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  • 1.
    Andersson, Claes
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
    Validation of the Alcohol-Related Sexual Consequences Scale in Swedish University Students2023Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 20, nr 2, artikel-id 1035Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alcohol-related sexual consequences are common in college students. A newly developed 41-item Alcohol-Related Sexual Consequences Scale has recently been evaluated in at-risk young adults in the U.S. The current study aims to validate the Scale in Swedish college students. Methods: The occurrence of alcohol-related sexual consequences was assessed by birth gender, relationship status, gender identity/sexual orientation, and age. Negative binomial regression was used to assess convergent and divergent validity. Results: On average, 5.4 (SD 5.1) alcohol-related sexual consequences were experienced past three months. Greater scores were reported in singles, LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning), and younger students. All sex-related covariates showed robust associations with alcohol-related sexual consequences while most alcohol-related covariates were not associated (e.g., convergent validity). All alcohol-related covariates showed robust associations with alcohol consequences while most sex-related covariates were not associated (e.g., divergent validity). In the full model predicting alcohol-related sexual consequences, being a woman, single, and younger were identified as independent predictors. Conclusions: This newly developed scale assessing alcohol-related sexual consequences could be used in both epidemiological studies and intervention studies targeting at-risk students.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Claes
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
    Håkansson, Anders
    Department of Clinical Sciences Lund.
    Associations between Risk Factors in Late Adolescence and Problem Behaviors in Young Adulthood: A Six-Year Follow-Up of Substance Related and Behavioral Addictions in Swedish High School Seniors2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 23, artikel-id 12766Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Risk factors of traditional substance use related problems in young adults are more well-known than for behavioral addictions such as gambling and gaming problems. The present study aims to provide knowledge about the longitudinal patters of substance use related and behavioral addictions in early adulthood. Methods: Using self-report surveys, substance-related, psychiatric, and demographic predictors were assessed in Swedish high school seniors and re-assessed six years later along with gambling and gaming problems, n = 800. Associations (Risk Ratios) between risk factors in late adolescence and problem behaviors in young adulthood were analyzed. Results: Tobacco use, illicit drug use, and hazardous drinking in young adulthood were associated with tobacco use, illicit drug use, alcohol use, conduct problems, and impaired impulse control in late adolescence. Gambling problems in young adulthood were only associated with heredity of alcohol problems, while gaming was not associated to any problem behavior in late adolescence. Conclusion: It is concluded that predictors for traditional substance-related addictions differ from predictors for behavioral addictions, and that this difference is more pronounced for gaming problems than for gambling problems.

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  • 3.
    Beckman, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Hellström, Lisa
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för skolutveckling och ledarskap (SOL).
    Views on Adolescents’ Mental Health in Sweden: A Qualitative Study among Different Professionals Working with Adolescents2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 20, artikel-id 10694Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Professionals who meet and work with adolescents hold important information and perspectives on adolescents’ mental health that, in addition to the adolescents’ voices, can shed light on complex issues. The aim was to explore professionals’ views on what challenges they face and how they can strengthen today’s adolescents’ mental health. This study involves four group interviews, conducted in March and October of 2020, including professionals with different working backgrounds. Data were analyzed with a qualitative content analysis. Two categories emerged: navigating life arenas and support for mental health. The first category included the demanding aspects of school, the challenges of social media, and the professionals’ thoughts on which pieces of mental health knowledge adolescents are lacking. The second category included what the professionals thought today’s parents need to develop and do to best support their children. Moreover, self-critical views were expressed on which aspects the professionals could do better to improve adolescents’ mental health. In conclusion, listening to professionals working with adolescents talk about adolescents’ mental health gives important insights. According to the professionals, both adolescents and their parents need improved life skills, including a strengthened and empowered self-esteem as well as improved mental health literacy.

