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  • 1.
    Abrahams, Lola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Tensions between Religion and Feminism in Muslim Communities in Mallorca: A Qualitative Analysis of Women’s Lived Experiences2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis delves into the relationship between religion and feminism in the context of Muslim women residing in Mallorca. The study conducts a qualitative analysis to evaluate the impact of defined gender roles on their everyday experiences. We compare Islamic and secular feminist theories with the viewpoints of young women in Mallorca to determine how individuals engage with religious ideals that may contain misogynistic content. We also examine whether women are disproportionately affected by societal judgment, its impact on their sexual autonomy, and the role of marriage in reinforcing or challenging structural gender inequalities. The conclusions of this research shed light on the complex experiences of these women as they navigate their place in a society shaped by faith, culture, and evolving feminist discourse.

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  • 2.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnæus University, Sweden.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of School Development and Leadership (SOL).
    To be or not to be (a school child) – from national to global discourses about the child in the school start age2021In: Evaluating Transition to School Programs: Learning from Research and Practice / [ed] Sue Dockett; Bob Perry, Routledge, 2021, p. 27-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter emerged from a narrative and a dialogue between a feminist academic and a feminist bureaucrat and recounts the experience of a gender expert in the Swedish Foreign Ministry against reflections from feminist institutional theory. It highlights the institutional challenges that government officials face when promoting gender equality in sustainability and climate issues and how they navigate that space in order to gender mainstream the agenda – e.g. through several types of critical acts. It highlights several institutional obstacles that challenge gender-mainstreaming efforts but also illustrates how action is possible, even when it pushes the comfort zone of gender politics, e.g. when a new gender perspective was launched, that of seeing men and particularly elite male behaviour to be ‘the problem’ to tackle in sustainable development. Finally, it concludes that for gender and intersectionality to gain prominence on the governmental agenda of climate change and sustainability, the work of single-gender experts does not suffice, politics is vital. Politics is imperative in guiding the governmental ministries but requires political mobilisation of broader sections of society as well.

  • 3.
    Almagid, Kais
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Habal, Moutasem
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Har kön någon betydelse vid självbedömning av klinisk prestation på tandläkarutbildningen2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate whether sex has any effect on how dental students assess their own performance in the clinical examination in term 9, at Malmo University. Material and method: The study included 114 students (72 women, 42 men) whose deidentified self-assessment form for completed clinical examination 2018 and 2019, respectively, were analyzed. Eight of the form's 12 sub-areas were analyzed; anamnesis, clinical examination, patientcare, hygiene, diagnostics, treatment plan, ability for self-assessment, the examination in its entirety. To compare the groups of women and men, a t-test was used. The significance level was set at p ≤ 0.05. Results: Difference between the sexes was registered for the sub-area “clinical examination” 2018 where men valued their performance higher than women (p = 0.044) and for the sub-area “examination in its entirety” from 2019 where women valued their performance higher than men (p = 0.037) . Otherwise, no other differences were registered for the clinical examination. Conclusion: The results from this study are not considered sufficient enough to be able to conclude that sex has any effect on how students value their own performance in the clinical examination. For more representative results, more future studies on this subject area are required.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Julia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    “Jag pallar inte kriga hela tiden. Vem fan är det som krigar för mig när det händer mig någonting?”: En kvalitativ studie om vardagsrasismens uttryck och påverkan på fem kvinnor.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and explain how five women with a non-European background find the expression of everyday racism in today’s Swedish society, how everyday racism can affect their mental health and how they experience that the Swedish majority population handle and respond to everyday racism. The study is qualitative and was made with semi-structured interviews. The theories used are the theory of everyday racism, "we" and "the Others" and Goffman’s stigma. The results indicate that everyday racism is manifested through the population's ignorance and silence, comments, prejudices and stereotypes and is mainly expressed in arenas where there are many people at the same time. According to the women, the school and the labor market are the two most common arenas for the expression of everyday racism. They witness that the Swedish majority population rarely deal with the occurrence of everyday racism. Their mental health is negatively affected by everyday racism and can lower the individual's self-esteem. The study’s three theories that include everyday racism, “we” and “the Others” and stigma can be applied to the women's stories about their experiences and feelings about everyday racism in the Swedish society.

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    Julia Andersson - Kandidatuppsats 2021, IMER
  • 5.
    Andersson, Mauritz
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Undervisning om genus och könsroller - lärares åsikter, och den svenska läroplanen2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Mauritz Andersson
  • 6.
    Andersson, Paulina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Childhood, Education and Society (BUS).
    Lava-zombies och pusslekar: En kvalitativ studie med syfte att undersöka förskollärares syn på om de lekredskap och/eller ytor som erbjuds i förskolans utemiljö påverkar barns lekar ur ett genusperspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Barn idag tillbringar en stor del av deras barndom på förskolan och mycket av dagarna där spenderas i utemiljöerna. Att förskolan ska erbjuda och sträva efter att barnen ska mötas och behandlas på jämlikt vis är en viktig fråga inom förskolan men det krävs kunskap och förståelse för hur jämlikt tolkas och användas. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om de lekredskap och ytor som förskolans utemiljö erbjuder påverkar barns lek ur ett genusperspektiv. 

     

    Studien baseras på en kvalitativ metod genom intervjuer av två förskollärare samt deltagande observation av sex barn som visat och berättat om vad och hur de leker i förskolans utemiljö. För att tolka och analysera min insamlade empiri så utgick jag ifrån barndomssociologiska teoretiska begrepp som kamratkultur, tolkande reproduktion och det miljöpsykologiska begreppet affordance. 

     

    Resultatet av min studie visar på att utemiljön på förskolan inte är så genusneutral som den oftast antas vara. I intervjuerna som gjorts framkom det att grupper av barn tar sig an utemiljön och dess innehåll olika beroende på könstillhörighet. Studien vill bidra till kunskap om hur utformningen av förskolans utemiljö kan påverka barnens lekar ur ett genusperspektiv. 

