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  • 1.
    Aalbers, Sander
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Back to the Roots: Re-Connecting Humanity and the Natural World by Merging Interactive Technology and Plants2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project explores combining interactive technology and the natural world, through a more-than-human design approach. This project aims to step away from an industry-driven design by valuing plants as equal in the design process. Throughout this report, an overview of the relevant theory and examples are elaborated on. This overview has informed the project in two ways. It formed the foundation of a concept aiming to improve the user’s interconnectedness with nature and it formed the foundation of an evaluation tool developed for aiding designers in design for plants by addressing three design fields: Design for Care, Design for Cohabitation, and Design for Noticing. The concept and the evaluation tool have been developed in parallel and informed each other throughout the project. The final concept contributes to the discussion about addressing more-than-human actors in design. In this case by addressing plant blindness. The evaluation tool contributes to more-than-human design as a tool to evaluate ideas and projects. This project included an extensive analysis of a design collection, workshops regarding the materiality of living plants and assessment of the evaluation tool, an interdisciplinary design approach, and a prototyping phase during which assumptions regarding the concept were tested.

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  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Frida
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Känslor, identitet och branding: En analys av vinproducenters Instagramkommunikation2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how wine brands use emotional branding and narrative identities to connect with customers on Instagram. The research questions were as follows: How do winemakers use emotional branding in their communication on Instagram? How does the narrative that the company tells about itself relate to the customer's identity? To answer this, a semiotic analysis was made where three different wine producers were examined. For each wine producer, a profile overview and three posts were analyzed. The findings show that all three wine producers created content that corresponds to emotional branding for instance by trying to emphasize a connection to sentimental memories, socialization, lifestyles and ideals. By trying to create a narrative around the brand, they intend to attract consumers whose narrative identity corresponds to the identity of the brand. This is relevant knowledge for designers and marketing people in order to connect with consumers. Since the wine business has a great economic relevance, this knowledge can also be considered to be of general interest.

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  • 3.
    Adamsson, Albin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Designkvalitéer i svenskt vildsvinsläder2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är ett designdrivet forskningsprojekt som besvarar frågeställningen: Vilka materiella designkvalitéer finns det i svenskt vildsvinsläder och hur kan dessa appliceras i produktdesign? Frågeställningen undersöks främst genom en material driven designmetod och resultatet analyseras genom teorier om design för hållbar utveckling och design för emotionell varaktighet.

    Den material drivna designmetoden inleddes med fri utforskning av materialet, första intryck dokumenterades och hypoteser kring materialet dömdes inkorrekta. För att undersöka de tekniska egenskaperna utfördes materialtester. Materialupplevelsen utforskades genom ett metodverktyg där 10 deltagare besvarade frågor kring materialets performativa, sensoriska, affektiva och tolkande egenskaper. Testerna avslutades med en reflektion av materialets positiva, negativa och unika egenskaper.

    Kunskapen av vildsvinslädrets designkvalitéer används sedan i en idégenerering process för att skapa en hållbar produkt med emotionell varaktighet. Idégenerering mynnar ut i studiens designförslag, en stol med dyna och ryggstöd av vildsvinsläder. Studien avslutas med en slutsats som bekräftar designkvalitéerna i vildsvinläder och en diskussion som belyser insikter som uppkommit under studiens genomförande.

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  • 4.
    Adilnor, Sana
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Arkivexempel: K-Pop Design: Visual Aesthetics In Korean Popular Culture (designprojekt) och Interaktiv förpackningsdesign: Grafisk formgivning av K-pop album och dess inflytande på konsumentbeteende (kandidatuppsats): Komplett arkivexempel för Kandidatuppsats (15hp) och Designdokumentation (15hp)2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of Hallyu, or the global export of Korean culture also commonly known as ‘The Korean Wave’, South Korea has become a big trendsetter in recent years: whether it be within fashion and K-Beauty skincare or Korean movies and drama series, to Korean popular music, also known under the umbrella term K-pop. What these categories have in common are their strong ties to visual aesthetics and K-pop is known for its very colourful and maximalist design, which is also a key characteristic to why K-pop as a phenomenon has been particularly attractive and has managed to captivate fans all over the world. In the marvelling K-pop universe, the goal is to engage all the senses for a complete and interactive sensory experience, making the visual just as important as the auditory, and this can also be applied to the physical album design. Physical K-pop albums sell better than ever despite the digital streaming services dominating our digital age. A visual analysis was conducted on selected contemporary K-pop albums together with a survey on Swedish K-pop fans, in order to discuss how packaging design of K-pop albums can influence consumer behavior. The study showed that interactive packaging design and extra album inclusions like photocards, photo books, postcards etc. makes the fans more likely to want to collect albums and merchandise, which on its own can be viewed as a collectible item. The packaging design both facilitates and encourages fans to interact with the design not only visually, but also in a tactile way, by engaging in participatory behavior such as filming unboxing videos and posting them on social media, and it can also be associated with identity making, i.e. how they identify themselves as fans in relation to their favorite artists or towards other fans. Lastly, it is interesting to discuss how K-pop design can be heavily influenced by American and Western concepts despite being marketed as a Korean phenomena and innovation; from the visual analysis it could also be concluded that contemporary design trends draw inspiration from Western concepts such as the y2k millennium bug, retro and technology. 

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  • 5.
    Adilnor, Sana
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Interaktiv förpackningsdesign: Grafisk formgivning av K-pop album och dess inflytande på konsumentbeteende: Hur kan formgivningen av K-pop album och relaterad merch påverka konsumentbeteende?2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of Hallyu, or the global export of Korean culture also commonly known as ‘The Korean Wave’, South Korea has become a big trendsetter in recent years: whether it be within fashion and K-Beauty skincare or Korean movies and drama series, to Korean popular music, also known under the umbrella term K-pop. What these categories have in common are their strong ties to visual aesthetics and K-pop is known for its very colourful and maximalist design, which is also a key characteristic to why K-pop as a phenomenon has been particularly attractive and has managed to captivate fans all over the world. In the marvelling K-pop universe, the goal is to engage all the senses for a complete and interactive sensory experience, making the visual just as important as the auditory, and this can also be applied to the physical album design. Physical K-pop albums sell better than ever despite the digital streaming services dominating our digital age. A visual analysis was conducted on selected contemporary K-pop albums together with a survey on Swedish K-pop fans, in order to discuss how packaging design of K-pop albums can influence consumer behavior. The study showed that interactive packaging design and extra album inclusions like photocards, photo books, postcards etc. makes the fans more likely to want to collect albums and merchandise, which on its own can be viewed as a collectible item. The packaging design both facilitates and encourages fans to interact with the design not only visually, but also in a tactile way, by engaging in participatory behavior such as filming unboxing videos and posting them on social media, and it can also be associated with identity making, i.e. how they identify themselves as fans in relation to their favorite artists or towards other fans. Lastly, it is interesting to discuss how K-pop design can be heavily influenced by American and Western concepts despite being marketed as a Korean phenomena and innovation; from the visual analysis it could also be concluded that contemporary design trends draw inspiration from Western concepts such as the y2k millennium bug, retro and technology.

