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  • 1.
    Alftberg, Åsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    ”Tidigare sa vi: Vad behöver ni hjälp med? Nu är det mer: Hur mår ni?”: Anhörigkonsulenters upplevelser av stöd till anhöriga under covid-19-pandemin.2021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 439-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family care advisors work with specialized support for family carers within the municipalities. During the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in spring 2020, however, support activities for family cares were essentially shut down. This article, which is based on qualitative interviews, examines family care advisors’ experiences of their work during the pandemic and the interaction strategies they describe. Trontos (1993) ethics of care has been used as a theoretical framework. The interviewees describe how their meetings with family carers have taken on new forms, mainly as telephone conversations and outdoor meetings. The significance of the meeting place has become more noticeable and something that must be planned around. Contacts with family carers now take place primarily on the initiative of the family care advisors. The content of the meetings has also changed and they are perceived as more demanding. The family care advisors emphasise that they can listen and confirm rather than offer practical solutions as these are made difficult during the pandemic. The emotional support to family carers has become more prominent and puts higher demands on the family care advisors’ emotional competence.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Mika
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Mellgren, Caroline
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Anmälningsbenägenhet vid utsatthet för hatbrott2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 283-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tendency to report hate crime victimization There are indicators suggesting that the tendency to report hate crime victimization to the police is lower in comparison to crimes without such a motive. There are also reasons to believe that victims of hate crime base their cost-benefit analysis of whether to report on a unique set of factors that differ from other crime types. The present study compares report rates for hate crimes and crimes without a bias-motive among Swedish university students. Reasons from refraining from reporting are also examined though a thematic analysis. The results show that victims of hate crime report their victimization to a significantly lower extent than other victims. Those who refrain from reporting trivialize and normalize their experiences, find alternative solutions to handle their victimization, and/or have a low trust in the police.

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  • 3.
    Apelmo, Elisabet
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Alftberg, Åsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    ”Gör plats!”: Om ableism, paternalism och konstruktionen av normbrytande funktionalitet2022In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 131-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ”Make room!” Concerning ableism, paternalism and the construction of dis/abilityWithin the social work profession, social vulnerability and social justice are central concerns. However, professional emphasis is on economic and social conditions and less on dis/ability, despite the fact that dis/ability is important, not only for services aimed specifically at people with dis/abilities, but the entire profession of social work is linked to dis/ability in various ways. The purpose of the article is to contribute to a deepened understanding of vulnerability in general and, in particular, the vulnerability of people with dis/abilities. An advertisement from the Swedish Public Employment Service’s campaign “Make room!” forms a point of departure for a theoretical discussion of how dis/ability is constructed. The article demonstrates how the advertisement is based on paternalistic and ableistic ways of thinking that connect dis/ability, gender, and race/ethnicity. Able-bodied perfection is regarded as desirable, while the deviant body is linked to deficiency and suffering. The article also deals with the critical discussion that followed the advertisement, which eventually led to the Swedish Public Employment Service withdrawing it. Finally, we argue in favour of a cripistemological perspective in social work. This means taking previously marginalized knowledge as a starting point and reformulate traditional perspectives. It also means seeking cross-border cooperation between social work and the disability rights move-ment as well as other social movements. Thus, the lived experience of vulnerability that can result from impairment and its effects, as well as the political vulnerability that arises due to lack of resources, are made visible, without vulnerability being interpreted from paternalistic and ableis-tic perspectives. Moreover, ideas of the normal body and the normal way of thinking and fee-ling can be made visible and criticized, and alternative visions for how to organize society can be formed. 

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  • 4.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    En scenariobaserad analys av ett IT-avbrott i socialtjänsten: anpassningar och social redundans2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 25, no 3-4, p. 287-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes as its starting point the fact that documentation as well as communication within the social services are to a great extent dependent on IT. Against that backdrop, an investigation is presented whose aim is to contribute to knowledge about what IT failures can mean within the social services. The focus is on the immediate consequences for the documentation and communication of the social services. The aim is also to contribute to the understanding of how the course of events relates to the maintenance of social work despite interruptions. Systems theory provides an overarching theoretical framework. Based on that approach, social work is seen as a societal functional system aiming at the administration of exclusion. The study is based on empirical material consisting of assessments of the consequences of failures, as formulated by social services staff in risk and vulnerability analyses conducted within the framework of the investigation. The results include descriptions of consequences that arise as a result of inaccessible operative systems but also as a result of, for example, the disruption of VoIP telephony. Further, the results describe concrete adaptations and suggestions for possible changes that potentially reduce the vulnerability entailed by IT dependency. The conclusion is that the IT failure does not lead to a corresponding failure of social work as a functional system, despite technical dependencies. The system is maintained through adaptations, which are possible thanks to functional equivalence (that is, a goal may be reached in several ways) and available redundancy. It is the staff that, besides a number of technical adaptations, make concrete organizational and social adaptations, to some degree at the expense of their working environment. This is called social redundancy in order to highlight how lost technology is replaced by social processes.