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  • 7.
    Andreassen, Rikke
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Intersektionalitet i voldtægtsnarrativer2006In: Kvinder, Køn og Forskning, ISSN 0907-6182, E-ISSN 2245-6937, Vol. 06, no 2-3, p. 93-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article shows how the Danish news media’s portrayals of meetings between visible minority males and ethnically Danish females have participated in constructing certain images of gender, sexuality and race/ethnicity. It illustrates how understandings of these categories are interwoven with understandings of nationality and Danishness, and argues that in order to understand constructions of nationalities, scholars need to take gender, race/ethnicity and sexuality into consideration. The article shows how ethnically Danish females have been constructed as symbolic reproducers of the nation, and how sexual assaults against ethnically Danish women therefore have been interpreted as assaults against the nation. The article explains how this understanding has been at play in rape narratives where gender – and women’s responsibility for rape – has been articulated in rape cases with white ethnically Danish perpetrators whereas race/ethnicity has been articulated as an explanation for rape in cases with visible minority perpetrators.

  • 8.
    Apelmo, Elisabet
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Cipping higher education: Difference, experience and organization in the academic classrooms2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Apelmo, Elisabet
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Rum för flexibla kroppar: Om ableism, öppna kontorslandskap och alla de andra2022In: Kritiska blickar från marginalen: Reflektioner i spåren av Jens Rydström / [ed] Andrés Brink Pinto; Mikael Mery Karlsson; Irina Schmitt, Lund: Genusvetenskapliga institutionen, Lunds Universitet , 2022, 1, p. 249-262Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 10.
    Apelmo, Elisabet
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Still waiting for the hand to be raised: On being crip killjoys at an ableist university2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on collaborative autoethnography about being disabled in contemporary working life. It draws from the two authors’ (Elisabet Apelmo and Camilla Nordgren) experiences as instructors and researchers at a Swedish university and focuses on examples of inaccessibility in everyday situations. Disabled people are underrepresented in academia and disabled academics are hindered from fully participating. We find ableist structures and practices within working life and the current neoliberal organisation, together with the individualisation of work environment problems and diffuse responsibility, as the main obstacles to accessibility. The paper opens up a critique of hindrances to accessibility within the academic walls. It is proposed that the focus be shifted from the problematised outsider to how ableism, built on the idea of the normal worker, excludes. While waiting for the person responsible for accessibility to raise his or her hand, one way of achieving change is to become crip killjoys, and thus pay attention to injustice. 

  • 11.
    Apelmo, Elisabet
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Nordgren, Camilla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Still waiting for the hand to be raised: On being crip killjoys at an ableist university2022In: Accessibility Denied: Understanding Inaccessibility and Everyday Resistance to Inclusion for Persons with Disabilities / [ed] Hanna Egard; Kristofer Hansson; David Wästerfors, London: Routledge , 2022, p. 107-122Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is based on collaborative autoethnography about being disabled in contemporary working life. It draws from the two authors’ experiences as instructors and researchers at a Swedish university and focuses on examples of inaccessibility in everyday situations. Disabled people are underrepresented in academia and disabled academics are hindered from fully participating. We find ableist structures and practices within working life and the current neoliberal organisation, together with the individualisation of work environment problems and diffuse responsibility, as the main obstacles to accessibility. The chapter opens up a critique of hindrances to accessibility within the academic walls. It is proposed that the focus be shifted from the problematised outsider to how ableism, built on the idea of the normal worker, excludes. While waiting for the person responsible for accessibility to raise his or her hand, one way of achieving change is to become crip killjoys, and thus pay attention to injustice. 

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    Still waiting for the hand to be raised On being crip killjoys at an ableist university
  • 12.
    Apprecht, Anna-Lisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Another Promise for Peace?: A Power Critical Exploration of Germany’s Feminist Foreign Policy2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores what kind of ‘problems’ Germany’s official Feminist Foreign Policy (FFP) guidelines represent and aims to address this field via a poststructural policy analysis inspired by Foucauldian discourse analysis. The analysis follows six analytical questions starting with “What is the ‘problem’ represented to be?”, also known as the WPR approach by Bacchi and Goodwin. By applying such WPR approach, the analysis investigates ‘problem’ representations, embedded discourses and their power relations as well as silences, effects and alternatives within FFP. The main findings reveal how FFP problematizes equal participation, representation of and opportunities for women and marginalized people as a matter of rights and as instruments bringing peace, security and stability while also requiring special protection. Such representations predominantly entail liberal and global feminist perspectives with neoliberal tendencies. Despite standing in contrast to one another, they borrow from intersectional and postcolonial discourses and feminisms. Moreover, the liberal rights-discourse constructs women as a homogenous group while intersectionality acknowledges differences. Instead of radically questioning persisting power structures, dominant neoliberal discourses effectively construct women as important change-makers and equality as a factor everyone supposedly would benefit from the various discourses trigger an othering-effect making women and marginalized people still the other.

  • 13.
    Arifi, Albana
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Sablic, Isabel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Representationen av kvinnor och män i religionsläromedel2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Albana Arifi Isabel Sablic
  • 14.
    Barth, Julius F.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Att vara svart kvinna i Sverige: En kvalitativ studie om vardagsrasism2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis is an effort to understand how black women in Sweden experience 'race' and racism in everyday life. The theoretical framework includes a postcolonial theory from Sara Ahmed, with the concept of 'race' as a key element. Additional to that, Judith Butler’s gender performativity theory contributes to a broader understanding of the informants’ situation. The material consisting of interviews with four young black women implies that everyday racism is present in Swedish society to that extent that 'race' is a major aspect of these women’s life. In everyday encounters with the white majority of the society, they often feel different, marginalized, objectified and exotified. Furthermore, the informants experience that their skin color and phenotypic markers are a magnet for white people’s fetish and fantasies, but also an obstacle to obtain legitimacy in interactions with them. To those reasons, the informants are considering migrating to a country where black people are forming a larger minority in society than it is the case in Sweden. That opens up the possibility to interact with more black people who have similar experiences of being exposed to everyday racism.

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    Barth 2021 - Att vara svart kvinna i Sverige
  • 15.
    Beavan, Katie
    et al.
    New York University, USA.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Helin, Jenny
    Uppsala University.
    Rhodes, Carl
    University of Technology Sydney, Australia.
    Changing writing/writing for change2021In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 449-455Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The political potential of unconventional and even transgressive forms of writing in management and organization studies has been invigorated in recent years through an explicit connection with feminist theories, ideas, and practices. The results have been a new wave of scholarship that brings together the personal, the political, and the theoretical as a means to intervene in masculine orthodoxy of organizational writing. This intervention seeks to change what and how we understand organizational phenomena, with an ultimate goal of transforming practice toward a more equal and egalitarian future. We introduce five papers that responded to a call to explore the intersections between change and academic writing, as well as an exploration of alternatives to dominant masculine academic writing styles. Such writing, we aver, might facilitate change not just in the academy, but also in organizations and by extension, society.