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    Beckman & Hellström 2021
  • 4.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Muhonen, Tuija
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för skolutveckling och ledarskap (SOL).
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, 801 76 Gävle, Sweden; Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dollard, Maureen F
    PSC Observatory, Centre for Workplace Excellence, Justice and Society, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.
    Benchmarks for Evidence-Based Risk Assessment with the Swedish Version of the 4-Item Psychosocial Safety Climate Scale.2020Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, nr 22, artikel-id E8675Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to validate the short version of The Psychosocial Safety Climate questionnaire (PSC-4, Dollard, 2019) and to establish benchmarks indicating risk levels for use in Sweden. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25–65 years (n = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees from 94 workplaces (n = 3066) were analyzed. Benchmarks for three PSC risk levels were developed using organizational compliance with Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) regulations as criterion. The results support the validity and usefulness of the Swedish PSC-4 as an instrument to indicate good, fair, and poor OSH practices. The recommended benchmark for indicating good OSH practices is an average score of >12.0, while the proposed cutoff for poor OSH practices is a score of ≤8.0 on the PSC-4. Scores between these benchmarks indicate fair OSH practices. Furthermore, aggregated data on PSC-4 supported its reliability as a workplace level construct and its association with quantitative demands, quality of leadership, commitment to the workplace, work engagement, job satisfaction, as well as stress and burnout. Thus, the Swedish version of PSC-4 can be regarded as a valid and reliable measure for both research and practical use for risk assessment at workplaces.

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  • 5.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, Karolinska Institute.
    Burr, Hermann
    Division 3Work and Health, Federal Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA),.
    Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden2020Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, nr 9, artikel-id E3179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents the Swedish standard version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, COPSOQ III, and investigates its reliability and validity at individual and workplace levels with the aim of establishing benchmarks for the psychosocial work environment. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25-65 years (N = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees at 51 workplaces (N = 1818) were analysed. Internal consistency reliability was evaluated as well as the effects of sex, work sector and blue/white-collar work. Population benchmarks and mean scores for major occupational groups were computed based on weighted data. ICC(1) and ICC(2) estimates were computed to evaluate aggregation to the workplace level and Pearson inter-correlations to evaluate construct validity at individual and aggregated levels. The reliability and scale characteristics were satisfactory, with few exceptions, at both individual and workplace levels. The strength and direction of correlations supported the construct validity of the dimensions and the amount of variance explained by workplace justified aggregation to the workplace level. The present study thus supports the use of COPSOQ III for measurement at the workplace level and presents benchmarks for risk management as well as for research purposes.

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    Supplementary material
  • 6.
    Burr, H.
    et al.
    Unit 3.2 Psychosocial Factors and Mental Health, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), 13017 Berlin, Germany.
    Müller, G.
    Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), 10317 Berlin, Germany.
    Rose, U.
    Unit 3.2 Psychosocial Factors and Mental Health, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), 13017 Berlin, Germany.
    Formazin, M.
    Unit 3.0 Work and Health, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), 10317 Berlin, Germany.
    Clausen, T.
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Schulz, A.
    Unit 3.2 Psychosocial Factors and Mental Health, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), 13017 Berlin, Germany.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Potter, G.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27701, USA.
    D’errico, A.
    Department of Epidemiology, Local Health Unit ASL TO 3, Piedmont Region, 10095 Turin, Italy.
    Pohrt, A.
    Department of Medical Psychology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin, 10317 Berlin, Germany.
    The demand–control model as a predictor of depressive symptoms—interaction and differential subscale effects: Prospective analyses of 2212 German employees2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 16, artikel-id 8328Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Testing assumptions of the widely used demand–control (DC) model in occupational psychosocial epidemiology, we investigated (a) interaction, i.e., whether the combined effect of low job control and high psychological demands on depressive symptoms was stronger than the sum of their single effects (i.e., superadditivity) and (b) whether subscales of psychological demands and job control had similar associations with depressive symptoms. Logistic longitudinal regression analyses of the 5-year cohort of the German Study of Mental Health at Work (S-MGA) 2011/12–2017 of 2212 employees were conducted. The observed combined effect of low job control and high psychological demands on depressive symptoms did not indicate interaction (RERI = −0.26, 95% CI = −0.91; 0.40). When dichotomizing subscales at the median, differential effects of subscales were not found. When dividing subscales into categories based on value ranges, differential effects for job control subscales (namely, decision authority and skill discretion) were found (p = 0.04). This study does not support all assumptions of the DC model: (1) it corroborates previous studies not finding an interaction of psychological demands and job control; and (2) signs of differential subscale effects were found regarding job control. Too few prospective studies have been carried out regarding differential subscale effects. 

