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  • 1.
    Axelsson, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Backman, Helena
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health/ the OLIN unit, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Nwaru, Bright I
    Krefting Research Centre, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Wallenberg Centre for Molecular and Translational Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Vanfleteren, Lowie
    Krefting Research Centre, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; COPD Center, Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hedman, Linnea
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health/ the OLIN unit, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Piirilä, Päivi
    Unit of Clinical Physiology, HUS Medical Diagnostic Center, University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland and University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Jalasto, Juuso
    Unit of Clinical Physiology, HUS Medical Diagnostic Center, University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland and University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Langhammer, Arnulf
    HUNT Research Centre, Department of Public Health and Nursing, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Levanger, Norway; Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Kankaanranta, Hannu
    Krefting Research Centre, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Respiratory Medicine, Seinäjoki Central Hospital, Seinäjoki, Seinäjoki, Finland; Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    Rådinger, Madeleine
    Krefting Research Centre, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekerljung, Linda
    Krefting Research Centre, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rönmark, Eva
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health/ the OLIN unit, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindberg, Anne
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Underdiagnosis and misclassification of COPD in Sweden - A Nordic Epilung study2023Ingår i: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, E-ISSN 1532-3064, Vol. 217, artikel-id 107347Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of COPD tends to level off in populations with decreasing prevalence of smoking but the extent of underdiagnosis in such populations needs further investigation.

    AIM: To investigate underdiagnosis and misclassification of COPD with a focus on socio-economy, lifestyle determinants and healthcare utilization.

    METHOD: was defined according to the fixed post-bronchodilator spirometric criteria FEV1/FVC<0.70 in combination with respiratory symptoms.

    RESULTS: , the underdiagnosis was 83.6% (n = 107) of which 57.9% were men. The undiagnosed participants were younger, had higher FEV1% of predicted and less frequently a family history of bronchitis. One in four of the undiagnosed had utilized healthcare and had more frequently utilized healthcare due to a burden of respiratory symptoms than the general population without COPD. Underdiagnosis was not related to educational level. Misclassification of COPD was characterized by being a woman with low education, ever smoker, having respiratory symptoms and having a previous asthma diagnosis.

    CONCLUSION: In the high income country Sweden, the underdiagnosis of COPD was highly prevalent. Reduced underdiagnosis can contribute to risk factor modification, medical treatment and self-management strategies in early stages of the disease, which may prevent disease progression and improve the quality of life among those affected. Therefore, there is a need to increase the use of spirometry in primary care to improve the diagnostic accuracy.

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  • 2.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Att arbeta inom människobehandlande organisationer2022Ingår i: Plats för vem?: Om arbetets inkludering och exkludering / [ed] Elin Ennerberg & Peter Gladoić Håkansson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, s. 261-281Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 3.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Slutrapport. Etablering av nationella normvärden avseende den organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljönpå svenska arbetsplatser2022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 4.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö University.
    Owen, Mikaela
    Centre for Workplace Excellence, University of South Australia.
    Wretlind, Katharina
    Public Dental Service Västra Götaland.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Does staff-assessed care quality predict early failure of dental fillings?: a prospective study2020Ingår i: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, ISSN 0301-5661, E-ISSN 1600-0528, Vol. 48, nr 5, s. 387-394Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate staff-assessed care quality as an indicator of register-based measures of care quality at dental clinics, more specifically register-based measures of survival of dental fillings and initiation of preventive treatments for caries patients.

    METHODS: This prospective study includes data from cross-sectional workplace psychosocial risk assessment surveys at dental clinics and register data on survival of dental fillings, and initiation of preventive treatment for caries patients obtained from the Swedish Quality Registry for Caries and Periodontal Disease (SKaPa) Demographic background data on the age, gender, income level and place of birth of patients was obtained from Statistics Sweden (SCB). The data were analysed using discrete-time multilevel survival analysis and multiple linear regression analysis.

    RESULTS: The results showed that staff-assessed care quality rated by the total staff or by dental nurses at the clinic predicted the risk of replacement of dental fillings made due to a caries diagnosis during the 3-year follow-up period, controlling for potential confounding due to patient demographic characteristics (age, sex, income and country of birth). In contrast, the better the staff-assessed care quality at the clinic, the smaller the proportion of the patients received preventive care in addition to operative caries therapy when controlling for potential confounding due to patient demographics. Care quality assessed by dentists at the clinic did not predict either of these outcome measures.