  • 16. Bette, Miriam
    Gender Equality Policies: Results for Social Change?: A comparative discourse analysis on gender equality from two ends of the “aid chain”2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of international development cooperation has experienced an increasing demand for result-driven management over the last decades. However, a clear consensus of the meaning of ‘ results’ is often lacking in initiatives and projects for social change. As the field functions throughout myriads of contexts and cultures, the demand of results therefore brings upon issues of definitions and discourse, as well as underlying values. The goals and strategies set out to achieve certain results are influenced by assumptions that define the problem definition of the targeted issue. A hierarchy in international development, the so-called aid chain, is determined by who provides funding for cooperation projects. The flow of top-down funding is shown to be accompanied by a flow of top-down policies, that are further accompanied by underlying values, problem definitions, and assumptions. This study inquires whether different notions, assumptions, and problem definitions on gender equality across cultures in the aid chain might disturb result-reporting in international projects. Departing from a postcolonial perspective, the content and discourse of the Swedish feminist foreign policy and steering documents from an Indigenous women’s organization in Guatemala are analysed and compared. Seeing policies and policy-making as a significant communicative tool and practice in the field, this study shows how results, goals, strategies, problem definition and assumptions correlate to each other in result-reporting in international development cooperation projects.

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  • 17.
    Bjersér, Sofia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    "I have not achieved a feeling of being masculine.” : An exploration of masculinities in the Swedish Armed Forces2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Historically and presently most people employed in military forces worldwide are men. With a focus on peacekeeping and equality, the Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF) aim to recruit more women. But even as gender issues become a central focus of the SwAF, policy is mostly aimed towards women despite most employees being men. This study came about by leaning on feminist scholars’ arguments that men and masculinities need to be examined and involved when working towards positive peace, so that they do not remain naturalized and become unidentified obstacles. To achieve this aim, this thesis draws on semi-structured interviews with Swedish Peacekeepers and present a complex, contradictory puzzle of how masculinities are performed, perceived, and reproduced. Masculinities are admired but ridiculed, used as a tool for battle but an obstacle for rehabilitation, a source for deep emotional bonds and rigorously performed to turn off emotionally, and is mainly existing in the eyes of the beholder but seldom seen in oneself. The results support theoretical complexity of militarized masculinities and confirm that militarism is not inherent or come natural to men but is a performative, social construction.

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  • 18.
    Brock, Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Decolonizing queer experience: LGBT+ narratives from eastern Europe and Eurasia Edited by Emily Channell-Justice. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2020. 205 pp.2023In: American Ethnologist, ISSN 0094-0496, E-ISSN 1548-1425, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 524-525Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Brock, Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    The Necropolitics of Russia’s Traditional Family Values2022In: Lambda Nordica, ISSN 1100-2573, E-ISSN 2001-7286, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 173-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that child protection rhetoric rarely applies to all children and that it, in fact, often contains decisions over whose lives are worthy of protection, and whose are not. In Russia, “traditional (family) values” have effectively become state policy, the 2013 federal law “for the Purpose of Protecting Children from Information Advocating for a Denial of Traditional Family Values” being the most prominent example of this. The fixation of such “traditional values” discourses on protecting children from “early sexualization” by barring them from access to LGBTQ-inclusive education and care demonstrates that the child on whose behalf this protection is demanded is deemed to be straight, while further examples of child protection discourses also show that innocence is often viewed as the exlusive property of white, middle-class children. Responding to the recent escalation of Russia’s war on Ukraine, this text discusses how the trauma, displacement and death of children in Ukraine reveals the biopolitical core of traditional values discourses. 

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  • 20.
    Brock, Maria
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Askanius, Tina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Raping turtles and kidnapping children: Fantasmatic logics of Scandinavia in Russian and German anti-gender discourse2023In: Nordic Journal of Media Studies, E-ISSN 2003-184X, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 95-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the social, political, and fantasmatic logics involved in the production of contemporary discourses about Scandinavia as a symbolic site and imagined place of sexual and moral decay and as a gender dysphoric dystopia by actors in the global anti-gender movement. Empirically, we draw on a rich digital archive of multi-modal media texts from an ongoing research project on anti-gender movements in Russia and Germany – two countries which provide particularly poignant examples of sites in which this mode of anti-gender propaganda is currently on the rise. In the analysis, we explore the discursive workings of a particularly prominent node in the material – that of the vulnerable child – and show how this figure is construed and instrumentalised to add urgency and fuel outrage among domestic audiences in Russia and Germany.

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  • 21.
    Carlström, Charlotta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    BDSM, becoming and the flows of desire.2019In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 404-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a five-year qualitative ethnographic study of Bondage and Discipline/Dominance and Submission/Sadism and Masochism (BDSM) in Sweden, this paper examines the process of becoming among BDSM practitioners. In-depth interviews were completed with 29 self-defined BDSM practitioners, and their accounts were analysed using thematic analysis. Focusing on the Deleuzian concept of becoming, BDSM is understood as a dynamic and collective phenomenon closely connected to fantasies, memories and longing, and enabled through flows of desire. Practising BDSM can be understood as a process of increasing expansion, creation and connection, in which desire is seen not as something we lack or need but rather as a process of striving and self-enhancement. Exploring the becoming process more fully can provide a better understanding as to why some people choose to practise BDSM.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 22.
    Carlström, Charlotta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    BDSM, intercorporeality and the feeling body2023In: Routledge Handbook of Sexuality, Gender, Health and Rights / [ed] Peter Aggleton, Rob Cover, Carmen H. Logie, Christy E. Newman, Richard Parker, Routledge, 2023, 2, p. 250-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter, informed by ethnographic fieldwork in BDSM communities in Sweden focuses on the bodily aspects of BDSM. Drawing on the philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty's concepts of the living body and intercorporeality, it analyses the embodied interactions, sensations and emotions that encompasses BDSM practice. BDSM can create spaces in which practitioners not only explore bodily boundaries, strong emotions and states of subspace and domspace, but it can also enable a wordless bodily empathy in which practitioners can experience feelings of belonging, intimacy and trust.

