on the political agenda. It is thought that more in-depth knowledge about the integration patterns of the demographic, educational and labour market domains could lead to improved integration policies. In 2010, almost one fifth of Sweden’s population consisted of immigrants or descendants of immigrants. To be more exact, 14.7 per cent of the country’s 9,415,570 inhabitants are immigrants in Sweden. Descendants of immigrants amount to 412,960 persons, or 4.4 per cent of the total population. In other words, immigrants from the countries that are in focus in this report and their descendants constitute 20 per cent of the immigrant population in Sweden, with individuals from Iraq making up the largest immigrant group and people from Pakistan the smallest. Since the end of the 1960s Sweden has made use of a number of integration strategies to accommodate immigrants into several areas of society. Of these, Swedish language proficiency and integration into the economic domain have been the most important. According to The Migrant Integration Policy Index (2007), Sweden scores very highly when it comes to granting immigrants access to and rights in the labour market. To summarise the most important results and at the same time return to the first objective of this study, namely the demographic integration in the period 1998-2008, we can see that all six immigrant groups have grown. In particular, the Iraqi and Somali groups have experienced a substantial increase in number. For Iran, Iraq, Somalia and Vietnam the growth is due to both net migration and an increasing number of descendants. For Pakistan, the main reason for the increase is net migration. Overall, the population growth in Sweden in this period is mainly a result of net migration and higher birth rates among immigrants and to a somewhat lower degree their descendants. As might be expected, “older” immigrant groups that have been in Sweden for a longer period of time have more descendants than “younger” immigrant groups. Iran, Turkey and Vietnam can be depicted as “older” groups and Iraq, Pakistan and Somalia as “younger” ones. With the exception of Iran, all the immigrant groups show a higher crude birth rate than that for native Swedes. The immigrant groups are still younger than the native population and have a far lower crude death rate than natives. In general, immigrants are married to individuals from the same group, whereas their descendants tend to be married to natives or individuals from other immigrant groups. The total fertility rate is higher among most of the immigrant groups compared to that for natives. Again, Iranian women are the exception, where descendants show a lower fertility rate than their immigrant parents. The second objective of the study – to analyse two specific aspects of the integration of the groups – includes participation in the educational system, i.e. educational enrolment, and integration patterns in the labour market, with a focus on employment and unemployment. When it comes to enrolment in education, the immigrant groups show a variation. Iraqi and Iranian men and women, as well as males from Pakistan and females from Vietnam, match the enrolment levels of native men and women in the age group 16-19. Moreover, the descendants of immigrants generally show a higher enrolment level than their immigrant counterparts. A positive development is visible over time. Both immigrants and descendants have higher enrolment levels in education at the end of the period compared to the beginning, i.e. 2008 versus 1998. However, Somali men and women have a lower enrolment level at the end of the period compared to the start. Major migration to Sweden and difficulties of entering the regular educational system could be reasons for this result. Descendant females show a higher enrolment level than descendant males. The pattern is similar for immigrants, but at a lower level. For higher education, the results indicate a gender gap with more female than male students. The employment integration of individuals in the core labour market ages of 25-54 is relatively low. However, a positive trend is visible over time. Both females and males from the six immigrant groups have higher employment rates at the end of the period. The gender gap shows that males have higher employment levels than females. The largest gap is detected for Pakistan and Turkey. The employment rates for young immigrants aged 16-24 are lower than those for natives. For women we see no positive development over time, but for males an increasing employment rate is visible. Male and female descendants in this age group have lower employment rates than natives, but higher employment rates than their immigrant counterparts. Following the cohort of 25-39 year-old immigrants over time from 1998 to 2003 to 2008, increasing employment levels can be observed for both females and males. The exceptions are Pakistani and Somali males, which show no increasing employment levels between 2003 and 2008. The unemployment rate for both immigrant females and males drops during the ten-year period, with the exception of Iraqi and Somali immigrants. Female youth unemployment also drops over time for most immigrant groups, again with the exception of Somali immigrants. For males, youth unemployment also decreases. The exceptions here are Iraqi, Somali and native males. Descendant unemployment levels are mainly in parity with or lower than native levels. Inactivity is higher for all immigrant groups compared to natives. However, the inactivity rate drops substantially over the period. With regard to the third objective of the study – to provide insights into the impact of selected public policies and practices, particularly those pertaining to immigration and integration on the chosen aspects of change and integration – we can highlight the following issues. No particular integration policy aimed at immigrant groups deals with demographic aspects. The observed change in the demographic behaviour of the descendants of the six immigrant groups, albeit to differing degrees, is voluntary and shows an adaption to the behaviour of the population in general. Integration policies have a strong focus on educational and labour market integration in Sweden. In addition to the general positive economic business cycle, the economic integration of six immigrant groups and their descendents shows a gradual positive development. Integration policies aimed at immigrants and education policies aimed at the population in general have also had an effect on the successive larger educational enrolment of immigrants and their descendents.

