Malmö University Publications
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  • 1.
    Alstergren, Per
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Vill se jämlik vård: Ansikte, mun och käkarna tillhör kroppen2018In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 115, no 30-32, article id E9P3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Johnson, Björn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), People, Places and Prevention.
    Dödlig överdos skedde ofta utan person nära som kunde ingripa: Kunskap om närvaron av vittnen är betydelsefull för hur naloxonprogram bör utformas2022In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 119, no 4-5, article id 21121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fatal opioid overdoses usually occur without anyone being present and able to intervene. Knowledge of the presence of witnesses is important for how naloxone programs should be designedDrug mortality has increased in Sweden during the 2000s. The vast majority of deaths are opioid overdoses. The National Board of Health and Welfare recommends that the antidote naloxone and a brief overdose education should be offered to people who are at risk of opioid overdose. A retrospective registry study of 193 forensically examined fatal opioid overdoses in Skåne showed that over 80 percent occurred in private residences, most often the deceased’s own home. Other people were present in just over 40 percent of the 193 deaths, but usually in another room or asleep. In most cases, the witnesses were friends, partners, parents, or other people close to the deceased. Naloxone programs should be expanded to include family members and other persons who are close to opioid users, and who therefore may witness or be present early in case of an overdose.

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  • 3. Fagerberg, Björn
    et al.
    Kjellström, Tord
    Vilhelmsson, Andreas
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Barregård, Lars
    Extremvärme ett ökande problem för globala folkhälsan: Klimatförändringarnas negativa hälsoeffekter drabbar även Sverige2016In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 113, article id DZTIArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    High temperatures have a direct impact on body functions. Heat waves increase mortality risks due to myocardial infarction, stroke, and pulmonary disease. Cold temperatures also increase mortality, but with a longer latency. A recent study found only a small difference between the minimal mortality temperature (MMT) and the temperatures at which mortality rose steeply, although the majority of deaths occurred at temperatures below MMT. Global climate change with increasing temperatures seriously threatens health, work capacity, and generation of household incomes, particularly among poor people in hot countries. In Sweden, heat waves increase mortality in vulnerable groups of elderly people and patients with chronic heart and lung diseases, as well as those performing intensive physical work in hot environments. The medical profession can play an important role not only in prevention of climate change, but also in adaptation to climate change with the goal of minimizing health risks.

  • 4.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Norhammar, Anna
    Fysiologkliniken, Capio S:t Görans sjukhus; Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Klinge, Björn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Rydén, Lars
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Parodontit – en ofta förbisedd riskfaktor för en rad sjukdomar: Om sambandet med hjärt–kärlsjukdom, cancer och covid-192024In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 121, article id 23137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Periodontitis - an often neglected risk factor for several other diseases

    Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that degrades dental supporting tissues, including the alveolar bone. The global prevalence is 19%, in Sweden it is 11%. Left untreated, periodontitis can cause loss of teeth. The initial clinical manifestations of periodontitis usually start between 35 and 45 years of age. The underlying pathological mechanism is an aberrant inflammatory response to the bacteria colonizing the gingival crevice. Periodontitis has been associated with several other diseases, most prominently diabetes. The relation between periodontitis and diabetes is bidirectional in the sense that diabetes increases the risk for periodontitis and vice versa. Periodontitis also increases the risk for cardiovascular disease and cancer.

  • 5.
    Johnsdotter, Sara
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Essén, Birgitta
    Är könsstympningen i Sverige belagd nu?2005In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 102, no 35, p. 2423-2424Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Debattartikel. Replik i samma nummer: Frågan om stympning av flickor fordrar uppmärksamhet och forskning av Lars Almroth, Helena Holmgren, Vanja Berggren, Staffan Bergström.

  • 6.
    Johnson, Björn
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Metadon och buprenorfin: attraktiva på gatan och utanför vården2011In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 108, no 45, p. 2309-2311Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last ten years, maintenance treatment with methadone or buprenorphine has become an increasingly common form of treatment for Swedish opiate addicts. These medical drugs are effective in treatment, but they are also in demand on the illegal market. Research from countries with well-developed maintenance treatment show that a high proportion of opiate addicts use methadone or buprenorphine outside of treatment programmes. However, according to self-reporting studies of patients in methadone maintenance programmes, less than 10 percent admit to regularly selling or giving away their medication. This paradox may be due to methodological problems. In a new research project, researchers will therefore interview both patients and active drug users about whether or not they have used or sold these medical drugs illegally. A group of patients will be trained to conduct some of the interviews, to see if they receive other answer than the researchers.