  • 23.
    Carlström, Charlotta
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Emotions, power and BDSM: the stance of the ethnographer2023In: The power of BDSM: Play, Communities, and Consent in the 21st Century / [ed] Brandy Simula; Robin Bauer; Liam Wignall, Oxford University Press, 2023, p. 284-298Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter examines ethnographic fieldwork within the realm of BDSM, with a focus on the ethnographer´s emotions, participation, and etic reflections. Based on years of researching Swedish BDSM communities, with diary and field notes, the author reflects upon different situations and events which, in various ways, have had personal effects and given rise to ethical reflections and dilemmas as well as strong emotions. The complex relationships between the field, its actors, and the ethnographer are important and salient for all of those who engage in such fieldwork. Ethnographic work requires a high level of personal commitment but also enables a voice to be given to stigmatized populations, prejudices to be revealed, and informants’ feelings, lives, situations, dilemmas, and ambitions to be nuanced, though it can sometimes be very exhausting emotionally for the ethnographer. 

  • 24.
    Carlström, Charlotta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Andersson, Catrine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Lindroth, Malin
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    LGBTQ plus Affirmative State Care for Young People in Sweden: New Knowledge and Old Traditions2023In: British Journal of Social Work, ISSN 0045-3102, E-ISSN 1468-263X, Vol. 53, no 8, p. 3744-3760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young LGBTQ+ people are over-represented in various forms of state care. They experience hardships during their placements and staff competence in addressing specific needs among LGBTQ+ youth is lacking. In this article, we investigate whether and how LGTBQ+ issues are considered and described in digital marketing for state care providers. The material consists of the homepages of residential care homes and secure state care institutions, which we analyse using critical discourse analysis. The results show that LGBTQ+ issues are largely invisible. Of the approximately 1,000 existing state care providers, only twenty stated that they worked with or had competence in LGBTQ+ issues. Among these, no secure state care institution offered LGBTQ+ competence at the time of the study. The descriptions of how care providers work with LGBTQ+ issues are characterised by heteronormativity where there is a mix of two types of language on the homepages regarding LGBTQ+ youth; on the one hand, a heteronormative, traditional description based on a binary understanding of gender; and, on the other, an LGBTQ+ inclusive language is used. However, the LGBTQ+ affirmative language has been imposed upon the traditional rather than being integrated into it, which comes across as superficial and unclear. International studies show that LGBTQ+ youth are over-represented in various forms of state care. Using critical discourse analysis, we investigated how LGBTQ+ youth, as a target group, are described and how LGBTQ+ competence is presented on the home pages of residential care homes and secure state care institutions for young people in Sweden. The results show that LGBTQ is largely invisible. Of the approximately 1,000 existing residential care homes, only 20 stated that they worked with or had competence in LGBTQ+ issues. No secure state care institution offered LGBTQ+ competence at the time of the study.

  • 25.
    Cohen, Sue
    et al.
    University of Bristol.
    Samzelius, Tove
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Through the lens of single parenthood: a comparative snapshot of the impact of neoliberal welfare, housing and employment policies on single mothers in the UK and Sweden2020In: Feminismo/s, ISSN 1696-8166, Vol. 35, p. 127-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper considers why feminists working on gender mainstreaming in the UK looked to Sweden for models to effect structural change and why in recent years the models in Sweden are deficient, embodying an ever-increasing blind spot to the socio/economic constraints experienced by single parents, migrant mothers the most marginalised. Referencing academic feminist research in Sweden and the UK, as well as participatory research over many years involving single mothers, the paper examines why poverty is more entrenched in the UK: how in both countries neo-liberal trajectories of welfare, employment and housing policies are increasingly similar with exclusionary outcomes; how the position of single mothers acts is a touchstone for persistent intersectional inequalities in both countries. We conclude that by examining welfare, housing and employment policies through the lens of single parenthood, feminists can better re-frame strategies informed by the reproductive economy furthering the socio/economic independence of female headed households.

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  • 26.
    da Silva Carvalho, Ana Filipa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    "Doing" masculinity in police work: A study of the narratives of 'becoming' a police officer in Sweden2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Police officer has been conventionally regarded as a masculine occupation, where values such as strength, aggressivity and, bravery are commemorated. In Sweden, a country that is highly regarded for its gender equality status, understanding how police officers navigate gendered expectations is crucial to understand the implications of gender in policing. The aim of this thesis is to understand the role of masculinity in the everyday practices that define a police officer. For this purpose, a process of triangulation combines discourse analysis of the National education plan for police and the three videos from the campaign “Are you ready for a bigger assignment?” [“Är du redo för en större upgift?”], together with the narrative interviews of six police officers. The findings show that masculinity works as a normative standard in police work and influences narratives and role constructions of crime and justice. Policewomen are excluded through the diffusion of stories about risky situations, discursive gendered boundaries and ‘punishing’ feminine practices.

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  • 27.
    Dagkouli-Kyriakoglou, Myrto
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    ‘When housing is provided, but you have only the closet’.: Sexual orientation and family housing support in Athens2022In: Social & Cultural Geography, ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 23, no 9, p. 1257-1274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the impact of sexual orientation on the housing practices of individuals self-identified as LGB+ in Athens, Greece. In Greece, welfare state was always inadequate to cover people’s social needs. On the contrary, the family proved to be resilient as a welfare agent covering also the housing needs of its members by employing related strategies. The support comes ‘with strings attached’, and this includes parents’ demands and wishes upon the lifestyle of the dependent children. These demands have strong gender and sexual connotations imposing a heteronormative life trajectory, which may clash with the desires of LGB+ family members. In order for them to continue receiving support they are ‘pushed’ to employ strategies regarding their ‘coming out’ or sexual identity’s concealment process. In this paper, 16 semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with a double focus: a. the housing pathway of the respondents, and b. the strategic decision of coming out or staying in the closet to benefit from the family welfare.