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  • 5.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Socialtjänstens roll i samhällets krisberedskap: en studie ur personalens perspektiv2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 129-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of the social services in the public system for crisis preparedness – an empirical  study from staff perspective

    The aim of this study is to contribute to knowledge as regard the relationship between the social services and the public system for crisis preparedness as seen from the perspective of social services staff with direct contact with clients and/or first-line leaders. Empirically the study concerns the staff’s experience of severe events and of activities and processes pertaining to crisis preparedness, such as risk and vulnerability analysis, education and exercises. Further, it concerns staff’s valua- tion of major risks and of crisis preparedness as an area of operation. The material was obtained with a web based questionnaire (N=1020) with closed and open questions and with room for free text. The material was analysed in terms of frequencies and subjected to open qualitative coding. The results suggests that the staff are not involved in the activities and processes of crisis prepared- ness to a significant extent, although they seem to be motivated. They do not seem to have been given opportunities to develop an understanding of crisis preparedness and how it affects social services. They also seem to have a composite understanding of central concepts in the area of crisis preparedness such as crisis, extraordinary events, risk and vulnerability. Their understanding seems to be underpinned by considerations involving intersubjective dimensions of security.

    It is concluded that it would be beneficial for the system of crisis preparedness if the social servi- ces were systematically involved and differing notions of central concepts were clarified. Further, given an acknowledgement of the role of intersubjective dimensions of security the social services could contribute perspectives informed by their close contacts with users and the general popula- tion as regards risks, vulnerability and consequences of crisis and disasters. It is argued that this would contribute qualitatively to crisis preparedness as an area of operation.  

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  • 6.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Cuadra, Sergio
    Kommunalt socialt arbete under covid-19 pandemin: Osäkerhet, reglering och kontroll av rummet2021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 417-438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on public social servi-ces from a leadership perspective, given that physical distance is recommended while social work most often presupposes social interaction at close quarters. The material consists of interviews with persons holding leading or strategic positions. By combining a risk management perspective and the reciprocal take on physical and social space as outlined by Simmel, it is found that regu-lations of space are paramount, with the aim of controlling space. Such control appears as a basic prerequisite to uphold the operations and their values involving social protection. The regulations address spaces for leadership, staff’s presence/absence, and in encounters with users they imply changing social interactions and adapted practices, thereby reproducing social space.

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  • 7.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Michailakis, Dimitris
    Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet.
    Förord: I pandemins spår. Socialvetenskapliga perspektiv på covid-192021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 377-386Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Redaktionens utgångspunkt är att det här temanumret – ”I pandemins spår. Socialvetenskapliga perspektiv på covid-19” – från Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift kan utgöra ett bidrag till förståelsen av hur pandemin har hanterats inom olika sociala verksamheter och framför allt de sociala konsekvenserna som den specifika hanteringen har haft i det svenska samhället.

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  • 8.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Socialt arbete i Malmö: Perspektiv och utmaningar2013In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 4-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid institutionen för socialt arbete på Malmö högskola samlas stora delar av forskningen under en gemensam programförklaring om social utsatthet. Vi beskriver här några teoretiska och normativa utgångspunkter, centrala forskningsområden och den relation vi försöker bygga upp med forskningsfältet. Vi ger även konkreta exempel på vår forskning. Med begreppet social utsatthet riktar vi fokus mot orättvisor och processer som gör att individer och grupper hamnar i sårbara livssituationer som kan innebära att deras framtidsmöjligheter, deras möjligheter att få en någorlunda trygg livssituation, och deras hälsa och upplevelse av värdighet hotas. Social utsatthet betraktas i plattformen som något processuellt och något som skapas och utvecklas beroende på hur man är positionerad i den lokala, nationella, välfärdsstatliga och globala kontexten. I analyser av social utsatthet är det viktigt att synliggöra människors aktörskap. Men det är också av stor vikt att inte se aktörskapet frikopplat från kontextuella faktorer.

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  • 9.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Grönt och hållbart socialt arbete: Miljörättvisa, social rättvisa och ekosociala interventioner2020In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 207-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces an approach within social work called green social. It is argued that this approach has a critical potential in its ability to respond to urgent issues concerning people’s current and future living conditions. It is further argued that in addition to its traditional involvement in problematic distribution of resources, social work can act upon linkages between social issues and issues concerning environmental and climate crisis when integrating areas of knowledge from other disciplines. Such linkages imply a revision of the construct ”person-in-environment” that traditionally denote a delimited notion of environment as the ”social environment”, thereby disregarding the biophysical environment that human beings are a part of. The article discusses concepts such as ”sustainable welfare”, ”de-growth” and ”transition” and presents examples of so-called ecosocial interventions while also making an argument for strengthening community work in Sweden.