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  • 7.
    Duarte, Joana
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA).
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Owen, Mikaela
    Centre for Workplace Excellence, University of South Australia.
    Not All Emotional Demands Are the Same: Emotional Demands from Clients' or Co-Workers' Relations Have Different Associations with Well-Being in Service Workers.2020Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, nr 21, artikel-id E7738Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been an increased interest in the study of emotional demands (ED) at work and its impact on workers' well-being. However, ED have been conceptualized as a unitary concept, focused on interactions with clients, and excluding other potential sources of ED at work. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to explore the relation between ED from different relational sources (clients/patients/customers and colleagues, supervisors, and employees) and service workers' exhaustion and engagement. Cross-sectional data from a sample of 2742 service workers were analysed using structural equation modelling. Results showed that ED from both sources (clients and colleagues) were associated with more emotional exhaustion, particularly if dealing with clients was not an integrated part of the role. Further, ED from clients' relations were negatively associated with engagement for managers with staff responsibility, but positively for managers without staff responsibility. We also found moderating effects of psychosocial safety climate (PSC), whereby ED had the strongest effect on emotional exhaustion when PSC was low. This study suggests that different relational sources of ED at work have a different impact on employees' well-being. Strategies that promote a reduction of extra-role ED, and the development of a PSC in the organization, could therefore offer possible solutions to promote employees' psychological well-being and motivation.

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  • 8.
    Fajardo-Bullon, Fernando
    et al.
    Univ Extremadura, Fac Educ & Psychol, Dept Psychol, Ave Elvas S-N, Badajoz 06006, Spain..
    Perez-Mayo, Jesus
    Univ Extremadura, Dept Econ, Badajoz 06006, Spain..
    Esnaola, Igor
    Univ Basque Country, UPV EHU, Fac Educ, Dept Dev & Educ Psychol, Ave Tolosa 70, Leioa 20018, Spain..
    Anderson, Isobel
    Univ Stirling, Fac Social Sci, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland..
    Knutagård, Marcus
    Lund Univ, Sch Social Work, Box 23, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Influence of Psychosocial Variables on the Health of People Living in Housing Exclusion2020Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, nr 23, artikel-id 8983Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of some personal characteristics, health variables, and social support on the self-rated health of people in housing exclusion in Spain. For that purpose, we used the FOESSA Survey of Social Integration and Needs database, with a final sample of 1574 households. Being more educated and reporting a good life satisfaction stood out as the main factors preventing worse health status. Furthermore, results showed that being female, experiencing poverty-related food insecurity, not having health insurance, experiencing widowhood or partner bereavement, and having caring responsibilities for others or having a disabled person in the household are associated with increased reporting of regular or poor health. On the other hand, being young, having a diagnosed/long-term illness, and a big household size are preventive factors for good health. These results allowed identifying risk and prevention factors to inform interventions to improve the health of those living in housing exclusion. Promoting better education levels, social support, and overall life satisfaction could be important to improve health in this population. Developing social support policies for caring responsibilities and food insecurity must be a priority to improve the health of people living in housing exclusion.

  • 9.
    Forsström, David
    et al.
    Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm Health Care Services.
    Rozental, Alexander
    Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm Health Care Services; UCL, UK.
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Lindner, Philip
    Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm Health Care Services.
    Jansson-Fröjmark, Markus
    Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm Health Care Services.
    Hesser, Hugo
    Örebro University; Linköping University.
    Further Exploration of the Psychometric Properties of GamTest: A Rasch Analysis.2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 9, artikel-id 4824Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    GamTest is a self-rating scale of negative consequences of gambling, included in the popular responsible gambling tool Playscan as part of an overall risk assessment and feedback feature. Two previous psychometric evaluations of this instrument yielded contradictory results: in an online high-gambling population, a five-factor model was supported and the instrument had overall good psychometric properties, but in a low-gambling population, the same factor structure was not supported. Because GamTest is used with both low- and high-gambling populations, more psychometric research is needed to fully understand how the instrument works. The current study examined, for the first time, psychometric performance among a sample of low-gambling respondents using a Rasch analysis. Results indicated that the instrument could be improved by decreasing the scale-steps and removing several problematic items demonstrating misfit. Furthermore, the findings indicated that some items functioned differently depending on gender, and that a shortened, improved nine-item version could not differentiate between different levels of risk. Our findings suggest that the instrument would arguably benefit from being adapted for use in a low-gambling population.