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  • 28.
    Dagkouli-Kyriakoglou, Myrto
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Women Doing Intimacy: Gender, Family and Modernity in Britain and Hong Kong2021In: Emotion, Space and Society, ISSN 1755-4586, E-ISSN 1878-0040, Vol. 40, article id 100821Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Doerr, Katherine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Centre for Teaching and Learning (CAKL).
    Chutes and Ladders: Gendered Systems of Privilege and Marginalization in University Science Teaching2023In: Journal of Women and Gender in Higher Education, ISSN 2637-9112, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 115-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on how gender shapes the work of university science faculty. Theories of gender as a social system are used to disentangle how individuals, social interactions, and institutions (re)produce inequality by sustaining occupational gender segregation in higher education science. The study uses qualitative data from an ethnography of six teaching faculty at a large research-intensive public university in the United States. These teaching faculty, largely women in a department in which the majority are men, are ineligible for tenure and institutionally positioned as having lower status. The disadvantages are experienced in different ways across all the women on the teaching faculty. In contrast, men on the teaching faculty are recognizable as scientists and are by default treated with respect. As such, they are elevated regardless of their skill as teachers. This study offers a theoretical contribution to the current understanding of gendered occupations by suggesting that the experiences of the science teaching faculty can be conceptualized as chutes and ladders. Ladders are mechanisms reserved for the elevation of men. Chutes are reserved for women because regardless of how women approach their work, the gender system is constructed to hold them back.

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  • 30.
    Doerr, Katherine
    et al.
    University of Texas At Austin, USA.
    Riegle-Crumb, Catherine
    University of Texas At Austin, USA.
    Russo-Tait, Tatiane
    University of Texas At Austin, USA.
    Takasaki, Kara
    University of Texas At Austin, USA.
    Sassler, Sharon
    Cornell University, USA.
    Levitte, Yael
    Cornell University, USA.
    Making Merit Work at the Entrance to the Engineering Workforce: Examining Women’s Experiences and Variations by Race/Ethnicity2021In: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762, Vol. 85, no 7-8, p. 422-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study utilizes interviews from 22 young female engineers from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds as they first entered the White and male-dominated engineering labor force with the goal of examining: (1) how these women endorsed a gender- blind frame that characterizes their workplaces as fundamentally meritocratic, and alternatively, (2) how they named gender as relevant or salient to experiences and interactions at work. Drawing on the insights of intersectional scholars to answer the previous questions, the study calls attention to how the invocation of these frames differed for women of color compared to their majority White female peers. Results revealed that most respondents strongly endorsed the idea that engineering workplaces are meritocratic and that their gender is not relevant. However, there is also evidence of racial divergence in the themes expressed. For example, some White women expressed a narrative contradictory to meritocracy, discussing their workplaces as like family, while in contrast, women of color often expressed uncomfortable experiences of standing out. Overall, the results suggest that female engineers’ tendency to disavow, either explicitly or implicitly, that discrimination and bias occurs in their workplaces, likely contributes to continued gender and racial inequality; subsequently, programs and interventions to facilitate awareness of inequality are critically needed.

  • 31.
    Eckernäs, Elin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Barbie och Representation av Kvinnor: En narrativ och semiotisk visuell analys av femininitet i Barbiefilm.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will analyze how the female characters in the Barbie movie Barbie Princess Adventure (2020) are represented. The movie was analyzed by conducting two separate analyses. One narrative analysis of the movie and one semiotic visual analysis of six female characters. The analysis showed that the movie represented a contradictory femininity. The overall narrative analysis showed that the female characters were empowered, confident, independent and had both masculine and feminine skills and interests. The visual analysis and some conclusions from the narrative analysis showed that all the six female characters have a stereotypical image. They all show a hyperfeminine identity. The movie shows a femininity with possibilities but with the limitation of a hyperfemininen appearance. In the end of the thesis, I open up for further research on the subject and discuss the future for Barbie movies.

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  • 32.
    Ekelund, Robin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Childhood, Education and Society (BUS).
    Young Feminist Men Finding their Way: On young Swedish Men’s Experiences of and Orientations in Feminist Settings2020In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 506-526Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Men and feminism is a contentious topic. In theoretical discussions as well as in previous studies, men and feminism have been described as an oxymoron, that being a man and a feminist is a border land position and that it entails experiences of so-called gender vertigo or gender limbo. Still, there are men who identify themselves as feminists and engage in feminist settings, parties and organizations. In this article, I aim to explore how masculinity is constructed and shaped within feminism. The article is based on qualitative interviews with nine young feminist men in Sweden. Using Sara Ahmed’s queer phenomenology and the concepts of disorientation and reorientation, I analyse how the interviewees experience themselves as men and feminists and how they navigate within their feminist settings. The analysis illustrates that in contrast to previous research, the interviewees articulate an assuredness in their position as men and feminists. However, being a man and a feminist is still a somewhat disorienting position that promotes reflexive journeys through which the interviewees seek to elaborate a sensitive, perceptive and “softer” masculinity. Feminism can be seen as a way of doing masculinity, and the ways in which the interviewees (re)orient themselves in their feminist settings can be understood as processes of masculinity construction. These reorientations position the interviewees in the background of their feminist settings, where they carry out what I call political housekeeping and men-feminism. From this position, they also adopt a perspective of a theoretical as well as temporal distance and articulate themselves as actors in the history of feminism. Thus, the article highlights that feminist men can seek out a masculinity that is positioned in the background yet still experience themselves as subjects in the feminist struggle.

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  • 33.
    Elger, Jesper
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Jönsson, Annie
    Kvinnliga och manliga elitfotbollsspelares fotbollskonsumtion i Sverige2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Authors: Elger, Jesper & Jönsson, Annie 

    Advisor: Svensson, Daniel 

    Keywords: Consumption, Soccer/football, Femininity, Gender identities, Norms. 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study, based on a quantitative method is to investigate differences and similarities regarding football consumption in female and male elite football players in Sweden.  

    Method: The study is based on a deductive approach, which means that we have worked with already existing theoretical material and thereafter collected our own empirical data. Empirical data were collected through a questionnaire that was sent out to five different elite football clubs in Sweden. 

    Theory: The study is based on Hirdman's theory of the gender contract, as well as Lamont and Molnár's theory of boundaries. 