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  • 10.
    Carlbom, Aje
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Faran med att använda ett reduktionistiskt synsätt på förorten2007In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 305-310Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A critique of the reductionist argument that explains ethnic and/or religious segregation only in terms of discrimination/xenophobia.

  • 11.
    Carlbom, Aje
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Oförutsedda konsekvenser av dialog med självutnämnda muslimska ledare2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, no 3-4, p. 369-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I argue that the strategy to conduct dialogue and cooperation with self-appointed Muslim leaders has unintended consequences. These leaders are often part of the Islamic/Islamist movement and these have as a political goal to separate Muslims from the non-Muslim majority population.

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  • 12.
    Carlbom, Aje
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Hedin, Ulla-Carin
    Månsson, Sven-Axel
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Religion och social förändring. En introduktion2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, no 3-4, p. 226-233Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Inledning till temanummer i Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift (nr 3-4/2009) om religion och social förändring.

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  • 13.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Nordesjö, Kettil
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Work Life and Evaluation Studies (CTA).
    Ulmestig, Rickard
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Dunderhonung för socialt arbete?: En studie av MI:s användbarhet inom försörjningsstöd2020In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 227-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MI, motivational interviewing, is a counselling method for increasing a person’s motivation for behaviour change that is prevalent in social work. MI emphasizes building trusting social worker-client relationships and is presented as concrete and simple to follow. The benefit of MI is limited by actual opportunities for change through poverty, the labour market and health. The article aims to critically examine the usefulness of MI in connection with the handling of social assistance. It is based on a study of the use of an assessment instrument and of individual action plans (contracts) in a municipality where MI is a central tool. The study is based on analyses of documents, individual interviews and group interviews with staff as well as observations of meetings and training. The results show that MI has been integrated into a comprehensive implementation of other elements to standardize initiatives within income support. The client’s obligations are emphasized through a strong individual focus, although extensive efforts may be needed from surrounding actors. The action plans have inherent problems in terms of clarity and legal certainty. The authors argue that it is paradoxical to use a method based on alliances and collaboration in connection with conditional decisions. The use of MI becomes a commitment that lacks reciprocity and whose activation of self-technologies can be questioned.

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  • 14. Gegner, Harald
    et al.
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Denvall, Verner
    Otydlighetens betydelse: de regionala utvecklingsledarna och evidensbaserad praktik inom den sociala barn- och ungdomsvården2019In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 153-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The significance of ambiguity – Evidence-based practice in social service with children and youth. Evidence-based practice (EBP) has gained a central position as a model of knowledge for social work in the public sector. In the Swedish Government Report about knowledge-based social work from 2008, EBP is described as a useful way of structuring the social services on a scientific basis (SOU 2008:18). Following on this, and in order to establish EBP in social work practice, between 2009 and 2016, there were annual agreements between the government and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR). As defined by the annual agreements, a national network of Regional Development Leaders (regionala utvecklingsledare) was given the task of producing regional plans of action for the establishment of EBP in the municipalities. The article examines how the Regional Development Leaders in the so-called Children and Youth Investment (Barn- och ungasatsningen) interpret and implement EBP as a model in public social work. The study is based on interviews with 22 out of the 37 Regional Development Leaders that were part of the Children and Youth Investment in 2016. Ernesto Laclau’s theory of empty signifier serves as an analytical tool. The analysis shows that the ambiguity surrounding EBP creates discretion for the Regional Development Leaders. This discretion allows them to use EBP as a ”signifier without a signified”; a model that they can fill with different meanings depending on purpose and context. In that perspective, EBP appears as a floating term and can be characterized as an empty signifier. One of the main results stresses the fact that the Regional Development Leaders describe EBP as a model of governance rather than a model of knowledge. Despite its ambiguity, EBP fills a significant function for the development of knowledge-based social work practices in the public sector.

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  • 15.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Att hålla ihop det sociala arbetet: Hur covid-19-pandemin påverkade tre olika civilsamhällesorganisationer2021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 499-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When the Covid-19 pandemic reached Sweden, civil society organizations and their activities were affected to varying degrees, as was the rest of society. This article examines how three different civil society organizations – the Church’s deacons, women’s shelters and organizations that support the homeless – were affected by the pandemic. The purpose is to describe and investigate what so-called alignment work was carried out in three different spheres of civil society during the pandemic. This study has followed fourteen different civil society organizations from March 2020 that are active in various places in southern Sweden. This has been done through short telephone interviews. The term alignment work analyses the work of the civil society representatives to continue and maintain social work despite heavy restrictions. In other words, a form of harmonization between, on the one hand, the guidelines and risks created by the pandemic, and, on the other hand, the continued social need for help, support and care.