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  • 6.
    Ahlström, Ylva
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Bära trä: Låta naturen stå till tjänst genom produktdesign2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete utforskar möjligheten att tillvarata naturens hälsofrämjande effekter genom att använda trä som material i ett sinnesstimulerande plagg. Expertintervjuer med förskrivare av tyngdhjälpmedel genomförs, i syfte att undersöka sensorisk påverkan. Vidare används användarcentrerade metoder i en materialdriven designprocess, för att ge målgruppen möjlighet att påverka utformningen av slutprodukten. Kunskapsbidraget består av upptäckten att doften av bränt trä utgör ett positivt upplevt värde av produkten, samt att trä ger upphov till en instinktiv reflex att interagera med materialet. De tyngdhjälpmedel som finns på marknaden idag tar inte hänsyn till någon av dessa upplevda värden. Resultatet av detta arbete ger således en indikation på hur tyngdprodukter kan utvecklas för att bättre möta behoven hos målgruppen.

  • 7.
    Ahnlide, Alma
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Klimatkrisen i tre illustrerade barnböcker: En studie i hur tre illustrerade barnböcker kommunicerar med barn om klimatet2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate strategies for discussing and communicating the climate crisis to children using illustrations and other visual elements in children's books. Children worry about the climate, are consumers themselves, have opportunities to influence and children are future decision makers. Illustrated children's books are important for informing and engaging children in the climate issue. A total of nine illustrations in three children's books available in Swedish bookstores have been analyzed through semiotic analysis. They differ both in terms of how healthy and diseased nature is portrayed, who bears the responsibility for change, what needs to be done. Commitment to the climate issue is achieved through understanding that there are things that are important to preserve and that there is an opportunity to influence. Further studies are needed to analyze how best to communicate the climate issue with children.

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  • 8.
    Akama, Yoko
    et al.
    RMIT University.
    Light, Ann
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). University of Sussex.
    Kamihira, Takahito
    Senshu University.
    Expanding Participation to Design with More-Than-Human Concerns2020Ingår i: PDC '20: Proceedings of the 16th Participatory Design Conference 2020 - Participation(s) Otherwise - Volume 1, ACM Digital Library, 2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Participatory Design's focus on people comes from a social democratic vision. However, as climate and existential crises press us to consider wellbeing beyond humans alone, we ask what a pluriversal design agenda might include and what could be articulated as ‘participatory’? Necessarily, this inquiry has limits, as participation usually implies human voice, rights, representation and structures of decision-making. This paper commits to these concerns while asking ethical, political and onto-epistemological questions regarding how worlds and futures are shaped when more-than-human entities – plants, animals, rocks, rivers and spirits – participate in our becoming? We offer a meeting of feminist techno-science with practices and philosophies from Japan and beyond to offer thought experiments in engaging with difference and plurality. And we give several examples of practice situated at ontological boundaries to offer some novel thoughts on ‘participation otherwise’, always-participating-with-many and the futures this could usher in.  

     

  • 9.
    Aldulaymi, Mohammed
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Transparency between consumers and grocery stores: Evincer - A design prototype to empower consumer experience during grocery shopping2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how the interaction design techniques approach can contribute to enabling more transparency in physical shopping by creating bridges between consumers and various stakeholders. The aim is to empower the consumers to make informed decisions through obtaining and understanding health and environmental information for individual commodities.

    Through close collaboration with users, and with the support of active designers, the design process results in the development of an interactive mobile application proposal. The prototype aims to create a hub between consumers and different stakeholders concerning individual products. Furthermore, the prototype grants consumers access to the information they desire, sharing or requesting product feedback from stakeholders and consumers, focusing on the environment and health aspects.

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  • 10.
    Aljundi, Liam
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Moving Mathematics: Exploring constructivist tools to enhance mathematics learning2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenges faced by mathematics education reflect the more immense difficulties of the schooling system as a whole. This thesis investigates such challenges in the light of an ethical learning foundation and aims for a transformation through the use of technologies as learning tools. 

    Interaction design methods are used to craft constructivist learning kits that aim to move mathematics students from passive receivers of knowledge to active learners. The proposed tools modify new technologies by adapting them to teachers’ and learners’ needs to be best suited for mathematics classroom adoption. Additionally, social, political, and economic issues that may hinder the adoption of constructivist learning are presented and critically discussed. 

    Finally, this thesis paves the way for future designers who aim to design mathematics educational kits by providing a design framework based on the learning theory and the design process presented in this thesis.

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  • 11.
    Alqasem, Abdulrahman
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Separationen från natur: Spekulativ Design som uppmärksammar människans relation till natur och utmanar den ontologiska uppfattningen av andra-än-människor2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Människans relation till natur är problematisk och leder till en alltmer separerad tillvaro från natur och mekanisk syn på andra-än-människor. Studien befinner sig i fältet Design för framtiden i den antropocena tidsåldern och använder sig av design för att uppmärksamma människans relation till natur och sten genom Spekulativ och Posthumanist Design. Resultatet är en Provotype och utställning som belyser problematiken i människans relation till natur och sten genom att spekulera i ett framtidsscenario som tagits fram av forskare inom biologisk mångfald och relaterande forskningsområden. Genom explorativa metoder utforskas ämnet människa och natur. Teori som behandlar Posthumanist Design, Natureculture och Ontologi och människans relation till de mer-än-mänskliga leder studien i en utforskning om hur Spekulativ Design kan besvara frågeställningen om att uppmärksamma människans problematiska relation till natur.

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  • 12.
    Alushi, Nefeli
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Living With Things: An open-source approach to the exploration of IoT through speculative design and hacking2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of human-computer interaction, the majority of domestic IoT and smart devices run on proprietary software that possess limited technical properties and predetermined functionalities. As practices of building, modifying, and making IoT applications grow, this thesis follows an open-source approach to IoT to investigate the relationships of humans and things in a domestic setting.

    As a result of this material exploration, proprietary frameworks for interactions with smart devices are challenged through speculative scenarios, that include diverse instances of human-things interactions.

    Thus, a research through design methodology is suggested to support series of experiments, conducted to explore instances of perceived intelligence of these open-source hardware, without the use of advanced computational systems as proprietary devices entail. The suggested process is the creation of a speculative design artifact that combines hacking practices, to support designers in generating insights and to further iterate on possible open-source IoT interactions.

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  • 13.
    Andersson, Nicole
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Omställning till små hållbara bostäder: Hur produktdesign kan påverka och främja en omställning till hållbara bostäder2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study research how product design can influence and promote a transition to small sustainable homes through research and methods using Design for behaviour change. The study is based on previous research made on The Tiny House Movement (that started in the USA in the late 1990s) and examines the Swedish market for Tiny Houses through interviews with stakeholders in Sweden. The study is also based on theory from the areas of Sustainable development and Design for sustainable development. Through interviews, a target group of children was selected, and a list of requirements was written based on the theory and material collected from the interviews as well as from a supplementary investigation. The Design with intent method was used as a source of inspiration for the development of concepts, where two concepts were selected for further development and then analysed with the Harris profile method to find which concept best met the list of requirements. The final concept: a product intended to influence and promote children’s transitioning into small sustainable homes by allowing them to build different types of Tiny Houses on a small scale with drawings as guidance. The product, Tiny Tiny Houses, is intended to be used in the company of parents as an aid to teach learnings about alternative housing but is just as good for children to use on their own, with siblings, or in the company of other children. The product is similar to a backpack where the front is folded down to build Tiny Houses on a small scale with the help of building pieces similar to puzzle pieces that are pressed together. The product is easy to take out into nature to promote outdoor play. Nature is an important part of the concept as the child’s imagination together with nature will decorate the inside of the small houses.