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  • 10. Gaber, Sophie N
    et al.
    Nygård, Louise
    Brorsson, Anna
    Kottorp, Anders
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Charlesworth, Georgina
    Wallcook, Sarah
    Malinowsky, Camilla
    Social Participation in Relation to Technology Use and Social Deprivation: A Mixed Methods Study Among Older People with and without Dementia2020Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, nr 11, artikel-id E4022Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    = 0.033). The content analysis and graphical joint display revealed motivators, considerations that require extra attention, and strategies for managing social participation. The results underline how Everyday Technology use can be assistive to social participation but also the need to consider social deprivation of the living environment, especially among people with dementia.

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  • 11.
    Hellström, Lisa
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för skolutveckling och ledarskap (SOL).
    A Systematic Review of Polyvictimization among Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity or Autism Spectrum Disorder2019Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, nr 13, artikel-id 2280Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have shown an increased risk for violence and victimization. However, research on exposure to multiple forms of victimization in different contexts are scarce. Hence, the current aim is to review the evidence about polyvictimization among children with ASD or ADHD. PsycInfo, ERIC, ERC, Scopus, and PubMed databases were systematically searched until 12 March 2019 to identify empirical studies with reported prevalence rates of at least four forms of victimization among children with ASD or ADHD. A total of 6/1300 articles were included in the review, ranging in sample sizes from 92 to 4114. The reported prevalence rates for polyvictimization were 1.8% and 23.1% for children with ASD and 7.3% for children with ADHD. The results emphasize the high prevalence of violence and victimization, including polyvictimization, among children with ASD or ADHD. Polyvictimization among children with ASD or ADHD is a highly under researched area. Significant knowledge gaps and important methodological considerations that provide important implications for future research include lack of information on cyber bullying, frequency or intensity of victimization, and the failure to include children as informants and to report health outcomes associated with polyvictimization.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Hellström, Lisa
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för skolutveckling och ledarskap (SOL).
    Beckman, Linda
    Karlstads universitet.
    Life Challenges and Barriers to Help Seeking: Adolescents’ and Young Adults’ Voices of Mental Health2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, s. 1-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Listening to the voices of adolescents and young adults regarding their lived experiencescould be a way to identify important skills and abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that willenable youth to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Hence, the aimwith the current study is to explore the experiences and understandings of the life situation amongadolescents and young adults of today, by making their voices heard in regards to mental healthand help-seeking behaviour. A total of 6 group interviews were conducted with 22 adolescents andyoung adults (13 girls and 9 boys) ages 17–25 (M = 18.6 years). Data analysis was conducted usingqualitative content analysis and resulted in two categories and five subcategories. The first category,Life challenges, included views on the sources of mental health, how to manage different typesof relationships, and thoughts on accepted ways to express mental health problems. The secondcategory, The need of present adults, highlighted important aspects for seeking help, such as anexpressed need to be seen and heard by adults including parents, school staff, and other professionalsas well as a need for adults’ increased availability. The challenges to students’ well-being and mentalhealth are many, and there are no simple solutions. Based on the results in this study, life skillstraining should include elements to enhance the development of individual coping strategies, tobe applied when life feels tough and when the body is experiencing stress reactions. Further, tominimize the risk of self-stigma and the internalization of negative stereotypes and self-blame, lifeskills training should include elements to increase knowledge of structural factors that have effectson the life situation as well as parents, school personnel, and other important adults.

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  • 13. Hovhannisyan, Karen
    et al.
    Gunther, Michelle
    Raffing, Rie
    Wikström, Maria
    Malmö universitet, Gemensamt verksamhetsstöd.
    Adami, Johanna
    Tonnesen, Hanne
    Compliance with the Very Integrated Program (VIP) for Smoking Cessation, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Comorbidity Education Among Patients in Treatment for Alcohol and Drug Addiction2019Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, nr 13, artikel-id 2285Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Meeting adherence is an important element of compliance in treatment programmes. It is influenced by several factors one being self-efficacy. We aimed to investigate the association between self-efficacy and meeting adherence and other factors of importance for adherence among patients with alcohol and drug addiction who were undergoing an intensive lifestyle intervention. The intervention consisted of a 6-week Very Integrated Programme. High meeting adherence was defined as >75% participation. The association between self-efficacy and meeting adherence were analysed. The qualitative analyses identified themes important for the patients and were performed as text condensation. High self-efficacy was associated with high meeting adherence (rho = 0.24, p = 0.03). In the multivariate analyses two variables were significant: avoid complications (OR: 0.51, 95% CI: 0.29-0.90) and self-efficacy (OR: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.00-1.63). Reflections on lifestyle change resulted in the themes of Health and Wellbeing, Personal Economy, Acceptance of Change, and Emotions Related to Lifestyle Change. A higher level of self-efficacy was positively associated with meeting adherence. Patients score high on avoiding complications but then adherence to the intervention drops. There was no difference in the reflections on lifestyle change between the group with high adherence and the group with low adherence.