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  • 5.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Dahlstedt, Inge
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Rönnqvist, Sofia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Sweden2010In: Migration, Employment and Labour Market Policies in The European Union, Part 2: Labour Market Integration Policies in the European Union (2000-2009) / [ed] Anna Platonova, Giuliana Urso, IOM International Organization for Migration , 2010, p. 241-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 6.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Emilsson, Henrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Case Study Sweden2016In: From refugees to workers: mapping labour market integration support measures for asylum-seekers and refugees in EU member states. Volume II: Literature review and country case studies / [ed] Iván Martin, Migration Policy Centre , 2016, p. 123-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study sets out to provide a better understanding of the emerging challenges in policy targeting the labour-market integration of refugees. What are the strategies and practices implemented in different EU Member States to facilitate access into employment? What do we know about their effectiveness? What are good practices and lessons learned in different countries? The study is based on nine detailed country case studies of the following EU Member States: Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

  • 7.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Helgertz, Jonas
    Bratsberg, Bernt
    Tegunimataka, Anna
    Vem blir medborgare och vad händer sen?: Naturalisering i Danmark, Norge och Sverige2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker två separata, men relaterade, frågor om naturalisering bland utrikes födda i Danmark, Norge och Sverige. Avsikten är såväl att belysa likheter som skillnader mellan de skandinaviska länderna vad gäller bestämningsfaktorerna för och konsekvenserna av naturalisering. I den första delen ställer vi frågan om varför utrikesfödda personer blir medborgare i ett nytt land. Detta gör vi genom att undersöka i vilken grad utrikes födda personer erhåller medborgarskap och i vilken utsträckning kontextuella faktorer i ursprungs- och destinationslandet påverkar individens benägenhet att naturalisera. I rapportens andra del ställer vi istället frågan om huruvida förvärvet av det nya medborgarskapet påverkar utrikesföddas ekonomiska integration. Data för studien är både på individ- och landnivå, det vill säga på kontextuell nivå. Våra individdata består av registerdata från respektive lands statistiska centralbyrå, där individer kontinuerligt följs under sin vistelse i respektive land, från mitten av 1980-talet och framöver. Resultaten visar, å ena sidan, tydliga skillnader i naturaliseringsfrekvens mellan Danmark, Norge och Sverige. I Sverige observeras en högre naturaliseringsfrekvens för samtliga grupper av ursprungsländer än i Norge och Danmark. Med undantag för utrikesfödda från Västeuropa och Norden, har Norge en högre naturaliseringsgrad för samtliga grupper migranter än Danmark har. Å andra sidan visar resultaten i alla tre länder att personer från Norden och Västeuropa har en relativt låg benägenhet att bli naturaliserade i sitt nya hemland medan Asien, Afrika och Östeuropa, har en mycket högre naturaliseringsgrad. Individer från Latinamerika placerar sig någonstans i mitten. Granskningen av kontextuella faktorer – som rör såväl sociala och ekonomiska förhållanden samt naturaliseringsregelverk i både ursprungslandet och destinationslandet – visar att skillnader mellan ursprungslandets och destinationslandets ekonomiska utveckling har ett genomgående samband med människors benägenhet att söka medborgarskap i det nya landet. Om en migrant kommer från ett land med en lägre ekonomisk utvecklingsnivå, är sannolikheten för naturalisering i Sverige, Norge och Danmark högre. Ett annat mönster som dock enbart framgår i Sverige är att migranter vars hemländer tillåter dubbelt medborgarskap mer eller mindre genomgående observeras med en förhöjd sannolikhet att naturaliseras. Att detta mönster enbart kan observeras i Sverige tolkas som ett resultat av att det formella förbud mot dubbelt medborgarskap som före 2001 existerade i Sverige tillämpades i mycket liten utsträckning. Detta till skillnad från Norge och Danmark som har sådana förbud som också efterlevs. I detta samband är det vidare en viktig observation att den nya lagstiftning som ägde laga kraft i Sverige 2001, som innebar ett formellt tillåtande av dubbelt medborgarskap, hade en överlag positiv effekt på migranters naturaliseringsgrad. I synnerhet är detta fallet för migranter från länder som typiskt kännetecknas av en låg naturaliseringsgrad. Analysen visar även att personer från mer ofria länder söker medborgarskap Bevelander, Helgertz, Bratsberg, Tegunimataka vi i sitt nya land i högre grad än andra. Även i Sverige finns detta samband, om än mindre tydligt. Vad gäller analysen av medborgarskapets effekter på sysselsättning och inkomster, är det främst bland migranter från länder som överlag präglas av sämre arbetsmarknadsintegration i Danmark, Norge och Sverige, där ett samband mellan naturalisering och bättre integration på arbetsmarknaden kan observeras. Naturaliserade individer från dessa länder är klart bättre integrerade på arbetsmarknaden än vad de icke-naturaliserade är. Det är dock endast i ett fåtal fall där det förbättrade utfallet på arbetsmarknaden direkt kan kopplas till naturaliseringstillfället. Därför finns det skäl att avstå från att dra slutsatsen att det finns ett kausalt orsakssamband mellan naturalisering och förbättrad arbetsmarknadsintegration för migrantgruppen i stort. Analysen har dock indikerat vissa undantag till denna mer generella slutsats, i Sveriges fall bland mer marginaliserade grupper på arbetsmarknaden. Den avslutande delen av rapporten diskuterar resultaten både i förhållande till tidigare nationella och internationella studier och i förhållande till dagens medborgarskapslagstiftningar i Danmark, Norge och Sverige.

  • 8.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Hjerm, Mikael
    Department of Sociology, Umeå Univeristy, Mediagränd 14, 90187, Umeå.
    The religious affiliation and anti-Semitism of secondary school-age Swedish youth: an analysis of survey data from 2003 and 20092015In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 38, no 15, p. 2705-2721Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Not only Swedish studies, but also several international studies, claim an increase in anti-Semitic attitudes in recent decades. As prejudice is acquired in the early years of socialization, and/or is innate and fairly stable over the life cycle, examining adolescents’ attitudes is vitally important. Hence, by controlling for individual demographic and socio-economic background factors, we study two interrelated questions: Has anti-Semitism among Swedish secondary school-age youths changed between 2003 and 2009? Are changes equal across groups, with a specific focus on religious groups? Using two unique cross-section surveys of secondary school-age students in Sweden for the years 2003 and 2009, we try to address the above questions. Our analysis shows, in contrast to the views of the general public and other related studies, that anti-Semitism has decreased slightly during the examined period. Moreover, the study finds a variation in anti-Semitism by religious affiliation: it has increased among Muslim youth, but remains stable in other groups.