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  • 7.
    Johnson, Björn
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Svensson, Bengt
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Åkesson, Anders
    Reglerna för underhållsbehandling av opiatberoende är godtyckliga och saknar stöd i forskningen2013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 8, p. 420-421Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 8.
    Kulbay, Akin
    et al.
    Karolins­ka institutet.
    Vest, Dan
    Blekingesjukhuset.
    Thorngren, Karl-Göran
    Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Hommel, Ami
    Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Hedström, Margareta
    Karolinska sjukhuset.
    Sekundärprevention – fortfarande en utmaning efter fragilitetsfraktur: Få läkemedelsbehandlingar efter höftfrakturer – trots frakturkedjor2021In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 118, article id 21033Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Yearly 16 000 osteoporosis related hip fractures occur in Sweden. They cause suffering for patients and high costs for society. Subsequent fractures can be reduced with osteoporosis diagnostics and treatment. 4 322 patients from two hospitals using Fracture Liaisson Services in Sweden were included to identify the rate of osteoporosis diagnostics and treatment during the first year after a hip fracture. Data between 2010-01-01 and 2018-12-31 were included from the Swedish National Hip Fracture Registry (Rikshöft). 99.2 % of all patients underwent FRAX risk assessment and DEXA was conducted on 17.3 % of patients. Women were more frequently examined with DEXA than men (21% vs 10.2 %). 6% received medical osteoporosis treatment after the fracture, women were treated more often than men (7% vs 4%). Conclusions: less than 10% received drug therapy after the first year after the hip fracture. Men underwent diagnostics and received treatment at a lower rate than women.

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  • 9.
    Levander, Sten
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Angrepp mot psykiatrin - ny attack2007In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 104, no 40Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Levander, Sten
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Costas värld och min2007In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 44, no 104Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Levander, Sten
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Varken Gud eller Socialstyrelsens rättsliga råd kan överprövas2013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 23-24, p. 1168-1169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialstyrelsens rättsliga råd får, på grund av en praxisgrundande dom i Högsta domstolen, alltid rätt i domstolsprövningar. Detta är inte en kvalitetsindikator, det talar för att något är fel i systemet, anser Sten Levander.

  • 12.
    Levander, Sten
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Lindström, Eva
    need for stronger unanimity for cooperation between psychiatry and consumers2007In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 104, no 8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Levander, Sten
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Lindström, Eva
    we are all in teh same boat and should row in teh same direction - on scientific lines2007In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 104, no 5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Lindholm, Maud
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Westin, Jan
    Lunds universitet.
    Frustration över arbetsvillkoren hos svenska verksamhetschefer2005In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, no 5, p. 318-320Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15. Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Johnson, Björn
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Gerdner, Arne
    Opiater eller opioider? Dags att städa bland begreppen2015In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 112, no 43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16. Nilsson, Jan
    et al.
    Nordin Fredrikson, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Vaccin kan skydda mot ateroskleros. Oxiderat LDL spelar huvudrollen i immunsvaret2004In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, no 19, p. 1700-1705Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att förståelsen av den viktiga roll som inflammation och immunitet spelar vid utveckling av ateroskleros har ökat har immunsystemet blivit allt mer intressant som mål för prevention och behandling av ateroskleros. Ansamling och oxidering av LDL-partiklar i kärlväggen ger upphov till inflammation, fibros och bildning av aterosklerotiska plack. Samtidigt aktiveras autoimmuna reaktioner mot oxiderat LDL, vilket tycks ha skyddande effekt. De strukturer som dessa skyddande immunreaktioner riktas mot har nu börjat identifieras, vilket kan göra det möjligt att utveckla ett aterosklerosvaccin.

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  • 17.
    Nordström, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Lager, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Hänsel Petersson, Gunnel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Ericson, Dan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Karies: världens vanligaste icke smittsamma sjukdom2024In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 121, article id 23127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    More than 2.8 billion individuals worldwide suffer from untreated caries. Over ninety-five percent of all 50-year-olds in Sweden have caries experience. Caries is the most common cause of dental restorations and tooth loss. Tooth loss is associated with cardiovascular diseases, dementia, and death. Periapical tooth infections caused by caries can spread and cause severe infection, however rarely with lethal outcome. Sugars are a common risk factor for caries and other noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and obesity.  Caries is a consequence of sugar-provoked acid production and dysbiosis in the tooth biofilm (dental plaque). There are several conditions which may increase the risk for dental caries, such as different medical conditions and medications which may cause dry mouth. Treatment costs for caries are high.

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  • 18. Tuninger, Eva
    et al.
    Levander, Sten
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Ny psykiatrisk tvångslagstiftning: En lag eller två?2009In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 106, no 26, p. 1704-1705Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Socialstyrelsen.
    Klinge, Björn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Karolins­ka institutet.
    Så fungerar tandvården i dag: Ett utvecklat samarbete mellan tandvård och övrig hälso- och sjukvård alltmer självklart i framtiden2024In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 121, article id 23138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish dental care support and organization today - and a future perspective

    In Sweden, dental care is carried out in regional operations, public dental care (Folktandvården), or in private practice. The patient is free to choose a public or private care provider. Up to and including the age of 23, all dental care is free of charge for the patient. From the age of 24, there is a state dental care subsidy to limit patient costs. There is free pricing in dental care, both for public and private actors. The article describes more in detail how the dental care support is structured in its various parts. Furthermore, the organization of dental care is presented, and a future perspective. A developed collaboration between dental and medical care and other health care seems increasingly obvious.

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