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  • 16.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Nya böcker: Carol Tosone (red.) (2021) Shared trauma, shared resilience during a pandemic. Social work in the time of COVID-19. Cham: Springer.2021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 517-521Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det sociala arbetet har på många sätt påverkats av covid-19-pandemin och med hög sannolikhet kommer det att vara ett forskningsfält många år framåt. Förutom att klargöra vad som hänt och hur pandemin påverkat det sociala arbetet, kommer det att vara centralt att skapa kunskapsunderlag för hur liknande kriser kan hanteras i framtiden. Men det har också varit viktigt att under en pandemi ge perspektiv på och reflektera över pågående händelser. Inte minst är detta centralt för att ingen kunde veta att den pandemi som spred sig runt om i världen i början av 2020 skulle utvecklas till en mer långdragen påverkan på både människor och samhälle, vilket har gjort att behovet av socialvetenskaplig kunskap är stort.

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  • 17.
    Herz, Marcus
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Förtroendekrisen mellan Socialstyrelsen och det sociala arbetet fortsätter2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 85-90Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 18.
    Ivert, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Torstensson Levander, Marie
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Mellgren, Caroline
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Den ojämlika otryggheten: stabilitet och förändring i bostadsområden över tid2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 211-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fear of crime and inequality – Stability and change in residential neighbourhoods over time.

    Fear of crime is not equally distributed among the Swedish population, and levels of fear differ between residential neighbourhoods. A follow-up of the results from the Sweish Crime Survey from 2006 to 2014 shows that the population in general report decreasing levels of fear of crime. At the same time, however, segregation in Sweden is increasing and the observed pattern of a decrease in fear of crime may not apply to all neighbourhoods or benefit the entire population. We employed data from two studies on fear of crime, performed in Malmö, Sweden, in 1998 and followed up in 2012 with a total of more than 8000 respondents. Multilevel analyses of fear of crime reveal that although the general pattern is that fear of crime is decreasing, differences between neighbourhoods are increasing, suggesting a segregation problem.

  • 19.
    Johnson, Björn
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Risker och sidoeffekter i läkemedelsassisterad rehabilitering av opioidberoende: en forskningsöversikt2010In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 46-66Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Läkemedelsassisterad rehabilitering (LAR) med metadon eller buprenorfin är idag den vanligaste behandlingsmetoden vid opioidberoende. LAR har starkt forskningsstöd, men är trots detta kontroversiell. Detta hänger bland annat samman med att det finns en rad avigsidor och risker knutna till metoden. I artikeln diskuteras de vanligaste invändningarna mot och riskerna med metoden. De områden som berörs är (1) om LAR kan sägas vara ”ett byte av en drog mot en annan”, (2) risken att LAR kan etablera eller hålla kvar patienterna i ett beroende, (3) om LAR riskerar att konkurrera ut andra (läkemedelsfria) behandlingsmetoder, (4) risken för läckage till den illegala drogmarknaden, (5) risken för grannskapsstörningar i anslutning till behandlingsenheterna samt (6) dödsfall av överdoser i och utanför behandling. En forskningsgenomgång görs med utgångspunkt i medicinsk, beteendevetenskaplig och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning. Sammantaget tyder denna genomgång på att flera av invändningarna är överdrivna. Några risker bör dock tas på stort allvar. Detta gäller framför allt risken för läckage till den illegala drogmarknaden och den därtill kopplade risken för metadon- eller buprenorfinrelaterade dödsfall utanför behandlingsprogrammen. Ett problem i sammanhanget har varit att många av de åtgärder som internationellt har vidtagits för att minska riskerna för läckage och dödsfall varit kontraproduktiva. LAR har blivit föremål för komplicerad och mycket detaljerad reglering när det gäller bland annat intagnings- och uteslutningskriterier, krav på patientnärvaro, dosnivåer, hämtningsrutiner, urinprovtagning, journalföring och behandlingstider. Resultatet har blivit en ”demedikalisering” av behandlingsmetoden som måste bedömas ha orsakat betydande terapeutiska försämringar för patienterna, utan att för den skull lösa de problem de varit avsedda för.