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  • 14.
    André, Melvin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    En mer omtyckt säkerhet: Hur kan en brandvarnare utformas för att vara mer estetiskt tilltalande?2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här projektet har utforskat frågeställningen - Hur kan en brand- varnare utformas för att bli mer estetiskt tilltalande för användaren? Den svenska Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap [MSB] har länge drivit en nollvision för Sverige med målsättningen att ingen människa ska omkomma i en brand (MSB, 2021a). En avgörande faktor för att målsättningen ska lyckas är att varje hem har fungerande brandvarnare. Med fungerande brandvarnare i alla hem skulle så många som 40% av dödsfallen kunna förhindras (Runefors, Johansson & van Hees, 2016).

    Studien genomfördes utifrån ett användar-centrerat arbetssätt där kvalitativa intervjuer med fem informanter samt krav från den europeiska standarden för utformning av brandvarnare har legat till grund för för arbetets utveckling.

    Intervjuerna visade att informanterna till stor del var negativt inställda till utformningen av existerande brandvarnare då de uppfattades som billiga puckar i vit plast.

    Det framkom att lågt pris, liten storlek och enkel montering utan borrning var de viktigaste egenskaperna för användarna. De uppgav även att de ogillade att byta batterier samt efterfrågade möjlighet till ökat visuellt samspel med övrig inredning. Naturmaterial och mjuka former var de mest efterfrågade egenskaperna för utformningen.

    Det kunskapsmässiga bidraget ligger i upptäckten av svårigheterna att samtala om Estetik med informanterna. Detta var en förtydligande insikt över skillnaderna mellan det akademiska och det allmänna språkbruket för att beskriva estetiska intryck.

    Resultatet av projektet blev en liten brandvarnare med en kropp i massivt trä, en stor knapp för testning och tystande av larm samt en batteritid på minst 10 år.

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  • 15.
    Arieli, Sebastian
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Produktdesigns muligheder for at understøtte borgeres affaldssortering2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [da]

    Målgruppen er unge i alderen mellem 20-29 år, der bor i en

    etværelseslejlighed i Malmö og har flere udfordringer ved

    affaldssortering. Fuldsorteringen sker ikke altid korrekt og i

    overensstemmelse med eksisterende lovgivning. Arbejdet tager

    derfor udgangspunkt i problemformuleringen “Hvordan kan

    brugercentreret design bidrage til at kunne ændre den yngre

    generations attitude, når det kommer til at sortere affald i

    husstanden som et essentielt led i borgeres aktive deltagelse?”.

    I udforskningen af problemfeltet tages forskellige teorier i brug.

    Hovedteorien i arbejdet er brugercentreret design efterfulgt af

    design for holdbar udvikling og affaldssortering ud fra et

    klimapsykologisk perspektiv. Såvel undersøgende metoder som

    designmetoder anvendes med henblik på at foretage kvalitative

    undersøgelser af målgruppens udfordringer. De vigtigste anvendte

    metoder er designeksperiment, ekspertinterview og Co-design

    workshop. Afslutningsvis har metoderne resulteret i et

    designkoncept, hvor alle affaldsbeholderne samles ét sted under

    køkkenvasken, og med mulighed for at beholderne kan ekspanderes

    alt efter husstandens behov. Herved får målgruppen et tydeligt

    overblik over samtlige skraldespande og kan, med det in mente,

    foretage de korrekte og bedst kvalificerede beslutninger. Det

    betyder blandt andet, at hvis der mangler plads i en beholder,

    behøver husstanden ikke tage en ny pose frem, men kan i stedet

    ekspandere den eksisterende.

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  • 16.
    Asbjørn Sörensen, Charlotte
    Lund University.
    A Material Framework for Product Design2018Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A new paradigm is slowly making its way into society, affecting our material practice as designers. Materials selection in design and product development has for a long time been dominated by a purely technical approach, mainly focusing on properties and performance. With the increasing evidence of climate change, waste and pollution, environmental effects, we are slowly realizing that unsustainable consumption of materials is no longer an alternative. Previous studies of material practices, both within design educations and the design profession, has primarily dealt with the development of material related methods. This thesis has focused on gaining an in-depth understanding of material practices within design processes, in order to develop a pedagogical framework that facilitates the development of reflective material practices in design education. There are four primary aims of the research presented in this licentiate thesis: (1) ascertain obstacles in the traditional ways of teaching materials to design students, (2) to bridge the differences in language, research culture and pedagogic approaches in design education, (3) to investigate current professional material practices in industrial design, and (4) to develop a new material framework for teaching reflective material practices for design students. During the project, the material framework has been tested and evaluated in two mandatory material courses with first and second year bachelor students from Product Design education over a period of four academic years. A comparative case study was conducted with five design consultancies. The qualitative interviews were transcribed and analysed using category zooming. The outcomes of this research are: (1) a new pedagogic framework for teaching materials to Product Design students in higher education, and (2) insights into professional practices of selecting and designing with materials. The pedagogic model A Material Framework for Product Design is designed to facilitate the development of reflective material practices in design education. The Framework consist of four levels: (1) a pedagogical foundation based on Experiential Learning theory that provide a framework for how to approach teaching and learning, (2) designing and structuring learning activities, (3) creating learning environments that facilitate learning activities, and (4) defining learning objectives, assessment of learning outcomes and detecting signs of learning. The main insights from the study of professional practices suggest: (1) that risk management has a major influence on the material selection process, (2) that negotiations of project boundaries in the ‘fuzzy’ pre-design phase has crucial influence on the risk management aspect of the material criteria activities, and (3) a lack of awareness, that design briefs usually outline material criteria expressed as sensorial characteristics, which are later translated by engineering into final material criteria used for the material selection process. The findings implies that design students would benefit from developing reflective material practices in design education.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 17.
    Asbjørn Sörensen, Charlotte
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Therese, Rosén
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    A COMPARATIVE CASE STUDY OF BIO-BASED MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT BY DESIGNERS USING A DIY APPROACH IN A CIRCULAR CONTEXT2021Ingår i: Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2021 / [ed] Grierson H.; Bohemia E.; Buck L., The Design Society, 2021Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the EU a program for implementing a circular approach to the Lifestyle and Fashion Industry dealing with the resource challenges of the massive textile-production has been launched (EU 2020). Consequently, national and international legislation is expected to become reality over the coming 5-10 years. Thus, the industry faces a need for circular and closed-loop approaches and will be challenged in developing and recruiting internal competencies for making the transition from linear to circular production possible. Many lifestyle companies face the transition as a challenging process in which the elements are both interdependent, interconnected and influence simultaneously economic, environmental and social concerns. This affects the companies at a wide variety of organizational levels. The companies often struggle to handle the challenges in conjunction, even as this generates tensions, paradoxes and contradictions in the organization – again challenging the roles of i.e. the designer. (Hahn et al., 2014, Berger et al. 2007). Even so, the tensions and paradoxes have received relatively little attention in the literature, and much of the present research on organizational replies to issues related to sustainable development, are often framed around an instrumental logic, - i.e., what benefits the companies in managerial or economical concerns. (Hahn et al., 2014). Performing circular design approaches require the development and use of both personal but also sustainable and systemic-competencies as they have to implode a new level of complexity in the design- and production process, and this puts the designers in often challenging positions and roles in the companies. Research demonstrates how fashion designers can support the transition towards a circular economy (CE) in the fashion industry (EMF, 2018) but as another study investigated the roles of the fashion designers working in medium and large international fashion companies and summarized a model – Organisational Roles of Fashion Designers for Circular Economy (ORFDCE model) suggesting that designers can take up three central roles in the transition process, it provided the designers can expand their sustainability-related knowledge and are supported by four central systemic organizational changes. (Dan & Østergaard, 2020). This paper explores the challenges of the motivational why and also investigates how the designers can implode change in the organizations in the transition from a linear to a circular Lifestyle industry and what obstructions they encounter. This is done by using a 15 semistructured interviews with designers and managers reflecting on both the ORFDCE model, the organizational theory from ‘Tensions in Corporate Sustainability’ and ‘Sustainable-Wellbeing’ using a Quadrant Model Analyzis, (Nygaard, 2019, Hahn et al. 2014, Nygaard & Tønnesbæk, 2013) The paper finally suggests how to use the research when developing design-Educations for Sustainable Development (ESD’s).