    Results and conclusion: With help from the questionnaire that was sent out to five different elite football clubs in Sweden the study can display an overall result regarding football consumption by female and male elite players. The overall result indicates that there were no significant differences and similarities regarding football consumption within five elite clubs in Sweden. The result in the study presents no significant differences and similarities regarding consumption of football but there is still an ability to draw conclusions with help from a theoretical framework based on Hirdman´s and Lamont´s Molnár´s theory. The final conclusion of this study was that there are many similarities between female and male elite football players' football consumption. The study's results and theories allow an argument regarding female and male football consumption. In addition to the fact that the majority on both the men's and women's side consume football primarily because the players "think it's fun", it is argued that there may be additional reasons for the players' individual consumption. This study reveals two reasons why Hirdman's gender contract does not have such a large impact regarding gender, elite soccer players and soccer consumption. The first reason is that men are standard bearers in both society and football, and that women have adapted to these standards, in this case to consume football, which is "manly". The second reason is that the boundaries have been changed in various ways, as described based on Lamont's and Molnár's theory. However, one does not necessarily exclude the other, but can work together.

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  • 34.
    Eliasson, Inger
    et al.
    Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet;.
    Fundberg, Jesper
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Unit for Police Work.
    Förändring av problematisk maskulinitet: En fallstudie av pojkars utbildning i idrottens omklädningsrum2024In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 15, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transforming Problematic Masculinity: A Case Study of Boys’ Education in the Sports Locker RoomThe purpose of the study was through a case study to analyze the staging and experiences of an educational intervention carried out with teamsports active boys in Sweden, which aimed to change a problematic masculinity in Swedish society. The case study is ethnographic in naturewhere an authentic educational process is followed and studied throughobservations, interviews and documents. The empirical material consistsof observations of 14 intervention sessions with 100 boys (10–14 years ofage), interviews with in total 17 participants; ten boys, three coaches, twoeducators and two operations managers. This article problematizes howintentions to change problematic masculinity is expressed through interventions with boys within the framework of team sports in Sweden. Newknowledge is created about how different forms of masculinities are presented, negotiated, and challenged in education of boys in a sports lockerroom context. The results show that with different views on the problemsamong those involved, the intervention, as a solution to problematic masculinity, risks becoming counterproductive, which is reinforced if the content is not relevant to and adapted for the young target group. We arguefor a more nuanced views on problematic masculinity, especially in relation to interventions-based education of young boys in sport as a solutionwhich is in focus in this study. 

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  • 35.
    Eliasson, Lucas
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Does your gender impact your experience inregulated esports communities? Analyzingexperiences and contributions from participants inan esports Discord server2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the growth of esports in recent years, it has become important to study different aspects of thedigital footprints that come with it. Esport is a form of sport competition using video games whereplayers or teams compete against each other using certain games in a competitive environment,governed by rules and regulations. Teams competing in esports work in a similar way as othersports teams. They try to win competitions and build their own fan base. Some fans want tocome closer to the team and other individuals supporting that specific team. Teams create serverson Discord that allows their fan base to interact with each other in a more regulated community.The servers mainly promote the team itself, but they also offer fans opportunities for exclusivecontent and discussions away from public social media channels. Gaming has however been provento offer a toxic environment, specifically against gender minorities. This article investigates howdifferent genders experience toxicity in the more regulated online gaming communities comparedto previously researched areas - multiplayer games, and public social forums.

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  • 36.
    Enander, Viveka
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Krantz, Gunilla
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lysell, Henrik
    Västra Götaland Region Competence Centre on Intimate Partner Violence, Sweden.
    Örmon, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Västra Götaland Region Competence Centre on Intimate Partner Violence, Sweden.
    Before the killing: intimate partner homicides in a process perspective, part I2021In: Journal of Gender Based Violence, ISSN 2398-6808, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 59-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article puts intimate partner homicide (IPH) into a process perspective, and describes the situational precursors that constitute the build-up, that is, the first stage of the IPH process that precedes the deed. Fifty court files, from cases involving 40 male and ten female perpetrators, underwent thematic analysis. Our findings indicate that the build-up phase of an IPH is complex and encompasses several different features, of which some are clearly gendered. The results point to an escalation during the build-up: of possessiveness and violent behaviour in male-to-female cases, of alcohol/drug abuse, of mental health problems and/or of fears for the future, often connected to separation. Concurrent with previous research we found that women often kill in the context of their own victimisation. There were, however, other situations and motives that also stood out as being pertinent.The practical implications of these findings are that practitioners should be particularly attentive to escalation of known risk factors, especially male possessiveness, and be aware that (the victim wanting) a separation may initiate escalation with lethal consequences.

    Key messages: IPH is a process that builds up over time.

    Risk factors for IPH should be contextualised, in order to determine which are pertinent at the time of the crime.

    The build-up to an IPH is complex, with several overlapping features. Some of these are clearly gendered and thus differ between male and female perpetrators.

  • 37.
    Eskandari, Zahra Termeh
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    'We support football in our heart': female football fandom in Iran2022In: Soccer & Society, ISSN 1466-0970, E-ISSN 1743-9590, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 258-270, article id 2037208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the growing research regarding sports fandom culture, the related knowledge concerning non-West female fans, specifically Muslim women, is next to absent. By drawing on gender theories alongside transnational feminism, this study critically investigates the experiences and practices of female football fans in Iran, a country with exclusive social features. Through semi-structured interviews, 25 women and 5 men talked about their lived experiences. Findings suggest that the female fandom stream is empowering, although female fans still have to overcome gender stereotypes to demonstrate the authenticity of their fandom. Also, the state still restricts female activities in different ways, such as stadium entrance ban and shortage of media coverage. However, women have followed their desires and applied strategies to remain fans and support their teams afar. In this way, alongside multiple practical opportunities, they have converted social media to a virtual stadium to demonstrate both their support and consent.

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  • 38.
    Fingalsson, Rebecka
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    A solution, but what is the problem? – Contemplating the problem-solving ethos in Sexuality Education2022In: WPR Symposium on ritical Policy Studies- 17-18 August 2022, Karlstad University, Sweden, 2022Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using sexuality education (SE) to solve different social problems has become a defining discourse to explain what SE does. Since the late 19th century, SE has been a tool for combating and preventing social problems stemming out of venereal diseases, unintended pregnancies, low sexual moral, sexual deviance, low sexual- and reproductive health, gender inequalities, sexism, sexual exploitation, sexual violence, and a general lack of knowledge about the body and sexualities. Although SE has developed differently in various countries and taken on different directions, it continues to appear as a solution to prevent and solve a multitude of social problems. But if solving and preventing problems is the very core and purpose of sexuality education, I think it is suitable to ask how policies and educational programs ‘knows’ what problems to solve?