  • 9.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Hutcheson, Derek Stanford
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Hur långt faller äpplet från trädet? Valdeltagande hos invandrare och deras barn i Sverige2017In: Valdeltagande och representation – Om invandring och politisk integration i Sverige / [ed] Pieter Bevelander, Mikael Spång, Delagationen för Migrationstudier , 2017, p. 23-47Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge about electoral participation of people with foreign background helps us understand how political engagement in immigrant countries can develop in the long term. The current study focues on Sweden. We conduct multigeneration study at the individual level of people born abroad or with foreign background, based on records of their actual participation. With the municipal elections in 2014 as a case study, we confirm previous research on immigrant voting behavior, and explore differences between how foreign-born and Swedish-born with at least one foreign-born parent exercise their democratic rights. Differences between groups with a foreign background are also studied.

  • 10.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Catching up: the labour market integration of new immigrants in Sweden2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The considerable diversity among Sweden's immigrants reflects a humanitarian migration policy. Refugees have arrived in the country since the 1970s and 1980s, with their countries of origin shifting according to the ethnic and political conflicts of any given period. Sweden is also a longstanding magnet for labor migration from surrounding Scandinavia, and has attracted mobile EU citizens since its entry into the European Union in 1995—and especially following the EU enlargements of 2004 and 2007. Sweden's immigration flows continue to change today, as policy reforms in 2008 allowed employers to bring non-EU labor migrants to the country for the first time in decades. This report assesses how new immigrants to Sweden fare in the country's labor market. It shows that employment rates during newcomers’ initial years in Sweden are relatively depressed for low-educated refugees and migrants who come based on family ties, in comparison to natives and labor migrants from EU countries. Since Sweden's refugees and family arrivals are not selected through employment-related criteria, they are likely to lack locally in-demand skills and are often out of work in the years immediately after arrival. The obstacles these groups face can be exacerbated by certain features of Sweden’s labor market, such as high minimum wages, a relatively small pool of low-skilled jobs, and stringent employment protection for permanent work.

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  • 11.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    The labour market integration of refugees in Sweden2016In: Nordregio News, ISSN 2001-1725, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 12.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Spång, MikaelMalmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Valdeltagande och representation: Om invandring och politisk integration i Sverige2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary Democracy gives us opportunities to participate in politics and thereby to influence legislation, policy and decisions. There are several ways in which political participation may take place. The focus of this book is representative democracy, to elect representatives to political assemblies and to stand as representative for such assemblies. There are major differences between different groups in society regarding the actual use of these rights. Such differences are usually called representation gaps. The aim of the book is to discuss participation in elections and representation in political assemblies, focusing on the differences between foreign born and domestic born. We ask the following main questions: 1. What is the electoral turnout among foreign born and persons with foreign background? 2. How do foreign born vote? Do they vote for individual candidates to a larger extent than domestic born and which parties do they vote for? 3. Which factors explain being elected as representatives and how may the representation gap between foreign and domestic born be explained? 4. What are the characteristics of nomination processes in political parties and how do these create opportunities and obstacles for equal representation? 5. What role do ethnic and minority associations play for political participation in Stockholm and other European big cities? 6. What do we know about measures taken to increase voting among foreign born? The result shows that foreign born take part in elections to a much lesser degree than domestic born and that there are differences between domestic born with two parents born abroad and other domestic born. The propensity to vote is larger among those that have one parent born in Sweden – in particular a mother – than those having two foreign born parents. Voting for individuals is somewhat more common among persons with foreign background, in particular in elections for national parliament, than among other voters. Earlier studies have shown that persons with foreign background tend to vote for left parties to a larger extent than others. This is also the case in Sweden. Persons with foreign background vote for the Social Democrats and the Left Party to somewhat higher extent than others, in particular in elections for the national parliament. Immigrant representation in political assemblies has increased over the past decades but foreign born is still an underrepresented group. Explanations addressed in the book are individual resources and contextual factors. Results show little support for resource based explanations and the explanatory power of contextual factors is also limited, with the exception of the number of seats in local assemblies compared to the number of eligible voters. Up to one third of the representation gap on an aggregated level can be explained by the fact that foreign born more often live in larger municipalities where the number of seats in the local councils, in relation to the number of voters, is lower than in smaller municipalities. The political party’s nomination process is another factor relevant to consider when discussing underrepresentation. Internal factors of parties affecting the likelihood to be nominated as candidate are discussed. Networks are important in this respect. They play both an including and excluding role. Being a politician with immigrant background may offer a way into politics but may in the long run also be an obstacle for advancement. Other obstacles discussed include thresholds for participation, internal democratic processes of parties, and cost-benefit analysis. The question about the role of ethnic and minority associations for political participation is discussed in the book. The focus is on comparing the situation in Stockholm with other big cities in Europe. The results show that even though more persons are engaged in these associations in Stockholm, they do not offer better opportunities for political integration than in other larger cities in Europe. This suggests that economic and political support of ethnic associations plays a less important role for political integration than expected. At the same time, the results do not suggest that ethnic associations hinder political integration by contributing to isolation from the rest of society. Finally, measures taken by state and municipalities to increase voter turnout are discussed. There is limited research about the most effective ways to affect turnout but there is some support that meetings and interaction with voters have positive effects on the turnout. Meetings with voters have been central to measures involving so called "democracy ambassadors", which several municipalities have worked with during the last elections. Important to these measures is the attempt to avoid problems of earlier measures, such as one way communication.