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  • 14.
    Jägerbrink, Veronica
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Glaser, Joakim
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Anna
    Department of Sport Science, Linnaeus University, Växjö-Kalmar, Sweden.
    Extracurricular Acitivities in School: Students' Attitudes and Experiences2022Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, nr 22, s. 1-11, artikel-id 15051Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Few children and adolescents reach the recommended levels of daily physical activity, which is something that affects their health and wellbeing. Research shows that physical activities could be one factor for improving health and achieving academic goals in children and adolescents. Methods: Eight focus group interviews with students 10–15 years old were conducted at two schools with extracurricular pulse activities (ECPAs) during the school day. Results: In general, the interviewed students at both schools expressed positive attitudes toward ECPAs, emphasizing a felt correlation with physical activities out of school. Phenomena such as motivation, concentration and social relations also seem to profit from ECPAs. However, some students display a critical approach to ECPAs. From a gender perspective, girls embrace ECPAs with more enthusiasm than boys. Conclusions: In order to make the best use of positive attitudes and health promotion, schools need to improve structural conditions such as facilities, time pressure, unhygienic conditions, blurry boundaries between ECPAs and Physical Education (PE), uncomprehending teachers, contents and, very importantly, the inclusion of students in the process of planning and implementing ECPAs.

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  • 15.
    Karatuna, Işıl
    et al.
    Beykoz University, Turkey.
    Owen, Mikaela
    University of South Australia, Australia.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stockholm University.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA).
    The Role of Staff-Assessed Care Quality in the Relationship between Job Demands and Stress in Human Service Work: The Example of Dentistry2022Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, nr 19, s. 12795-12795Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate staff-assessed care quality at the clinic as a predictorof stress and as a moderator between job demands (quantitative demands and role conflict) and stressamong dental professionals as an example of human service workers. Cross-sectional questionnairedata from 1012 dental professionals (i.e., dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses) working at99 clinics were analysed by confirmatory factor analysis and a two-level hierarchical linear model.Stress, quantitative demands and role conflict were measured by the Swedish standard version ofCOPSOQ III and care quality was measured by three proprietary items. The results showed thatstaff-assessed care quality at the clinic was of importance for the individual workers’ experiencesof stress. Furthermore, the staff’s joint assessment of the care quality at the clinic mitigated thenegative effect of role conflict on stress among dental nurses. These results indicate that a high levelof staff-assessed care quality at the clinic can contribute to reduced stress in dental professionals.