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  • 18.
    Asbjørn Sörensen, Charlotte
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Thyni, Emma
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    A Qualitative Study of the challenges faced by Material Designers when developing DIY-materials2020Ingår i: DS 104: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education : The Value of Design & Engineering Education in a Knowledge Age / [ed] Buck, L; Bohemia, E; Grierson, H, Herning, Denmark: Design Society , 2020, Vol. DS104, artikel-id 1280Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent academic literature on material practices within design has revealed the emergence of a new design discipline, DIY-materials or material design. Designers educated in DIY-materials and the Material Driven Design method, applied in design courses in major European universities are beginning to identify themselves as material designers. This paper presents a qualitative case study of the challenges faced by material designers and design students developing DIY-materials from the stage of a small sample with promising experiential qualities and technical properties, towards a more viable material. A comparative case study of twenty-eight material driven design projects and four explorative semi-structured interviews were conducted with designers. The result suggest: (a) that designers have a tendency to focus more on the experiential attributes and aesthetical qualities rather than the technical attributes in the early stages of material development, (b) projects that are situated in specific contexts or systems have a higher success rate, (c) bio-based DIY-materials are in general sensitive to moist and high temperatures, (d) a systematic approach during tinkering combined with analytic skills are crucial for the development of DIY-materials. In this paper we also build on our previous research, regarding the development of reflective material practices for design students in higher education. It is hoped that this research can contribute to the further development of material design as a new design discipline.

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    Asbjorn Sorensen_Thyni_EPDE2020
  • 19.
    Askvall, Ture
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Re-adapting the Laundry: Inquiring about culture-graded buildings By Participatory Action Research2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Stockholm City municipality’s publication The City Museums Cultural and Historical Classifications[Stadsmuseets kulturhistoriska klassificering], culture-graded buildings in Stockholm are classified by The Stockholm CityMuseum, according to a model of evaluation created by the National Heritage Board, seeking to define what cultural heritage brings to the table (Stockholm City, 2022). As it says in the Swedish National Board of Housing´s Building and planning publication Corruption Prohibition, to ensure the preservation of the positive impacts culturally significant buildings provide for their surroundings, the municipalities enforce laws that affect the development process of the built environment (Boverket, 2021).

    In Stockholm, many apartment buildings were built during the functionalistic era, more commonly known as the Funkis movement. Revolving around the needs of the people, the functionalistic manifest Accept as read in Modern Swedish Design translated by Kenneth Frampton, proposed a societal necessity of instilling value in functions dependent on the needs of everyday life (Åhrén et al., 2008).

    This bachelor’s thesis revolves around a case in which a housing cooperative of a culture-graded Funkis building in Stockholm is looking to re-adapt an inner courtyard. Resulting in an inquiry on how a particular housing cooperative can initialise the re-adoption of their common shared space and also providing a methodological approach applicable to any projects looking to re-adapt culturally graded buildings in participation with its users.

    The methodological approach uses Participatory Action Research (PAR) as Marwa Dabaieh, says in her journal article Participatory Action Research as a Tool in Solving Desert Vernacular Architecture Problems in the Western Desert of Egypt, as a methodological means to an end solving common issues, in participation with the people experiencing the situation (Dabaieh, 2013).

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  • 20.
    Augustsson, Dennis
    University West.
    Collaborative media in educational settings: Teaching as a design profession2018Ingår i: The International Journal of Design Education, ISSN 2325-128X, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 1-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on a participatory design project conducted with K-12 schools in the US and Sweden to create an international collaboration on Marine Biology using video production as a tool for learning and representation. The aim of the project was to explore teachers’ challenges and strategies due to digitalization and new curricular demands through a lens of sociocultural perspectives. Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) was used to understand and support participating teachers’ development as well as the design process. Using the CHAT model as a design tool enabled teachers to grasp a complex learning environment and frame contradictions and tensions in the activity. Challenges in terms of curricular demands and media literacy could be identified and addressed as part of interacting activity systems, and the process enabled expansion of knowledge and ideas for both design and future work practice. 

  • 21.
    Augustsson, Dennis
    University West.
    Expansive design for teachers: An activity theoretical approach to design and work integrated learning2020Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how Participatory Design (PD) and Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) can be combined and used as a theoretical framework and methodology in a professional development activity for teachers. A shift in the way we view teachers, from implementors to designers who actively construct, invent, and develop the practice of schooling also calls for changes in teacher education and professional development activities. The study presented here explores teachers' work and learning during a professional development activity conducted as a participatory design project between two K-12 schools in Sweden and the USA, using media production to create an international collaboration on Ocean Literacy. The work draws on central notions and practices based on the Scandinavian School of Participatory Design and the Change Laboratory methodology (CL) based on the theoretical framework of expansive learning. The thesis is comprised of three articles answering research questions about what challenges and strategies develop in a design process as a situated professional development approach and how we can understand learning as part of and expanding beyond a design process using activity theoretical tools.The first article presents a description of challenges and strategies developed by teachers in the first iteration of the design process and the results of using an activity theoretical model for collaborative analysis of the process. The second article analyses a CL intervention in the second iteration of the design process, adopted after the results of the first iteration. The analytical focus here was placed on empirical manifestations of the epistemological principles of the theoretical framework of expansive learning. The third article explores the occurrences and cyclicity of the learning actions postulated by the theoretical framework in the same intervention through a detailed analysis of the participants' discourse in the process. The thesis comes to a conclusion with a tentative formulation of design principles based on findings from the studies.

    The results point to how innovative educational design can have consequences for teachers' work with conflicting needs, tensions, and contradictions at the systemic level of the activity. PD processes in educational settings require toolsand concepts to capture this complexity and create sustainable solutions. In this study, activity theoretical models served as a collaborative tool for teachers to analyse and change their practice and to describe and explain work integrated learning in the design process. The work highlighted the need for teachers' expertise in design as well as the important role of media literacy in the use of new technology. Their active and practical engagement in the materials, basedupon the tradition of PD, must be understood as an important part of the development of agency and volition, and findings suggest that the combination of PD and CL methodologies can serve as a vehicle for expansive learning and new innovative learning designs in educational settings. This approach was conceptualized as expansive design.