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  • 13.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Carlzén, Katarina
    Inledning MILSA2015In: Milsa: Stödplattform för migration och hälsa: Grunden läggs, Länsstyrelsen Skåne , 2015, p. 9-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna bok beskrivs hur vi tillsammans inom MILSA – stödplattform för migration och hälsa – i ett gemensamt arbete lagt en grund for ett gemensamt arbete mot en hälsofrämjande etablering som bidrag till en socialt hållbar samhällsutveckling. Hälsa är en mänsklig rättighet som berör alla politikområden. Vi som arbetat tillsammans är Arbetsförmedlingen, Försäkringskassan, kommuner i Skåne, Kommunförbundet Skåne, Lunds universitet, Länsstyrelserna, Länsstyrelsen Skåne, Malmö högskola, Migrationsverket, NÄTVERKET Idéburen sektor Skåne, Region Skåne, Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting och Uppsala universitet. Arbetet har möjliggjorts genom finansiering av den Europeiska flyktingfonden. Projektet har haft gemensam projekt ledning av Malmö högskola och Länsstyrelsen Skåne.

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  • 14. Boccagni, Paolo
    et al.
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Introduction to the special issue: social work and migration in Europe: a dialogue across boundaries2015In: Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, E-ISSN 1556-2956, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 221-228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this introduction, we argue for the need to better understand so- cial work with migrants and to enhance its research bases against a background of increasing mobility and ethnic diversification across Europe. While much has been written on the influence of international migration on national welfare regimes and on specific forms of social welfare provision, the ways in which mi- gration affects mainstream social work practices are relatively understudied—even less so in a comparative perspective, looking at social interventions as well as to the organizations and cultures of social services, without neglecting the broader policy arrangements in which social work practice is embedded. The political and pre- scriptive bases of social workers’ remit vis-a`-vis immigrant clients, the ways of framing and categorizing the latter, and the impli- cations for social workers’ training, supervision, and research are discussed. The main value added of the five contributions to this Special Issue of JIRS is highlighted at last.

  • 15. Boccagni, Paolo
    et al.
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Bolzman, Claudio
    Mapping transnationalism: Transnational social work with migrants. Introduction2015In: Transnational Social Review, ISSN 2193-1674, E-ISSN 2196-145X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 312-319Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Over the last few years, the concepts and categories of transnational migration studies (Faist, Fauser, & Reisenauer, 2013; Levitt & Jaworsky, 2007) – already well-established across other disciplines – have successfully entered into the educational, theoretical, and practical field of social work. In this article we briefly take stock of this new development, in order to build a framework for the papers that follow. The contributions in this Mapping Transnationalism Section are authored by European leading scholars, with distinct and complementary takes on the emergence of a transnational turn in social work. In the first article, Karen Lyons advances a theoretical approach to social work with mobile populations, based on a conceptual revisit of international social work; in the second paper, in an educationally-oriented perspective, Pat Cox makes a case for a transnational optic to be more systematically assumed in academic curricula; in the last article, Norma Montesino and Mercedes Jiménez-Álvarez discuss the prospects for social work practice with a client group with a strongly transnational profile, such as so-called “unaccompanied minors.”1 What is specific to our own introductory piece, instead, is a three-step argument: a discussion of the conceptual grounds and the external factors underlying the transition from international to transnational social work (Section 1); an overview of the practical forms of transnational social work in the context of migration and of the types of resources circulated through them (Section 2); a preliminary balance of the professional implications of transnational social work with migrants, and of the challenges ahead for its refinement and diffusion (Section 3).

  • 16.
    Broomé, Per
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Carlson, Benny
    Holmberg, Ingvar
    Schewe, Charles
    Do defining moments leave their mark for life?: the case of Sweden2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the theory of “defining moments” dramatic events such as the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963 and the 9/11 terrorist attacks in 2001 make a deep impression especially on the minds of young people and eventually lead to the formation of cohorts bound by common values. Knowledge of such cohorts can be used for many purposes, such as marketing, staff management or political campaigns. This paper analyses the impact of dramatic events on people in different age groups in Sweden through a survey answered by nearly a thousand people – of which 40 percent are foreign-born – from the city of Malmö.

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  • 17. Cadge, Wendy
    et al.
    Curran, Sara
    Hejtmanek, Jessica
    Jaworsky, B. Nadya
    Levitt, Peggy
    Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    The City as Context: Culture and Scale in New Immigrant Destinations2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we bring questions of space, locality, and culture squarely into discussions of immigrant incorporation. The growing body of work on new immigrant destinations and contexts of reception often fails to consider how particular locales are embedded in larger geopolitical fields in ways that make them more or less receptive. Moreover, it privileges the economic characteristics of localities without paying sufficient attention to variations in cultural resources. In this study of two small, post-industrial cities, we argue that important variations in how they create and deploy their ‘cultural armature’, including differences in urban self-presentation, the prevailing ethos toward immigrants, and how culture has been harnessed in service of urban renewal, history, and the political economy, explain much of the variation in our two contexts of reception. Both cities speak the language of multiculturalism and tolerance, but Portland, ME offers newcomers welcoming spaces while those arriving in Danbury, CT encounter a hotbed of ‘anti-immigrant’ discourse and activity.