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  • 16.
    Kingma, B. R. M.
    et al.
    Section for Integrative Physiology, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen.
    Steenhoff, H.
    International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark.
    Toftum, J.
    International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark.
    Daanen, H. A. M.
    Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behaviour and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences.
    Folkerts, M. A.
    Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behaviour and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences.
    Gerrett, N.
    Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behaviour and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences.
    Gao, C.
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University.
    Kuklane, K.
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University.
    Petersson, J.
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University.
    Halder, A.
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University.
    Zuurbier, M.
    Public Health Services Gelderland Midden, Arnhem, The Netherlands.
    Garland, S. W.
    FritzdorfSport, Klagshamn, Sweden.
    Nybo, L.
    Section for Integrative Physiology, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen.
    ClimApp—Integrating Personal Factors with Weather Forecasts for Individualised Warning and Guidance on Thermal Stress2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, E-ISSN 1660-460, Vol. 18, nr 21, s. 1-26, artikel-id 11317Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Källstrand, Jeanette
    Halmstad University.
    Alftberg, Åsa
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Johansson, Pia
    Halmstad University.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University.
    Håman, Linn
    Halmstad University.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University.
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Halmstad University.
    Empowerment-Based Physical Activity Intervention for People with Advanced Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Mixed-Methods Protocol2023Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 20, nr 643, s. 1-12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of incurable visual impairment and impacts daily life. These impacts include loss of social activities, decreased functional independence, and reduced physical activity. This protocol aims to describe a prospective, mixed-methodology for studying a population with AMD before, during, and after an empowerment-based physical activity intervention (EPI). A study framework was also developed for EPI. The intervention will include 20 older individuals (age 65+ years) with AMD recruited in Sweden. The intervention period is six months and comprises adapted physical activity and social activities in a group twice a week and individual health coaching on three occasions. The quantitative pre-test and three follow-ups include physical functional tests, an accelerometer that monitors physical activity continuously for one week, and questionnaires. Individual and focus-group interviews and ethnographic observations will explore the experience of living with AMD and what it means to participate in the EPI for individuals with AMD. The chosen methodology offers a structured way for researchers to explore the experiences and factors that may provide insights into the potential of creative supervised, adapted physical activity in groups, health coaching, and socialising that are significant to enable well-being among older individuals with AMD.

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  • 18.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Westerberg, Karin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Malmqvist, Ebba
    Oudin, Anna
    Through Internet and Friends: Translation of Air Pollution Research in Malmö Municipality, Sweden2020Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, nr 12, artikel-id E4214Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Air pollution is estimated to cause more than 7000 deaths annually in Sweden alone. To reduce the impact of air pollution and to plan and build sustainable cities, it is vital that research is translated into efficient decisions and practice. However, how do civil servants in a municipality access research results? How do they normally find relevant information, and what obstacles are there to accessing and applying research results? As part of the collaborative and transdisciplinary research project Air Pollution Research in Local Environmental Planning (ARIEL), these questions were explored through interviews and seminars with civil servants within the Malmö Municipality Environmental Office. We found that the civil servants generally have proficiency in processing research results, but often do not use such results as part of their everyday decision making and practices. Instead, the data and measurements used are mostly produced case-by-case within the municipal sector itself. Information about best practices is also collected via a number of knowledge access practices, involving the Internet or social networks within other municipalities. Lack of time, paywalls, and the insufficient applicability of research hinder the dissemination of up-to-date results. This slows down the process whereby research, funded by tax-money, can be put to best practice in the effort to create healthy and sustainable cities.

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  • 19.
    Lygum, Victoria Linn
    et al.
    Department of the Built Environment, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, 2450 Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Dupret, Katia
    Research Centre for Social Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, Department of People and Technology, Roskilde University, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark.
    Bentsen, Peter
    Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Copenhagen University Hospital-Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark; Department of Geoscience and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, 1958 Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Djernis, Dorthe
    The Foundation for Mental Health, 2500 Valby, Denmark.
    Grangaard, Sidse
    Department of the Built Environment, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, 2450 Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Ladegaard, Yun
    The Foundation for Mental Health, 2500 Valby, Denmark; Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, 1168 Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Petersson Troije, Charlotte
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Division of Sociology, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, 72123 Västerås, Sweden.
    Greenspace as Workplace: Benefits, Challenges and Essentialities in the Physical Environment.2023Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 20, nr 17, artikel-id 6689Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a scarcity of knowledge regarding the potential benefits of human-nature contact within the context of working life. Even more limited is the research that focuses on working outdoors and the setting in which it takes place. This study aimed to obtain insight into key aspects of the physical environment relevant for the experienced benefits and challenges of workers exploring office work outdoors. We conducted interviews with key informants as well as photo registration and mapping of the different green spaces in the environments of six small or medium-sized workplaces. The information gathered was used as background knowledge for exploratory qualitative interviews, which were conducted while walking in natural settings chosen by the interviewees. With a landscape architectural perspective and an inductive approach, we explored employees' experiences of bringing office work outdoors. The following themes emerged: 'Simplicity,' 'Safeness', 'Comfort', and 'Contact with Nature' were experienced as key aspects in relation to the physical environment, whereas 'Sociality', 'Well-being', and 'Functioning' stood out as the main benefits and, 'Digital dependency' and 'Illegitimacy' as challenges to overcome. Based on the identification of potential benefits and their prerequisites, we propose implications for practice and research that can be useful when focusing on bringing office work outdoors.