  • 22.
    Augustsson, Dennis
    University West.
    Expansive Design for Teachers: An activity theoretical approach to design-based research2021Ingår i: EDeR. Educational Design Research, ISSN 2511-0667, Vol. 5, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovative designs for learning have implications for the teaching practices and the system in which they are created, often with conflicting motives and tensions on systemic levels. Co-design processes with teachers and researchers require tools and concepts to grasp this complexity and to create durable changes. In the case studied in this article, activity theory and change laboratory methodologies were used in a participatory design process with a small group of teachers. Five key characteristics of the epistemological principles behind the change laboratory methodology were identified and analysed. The theoretical framework enabled tools for a collective analysis of the origin and development of systemic contradictions as well as a model to envision future practices and concrete learning designs. Findings suggest that the combination of participatory design and change laboratory methodologies can serve as a vehicle for expansive learning and new innovative learning designs in educational settings. 

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  • 23.
    Auken, Clara Marie
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Klimakampen er også en Kønskamp: En analyse af hvordan mandlige stereotyper anvendes til at fremme kødproduktionen i Danmark2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how the media uses gender-stereotypical portrayals as a tool to influence a gender-specific audience. The focus is particularly on how men can be influenced to purchase meat that may potentially be harmful to both their health and the climate. The study aims to gain a deeper understanding on how male stereotypes are used to promote meat production in Denmark. Through a visual analysis of a meat producer’s advertising campaign, this assignment investigates the semiotic tools and representations employed to capture the target audience. Additionally, the assignment discusses the discourses that appears in the campaign, aiming for a deeper understanding of the consequences when media promote potentially harmful products, while perpetuating gender norms in the society. The link between masculinity and meat consumption is significant and has a detrimental impact on the climate. The climate fight is also a battle for gender equality.

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  • 24.
    Bacaksizlar, Ecenur
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    U-Med: A Mobile Application and a Reverse Vending Machine for Individuals to Reduce Unused Medication Waste2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 25. Bacon, Alex
    Fox-Jensen, Elizabeth Ashley (Redaktör)
    Ted Stamm: Woosters2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The first major monograph on American painter Ted Stamm is a comprehensive survey of the entire Wooster series, including an essay by art historian Alex Bacon and an illustrated chronology of the artist’s career. Ted Stamm (1944 – 1984) was one of the most multi-faceted conceptual and dedicated artists working in SoHo in downtown Manhattan in the 1970’s. In his studio Stamm developed and researched focused series of paintings, works on papers and studies titled; Woosters, Dodgers, Zephyr, Concorde, Chance, Cancel, among others. Stamm’s practice extended beyond his studio, to areas including mail art, artists books, photography, site-specific installations and pre-graffiti street works documentation that Stamm titled Designators. Many of Stamm’s inspirations derive from observing everyday objects, experiences and events, such as finding an abstract shape on the street or lines on a baseball field. Stamm’s works are fully abstract, and it is unnecessary for the viewer to know the origins of what he or she is looking at in order to experience them the way the artist intended. Black is a consistent component of Stamm’s work, as it was a color associated with rebellion, rigor and reduction. Stamm created a rich oeuvre in his short lifetime which became influential for artists coming of age in New York over the past thirty years.

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  • 26.
    Bahaviddinova, Aziza
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Opportunities of an Abusive Game Probe2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    How might we encourage playful yet provocative attitudes to explore unfamiliar methods? This thesis investigates how interaction designers can use unusual and thought-provoking methods in their design process. It focuses on understanding the challenges, limitations and opportunities of these types of approaches.

    The thesis explores the use of an abusive game probe as a way to spark conversations between participants and designers. The abusive game probe has the potential to generate meaningful and insightful outcomes. The proposed abusive game probe provided difficulties, being a unique and untested method. The topic of abuse presents challenges such as ethical consideration, which still requires further research. While determining its effectiveness can be complex, the main purpose is to encourage designers to embrace unexpected and unknown elements.

    This thesis provides guidance for future designers to incorporate these methods into their research, continue on this project or venture out and create new and alternate methods as contributions to the field of interaction design.

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  • 27.
    Barendregt, Wolmet
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Nilsson, Elisabet M.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Yoo, Daisy
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Toft Nørgård, Rikke
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Bekker, Tilde
    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Veldhuis, Annemiek
    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Eriksson, Eva
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Teaching Values in Design in Higher Education: Towards a Curriculum Compass2020Ingår i: Paradigm Shifts in ICT Ethics: Societal Challenges in the Smart Society: Proceedings of Conference on the Ethical and Social Impacts of ICT – Ethicomp 2020, Universidad de la Rioja , 2020, s. 214-216Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Given that there are so many potential resources out there, we need to carefully select and present materials and activities in such a way that it can be easily accessed and used by teachers working across multiple disciplines (eg industrial design, computer science, educational technology), engaging with students on different levels (eg bachelor and master), and dealing with different sets of constraints (eg, time, location, person power, budget). Currently, we are working on the creation of a curriculum compass, a structural guidance that can help organize teaching activities together with relevant materials and tools, by employing educational design patterns as development framework (Goodyear, 2005; Mor & Winthers, 2008). For this structure, we have identified three main pillars for teaching about values in design: 1) Ethics and Human Values, 2) People and Stakeholders, and 3) Technology and Context. Building on these three pillars, we aim to further structure how a learner's understanding of values develops from a simple to more complex level. To do so, we are drawing from established taxonomies of learning, such as the SOLO taxonomy (Biggs & Collis, 1982) and the Bloom taxonomy (Bloom, 1956) to address different levels of competences. Finally, our overarching goal is to make sure that our students become caring and responsible designers of the future society in a holistic and grounded manner. To this end, our project not only focuses on developing conceptual knowledge about values and ethics and gaining practical skills to design in a value-sensitive way, but more importantly, on becoming a reflective and responsible designer.

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  • 28.
    Baroncelli Torretta, Nicholas
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Reitsma, Lizette
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Hillgren, Per-Anders
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Collaborative Future Making (CFM). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Nair van Ryneveld, Tara
    Lund Universitet.
    Hansen, Anne-Marie
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Castillo Muñoz, Yénika
    Independent Researcher.
    Pluriversal Spaces for Decolonizing Design: Exploring Decolonial Directions for Participatory Design2022Ingår i: Design, Oppression, and Liberation, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 3-18, artikel-id 8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Decolonization is a situated effort as it relates to the relations of privilege, power, politics, and access (3P-A, in Albarrán González’s terms) between the people involved in design in relation to wider societies. This complexity creates certain challenges for how we can understand, learn about, and nurture decolonization in design towards pluriversality, since such decolonizing effort is based on the relationship between specific individuals and the collective. In this paper, we present and discuss the ‘River project’, a participatory space for decolonizing design, created for designers and practitioners to reflect on their own 3P-A as a way to create awareness of their own oppressive potential in design work. These joint reflections challenged ideas of participation and shaped learning processes between the participants, bringing to the foreground the importance of seeing and allowing for a plurality of life and work worlds to be brought together. We build on the learnings from this project to propose the notions of pluriversal participation, pluriversal presence, and pluriversal directionality, which can help nurture decolonizing designs towards pluriversality. We conclude by arguing that, for nurturing pluriversality through Participatory Design, participation, presence, and direction must be equally pluriversal.