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  • 18. Carlzén, Katarina
    et al.
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    PROMOTING REFUGEES’ RIGHT TO HEALTH AND SOCIAL INCLUSION: A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH2016In: Public health panorama, ISSN 2412-544X, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 442-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The societal effects of forced migration are a burning topic of current political debate in Europe. There is an obvious absence of sustainable approaches to deal with this issue. We describe a collaborative and systemic regional effort, involving some 50 partners, towards a health-promoting and inclusive integration process designed to reach all refugees who settle in the southern region of Sweden. The main components of this process are now being disseminated to other regions in Sweden, which is contributing to national capacity-building. In addition, a national educational programme is being developed for those engaged in conveying civic and health information to asylum seekers and refugees. This work involves stakeholders in collaboration with six universities from different geographical areas of Sweden. The effort we describe in this report is expected to greatly contribute to providing better opportunities for all refugees in Sweden, and to empower them to control their own adaptation to a new life, thus reducing the risk of health deterioration often seen among them.

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  • 19.
    Cattacin, Sandro
    Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Why Not "Ghettos"? The Governance of Migration in the Splintering City2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Neighbourhoods are led to construct themselves in a homogeneous way, in a sort of community in the sense of aggregated groups, not necessary only in terms of ethnicity but in terms of socio-economic characteristics. This reflects migration, socio-economic difference and the dynamic of the city development. These neighbourhoods have a potential of self-regulation and stabilisation of the city that is often underestimated. Thus, I think that the mixture of a city is the result of mobility, but cannot be the starting point, in particular in modern, flexibilised societies in which weak identities search for stabilizing communities.

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  • 20.
    DeBono, Daniela
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Book Review: Carceral Geographies: Spaces and Practices of Incarceration2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Review of Carceral Geographies: Spaces and Practices of Incarceration by Dominique Moran (Ashgate, 2015)

  • 21.
    DeBono, Daniela
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    'Burning without fire' in Sweden: The paradox of the state’s attempt to safeguard deportees’ psychosocial wellbeing2017In: Return Migration and Psychosocial Wellbeing: Discourses, Policy-Making and Outcomes for Migrants and their Families / [ed] Zana Vathi, Russell King, Routledge, 2017, p. 129-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter critically analyses the official discourse of protection of migrants’ psychosocial wellbeing by drawing on first-hand experiences of migrants who are living through the forced return migration process in Sweden.

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  • 22.
    DeBono, Daniela
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Deportation in Focus: The Paradox of Claiming to Safeguard Deportees’ Psychosocial Wellbeing2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The yardstick set by the EU to enact ‘fair, humane and effective returns’ includes the very basic human rights to health and life. States have an obligation to ensure that the human rights of all are safeguarded – and justifiably it is expected that in state-organised activities this standard is meticulously upheld. But is it at all possible for a state to claim that it is safeguarding deportees’ human rights? In an attempt to answer this question, this post explores migrants’ experiences of the first stage of the deportation process in Sweden in terms of their psychosocial wellbeing and human rights.

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  • 23.
    DeBono, Daniela
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    In 2017 | Immigration will reveal the crisis of human rights inside our societies2017In: MaltaToday, no 2017-01-05Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Immigration has become a litmus test of our societies’ capacity to treat people with dignity. The grim reality is that we enter a 2017 imbued with a solidarity and human rights crisis which will make the quest for social and global justice more demanding, but also more pertinent.

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  • 24.
    DeBono, Daniela
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Malta2015In: European Citizenship at the Crossroads: The role of the European Union on Loss and Acquisition of Nationality / [ed] Sergio Carrera Nunez, Gerard-René De Groot, Wolf Legal Publishers, 2015, p. 441-479Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    DeBono, Daniela
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Rönnqvist, Sofia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Magnusson, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Humane and Dignified?: Migrants' Experiences of Living in a 'State of Deportability' in Sweden2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By analysing migrant experiences of living in Sweden under the threat of deportation, this book contributes to our understanding of the effects of deportation, or forced return, on people. Migrants at risk of deportation are a varied and disparate group, with singularly different stories. Within their different stories, often painful to listen to, there arise common and strong narratives. These narratives, the outcome of qualitative research with migrants, are the focus of this volume. An overview of key policies, legislations and institutions at the Swedish and EU levels is provided to contextualise the data and conclusions. What can we learn from these migrant experiences of the Swedish forced returns system, a system which has been both highly commended in some areas while critiqued in others? Deportation is increasingly being discussed from a social and global justice point of view, as well as from a human rights point of view. It is therefore of critical importance that migrant voices are heard and their experiences analysed. The 2009 European Return Directive, transposed into Swedish law in 2012, states that deportation and pre-removal detention should be conducted with respect to fundamental human rights, or in other words, in a ‘humane and dignified’ manner. But what is a ‘humane and dignified’ deportation? Is it an oxymoron in itself? This book does not claim to answer this question, but merely contributes to the debate through an analysis of migrant narratives. The afterword by UNHCR Nansen Award winner Dr. Katrine Camilleri reflects on the results of the study by juxtaposing it with her own work in Malta and primes a wider discussion of the topic by putting the Swedish case in the broader context of European Union trends.

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  • 26. Dekker, Rianne
    et al.
    Emilsson, Henrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Krieger, Bernhard
    Scholten, Peter
    A Local Dimension of Integration Policies? A Comparative Study of Berlin, Malmö, and Rotterdam2015In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 633-658Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines three theses on local integration policies by a qualitative comparative case study of integration policies in three cities in three different countries (Berlin, Malmö, and Rotterdam). We found little evidence of a congruent local dimension of integration policies. Local policies resemble their national policy frameworks fairly well in terms of policy approaches and domains. Our multi-level perspective shows that this is not the result of top-down hierarchical governance, but rather of a multilevel dynamic of two-way interaction. Local policy legacies and local politics matter and national policies are also influenced by local approaches of integration.