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  • 20.
    Porter, Susann
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för skolutveckling och ledarskap (SOL).
    Muhonen, Tuija
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för skolutveckling och ledarskap (SOL).
    The Paradox of Political Accountability and Deficits in the Preconditions for Service Delivery in Elderly Care: A Qualitative Study of Swedish Politicians2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 23, s. 0-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this qualitative grounded theory study were to explore how politicians accountable for Swedish elderly care viewed their assignment, their beliefs and knowledge regarding the psychosocial work environment for elderly care employees, the factors affecting their work environment, and how these politicians regarded elderly care during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study consisted of 41 interviews with politicians in municipalities across Sweden. Three categories emerged from the analysis: (1) interpretation of the assignment directs the focus; (2) recognizing shortfalls in the employees’ work environment; and (3) exposing deficiencies due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The strongest category was identified as interpretation of the assignment directs the focus and was described as the delivery of good and quality care. Nevertheless, this study highlights shortfalls in the delivery of care services where the employees’ work environment, especially in the home care sector, was frequently described as stressful. The COVID-19 pandemic adversely affected the work situation for staff in elderly care. In that setting, staff shortage and lack of competency were common. Nurses were particularly affected by high workload and responsibility. Further research should explore civil servant roles in the elderly care sector and how these actors view their collaboration with municipality politicians.

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  • 21.
    Sollerhed, A. -C
    et al.
    Faculty of Teacher Education, Kristianstad University, 291 39 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Olesen, L. G.
    Centre of Research in Childhood Health, Research Unit for Exercise Epidemiology, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense, Denmark.
    Froberg, K.
    Centre of Research in Childhood Health, Research Unit for Exercise Epidemiology, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense, Denmark.
    Soini, A.
    Department of Education, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylän, Finland.
    Sääkslahti, A.
    Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylän, Finland.
    Kristjánsdóttir, G.
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Vilhjálmsson, R.
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Fjørtoft, I.
    Faculty of Humanities, Sports and Educational Science, University of South-Eastern Norway, 3672 Notodden, Norway.
    Larsen, R.
    Faculty of Humanities, Sports and Educational Science, University of South-Eastern Norway, 3672 Notodden, Norway.
    Ekberg, Jan-Eric
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Movement and physical activity in early childhood education and care policies of five nordic countries2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 24, artikel-id 13226Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the values of movement and physical activity (MoPA) using government policy documents (e.g., laws and curricula) on early childhood education and care (ECEC) from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. This descriptive, comparative study was designed based on curriculum theory and used word count and content analyses to identify similarities and differences in the occurrence of MoPA in the ECEC policies of Nordic countries. Seven terms were identified as MoPA-related in Nordic policy documents. These terms occurred in various content contexts: development, environment, expression, health and well-being, learning and play, albeit sparsely. MoPA was referred to as both a goal in and of itself and as a means of achieving other goals (e.g., learning or development in another area). Formulations specifically dedicated to MoPA as a goal were present in the Danish and Finnish curricula and, to some extent, also in the Norwegian curriculum, while the Icelandic and Swedish curricula mentioned MoPA mostly as a means. Findings indicated that MoPA, which is important for children’s development, health, and well-being, is a low-priority value, to varying degrees, in the ECEC policies enacted by Nordic countries and the guidance provided to educators and stakeholders therein is inexplicit. 

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  • 22.
    Stålne, Kristian
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för materialvetenskap och tillämpad matematik (MTM).
    Pedersen, Eja
    Lund University.
    Transdisciplinary Research on Indoor Environment and Health as a Social Process2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 8, artikel-id 4379Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although issues concerning indoor environments and their interaction with humans span many disciplines, such as aerosol technology, environmental psychology, health, and building physics, they are often studied separately. This study describes a research project with the transdisciplinary aim of bridging such disciplinary boundaries. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the twelve project members to explore their understanding of transdisciplinarity regarding the conceptual as well as social aspects of collective learning and leadership and the measures taken to achieve this. The interviews were coded in NVivo (QSR International, Doncaster, Australia), which was used to identify themes concerning notions associated with transdisciplinarity, collective leadership, collective intelligence, and learning. A shared understanding of transdisciplinarity meant that the researchers transcended their disciplinary boundaries by moving into each other's fields. This collective learning process was facilitated by introductory lectures on each other's fields, contributing to collective leadership and a safe atmosphere. We argue that a transdisciplinary approach is appropriate in order to address indoor environment issues as well other complex problems, for which additional time and resources should be allocated for individual and collective learning processes.

