Malmö University Publications
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  • 1.
    Hagerlid, Mika
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Štulhofer, Aleksandar
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Redert, Anita
    Research Department at Rutgers, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Jakić, Irma
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Schoon, Wiebke
    Institute for Sex Research, Sexual Medicine and Forensic Psychiatry, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
    Westermann, Melina
    Department of Educational Science, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
    Deverchin, Cynthia
    Institute for Family and Sexuality Studies, Department of Neurosciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    de Graaf, Hanneke
    Research Department at Rutgers, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Janssen, Erick
    Institute for Family and Sexuality Studies, Department of Neurosciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Löfgren, Charlotta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Obstacles for identifying sexual harassment in academia: Insights from five European countries2023In: Sexuality Research & Social Policy, ISSN 1868-9884, E-ISSN 1553-6610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Experiences of sexual harassment are common among university students. At the same time, research shows that victims and bystanders find it difficult to determine when an incident meets the criteria for sexual harassment. The aim of this study therefore was to obtain a richer and deeper understanding of the obstacles that university students encounter in identifying sexual harassment in the academic environment.

    Methods

    Individual interviews and focus groups were conducted with a total of 85 students at the bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral level in five European countries (Belgium, Croatia, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden) between 2020 and 2022. Thematic analysis was used to identify obstacles in identifying sexual harassment.

    Results

    The obstacles described by participants were found to fall into three main categories: (1) preconceived notions about what constitutes sexual harassment that did not necessarily concur with lived experiences, (2) navigating an often blurred or ambiguous line between acceptable and unacceptable behaviour and (3) the existence of competing interpretations of what had happened.

    Conclusions

    The results point to a gap between the participants’ lived experiences and their interpretations of them, which include difficulties positioning their experiences within their theoretical understanding of sexual harassment.

    Policy Implications

    Measures to counteract the obstacles faced by victims and bystanders in identifying sexual harassment in academia should target this cognitive gap, for instance by addressing the stereotypes that characterize preconceived notions about sexual harassment.

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  • 2.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    On the Outskirts of the Charmed Circle: Challenges and Limitations of Sexual Health Promotion to Young People in Secure State Care2021In: Sexuality Research & Social Policy, ISSN 1868-9884, E-ISSN 1553-6610, Vol. 18, p. 87-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives Young people on the verge of, or in, secure state care or incarceration have reduced general and sexual health. The promoting of sexual health among young people in secure state care is therefore a responsibility for both the state-run agency responsible for this care and for the professionals who work there. Methods This position paper discusses sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) for young people in secure state care in Sweden. Four previous studies on sexual health of young people in secure state care are revisited, and governmental policy documents are examined. Results Young people in secure state care face many threats to their sexual and reproductive health and rights. Some of these threats originate with the institutional placement itself and the lack of knowledge among the staff. Clashes on various levels between the subjectively desired (young people seeking pleasure from sex, alcohol, or other drugs) and the societally desired (sexual health, minimal alcohol use, and no drug use among young people) are described. In addition, clashes are seen between young people who want to be like everyone else in their social context and the staff with a mission (i.e. job description) to readjust young people into adopting socially accepted behaviour. Conclusion I argue that young people in secure state care have sexual experiences that are marginalized and placed on the outskirts of the charmed (sexual) circle of societally accepted sexual behaviour. In addition, their experiences are surrounded by silence, a silence sustained by both young people and professionals. The readiness of professionals to handle SRHR for young people in secure state care in a knowledge-based and non-judgemental fashion is crucial. Future research should focus on this readiness and have the needs and wishes of young people as its departing point. Although the article involves a local context, it may be of interest to a wider audience, as the placement of young people in secure state care and other forms of incarceration occurs worldwide.

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  • 3.
    Schindele, Anna ChuChu
    et al.
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Josefsson-Areskoug, Kristina
    Department of Behavioural Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway,Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, Sandnes, Norway.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Vulnerability Analysis in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR): Indications of Intersecting Vulnerable Positions in a NationalSurvey Among Young People in Sweden2022In: Sexuality Research & Social Policy, ISSN 1868-9884, E-ISSN 1553-6610, Vol. 19, p. 1034-1045Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) policies use gender as the foremost social determinant toexplain vulnerability in relation to SRHR among young people. Therefore, our aim was to explore intersecting vulnerablepositions within the three SRHR-related outcome areas: unsafe sex, sex against one’s will, and transactional sex, amongyoung people aged 16–29.

    Methods

    The data set is from a randomised, cross-sectional, and population-based SRHR survey conducted in Swedenin 2015, and the 7755 respondents imply a response rate (26%) in line with the power estimations. How gender intersectswith fve other social positions, i.e. social determinants (sexual identity, transgender experience, perceived economy, beingforeign-born, and social welfare recipiency), was explored through a stepwise descriptive intersecting vulnerability analysisexemplifed through three outcome variables: unsafe sex, sex against one’s will, and transactional sex.

    Results

    Gender intersects with other social determinants and creates vulnerable positions in SRHR-related outcomes. Themost vulnerable positions within each of the three outcome variables were the following: (1) for unsafe sex: being a manand homosexual; (2) for sex against one’s will: being a woman and bisexual; and (3) for transactional sex: being a man andhaving transgender experience.Conclusions Despite limitations, the descriptive intersecting vulnerability analysis indicates how gender intersects withother social determinants and generates multiple vulnerable positions in relation to SRHR.

    Policy Implications

    The results can be of interest in future studies on vulnerability and inform policies that intend to fulflthe intention of leaving no one behind, as stated in the Agenda 2030.

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