  • 27. Devoretz, Don
    et al.
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Economic Theories of Citizenship Ascension2017In: The Oxford Handbook of Citizenship; / [ed] Ayelet Shachar, Rainer Bauboeck, Irene Bloemraad, Maarten Vink, Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 200-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 28.
    Emilsson, Henrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    A national turn of local integration policy: multi-level governance dynamics in Denmark and Sweden2015In: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing interest in the research community in the local governance of migration and integration. Studies indicate a local turn in integration policies, with local governments becoming important integration policy actors. Unlike most research, this study of recent developments in the policies for migrant newcomers in Denmark and Sweden observes a national turn in local integration policy. Despite their different integration policies, the central governments of both countries have increased their control and influence at the local level and thereby made it more difficult for local governments to formulate their own integration policies. This study highlights the need to complement earlier research based on frame analysis with an analytical framework that takes central government steering and the uneven power relationship between the levels of government into account.

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  • 29.
    Emilsson, Henrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Recruitment to Occupations with a Surplus of Workers: The Unexpected Outcomes of Swedish Demand-Driven Labour Migration Policy2016In: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 5-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies the outcomes of the 2008 labour-migration policy change in Sweden, when most state control was abolished and an employer-led selection was introduced. The main goal was to increase labour migration from third countries to occupational sectors experiencing labour shortages. The article compares the volume, composition and labour-market status of labour migrants who arrived before the change in the law with those who arrived after. Labour migrants from EU countries are used as a control group to assess any eventual influence from non-migration policy determinants. The main outcome of the policy change is that non-EU labour migration increased – an effect entirely due to the rise in labour migration to surplus occupations. Changes in the composition of the labour migrants explains why those who came after the law change have, on average, a worse labour market position.

  • 30.
    Emilsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Ignore Donald Trump: these are Sweden’s real refugee integration challenges2017In: The Conversation, no February 27, 2017Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 31.
    Emilsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Magnusson, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Högkvalificerad arbetskraftsinvandring till Sverige2015In: Arbetskraft från hela världen: Hur blev det med 2008 års reform? / [ed] Petra Herzfeld Olsson, Catharina Calleman, Delegationen för migrationsstudier (Delmi) , 2015, p. 72-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågan om högkvalificerad arbetskraftsinvandring är intressant av flera anledningar. För det första är allt fler överens om att den internationella konkurrensen för att locka till sig begåvningar tilltar, vad som brukar benämnas the global race for talents (Kuvik 2013). Till skillnad från andra kategorier av invandrare brukar högkvalificerade invandrare både ses som önskade och välkomna (Triadafilopoulos & Smith 2013). Med ökade möjligheter till mobilitet följer en ökad konkurrens om arbetskraften mellan EU:s medlemsländer, med traditionella invandringsländer som Kanada och USA och med nya konkurrenter som Kina och Indien. Den mest efterfrågade arbetskraften är just högkvalificerade personer, där det inte bara handlar om att locka till sig önskad arbetskraft utan också om att behålla den. Mycket tyder på att europeiska länder är mindre framgångsrika i detta avseende och de flesta OECD-länder är nettosändare av högutbildade personer. Vinnarna är engelskspråkiga länder som USA, Kanada och Australien. Även inom Europa finns det ett fåtal vinnare, bland dem Luxemburg, Sverige och Schweiz (Brücker, et al. 2012, s. 65).1 För det andra har dagens invandringspolitik i de flesta länder allt mer kommit att handla om att styra invandringen bort från en generell invandring till ett noggrant och hårt kontrollerat urval av invandrare. Dagens politik för arbetskraftsinvandring är inte som på 1960-talet utformad för att bemöta en generell arbetskraftsbrist utan för att bemöta specifika rekryteringsbehov och/eller för att stimulera ekonomisk tillväxt mer generellt (Menz & Caviedes 2010). För det tredje är de flesta yrken där det finns brist på arbetskraft högkvalificerade yrken, vilket inte minst är fallet i Sverige. Arbetsförmedlingens prognos för 2014-2016 visar till exempel att den största bristen på arbetskraft finns inom yrken som kräver högre utbildning: i offentlig sektor inom yrken som lärare och inom hälso- och sjukvård och i privat sektor yrken inom teknik och data (Arbetsförmedlingen 2014). Därutöver är bristen allt större för kvalificerade yrken inom bygg och anläggning. Det finns därför goda skäl att studera just den högkvalificerade arbetskraftsinvandringen också i den svenska kontexten.

  • 32.
    Fabri, Anna
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Nyanländas möjligheter till fysisk aktivitet2015Report (Other academic)
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  • 33.
    Helgertz, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    The Influence of Partner Choice and Country of Origin Characteristics on the Naturalization of Immigrants in Sweden: a Longitudinal Analysis2017In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 667-700Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using data for the period 1968–2001, this article assesses the influence of partner choice and origin country characteristics on the propensity of immigrants to naturalize in Sweden. Marriage to a foreign‐born Swedish citizen increases the naturalization propensity, and its effect increases strongly when the spouse naturalizes during the same year. The analysis suggests that a lower level of civic and political freedom or relative GDP per capita in the individual's country of origin is associated with an elevated probability of naturalization. During the period of study, originating from a country which allows for dual citizenship did not systematically elevate the probability to naturalize; this probability was accentuated, however, if the individual originated from a context characterized by a low degree of civic and political freedom.