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  • 29.
    Begic, Marielle
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Representation av skinheads genom layout av Gavin Watsons fotobok Skins2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The photobook is a medium used by photographers for various reasons, one being the possibility to drive their narrative in a desired direction. Graphic design can impact this narrative by layout choices that affect how the material is perceived (Badger, 2014). Since the layout and sequencing affect the photographs themselves they therefore also have an impact on how photographed subjects are represented. This thesis examines, with a semiotic analysis and a historic overview, spreads from Gavin Watsons critically acclaimed photobook Skins . This is in order to understand how skinheads are presented in the book. Three spreads will be studied based on theories of representation, narrative and layout. This will result in a subsequent discussion on the designer’s role in breaking stereotypes in design choices and the presentation of the photographer's work. Examples of related design work and media will be brought up and related to Watson's book in order to highlight how we as graphic designers can break stereotypes through visual display of the subculture. The conclusion is reached that various photobook design theories are used to represent skinheads as inclusive individuals rather than a violent group.

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  • 30.
    Beignon, Anaëlle
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Design for obsolete devices.: Exploring the marginalization of users of obsolete devices regarding the Swedish public services’ digitalization.2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project addresses the obsolescence of technology through the lens of accessibility to public services. It explores the processes by which electronic devices age in regards to a technological normativity that marginalizes owners of obsolete devices.

    My research focuses on two main questions:

    How might we enable owners of non-smart phones to have access to public services that have been digitalized?

    How might we design public services’ infrastructure in a way that challenges the obsoletion processes of technological devices? 

    The research is based upon a critical analysis of the term ‘obsolescence’, low-tech approaches and studies that examine the accessibility of technology. This work is based on the study of the digitalization of public services in Sweden, with specific attention to public transportation and to the electronic identification technology which enables access to various essential public services. I present the exploration of these services through the lens of obsolescence and encounter with users of obsolete devices. This leads to the design of two prototypes that propose ways of integrating obsolete devices’ users in the existing digitalized Swedish infrastructures, followed by their analysis.

    The designs seek to take a critical stand on technological progress as it is understood in the technology industry and propose ways of reimagining the digitalization of public services while taking into account the obsoletion processes they foster. Overall, I argue for design for obsolete devices as a way of caring for groups that are put aside during technological innovation processes. I propose ways of ‘circuit bending’ public services’ infrastructures in a way that is more hospitable to obsolete devices.

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  • 31.
    Belokozovska, Emilia
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Parfymreklamens essens: En uppsats om parfymreklams utformning genom historien, ur ett normkritiskt perspektiv2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how gender stereotypes have been portrayed and represented in perfume advertising. With a historical overview this essay will shed light on the development of perfume advertising. This is done with a norm-critical perspective, in terms of typical gender stereotypes and representation, that in turn counteracts a progressive progress. This is followed by a qualitative visual analysis of contemporary perfume advertising. Furthermore, this essay intends to evaluate what the findings can say about certain tendencies of perfume advertisement through modern history and today. Moreover, this essay explores and evaluates if the notion of narrative, shown through examples of modern perfume advertisements, could be a possible way for brands to be less centered around gender stereotypes. The findings conclude that the use of narrative, with a norm-critical foundation, would be one possible way to go, for the essence of perfume advertising to be preserved though a progressive approach.

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  • 32.
    Benatti, Ayla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Oro och tvång när man lämnar hemmet: En designstudie i relation till OCD-liknande symptom2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har forskat kring hur produktdesign kan stödja individer med tvångstankar och tvångshandlingar relaterade till att lämna sitt hem i vardagen. Studien utgår ifrån teori inom användarcentrerad design, forskning genom design och design for behavioural change. Metoder som använts omfattar bland annat kvalitativa intervjuer med deltagare från studiens målgrupp, idégenereringsmetoder, funktionsanalys, kravspecifikation, en enkät samt en fysisk prototyp som resulterat i ett designförslag som stödjer målgruppen i deras tvång när de ska gå hemifrån. Studien bidrar med kunskap om målgruppens individuella behov, samt hur produktdesign kan skapa en individuellt anpassningsbar lösning för att uppnå dessa behov. Lösningen resulterade i ett designbidrag som föreställer ett armband med tillhörande berlocker som representerar användarens tvångstankar och tvångshandlingar. Armbandet är anpassningsbart för varje individ genom att bidra med ett urval av olika berlocker. Armbandets huvudfunktion är att hjälpa användaren att hålla reda på de tvångshandlingar som är utförda för att undvika repetitivt beteende, samt ge struktur och rutin i vardagen. 

  • 33.
    Bengtsson, Catarina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    En avfallsfri framtid: I en cirkulär ekonomi2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med en växande befolkning förbrukas jordens resurser alltmer, vilket också bidrar till en ökning av avfall. Trots tillgången på materialåtervinning slängs stora mängder avfall i Sverige varje år. Cirka 2,5 miljoner ton hushållsavfall går till energiåtervinning där största delen av avfallet består av förpackningar. Avfallet är en effekt av dagens linjära ekonomi där produkter tillverkas, konsumeras och kasseras. En sådan process innebär en stor klimat och miljöutmaning därför har en övergång till en cirkulär ekonomi nu blivit aktuell. Utgångspunkten i projektet grundar sig i hur design kan användas för att bidra till en minskning av avfall i en cirkulär ekonomi, med fokus på förpackningar. Projektet tar utgångspunkt inom fältet Forskning genom design och Hållbar utveckling. Med hjälp utav användare utfördes två workshops med syfte att skapa ett framtidsscenario. Scenariot visualiserade sedan hur en framtid i en cirkulär ekonomi skulle kunna se ut med fokus på avfall. Utifrån scenariot valdes produktkategorin förpackningar ut för vidare utveckling. Studien resulterade i LO tvålpump utformad för användning av fasta tvålar. Syftet med tvålpumpen är att öka intresset för fasta tvålar genom dess utformning. På så sätt skulle LO tvålpump kunna minska användningen av flytande tvål, och på så vis också minska andelen förpackningsavfall samt redogöra för ett enkelt sätt att göra ett miljömedvetet val. Att skapa nya sätt att konsumera främjar på så vis omställningen till en hållbar cirkulär framtid.

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  • 34.
    Bengtsson, Jennie
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Bättre brädspel: En utforskande fallstudie om hur slutanvändaren kan integreras i den grafiska formgivningens skapandeprocess av ett brädspel och vilka utmaningar detta medför2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    En grafisk designer är van att arbeta i en klassisk rak metod, och skapa sina designlösningar med tanke på användaren i tron om att de är experter på att visuellt kommunicera. Samhället kräver dock mer hållbara och användbara produkter och tjänster, vilket tyder på att slutanvändarintegrering kan vara en lösning som ger bred feedback på en potentiell lösningsmetod. En grafisk designers uppgift är att visualisera sin uppdragsgivares uppdrag, göra en målgruppsanalys och leverera en produkt eller tjänst efter en brief; detta inom designerns konstnärliga stil samt expertis. Hur blir det då att inkorporera en slutanvändare i en process där man som grafiker ofta gör individuella beslut?

    Denna uppsats undersöker vilket värde slutanvändarintegrering skapar och i vilken grad det används idag inom brädspelsbranchens skapandeprocess. Uppsatsen utmanar också genom att presentera barriärer för implementering av en slutanvändar-baserad designmodell.

