Publikationer från Malmö universitet
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  • 1.
    Baeten, Guy
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Cliches of Urban Doom: The Dystopian Politics of Metaphors for the Unequal City - a View from Brussels2001Inngår i: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 55-69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on evidence from the city of Brussels, it will be argued that much of today's urban governance discourses and practices contributes to anti-urban ‘clichés of urban doom’ and betrays middle-class, ethnocentric, sexist and racist prejudices about urban societies. Mainstream conceptions of urban problems and policies are modernist, white, patriarchal, heterosexual, nuclear family-minded, middle-class and suburban. Mainstream urban planning metaphors contribute to, instead of help to eliminate, sexist and racist urban politics. The uncritical use of concepts such as ‘polarization’, ‘exclusion’ or ‘poverty’ accords with the quest for urban purification by dominant groups in society, who seek to minimalize the urban experience of heterogeneity, otherness, diversity and urban unpredictability. The main contribution of this paper will be in trying to make clear how some key metaphors in contemporary urban planning disempower the already disempowered and in fact contribute to conservative urban politics, even when they are not intended to.

  • 2.
    Celik, Özlem
    et al.
    University of Helsinki.
    Fonseca Alfaro, Claudia
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Kadıoğlu Polat, Defne
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Melgaco, Lorena
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Book Review. Helga Leitner, Jamie Peck and Eric Sheppard (eds.) 2020: Urban Studies Inside/Out: Theory, Method, Practice. London: Sage2021Inngår i: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 45, nr 2, s. 393-394Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Dikec, Mustafa
    et al.
    Ecole d'Urbanisme de Paris and LATTS, Université Paris-Est, 6 avenue Blaise Pascal, F-77455 Marne-la-Vallée cedex 2, France.
    Swyngedouw, Erik
    School of Environment, Education and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.
    Theorizing the politicizing city2017Inngår i: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 41, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This introductory symposium article develops a framework for an urban political reading and a theorization of urban uprisings. We argue that there is a need to foreground the notion of the urban political as central to the theoretical and practical demands of urban research today. First, we revisit critical urban theory in light of recent urban insurrections and point out a lack of sustained theoretical engagement with the political. Second, based on this critique, we argue for what we call a ‘re-centring of the urban political’ to rethink urban theory in ways that consider the city as a site of political encounter, interruption and experimentation, even when, or perhaps especially when, these ways fall outside institutional forms or lack the organizational form or legitimacy of social movements. Thus, we attempt to place politics at the heart of radical urban political theory and practice today in order to make sense of urban subjects, events and claims that elude established government practices and institutionalized structures.

  • 4. Holgersen, Ståle
    et al.
    Baeten, Guy
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Beyond a liberal critique of 'trickle-down': urban planning in the city of Malmö2016Inngår i: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 40, nr 6, s. 1170-1185Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article scrutinizes the much used, but less examined, concept of ‘trickle down' in an urban setting. We make a distinction between the production of and distribution in the city, and argue that trickle down in contemporary urban policy could be regarded as the liberal link between production and distribution. Based on interviews with key figures and document analyses, we look at the transformation of the Swedish city of Malmö from an industrial to a post-industrial city, where, during the last two decades, we have found three concurrent components: the ideology of trickle down; several urban policy programs and governmental policies to ‘make' money and resources trickle down; as well as increased economic polarization and segregation. A liberal critique of trickle down would argue that market mechanisms cannot by themselves solve distribution, and that government policies therefore are needed. We argue for the need to go beyond a liberal critique of trickle down and stress how unequal distribution is built into the unequal production of the city.

  • 5.
    Olsson, Lina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    The Neoliberalization of Municipal Land Policy in Sweden2018Inngår i: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 633-650Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, local governments' practice of the municipal land instrument'that is, the use of public land ownership as a tool for facilitating urban developmenthas a long tradition. In the post-war era, public land ownership constituted an important component of state-led housing production, which had both a productive and a redistributive purpose. Departing from a political economy perspective, this article demonstrates how the redistributive aspect of the municipal land instrument has been dissolved under neoliberalization, and discusses why the use of this instrument is problematic from both a democratic and ethical point of view. Based on a case study in Helsingborg, the article argues that, in using public land to leverage private investment in urban development, local decision makers adopt an interest in supporting rent extraction from tenants and housing owners, while subsidizing investment costs for developers. The dual role that municipalities assume as landowner-developers and planning authorities enable them to facilitate urban development effectively, but it is also problematic because it transgresses the public-private law divide inherent to Swedish law. Assuming this dual role, municipalities place themselves in a biased position that risks undermining the legitimacy of governmental actions in general, and the planning system in particular.

  • 6.
    Valli, Chiara
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University.
    A sense of displacement: Long‐time residents' feelings of displacement in gentrifying Bushwick, New York2015Inngår i: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 39, nr 6, s. 1191-1208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a contribution to reinforcing our understanding of gentrificationand displacement as neighborhood expressions of inequality. It explores the experiencesof gentrification of lower-income, long-time residents in the gentrifying neighborhood ofBushwick, Brooklyn, New York City. The focus is on components of displacement beyondthe traditional emphasis on outmigration. In particular, the article pinpoints the emotional,affective, psychological reactions of long-time residents triggered through the encounterwith newcomers. While the entry point is the exploration of emotions and affects, thearticle argues that these feelings are outcomes of material socio-economic inequalitiesand, in particular, their powerfully racialized historical foundations, as embodied in thecontemporary encounter of long-time residents with newcomers.

  • 7.
    Vegliò, Simone
    FULL - Future Urban Legacy Lab, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning (DIST), Polytechnic of Turin, Via Agostino da Montefeltro 2, 10134 Torino, Italy.
    POSTCOLONIZING PLANETARY URBANIZATION: Aníbal Quijano and an Alternative Genealogy of the Urban2021Inngår i: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 45, nr 4, s. 663-678Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The success of the ‘planetary urbanization’ approach is built upon the work of Henri Lefebvre and his understanding of the achievement of a world that is fully articulated through urban relations. However, scholars inspired by this view have normally considered his work and the Euro-American space as presumed starting points from which to observe the progression of planetary urban processes. This article proposes an alternative genealogy of planetary urbanization by looking at—both theoretically and empirically—the global ‘periphery’ of Latin America. Specifically, the article explores the early work of the Peruvian sociologist Aníbal Quijano at CELAC between 1966 and 1971. Framed within Dependency Theory, Quijano's reflections share strong similarities and consonances with some of the critical insights that Lefebvre would elaborate only a few years later. The article thus aims to ‘postcolonize’ the planetary urbanization approach by shifting its Euro-American theoretical and empirical centres, opening it up to contributions that—due to geo-cultural hierarchies—have traditionally been overlooked within the main Anglophone debates. In so doing, the article proposes to engage in a plural dialogue in urban studies that combines planetary urbanization with the postcolonial critique.  

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