  • 34.
    Hellström, Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Borders of Normality, Context-Dependency and the Nationalist Populist Parties2015In: Panorama : Insights into Asian and European affairs, ISSN 0119-5204, Vol. 2, p. 29-40Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 35.
    Hellström, Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Cristian Norocel, Our People: A Tight-Knit family under the Same Protective Roof: A Critical Study of Gendered Conceptual Metaphors in Radical Right Populism2015In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 117, no 3, p. 478-482Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av avhandling

  • 36.
    Hellström, Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Europe's Bogeyman: Europeanization of Nationalism2015In: Playing Second Fiddle? Contending visions of Europe's development / [ed] Hans-Åke Persson, Bo Petersson, Cecilie Stokholm Banke, Roos & Tegner , 2015, p. 27-47Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The encapsulation of Europe´s borders inside the national states and current demands to limit migration inte the EU lie at the core of this study. I discuss how feelings of anxiety towards growing diversity in the population transmute into party political preferences. I show how the nationalist-populist party the Sweden Democrats in Sweden mobilize voters from both the right and the left, using the national myth of the People´s Home to distinguish between the fearful outside and the authenticity of the inside.

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  • 37.
    Hellström, Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Rasist? Inte jag. Om rasismer: en begreppsinventering2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since there are many different forms of racism, also the resistance against them vary. The analytical dimensions scope (thin or thick) and focus (individual or society) are used to unpack different conceptualisations of racism, their legacies and contemporary manifestations. The racisms studied in this report convey biological racism, (neo)-racism, institutional racism, cultural racism and everyday racism. In the public debate, old-fashioned conceptualisations of racism tend to dominate by focusing on who is racist and who is not; what is racism and what is not, and enabling the rhetorical figure of ”I am not a racist, but”. This report offers a refined and multifaceted conceptualisation of racism, offering multiple tools of anti-racist struggle.

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  • 38.
    Hellström, Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Trust us: reproducing the nation and the Scandinavian nationalist populist parties2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Scandinavia, there is separation in the electorate between those who embrace diversity and those who wish for tighter bonds between people and nation. This book focuses on three nationalist populist parties in Scandinavia—the Sweden Democrats, the Progress Party in Norway, and the Danish People’s Party. In order to affect domestic politics by addressing this conflict of diversity versus homogeneity, these parties must enter the national parliament while earning the nation’s trust. Of the three, the Sweden Democrats have yet to earn the trust of the mainstream, leading to polarized and emotionally driven public debate that raises the question of national identity and what is understood as the common man.

  • 39.
    Hellström, Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Än jag då?: Rasismer och inte bara Rasism2016In: Ikaros, ISSN 0782-6052, no 1-2, p. 35-36Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns inte en rasism, utan flera olika rasismer. Det här är ingen katastrof, utan tvärtom en början för reflektion och diskussion kring vilka vi är och vill vara i relation till de andra; hur vi kan och vill leva tillsammans i olikhet.

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  • 40.
    Hellström, Anders
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Edenborg, Emil
    Politics of Shame: Life Stories of the Sweden Democrats' voters in a counter public sphere2016In: L´extrême droite en Europe / [ed] Jamin Jérôme, Bruylant, 2016, p. 457-474Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sweden Democrats (SD) is portrayed in a negative light in the mainstream public debate. Simultaneously, voter support for the party has grown significantly. In the 2014 national elections they achieved 12, 9 per cent of the national votes in Sweden. Although, they have not changed the policy in their desired direction, they were close to cause a re-election. This ostensible contradiction is the starting point for our study. We aim to understand how an SD vote can appear as logical choice for many voters. We use narrative analysis to examine one possible site for alternative narratives; i.e., the article series ’From the seven-parties-clover to the SD’ at the website Avpixlat. Our material consists of 33 personal letters by individuals who have reflected on and motivated their decision to leave the established parties and vote for the SD instead. Our analysis shows that the party political preferences of the narrators are interwoven with their life stories. A deliberate choice to vote for a party outside the political mainstream signifies the politicisation of self-identity construction and world-making processes. The narrators do not reject mainstream norms generally, but instead demonstrate their belonging to ordinary society. In the narratives, sympathizing with the SD is associated with feelings of shame and a fear of being ostracized by friends and colleagues if one´s views became known. Feelings of shame constitute a powerful mobilisation tool for the SD to gain a foothold in the public debate, of representing an alternative voice in a multiple public sphere of combining elements of both Culture and Welfare.

  • 41.
    Hellström, Anders
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Hervik, Peter
    Centre for the Study of Migration and Diversity (CoMID), Department of Culture and Global Studies, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Feeding the beast: nourishing nativist appeals in Sweden and in Denmark2014In: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 15, p. 449-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden and Denmark share a similar socio-political structure, yet these two countries demonstrate two distinct discourses on immigration. This article focuses on the tone of the debate in Denmark and Sweden concerning immigration and national identity. If the tone of debate is shaped by a language of fear, we argue, this predisposes people to vote for anti-immigration parties. Our analysis highlights the position of anti-immigration parties; hence, the Sweden Democrats (SD) in Sweden and the Danish People’s Party (DPP) in Denmark. We use frame analysis to detect recurrent frames in the media debate concerning the SD and the DPP in the political competition over votes. Our material concentrates on the run-up to the European Parliamentary (EP) elections of 2004 and 2009, in total 573 articles in ten major Danish and Swedish newspapers. We show that the harsh tone of the debate and the negative dialogue risks leading to the construction of beasts that are impossible to negotiate with. In the Swedish political debate, the SD is highly stigmatized as the beast (the extreme other) in Swedish politics and this stigma is used by the SD in the mobilization of votes. In Denmark the religion of Islam as such plays a similar role and provides the DPP with an identity. We conclude that we are confronted with a two-faced beast that feeds on perceptions of the people as ultimately afraid of what are not recognized as native goods.