    Med utgångspunkt i ett intervjumaterial destilleras ett standardiserat arbetsflöde för brädspelsdesign fram, vilket leder till en bättre förståelse för när och hur slutanvändaren framgångsrikt kan inkorporeras i processen. Detta jämförs sedan med egenutförda användarcentrerade designmetoder där brädspelet ”Green Guardians” har designats men hjälp av speltestningsgrupper bestående av slutanvändare. Intervjumaterialet ger en bred och generell förståelse för hur brädspel skapas, med ett fokus på vad moderatorn studerar under ett speltestningstillfälle.

    Det sammanfattade resultatet redovisar integrering av slutanvändare som en vital och tillförlitlig del av skapandeprocessen av brädspel. Däremot finns för lite forskning på hur teori och metod tillämpas i praktiken. Dessutom påvisar resultatet att det inte är vanligt att få feedback om brädspelets grafiska utformning och utmanar denna teori med påståenden om att den grafiska designern ser sig som expert, och att kommunikationsproblem kan stå som barriär. Uppsatsen ger därför förslag på hur interaktionen kan förbättras mellan moderator och speltestare för att brädspelet ska utvecklas optimalt.

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  • 35.
    Bergenblad, Linnea
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Mer än potatischips: En analys av förpackningsdesign för svenska premiumchips2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to illuminate the communication between a food brand and the consumer through the design of product packaging. To achieve this, a semiotic and discourse analysis is conducted on the packaging of premium and standard potato crisps from two beloved Swedish brands – Estrella and OLW. Drawing on previous research and experiments, the study examines how the concept of premium is represented on the packaging of Swedish potato chips. The findings validate previous scientific knowledge about premium products , namely that they are more expensive, visually portrayed as exclusive, achieving a symbolic virtue amongst other factors. Additionally, the analysis reveals that the two brands employ distinct strategies to convey Swedishness on their premium packages, thus establishing personalized communication with the consumer and reaching two very different interesting target groups. 

  • 36.
    Bjerhage, Elin
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Möller, Matilda
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    ALLA MED, INGEN UTELÄMNAD:: EN INTERVJUSTUDIE OM ATT FRÄMJA DELAKTIGHET MED UNIVERSELL UTFORMNING2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Universell utformning är ett växande paradigmskifte inom samhällsplaneringen i de svenska ramverken som ett verktyg för att främja tillgängliga och användbara miljöer. Syftet med den aktuella studien är att undersöka hur effektivt universell utformning kan implementeras inom samhällsplaneringen genom att definiera begreppet och utforska dess möjligheter och utmaningar. Genom sex semistrukturerade intervjuer har målet varit att bidra till en bredare förståelse inom området. Intervjuerna har genomförts med aktörer från olika positioner och nivåer, inklusive representanter från både den offentliga sektorn, praktiker och den kommunala förvaltningen. Studien har inkluderat bakgrundsforskning med sökning i öppna och slutna databaser. Empirin har analyserats med hjälp av ett teoretiska ramverket inom områden såsom den sociala modellen för funktionshinder, universell utformning och funktionshinderspolitiken. Uppmärksamhet har riktats mot kunskapen inom Sveriges samhällsplanering och dess processer i relation till universell utformning. Resultatet presenterar att det finns en varierad kunskap inom området för universell utformning. Genom analysen kunde vi dra fyra slutsatser: 1. Teoretiker besitter större kunskap om universell utformning än praktiker 2. Det finns en begreppslig förvirring som uppstått till följd av en kunskapsbrist 3. Det finns ett bristande ansvarstagande om vem som bör ansvara för kunskapen 4. Universell utformning har potential att användas som ett verktyg för att skapa en mer inkluderande och jämlik värld. Diskussionen analyserar forskningsfrågor relaterade till den genomförda analysen, med särskild reflektion kring definitionen av universell utformning genom citatet av en respodent: “... Man ska inte behöva gå in genom bakdörren om man inte kan gå i trappor”. Vidare diskuteras det faktum att kunskap har en stor inverkan för att effektivt kunna implementera universell utformning och förstå dess betydelse.

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  • 37.
    Björk, Adam
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Democratizing soccer data: A user-centred approach to data storytelling2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of soccer performance analysis has evolved from relying on observation to leveraging advanced technologies that collect extensive, complex, quantitative performance data. This shift has seen an increasing use of advanced mathematical methods to produce complex derived quantitative performance data. As a result, performance analysts often struggle to comprehend this data. The aim of this project was to explore how data storytelling could assist performance analysts in making complex quantitative performance data accessible. The findings from a user-centred design process guided the development of three prototypes aiming to evaluate different storytelling approaches within the performance analysis process. The usability tests showed promising results, indicating of the potential of data storytelling in conveying complex narrative in a way that is accessible.

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  • 38.
    Björk, Evelina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    En undersökning av kokboksomslag från 1990-tal till 2020-tal2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Cookbooks, cover design, discourse, graphic design, semiotic analysis, visual analysis 

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  • 39.
    Bogdanov, Kristian
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Designing a Game Controller for Players with Motor Impairments: An Aim at Increasing Accessibility in Playful Experiences2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates the obstacles encountered by people with motor impairments in their pursuit of playing and enjoying video games. The design process involved gathering valuable insights from relevant to the topic literature and observations, due to the lack of access to individuals with motor disabilities. The resulting controller prioritized button layout customization and incorporated ergonomic considerations to ensure comfort and easier interaction. The feedback and user testing conducted provided valuable insights, allowing for iterative improvements and refinement of the controller design in the future.

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  • 40.
    Bolin, Ebba
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Playful Posters with AR: Exploring Playful Interactions with Pop Art Posters Through Augmented Reality (AR)2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to contribute to the field of interaction design practice by exploring how posters might offer playful interaction through augmented reality (AR). The project uses an experimental design process involving prototyping, user testing, and analysis to investigate playful interaction together with pop art posters and AR as a technology. This project respects posters as an artistic medium in traditional static form but also further explores the notion of the poster. The aim of this project is to explore how to offer playful interactions with pop art posters through AR to offer a new innovative, engaging, and immersive experience for users in public spaces. The results highlight the importance of appropriate context to engage users through playful interactions and exploring this new virtual space using AR, which contributes to playful interaction through depth, movement, exploration, and unexpected outcomes. To conclude, this thesis project generates a foundation of knowledge for the field of interaction design practice about how posters can offer playful interactions with AR that future designers can act on. 

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  • 41.
    Boztepe, Suzan
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Organizational learning through collaborative project-based service design course: The flip side of the coin2022Ingår i: Proceedings DRS2022 Bilbao / [ed] D. Lockton, S. Lenzi, P. Hekkert, A. Oak, J. Sádaba, & P. Lloyd, London: Design Research Society, 2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborating with public or private sector organizations in project-based courses equips design students with key skills to future-proof their careers, but this gives only one side of the story as the key feature of these partnerships is that they are mutualistic collaborations. However, the benefits to organizations of collaborating are not fully explored. This paper presents a case study of partnerships with four different public organizations in a service design course over a five-year period. It argues that collaborating in project-based courses serves as risk-free experimentation and paves the way for organizational learning. The paper first reviews the existing research on collaboration in design education and organizational learning. Then, three types of learning that emerged from the data are analyzed. Next, the steps to successful collaboration are discussed, noting the ups and downs of managing the project partnerships. Finally, the challenges of teaching a collaborative project-based design course are discussed.