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  • 23.
    Tuvesson, Hanna
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Eklund, Mona
    Psychosocial Work Environment, Stress Factors and Individual Characteristics among Nursing Staff in Psychiatric In-Patient Care2014Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1161-1175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The psychosocial work environment is an important factor in psychiatric in-patient care, and knowing more of its correlates might open up new paths for future workplace interventions. Thus, the aims of the present study were to investigate perceptions of the psychosocial work environment among nursing staff in psychiatric in-patient care and how individual characteristicsMastery, Moral Sensitivity, Perceived Stress, and Stress of Conscienceare related to different aspects of the psychosocial work environment. A total of 93 nursing staff members filled out five questionnaires: the QPSNordic 34+, Perceived Stress Scale, Stress of Conscience Questionnaire, Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire, and Mastery scale. Multivariate analysis showed that Perceived Stress was important for Organisational Climate perceptions. The Stress of Conscience subscale Internal Demands and Experience in current units were indicators of Role Clarity. The other Stress of Conscience subscale, External Demands and Restrictions, was related to Control at Work. Two types of stress, Perceived Stress and Stress of Conscience, were particularly important for the nursing staff's perception of the psychosocial work environment. Efforts to prevent stress may also contribute to improvements in the psychosocial work environment.

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  • 24.
    Vidal Carulla, Clara
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Christodoulakis, Nikolaos
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Adbo, Karina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Development of Preschool Children's Executive Functions throughout a Play-Based Learning Approach That Embeds Science Concepts2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 2, artikel-id 588Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the development of executive functions in preschool children during a series of science activities. A longitudinal play-based learning intervention was designed and implemented following the design of an educational experiment. Data were collected through visual ethnography in hot situations with adult supervision. Results show how entwined the concepts of inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility are within young children's development. The development of cognitive flexibility or attention shifting readily occurred when there were fictive characters (such as the king and his royal family), but changing perspective toward a nonfictive environment (i.e., taking other children's perspectives) was a more difficult and time-consuming process. This process began in an individual perspective and expanded to acknowledging others' perspectives, then moved toward creating common perspectives or alternative narratives. Results show that science activities can be a bridge for preschool children to transfer their use of executive functions, from fairytales and games toward everyday tasks.

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  • 25. Wierzbicka, Aneta
    et al.
    Pedersen, Eja
    Persson, Roger
    Nordquist, Birgitta
    Stålne, Kristian
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för materialvetenskap och tillämpad matematik (MTM).
    Gao, Chuansi
    Harderup, Lars-Erik
    Borell, Jonas
    Caltenco, Héctor
    Ness, Barry
    Stroh, Emilie
    Li, Yujing
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för materialvetenskap och tillämpad matematik (MTM).
    Dahlblom, Mats
    Lundgren-Kownacki, Karin
    Isaxon, Christina
    Gudmundsson, Anders
    Wargocki, Pawel
    Healthy Indoor Environments: The Need for a Holistic Approach2018Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, nr 9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Indoor environments have a large impact on health and well-being, so it is important to understand what makes them healthy and sustainable. There is substantial knowledge on individual factors and their effects, though understanding how factors interact and what role occupants play in these interactions (both causative and receptive) is lacking. We aimed to: (i) explore interactions between factors and potential risks if these are not considered from holistic perspective; and (ii) identify components needed to advance research on indoor environments. The paper is based on collaboration between researchers from disciplines covering technical, behavioural, and medical perspectives. Outcomes were identified through literature reviews, discussions and workshops with invited experts and representatives from various stakeholder groups. Four themes emerged and were discussed with an emphasis on occupant health: (a) the bio-psycho-social aspects of health; (b) interaction between occupants, buildings and indoor environment; (c) climate change and its impact on indoor environment quality, thermal comfort and health; and (d) energy efficiency measures and indoor environment. To advance the relevant research, the indoor environment must be considered a dynamic and complex system with multiple interactions. This calls for a transdisciplinary and holistic approach and effective collaboration with various stakeholders.

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