  • 42.
    Hellström, Anders
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Skaffari-Multala, MerjaMalmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    MIM (Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare) Academic Record 20142014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 43.
    Ikonen, Anne-Maria
    Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Perspectives on the introduction program health and well-being: voices from newly arrived migrants2015Report (Other academic)
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  • 44.
    Ingleby, David
    Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    New Perspectives on Migration, Ethnicity and Schizophrenia2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After a quarter century in which biomedical approaches have dominated discussions about schizophrenia and the influence of environmental factors has been neglected, interest in social determinants is reviving. Research in the Netherlands and other countries has demonstrated that the risk of a diagnosis of schizophrenia among certain migrant groups is strikingly higher than the norm and that social factors play a major role in this. In the UK, however, many members of minority ethnic groups regard the increased frequencies of these diagnoses and of compulsory admission as evidence of racism. This paper examines this new wave of research studies. The hypothesis of ethnic bias in diagnoses of schizophrenia and compulsory admission orders has never been satisfactorily ruled out. In spite of this, there are many indications that the raised incidence of schizophrenia among certain groups of migrants is genuine. Various explanations of this phenomenon are discussed; quantitative and qualitative research methods can usefully complement each other in this area. In conclusion, ways of improving the care of psychotic patients and reducing the frequency of compulsory admissions are examined.

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  • 45.
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Sustainable marriages? Divorce patterns of binational couples in Europe versus North America2016In: Ethnicities, ISSN 1468-7968, E-ISSN 1741-2706, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 649-683Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the marital dissolution of binational couples (i.e. couples comprised of immigrants and natives) in countries with traditionally distinct integration models: Canada, the United States and France. Previous studies appeal to cultural differences to explain the higher divorce rates of binational couples but they omit the potential effect of migration or that of environmental factors such as immigration policies and attitudes towards migration and intermarriage. In order to test a model that includes all these factors, an identical online survey was conducted in the cited countries. The concepts ‘binational couples’ and ‘culture’ were disentangled into specific types of couples and variables. While being involved in a binational marriage was not found to be a significant predictor of divorce, being involved in one where both partners are foreign born decreases the risk of divorce. Religion, family values and families’ perception of a relationship are also significantly related to marital stability.

  • 46.
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Bevelander, Pieter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Taking on the challenge of getting refugees into the job market in Sweden2016In: The Conversation, no November 16, 2016Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 47.
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Bevelander, Pieter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    The Labour Market Participation of Humanitarian Migrants in Sweden: An Overview2017In: Intereconomics. Review of European Economic Policy, ISSN 0020-5346, E-ISSN 1613-964X, Vol. 5, no 52, p. 270-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article was twofold: first, to provide an overview of immigration and integration policies in Sweden, and second, to analyse the labour market integration of humanitarian migrants who arrived in Sweden between 1998 and 2012 relative to other migrants and natives.

  • 48.
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Bevelander, Pieter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    The Labour-Market Participation of Highly Skilled Immigrants in Sweden: An Overview2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an overview of the socio-demographic characteristics, labour-market participation and occupational mobility of highly educated immigrants1 in Sweden. Based on a statistical analysis of register data, we compare their employment rates, salaries and occupational skill level and mobility to those of immigrants with lower education and with natives. Among the questions addressed in this paper are: What is the socio-demographic profile of highly skilled immigrants to Sweden? Where do they come from and how do they enter the country? Are there differences in highly educated immigrants’ employment rates by citizenship status, migration entry route and place of birth? How do the salaries of highly educated men and women compare between immigrants and natives? What is the education-to-job match for them? How do occupational mobility patterns compare for highly educated immigrants versus those with lower education? Finally, are there differences in occupational skill level for highly educated migrants by entry route? Our results show that, while highly skilled immigrants perform better than those with a lower educational level, they never catch up with their native counterparts.

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  • 49.
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Peña, Iñaki
    Earnings of Immigrants: Does Entrepreneurship Matter?2014In: Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 0971-3557, E-ISSN 0973-0745, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 35-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The economic integration of immigrants has become a challenging topic in the European political agenda. This is especially true for countries that are struggling to survive the economic recession which started in 2008. In this context, entrepreneurship emerges as an alternative to unemployment. While the self-employment propensity of immigrants is well documented, little is known about the performance of these ventures. This article contributes to the literature by comparing and explaining the differential earnings of self-employed versus salaried immigrants in Spain. A binary logistic regression is applied to explore data collected by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor project for 2005 and 2006. Our findings show that self-employed immigrants’ income exceeds that of salaried workers. Human capital and location-related environmental variables were found to be the best predictors of both self-employed and salaried immigrants’ earnings.

  • 50.
    Irastorza, Nahikari
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Peña, Iñaki
    Deusto Business School, Donostia, Spain.
    Immigrant Entrepreneurship: Does the Liability of Foreignness Matter?2014In: Business and Management Research, ISSN 1927-6001, E-ISSN 1927-601X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The liability of foreignness is a phenomenon scarcely studied in the entrepreneurship literature. While immigrants seem to be prone to create new firms, they face different sorts of barriers to launch new businesses. We apply a binomial logistic regression on Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data to compare immigrants’ and natives’ entrepreneurial intentions to the actual self-employment activity of each group, and the factors affecting potential differences. We found that immigrants are more likely to have self-employment plans than natives but less likely to end up becoming self-employed. We explain this gap by the liability of foreignness hypothesis, i.e. additional difficulties faced by immigrants when entering the job market or starting up a business in a new country such as poor language skills, the lack of labour experience, the lack of human and social capital endowments specific to that country, and institutional restrictions including discrimination.

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