    In response to this simple, yet important question, this paper, without denying the importance of SE, considers how the problem-solving ethos is discursively constructed and underpinned through problematisations. In this paper I use the WPR-approach to target the aftermath of policy. By departing from a policy that is already produced, I show how the Swedish Government first announced a policy reform and eight days later adjusted their message to correspond with public opinion. The empirical material consists of the announcement, a debate article by the Minister of Higher Education, and a selection of 20 newspaper articles published during the eight days in between. This paper provides an empirical example of how a problem-solving discourse underpins and narrates coherence between policy (solutions) and problems. In this paper I also consider how problematisations can work as a soothing technique of acceptance in which policy, as a solution, is in need for problems. 

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  • 39.
    Fingalsson, Rebecka
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Limitations and Possibilities of Talking Sex in School - Intersections of Teachers’ Age, Gender, and Sexuality2023In: European Conference on Educational Research, ECER, 22 - 25 August 2023, University of Glasgow, ‘European Educational Research Association’ (EERA) , 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents data from a larger thesis project that aims to explore how sexuality education (SE) take shape by interviewing teachers about their experiences of working with SE and observing a working group assigned to develop teachers’ practices concerning SE. In the teacher interviews I was surprised that some teachers began to talk about their own embodiments of age, gender, and sexuality to describe how they were able to teach and talk about sexuality and relationships with their students while others found it more difficult for the same reason. In this paper I ask, how do intersections of age, gender, and sexuality interfere teachers practises in teaching SE.

  • 40.
    Fingalsson, Rebecka
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    The teaching body in sexuality education – intersections of age, gender, and sexuality2023In: Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, ISSN 1468-1811, E-ISSN 1472-0825, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper illuminates how teachers are influenced by age, gender and sexuality in teaching about sex and relationships. In this analysis grounded in feminist theory, age, gender and sexuality are considered to be enacted as doings. Six interviews with teachers working with sexuality education in K-12 schools in Sweden were chosen from of a larger body of material consisting of 21 interviews with professionals engaged in school-based sexuality education. The six interviewees were selected because they explicitly addressed how teachers’ age, gender and/or sexuality come to matter in the classroom. Findings show how male and female teachers organise their teaching in relation to normative expectations of age, gender and sexuality. In sexuality education, the diverse life-courses of (hetero)sexual women offer a wide range of pedagogic possibilities for female teachers to address issues of sexuality, consent and relationships whereas male teachers are constrained to doing safe(r) forms of masculinity by directing attention away from their bodies and experiences. In understanding these results, I argue that the figure of the tant has been key in forming the pedagogic backdrop to Swedish sexuality education, hence embedding a normative ‘who’ in the ‘how’ to teach sexuality education.

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  • 41.
    Fogelström, David
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att utöva styrkelyft2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Author: David Fogelström

    Supervisor: Kutte Jönsson 

    Examiner: Tomas Peterson

    Keywords: Powerlifting, women’s experiences, hegemony, hegemonic masculinity, heteronormativity

     

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to explore and understand, through semi-structured interviews, female powerlifters experiences of practicing a traditionally male-dominated sport and how these experiences can be understood in relation to hegemonic masculinity.

     

    Method: Through semi-structured interviews with women who compete in powerlifting, I have collected and analysed data to be able to answer the questions.

     

    Theory: The theoretical framework of this study is Hegemonic Masculinity Theory.

     

    Results and Conclusions: The study shows that there are similarities as well as differences between powerlifting and other male-dominated sports in how women experience practicing a traditionally male-dominated sport. Examples of similarities are positive effects on self-confidence, the desire to be a role model and break gender norms while women felt that they were questioned and not taken seriously to the same extent as men. Differences were the experience of being able to challenge themselves in powerlifting and how the competition in powerlifting was a strong motivating factor.

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  • 42.
    Franzén, Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Lika villkor? Om seglivade könsnormer i tandläkarprofessionen.2022In: Nio-Fem, Tidskrift om arbetsliv & profession, ISSN 2001-9688, no 2, p. 20-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Fröjdh, Elina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kvinnliga fastighetsmäklares utsatthet för könsdiskriminering och sexuella trakasserier i fastighetsmäklaryrket i Sverige2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute with more knowledge about gender discrimination and sexual harassment directet towards real estate agents in Sweden. Questions answered are: How do real estate agents perceive the organizational culture at their workplace? Does gender discrimination and sexual harassment occur in the industry? If so, to what extent, and how is it expressed? The study is based on a quantitative method, using an internet based questionnaire, answered by female real estate agents in Sweden. The results of the study show that the real estate agents are considered to have a culture in the workplace that allows conversations about the work environment, but on the other hand, less than half of them know whether the workplace has an approach for handling poor work environment health. The study also shows that gender discrimination and sexual harassment occur in the real estate industry against female real estate agents. It is shown that the person who discriminates/harasses is a manager, colleague/colleague in the industry and/or customer/speculator. The action can be expressed both verbally and physically. 

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  • 44.
    Fundberg, Jesper
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Är torskar lyckliga eller olyckliga? Kulturella perspektiv på heterosexuella mäns sexköp, maskulinitet och sexualitet2022In: Kritiska blickar från marginalen: Reflektioner i spåren av Jens Rydström / [ed] Brink Pinto, Andrés; Mery Karlsson, Mikael; Schmitt, Irina, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2022, p. 129-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 45. Giulari, Susy
    et al.
    Hussein, Negat
    Hussein, Moestak
    Samzelius, Tove
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Cohen, Sue
    From the Political to the Personal in An Age of Uncertainty: Assault on self, identity, family, community, and nationhood2021In: Feminist Activists on Brexit: From the Political to the Personal / [ed] Sue Cohen & Margaret Page, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2021, 1Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Across an ever-changing political landscape, and in the midst of Brexit developments, this edited collection draws our attention to women's participation in transformative democratic processes, and captures how UK women were made 'other' in the political environment created by Brexit. 