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  • 42.
    Boztepe, Suzan
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Redesigning the curriculum: A participatory design approach2022Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 43.
    Boztepe, Suzan
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Rethinking the Public Sector: Design storytelling as a catalyst for organizational transformation2022Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Boztepe, Suzan
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    The View from Within: Design's Voyage to Get a Seat at the Strategy Table2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the Design Research Society (DRS) International Conference: Catalyst, Design Research Society, 2018, Vol. 7, s. 3037-3048Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often argued that design serves as an effective change agent in strategy formation. However, the question of how this actually occurs remains largely unexplored. Through case studies of five design consulting firms in Denmark, this paper examines how design gets involved in the making of strategy. The findings show that there are at least two paths to strategy-level work: First, design works its way to strategizing through repeated client engagement and trust building. That is, design consulting firms work with the same client over a long period of time, they gain trust of their clients, so the complexity and strategic importance of their deliverables gradually increase. Second, design consulting firms use human-centered approach as a means for reviewing the business strategy of their clients. That is, user research brings user needs, problems and opportunities into focus, which, in turn, paves the way for strategy-level discussions and solution seeking. Each path is discussed in terms of issues in design management, including, but not limited to, design activities, competence building in design firms and organizational structures.

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  • 45.
    Boztepe, Suzan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Linde, Per
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Smedberg, Alicia
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Design making its way to the city hall: Tensions in design capacity building in the public sector2023Ingår i: IASDR 2023: Life-Changing Design, 9-13 October, Milan, Italy / [ed] De Sainz Molestina, D.; Galluzzo, L.; Rizzo, F.; Spallazzo, D., Milan, Italy: Design Research Society, 2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Public sector organizations have been increasingly turning to design in their pursuit to innovate and address pressing challenges that seem intractable through their existing ways of working. Design’s presence in the public sector is still a relatively recent phenomenon ridden with many challenges. Through a study of three municipalities in Sweden, we present tensions designers face as they work their way to build design capacity. We argue that making a place for design in organizational systems and their ways of working requires skillfully navigating these tensions. We describe each tension in terms of their contradictions embedded in dualities and discuss designers’ ways of managing them. Practical applications for design and public administration are also discussed.

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  • 46.
    Brandsma, Nynke
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Artificial Insight: The making of a canvas for designers with the purpose of establishing a foundation for collaboration with AI in the design process.2024Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As artificial intelligence (AI) becomes increasingly integral in various sectors, its role in the design industry, particularly in education, necessitates examination. This thesis explores the integration of AI in design processes from the perspective of designers as users, particularly focusing on Design students in a case study. By adopting a humanistic approach within Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), this research develops the "AI-Designer Collaboration Canvas," a tool designed to facilitate effective collaboration between designers and AI systems. The study addresses how designers can be supported to develop a nuanced view of AI integration in the design process. The developed tool, the "AI collaboration canvas," aims to assist designers in planning and integrating AI into their design processes, aiming to transform perceptions and enhance engagement with AI technologies. 

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  • 47.
    Brandt, Anna
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Don't waste the waste: Om hållbar och cirkulär design och principer för att hantera spillmaterial2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien som är ett forskningsprojekt men också en produktutvecklingsprocess utgår från de två forskningsfrågorna: Hur kan man genom design hantera befintligt spillmaterial? Hur kan man genom design förebygga och minska avfall? 

    Eftersom våra resurser på planeten börjar bli knappa måste vi bli bättre på att ta hand om de resurser vi har. Den här studien handlar om spillmaterial och utgår från befintligt sådant från möbelföretaget Blå station. Detta ska representera och visualisera problematiken med att bra spillmaterial energiåtervinns eller deponeras istället för att användas som material i nya produkter. Studien börjar med en teorigenomgång inom hållbar utveckling och cirkulär ekonomi samt hållbar och cirkulär design. Expertintervjuer har gjorts med två designers samt några designexperiment som syftat till att ta fram möjliga designförslag för spillmaterialet vilket resulterade i tre olika designförslag samt några generella principer för hur man kan hantera spillmaterial samt minska mängden avfall när man tar fram produkter.

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  • 48.
    Brandão, Simone
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Overcoming Academic Procrastination: Exploring the Purpose of Space and Social Connections through Tangible Interaction to Impact Students’ Motivation and Embrace the Focus on Their Individual Projects2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project investigates the procrastination problem in university students and the effects of this issue in individual work such as essays and learning activities related to academic context. As part of students’ routines, the use of digital devices is crucial for easy access to online resources, but, at the same time, this technological development has become a high distraction source while trying to accomplish academic goals. Adding to this, the study environment greatly impacts student's performance and concentration, which turned out to be an important element in this project’s development.

     

    Here, the problem of procrastination affects society physically and psychologically, with side effects that unpack researchers’ curiosity for a deeper understanding of this issue in the user-centered context and the Interaction Design field (IxD). Additionally, Tangible Interactions, Research Through Design and a brief study of Auto-ethnography complemented the process by introducing the impact that social problems and humans’ personal experiences have on design concept production.

     

    Taking into consideration space and digital distractions surrounding students as one of the reasons for the lack of academic concentration, this thesis aspires to show the benefits of studying environments such as university libraries and focus on the social aspect of studying in a group. As such, Structure-Us is the final design concept that runs through Arduino Nano as an accountability box for students. As so, the outcome is a method academic students individual work maintaining social connections as a motivational method bringing reflection on their behavior as a step to achieve personal goals. 

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  • 49.
    Brunkhorst, Johanna Katharina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Support Humans to Socialise Outdoors: How Ambient Technology Enhances Interactions in the non-human World2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project aims to explore social interactions in outdoor scenarios and understand how interaction design can benefit group experiences in a non-human world. By taking a human-centred approach to this project, relevant theory and design examples have been researched and synthesised. In addition, extensive fieldwork was conducted through a series of interviews and a questionnaire addressed to outdoor enthusiasts. The project implemented ambient technology to foster human relationships through conversation and shared non-human knowledge acquisition. The designed outcome benefits people's sense of community, physical health and mental well-being. Furthermore, interaction in a non-human environment contributes to a harmonious relationship between humans and the non-human world.

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  • 50.
    Buske, Nicoline
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Design as a tool to counteract physical discomfort when using in-ear true wireless headphones: A user-centered design study2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how a user-centered approach can influence product design to reduce physical discomfort when using in-ear true wireless. The given study is a collaboration with the consumer electronics company Zound Industries. The purpose has been to understand the origins of why physical discomfort can arise when using in-ear true wireless headphones and to what extent the user behaviour plays in it all. Previous studies have shown how physical discomfort in the form of eczema, itching and soreness has been caused by the use of in-ear true wireless. Based on user-centered methods such as expert interviews, cultural probes, user interviews, focus groups, this study has been able to identify not only how, but why physical discomfort can occur when using in-ear true wireless. Furthermore, the study has also been able to identify behavioural patterns among users that reveal how headphones are used for purposes other than what they are intended for. It has been possible to show how users use their headphones like an earplug without music to block out sound in order to be able focus or to communicate they don’t want to be disturbed to avoid social interactions.

    The conducted knowledge and insights provide a better understanding of how design can be used to enhance the experience of using in-ear true wireless headphones. Applying design strategies within design for behavioural change, an adjustable headphone has been developed that allows the user to use the headphone according to the needs of the user. The study provides a basis for how design can be better utilised in future in-ear true wireless headphones.

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