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  • 20.
    Lalander, Philip
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Raoof, Dawan
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    "Vi vet vad du behöver": Konstruktion och motstånd av "ensamkommande" på HVB2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 23, no 3-4, p. 219-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ”We know what you need”: Construction and resistance of ”unaccompanied minors” at residential care units

    The aim of the article is to highlight and analyse how ”unaccompanied minors” view the staff at the residential care units (called HVB) where they live. Through repeated qualitative interviews with twenty young individuals over more than a year, the researchers have captured central themes. One such theme is the experience of being defined as a child by the staff. This can be provocative for the young people who feel they are not being acknowledged as competent actors. Another central theme is being described as homogeneous and primitive, as a person that needs to be processed to live up to a desired Swedishness. The informants experience their treatment as children and undeveloped immigrants as a solid structure, a power system that is hard to question since it is so well institutionalized. The article also describes sanctions used by the staff to discipline the residents. Such sanctions are often directed at limiting the possibilities for the young people to participate in social activities, but also at increasing surveillance and documentation. It is difficult for these young people to openly resist since they do not want to be punished. Resistance, thus, becomes hidden. The informants’ experiences show how difficult it is to develop a social environment in which they can feel truly recognized by the staff as complete human beings with valuable competences.

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  • 21.
    Liebenstein Gegner, Harald
    et al.
    Lunds kommun.
    Denvall, Verner
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Utvecklingsarbete som styrteknik: en analys av hur utvecklingsledare erfar makt i de regionala stöd- och samverkansstrukturerna2024In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 719-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development work as governance technique - an analysis of how development leaders experience power in Swedish regional support and cooperation structures.

    In this article, we study the experiences of power carried out by regional development leaders in Swedish regional support and cooperation structures (RSS) within the state’s governance of social services. The article answers two questions regarding: 1) the development leaders’ experiences of power in vertical and horizontal control rationalities in governmental knowledge management, and 2) the significance these experiences have for their understanding and comprehension of governance. The context is the national strategy on the knowledge management of social services. Knowledge management is exercised through interaction between the state, regional structures, government agencies, and RSS, implemented as a partnership.

    Our analysis is based on a series of recurring group interviews carried out as research circles with six regional development leaders. The analysis model in the article is primarily based on concepts such as control rationality, social technologies, and the relational exercise of power as a manifestation of normative power through subtle forms of control.

    The analysis reveals that the development leaders’ diverse experiences with power are shaped by the underlying governance rationalities in their operating context. In horizontal governance, they describe feeling a sense of participation and autonomy. In contrast, their experience of vertical governance is characterised by a feeling that someone else is in control. Their understanding of how power is constructed influences how they perform governance. They define governance as development, meaning a governance technique that allows for action and a sense of participation. We argue that development work should be considered a subtle social technology based on relational power, which organisations and professionals should recognise and put into concrete action.

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  • 22.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    At the heart of the state: the moral worlds of institutions2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 199-203Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Lundberg, Susanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Forum: Akademiskt och professionellt skrivande inom socionomutbildningen2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 315-327Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic and professional writing within the education in social work The texts written by professional social workers decide whether children can stay with their parents, if drug addicts get life-saving treatment or if families can have money to celebrate holidays. The school of social work lays the foundation of the complex skills and knowledge that professional social workers need. If we inside the education were to prioritize writing as a tool of critical reflexion, our students would be better prepared to connect their academic skills to the professional reality they are facing. In this text, I am discussing the writing skills of the students of social work from a perspective of academic literacies represented by Lea & Street (1998), and in particular look into the connections between academic and professional writing. The empirical base of my reflexions consists of my own and colleagues teaching at courses aimed at writing. The theoretical framework of academic literacies suggests we see the training in academic writing not as a unidirectional learning of language and writing skills, but as a complex appropriation of a broad field of discourses, weaved into structures of power and academic/professional identities. These will determine what knowledge is more or less relevant, and how knowledge and skills are to be presented and assessed. To the perspective of academic literacies, those of us involved in professional training will need to add skills of professional writing, springing from the tasks that professional social workers perform at a daily basis. The juridical, formal and communicative demands facing social workers has to be reflected in their writing, and the education will need to answer to that. Do we, properly?

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  • 24.
    Lundberg, Susanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Rekrytera och behålla personal i den kommunala äldreomsorgen under Covid-192021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 477-497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Staffing and maintaining competence in public elderly care during Covid-19

    The Covid-19 pandemic during 2020 and -21 has put intense light on working conditions in elderly care. This branch has a long history of difficulties regarding staffing and competence. Good staffing is a prerequisite for good quality care, and in order to recruit, create and develop the right competence, the employers need long-term strategies. The article is based on an interview study of 15 small and large municipalities in Sweden, conducted during the autumn of 2020 and the spring of 2021, focusing recruitment and organization of staff in the municipal elderly care. The study shows the importance of competent staff and good organization in dealing with a crisis situation. Recruiting and retaining staff is a process that requires a good employer brand, and this is handled by the surveyed municipalities in very different ways. 