    Chronicling the work of diverse feminist activists connected to women’s equality organisations, grassroots networks and migrant communities who between them strove to further intersectional equality, and ensure women’s voices were heard across the UK during the Brexit campaign, the first section of this book highlights the impact of populist discourses on subjective identities and their place in public and political life. Through reflective conversation, autobiographical writing and poetic pieces, the authors transform their experiences of being 'othered', showcasing instead a new found community and collective agency across intersections of identity. In the second section, researchers and activists analyse how the socio-economic, political and legal changes unleashed by Brexit are undermining women's equality in the UK. Considering how to defend feminist concerns when facing populist political leadership, the authors make the case for constitutional reform which will enable direct female participation in the democratic process. Looking ahead to the post Brexit landscape, and the unknowable future let loose by Covid-19, the contributors offer us a glimpse of the world they are striving to create.

  • 46.
    Grothén, Melinda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Raka eller (inte raka)?: En semiotisk bildanalys av rakhyvelsföretaget Estrids marknadsföring utifrån postfeministiska diskussioner.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine, based on a qualitative semiotic image analysis, how feminist aspects are used by companies for commercial purposes. The starting point for the study is a critical feminist perspective with a theoretical background in the complex discussions about postfeminism, commodified feminism, femwashing and femvertising. Of which an in-depth study of postfeminist discussions of individualism, girl power and empowerment. The study will examine the razor blade company Estrid's two campaigns: Shave and misbehave (2019) and Save. Shave. Whatever (2020). The aim of the study is that in a tripartite analysis consisting of; body hair, shaving and the environment show how today's neoliberal society often uses political and social issues for a capitalist and commercial purpose. Based on the campaigns, analyze how Estrid portrays women, body hair and feminism in relation to their products.

    The result that emerged from the analysis showed that Estrid strives to break stereotypes and express feminist values within its brand strategy. This is because it repeatedly shows normalization around body hair. The conclusion also showed that as a brand, it is difficult to produce a genuine brand strategy, with feminsit values. Estrid's focus on feminist statements in their campaigns is influenced by postfeminist discussions, with messages such as individualism and empowerment, where new expectations of women are created instead of focusing on criticizing gender structural inequalities.

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  • 47.
    Hansson, Jacob
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Kvinnokroppens representation inom skateboard: En kvalitativ semiotisk analys av reklambilder ur skateboardtidningen Big Brother2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En kvalitativ semiotisk analys har genomförts av reklambilderna från skateboardtidingen Big Brother. Syftet med undersökningen var att studera reklambilderna i Big Brother med fokus på representation av kvinnorna. Därav följde frågeställningen "Hur representeras kvinnan i reklambilderna från Big Brother utifrån ett semiotiskt perspektiv". Urvalet av materialet bestod utav fem reklambilder där bildernas tecken analyserades kvalitativt med fokus på blick och posering. Genom att fokusera på dessa tecken i undersökningen blev huvudresultatet att kvinnornas karaktärsdrag blev reducerade till att bli betraktade av en utomstående blick. Därmed konnoterade dessa tecken Big Brother läsare som väsentliga betraktare i kvinnornas representation. 

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  • 48.
    Hartmann Sihvola, Lise
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Gender sensitivity and representation in the ESL classroom, years 4-6: An analysis of primary school textbooks and teachers' opinions.: Genuskänslighet och representation i engelska klassrummet, åk 4–6: En analys av grundskolans läroböcker samt lärares åsikte2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The content of school textbooks significantly affects students’ attitudes towards themselves, other people and society. Especially ESL students since they are not only learning a new language but also receiving knowledge about the given culture and lingua-cultural identity. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore gender equality issues in the ESL classroom, grades 4-6. A mixed method approach is applied, combining textbook reviews of 3 different textbooks used by 4 ESL teachers in Swedish elementary schools. The focus of the textbook reviews will be to explore how gender is addressed in the different books and if gender biases occur. This will then be combined with data from semi-structured interviews conducted with the 4 ESL teachers who are using the books. This paper will investigate how teachers navigate around gender when teaching with the use of the books as well as what their opinions are on gender sensitivity and representation in the books. The findings are coded through a thematic analysis to discover differences and similarities between the textbook reviews and the interviews. The results show that gender equality work in Swedish school textbooks has come a long way, women are far more represented than before and many different cultural representations are visible, but not as far as including all the aspects of gender that are needed to meet the fundamental values of the curriculum. Gender biases such as stereotypes, permeate all the reviewed books and gender-expansive people, as well as their pronouns, are invisible. Moreover, the teachers' opinions did not correspond all the way with my findings since most teachers believed the books to be gender sensitive and representative which was not found to be the reality. 

  • 49.
    Haywood, Chris
    et al.
    Newcastle University, United Kingdom.
    Johansson, Thomas
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Hammarén, Nils
    Department of Education, Communication and Learning, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Herz, Marcus
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Ottemo, Andreas
    Department of Education and Special Education, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Conundrum of Masculinity: Hegemony, Homosociality, Homophobia and Heteronormativity2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Popular culture is awash with discussions about the difficulties associated with being a man. Television talk shows, media articles and government press releases discuss not simply the problem of men, but have more recently focused on the problems of being a man. The Conundrum of Masculinity challenges highly advertised beliefs that men are in crisis and struggling to hold onto traditional masculine habits whilst the world around them changes. Indeed, whilst there is a range of valuable contributions to the field that examine how men live out their lives in different contexts, there are few accounts that examine in detail the building blocks of masculinity or how men are really 'put together'. Thus, this innovative and timely volume seeks to provide a systematic exploration of the different aspects of masculinity - in particular hegemony, homosociality, homophobia and heteronormativity. An original approach to the field of masculinity studies, this book ultimately presents a critical synthesis that brings together disparate approaches to provide a clear and concise discussion to address the true nature of masculinity. The Conundrum of Masculinity will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in fields such as Gender Studies, Masculinity Studies and Sociology.

  • 50.
    Hedenborg, Susanna
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Equestrian Olympics in Stockholm 1956. From Upper class masculinity to people's sport and feminine leisure2008Conference paper (Other academic)
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