Malmö University Publications
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  • 1.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    The employment The Employment Integration of Resettled Refugees, Asylum Claimants, and Family Reunion Migrants in Sweden2011In: Refugee Survey Quarterly, ISSN 1020-4067, E-ISSN 1471-695X, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 22-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The employment integration of immigrants and in particular refugees in Swedish society has been the subject of many debates and constitutes one of the major political challenges faced in the last two decades. Like in many European countries, refugees are more likely to be unemployed, have temporary jobs and lower income. Most studies of immigrant economic integration have been undertaken at the national level, taking into account place of birth, but not by admission status. This study focuses on the employment integration by admission status by looking at the outcomes for resettled refugees, asylum claimants (asylum-seekers who may subsequently obtain a residence permit), and immigrants who arrive via family reunion migration. Using logistic regression methods we estimate the probability of having a job after controlling for a set of personal and immigrant intake characteristics as well as contextual factors. The results of the analysis indicate that family reunion immigrants have a faster employment attachment than asylum claimants which in turn have faster employment integration than resettled refugees in the Swedish labour market. The understanding of the results of the analysis is that selection processes (self-selection as well as selection through policy mechanisms) and networks are important factors explaining the employment integration of immigrants.

  • 2.
    Ekstedt, Johan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Asplen Lundstedt, Andreas
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Publ Adm, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Wanted Refugees: The Forming of an Instrument Constituency for Refugee Resettlement in the European Union2024In: Refugee Survey Quarterly, ISSN 1020-4067, E-ISSN 1471-695XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union Agency for Asylum has emerged as an important actor in the Common European Asylum System in the past few years. In this article, we explore how the agency engages in capacity-building by looking at the development of bureaucratic instruments. We deploy the theoretical framework of instrument constituencies to investigate the agency's development of instruments around resettlement. In relation to the literature on European migration management, deploying the theoretical framework of instrument constituencies is a novel approach. Given the European Union's limited mandate to directly influence Member States resettlement programmes, we argue that the development of bureaucratic instruments is one of the few avenues through which the European Union can facilitate resettlement. This study reveals how the proliferation in the use of these instruments by Member State authorities is driven by a political ambition to create a more orderly form of migration and is contrasted with the seemingly uncontrollable nature of asylum. Beyond being a direct solution to a practical problem, the policy instruments studied here reveal how new bureaucratic practices around resettlement are gradually being established. We show how resettlement is continuously evolving in the intersection between Member States and the European Union in the governing of migration.

  • 3.
    Lundberg, Anna
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Dahlquist, Lisa
    Unaccompanied children seeking asylum in Sweden: living conditions from a child centred perspective2012In: Refugee Survey Quarterly, ISSN 1020-4067, E-ISSN 1471-695X, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 54-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents unaccompanied refugee children’s current situation in Sweden from a child-centred perspective. Interviews were conducted with 26 children. A key finding was that the way individuals perceived their situation was highly dependent on the status of their asylum application. In cases where all instances of the Swedish asylum process had been involved, the children described their situation as significantly difficult. At first, the children seemed satisfied with the fact that they had their human rights to housing, food, and support fulfilled. But on closer analysis of the interview answers it was revealed that many of the children’s existences were completely overshadowed by concern for the future and an underlying need of support. They described the asylum process as extremely worrying. Some children were not able to go to school, some felt offended when officials doubted their stories, and several children became sick after having their asylum application rejected. They emphasised that information from the authorities must be clear. Possible improvements in current practices are: continued information from authorities about the asylum case, more therapeutic care, and every day contact with supportive adults and friends.

  • 4.
    Mozetič, Katarina
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Being Highly Skilled and a Refugee: Self-Perceptions of Non-European Physicians in Sweden2018In: Refugee Survey Quarterly, ISSN 1020-4067, E-ISSN 1471-695X, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 231-251Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Struggle for Recognition: Bosnian Refugees’ Employment Experiences in Sweden2012In: Refugee Survey Quarterly, ISSN 1020-4067, E-ISSN 1471-695X, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 54-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the personal experiences of refugees from Bosnia-Herzegovina related to their employment in Sweden. It is based on 35 interviews conducted in 2009 with asylum claimants and resettled refugees who came to Sweden in the early 1990s, aiming at their own perceptions and subjective assessments of their employment paths. The variety of experiences within each of these two groups suggests that individual employment paths can neither be fully explained by the admission category, nor in terms of the type of education, age, or gender. Although they admit the importance of these factors, the interviewees perceive chance as a decisive issue with regard to their initial access to the labour market, and its strong impact on their further success. They see official channels of professional recognition as far less functional than informal paths leading into the labour market that depend on personal encounters and connections. Against the background of laws and policies, personally experienced employment integration is revealed as a chance-ridden individual process.

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