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  • 25.
    Meeuwisse, Anna
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Nya avhandlingar: Egenorganisering blant fattige av Sissel Seim2006In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, no Årgång 13, nummer 3, p. 270-274Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Mulinari, Paula
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Tahvilzadeh, Nazem
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörns högskola.
    Dekolonialt socialt arbete: om relationen mellan gräsrotsrörelser och kritiskt socialt arbete i den urbana periferin2020In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 249-267Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to identify and analyze the conditions and strategies for creatinga critical and decolonial social work in the urban periphery. IIn this article we explore Save theChildren’s program ”On equal terms”, that during the past decade created a space for local mobilizationin several areas in Sweden, with the purpose of resolving communal problems. The articleidentifies three elements as central for their critical social work: the empowerment of a newgeneration of social organizers grounded in the urban periphery; the forming of alliances for thepurpose of developing new languages and strategies to address problems and solutions in alternativeways; and the construction of counter-publics through the appropriation of space for theestablishment of citizen-driven meeting places. Through these strategies and conditions, a decolonialsocial work was formed. Inspired by theories of resistance and mobilization, we interpret thework of ”On equal terms” as an expression of the politics of public-making and border work thattranscends the separation between activism and social work, giving space for new alternatives andhorizons.

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  • 27.
    Månsson, Sven-Axel
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Söderlind, Peder
    Researcher.
    Pornografi och teknologi: om porr på nätet2005In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 294-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mer än 800 000 svenskar porrsurfar på nätet. Idag använder sig pornografins aktörer av de nya mediernas tekniska förutsättningar för att marknadsföra och sälja sina tjänster och produkter. Stora summor är i omlopp, men hur ser verksamheten ut bakom kulisserna? Författarna analyserar innehållet i pornografin på nätet. De visar också hur nya grupper – inte minst ungdomar – involveras i de pornografiska nätverken. Avslutningsvis diskuteras hur man kan tolka och förstå analysens resultat i ett större samhälleligt perspektiv. 

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  • 28.
    Nilsson Sjöberg, Mattias
    Lunds universitet.
    Recension av “Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind"2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 203-206Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Olofsson, Jonas
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    SNS Konjunkturråd (2017): En arbetsmarknadsrapport som utmanar2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 79-83Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av SNS Konjunkturråd (2017) Konjunkturrådets rapport. Åtgärder för en inkluderande arbetsmarknad. Oskar Nordström Skans, Stefan Eriksson, Lena Hensvik. Stockholm: SNS förlag

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  • 30.
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    "Den verkliga kulturkonflikten"? Islamisk sexualmoralism i liberala Sverige2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 16, no 3-4, p. 350-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The article discusses the suggestion that the true clash between Western and Islamic civilizations is in the field of sexuality. Islamic morals and values regarding sex are elaborated on the basis of Islamic sources and related to the context of Swedish sexual liberalism. What conflicts can be found in questions regarding how to meet a partner for sex and/or marriage, who can be chosen as a partner, and the forced, arranged and early marriages? The sexual rights of the husband and the sexual duities of the wife are problematized. The article critically discusses the Islamic view of forbidden sexual relations and behaviour. The different understandings of sexuality are articulated in social problems such as honour-related violence, individual feelings of shame, objections to sex education in Swedish schools and the sexualization of children.

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  • 31.
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö högskola, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Primär och sekundär diskurs om heder2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 359-365Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att problematisera givna föreställningar om förövare och brottsoffer i ”hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck".

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  • 32.
    Plantin, Lars
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Daneback, Kristian
    Institutionen för soci-alt arbete, Göteborgs universitet.
    Föräldraskap och internet: Nya mötesplatser och informationsvägar kring det senmoderna föräldraskape2010In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 170-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Internet har idag blivit en allt viktigare mötesplats för många föräldrar eller blivande föräldrar där man söker stöd och information kring föräldraskapet. Men, vad söker de för information på nätet och vilken betydelse har detta stöd för föräldrarna?

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  • 33.
    Richert, Torkel
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Månsson, Sven-Axel
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Laanemets, Leili
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Kvinnor som injicerar heroin respektive amfetamin: skillnader i social situation, erfarenhet av behandling och önskemål om hjälp2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 144-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women Who Inject Heroin or Amphetamines - Differences in Life Situation, History of Treatment and Request for Help

    The purpose of the present paper is to investigate differences between women who inject heroin and women who inject amphetamines, particularly as regards their life situation, treatment history and current request for help. The results are based on standardized interviews with 188 women at the needle exchange program in Malmö. A larger proportion of amphetamine users had stable housing combined with exclusively legal/formal sources of incomes (wage labour, pension, social benefits), whereas a larger proportion of heroin users had unstable housing combined with illegal/informal sources of income (prostitution, dealing, theft). This implicates that amphetamine users, in general, are more socially included whereas heroin users are more marginalized. Women with heroin as their principal drug reported to a higher extent, experiences of all types of treatment, lifetime history of treatment, treatment at several different occasions and contact with the social services and outreach groups during the last year. Several factors where significantly related to a request for help, whereas heroin as principal drug was the single factor showing a significant relation to request for help in a multivariate logistic regression equation. The differences between the two groups as regards their history of treatment and present requests for help may have several explanations. One probable explanation has to do with different levels of abuse and dependence in the two groups, where heroin users, due to a higher level of dependence, have a greater demand for care and treatment. A second explanation concerns differences in treatment supplies available for the two groups. To this day there is no evidence-based treatment for amphetamine abuse. Treatment options for heroin abuse, on the other hand, are well documented and well recognized and heroin users are a prioritized group for interventions within the Swedish care system.

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  • 34.
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Internationellt socialt arbete: definitioner och perspektivval i historisk belysning2013In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 127-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social workers increasingly encounter individuals and groups who live their life oriented towards and sometimes even anchored in places in two or more countries. They also face situations and social problems that cannot be understood solely from a local perspective. This development has nourished the interest in international social work, which is growing in importance today. In spite of this growing interest there is a lack of a coherent definition of international social work. Due to this situation it is appropriate to review existing definitions of international social work and their underlying theoretical assumptions. The first definitions of international social work appeared in the 1940s in the shadow of the Second World War. These were based on a western understanding of social work and on modernization theory. A second wave of theory development came about from the late 1960s as societal power hierarchies and critical theory were brought to the fore in popular and academic debates. Globalization and the increased dependency between different parts of the world are of profound significance for ongoing theory development. This article shows that, while the first definitions of international social work were reduced to considering cross-border dimensions, over time inter-cultural dimensions have become an integral part of international social work. In what is today sometimes called transnational social work, the cross-border and cross-cultural dimensions of international social work are conflated. The article also shows how earlier discussions and dilemmas are reproduced in ongoing discussions. The article orgaanizes different theoretical positions in a table and hopes to stimulate further discussion of international social work.

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  • 35.
    Samzelius, Tove
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Kontext och deltagande kunskapsprojekt: en kritisk reflektion2022In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 29, no 3-4, p. 269-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on 2o years of experience of involving marginalized single mothers in participatory knowledge projects, this article offers a personal and critical reflection on the importance of the contexts within which such projects are developed. Through concrete examples of projects, developed in different historical periods and welfare regimes, the author illustrates how the political and economic context can create both opportunities and barriers for participation of disadvantaged groups and the grassroots organisations that represents them. Some of the tension as well as benefits that might arise when more radical self-organised groups partner up with academic institutions are also highlighted. Finally, ethical questions regarding the ideals of involvement of marginalized groups within a welfare context where the time to participate is regulated and constrained are raised. Consequently, it is argued, there is a need for wider critical reflection and continous dialouge regarding how the fundamental principles of more radical traditions, both within research and social work, can be adapted and incorporated in new ways, whilst also learning from past experiences. 

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  • 36.
    Staaf, Annika
    et al.
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Björkhagen Turesson, Annelie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Kriminalvården och Barnkonventionen2023In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 519-540Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Prison and Probation Service's and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

    Children belonging to incarcerated parents are typically a marginalised group within society who are often devoid of efficient support. This article discusses the realisation of children’s rights within the Swedish Prison and Probation Services based on the perspectives of staff members. This qualitative study has employed data collection through thematic interviews with staff at five institutions. In this article, the following four themes have been discussed: the difference in children’s rights based on a parent’s gender, the rights of a child to contact their incarcerated parent, the participation of a child within the Swedish Prison and Probation Services, and the staff's thoughts on the Prison Service's child rights perspective, current and future. The results display traditional norms continue to steer work within the Swedish Prison and Probation Services, partly creating differences in how children’s rights are realised, resulting in largely unseen parenting from fathers. There exist good examples of such realisations; however, a child’s perspective is largely influenced by staff commitment and individual interests. In implementing the CRC, respondents suggested an accompaniment of children placed in central units with their parents to provide the necessary support from educated staff. Furthermore, there is an additional desire for improved cooperation with social services.

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  • 37.
    Svensson, Bengt
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Skårner, Anette
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sex och narkotika: Mäns erfarenheter under uppbrottsprocessen från ett drogmissbruk2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 94-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have interviewed nineteen men with a history of problem drug use, about the effects of amphetamines and heroin on their sexuality and their intimate partner relations during and after the drug abuse. We also focus on how the experience of treatment affects thoughts about sexuality and sexual patterns of action afterwards. The theoretical foundation of this study is Patrick Biernacki’s (1986) model of the recovery process and John H. Gagnon and William Simon’s (2004) theory of sexual scripts, both of which are rooted in symbolic interactionism. The interviews confirm the impression from previous research that there is a tangible link between amphetamine and sex, while heroin addiction generally causes reduced sexual interest. A key finding of our study is that people leaving a problematic drug use often experience sexual problems in their new existence. The treatment that they have participated in has not given them the tools in the form of new sexual script to handle sexual situations, whether they are related to sexual experiences during the drug abuse or are of a more universal nature, connected with the ups and downs of the sexual desire that is part of the course of life for most people. Men who feel that using drugs improves their sex life could be at greater risk of relapse. However, even for those who have a stable abstinence, sexual problems can lead to reduced quality of life. Our conclusion is that sexuality, not least as a positive part of life, should play a greater part in the emotional processing of drug treatment.

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  • 38.
    Tornberg, Jakob
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Wallander, Lisa
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Vem är fattig, vem är rik?2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 23-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Who is poor, who is rich? A factorial survey of students’ beliefs about poverty

    According to Swärd (2012, p. 36), poverty has “many faces and its appearance is dependent upon time, place and type of society, ideological ideas and values”. The aim of this article was to study the beliefs about poverty held by Swedish students of social work, nursing and pre-school teach¬ing. The study employed the experimental factorial survey vignette method, involving the use of fictitious descriptions made up of randomly varying characteristics. In this study, these characte¬ristics included operationalized measures of poverty in terms of input (the person’s income) and output (a number of relative deprivations, comprising various forms of consumption deemed as necessary for the inclusion of individuals in society, as well as the duration of these deprivations). In the study, each of 383 students was asked to assess 20 randomly varying fictitious persons and to note their judgements on a nine-point scale ranging from extremely poor to extremely rich. The results of two multilevel multivariate linear regression analyses showed that the stu¬dents’ beliefs about poverty were related to both the input and the output of poverty, even though income was the dimension with by far the strongest effect on the judgements. Among the relative deprivations, those relating to the lack of economic means to pay bills or to buy medicine in gene¬ral or clothes for one’s child were most strongly associated with beliefs about poverty. The analyses also showed that professional affiliation mattered, in the sense that students embarking on a nur¬sing or a pre-school teaching career were generally less inclined to judge a person as poor, in com-parison with students of social work. Further, the poorer the students judged themselves to be, the poorer they believed the vignette person to be. Finally, remaining unexplained variance indicated the existence of potentially significant unmeasured respondent characteristics or of random varia¬tion in poverty beliefs held by students within the three studied welfare professions.

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  • 39.
    Wigerfelt, Berit
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Wigerfelt, Anders S
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Antisemitiska och antiromska hatbrott i Sverige: erfarenheter, konsekvenser och hantering av utsatthet2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 265-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anti-Semitic and anti-Roma hate crimes in Sweden – Experiences, consequences and coping

    Based on interviews, the purpose of the article is to study how Roma and Jews experience every- day violations and hate crime and how the victims deal with this exposure. The victims’ narratives are analysed using, for example, theories and research on anti-Semitism, anti-Ziganism, everyday racism and power relations. During the post-war period Jews have largely been seen by the majo- rity population as belonging to the white ”Swedishness”, while the Roma belong to one of many deeply despised minorities that often are exposed to everyday violations and hate crime. However, there is anti-Semitism in Sweden that in certain situations and circumstances is explicitly expres- sed in the form of abuse, threats or violence. The article describes and analyses how the victims of hate crime deal with this exposure and how the crimes affect them. Some Roma and Jews ”are forced” to live a kind of double life because they are afraid of being ”exposed” as a Roma or a Jew. For example, Jewish and Roma symbols are often spontaneously concealed. The damage that hate crime causes is spread beyond the individual to the victim’s entire group, a form of ”message crimes”. The consequences for the individual concerned can be very serious. Roma and Jewish groups as a whole can also be affected by the restrictions imposed on their lives.

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  • 40.
    Wågby, Angelica
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Barns delaktighet i vårdnads-, boende- och umgängesutredningar2019In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 173-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s participation in assessing custody, residence and access Social work researchers have found custody, residence and access proceedings to be negligent regarding children’s participation and in considering their opinions. This study, with its phenomenological design, aimed at disclosing how children’s participation (as a phenomenon) appears in Swedish custody assessments as seen from the professional context of the social worker. The findings show that the meaning of children’s participation is constituted within a social context, i.e., as the background of the overall assessment and not based on a specific view in terms of outcome as expressed by the child. Three specific themes were discovered: 1) informing and respecting the child, 2) attempting to understand the child, and 3) integrating the perspective of the child within the overall assessment. The findings also suggest the necessity of clarifying concepts within the social work profession.

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