    CONCLUSIONS: Premature failure of dental fillings is costly for both patients and society, which leads to a need for relevant measures for following dental care quality. Our findings indicate that staff-assessed care quality - a cheap and easy measure to collect and follow continuously in dental practice - can be used to monitor aspects of quality in real time in order to facilitate continuous improvement and quickly amend quality problems. Also, it can be used for integrating quality improvement in systematic work environment risk management.

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  • 5.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, Karolinska Institute.
    Burr, Hermann
    Division 3Work and Health, Federal Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA),.
    Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden2020Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, nr 9, artikel-id E3179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents the Swedish standard version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, COPSOQ III, and investigates its reliability and validity at individual and workplace levels with the aim of establishing benchmarks for the psychosocial work environment. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25-65 years (N = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees at 51 workplaces (N = 1818) were analysed. Internal consistency reliability was evaluated as well as the effects of sex, work sector and blue/white-collar work. Population benchmarks and mean scores for major occupational groups were computed based on weighted data. ICC(1) and ICC(2) estimates were computed to evaluate aggregation to the workplace level and Pearson inter-correlations to evaluate construct validity at individual and aggregated levels. The reliability and scale characteristics were satisfactory, with few exceptions, at both individual and workplace levels. The strength and direction of correlations supported the construct validity of the dimensions and the amount of variance explained by workplace justified aggregation to the workplace level. The present study thus supports the use of COPSOQ III for measurement at the workplace level and presents benchmarks for risk management as well as for research purposes.

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  • 6.
    Hagerlid, Mika
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
    Štulhofer, Aleksandar
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Redert, Anita
    Research Department at Rutgers, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Jakić, Irma
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Schoon, Wiebke
    Institute for Sex Research, Sexual Medicine and Forensic Psychiatry, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
    Westermann, Melina
    Department of Educational Science, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
    Deverchin, Cynthia
    Institute for Family and Sexuality Studies, Department of Neurosciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    de Graaf, Hanneke
    Research Department at Rutgers, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Janssen, Erick
    Institute for Family and Sexuality Studies, Department of Neurosciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Löfgren, Charlotta
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Obstacles for identifying sexual harassment in academia: Insights from five European countries2023Ingår i: Sexuality Research & Social Policy, ISSN 1868-9884, E-ISSN 1553-6610Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Experiences of sexual harassment are common among university students. At the same time, research shows that victims and bystanders find it difficult to determine when an incident meets the criteria for sexual harassment. The aim of this study therefore was to obtain a richer and deeper understanding of the obstacles that university students encounter in identifying sexual harassment in the academic environment.

    Methods

    Individual interviews and focus groups were conducted with a total of 85 students at the bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral level in five European countries (Belgium, Croatia, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden) between 2020 and 2022. Thematic analysis was used to identify obstacles in identifying sexual harassment.

    Results

    The obstacles described by participants were found to fall into three main categories: (1) preconceived notions about what constitutes sexual harassment that did not necessarily concur with lived experiences, (2) navigating an often blurred or ambiguous line between acceptable and unacceptable behaviour and (3) the existence of competing interpretations of what had happened.

    Conclusions

    The results point to a gap between the participants’ lived experiences and their interpretations of them, which include difficulties positioning their experiences within their theoretical understanding of sexual harassment.

    Policy Implications

    Measures to counteract the obstacles faced by victims and bystanders in identifying sexual harassment in academia should target this cognitive gap, for instance by addressing the stereotypes that characterize preconceived notions about sexual harassment.

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  • 7.
    Jakobsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA).
    Örmon, Karin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). The Västra Götaland Region Competence Center on Intimate Partner Violence, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Axelsson, Malin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Exploring workplace violence on surgical wards in Sweden: a cross-sectional study2023Ingår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 22, nr 1, artikel-id 106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a global threat to healthcare professionals' occupational health and safety and the situation has worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to explore workplace violence directed against assistant and registered nurses working on surgical wards in Sweden.

    METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in April 2022. Using a convenience sampling procedure, 198 assistant and registered nurses responded to an online questionnaire developed for this specific study. The questionnaire comprised 52 items and included, among other items, subscales from validated and previously used instruments. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, the chi-square test, and independent-samples t-test.

    RESULTS: The most frequently reported type of workplace violence was humiliation (28.8%), followed by physical violence (24.2%), threats (17.7%), and unwanted sexual attention (12.1%). Patients and patients' visitors were reported as the main perpetrators of all kinds of exposure. Additionally, one third of the respondents had experienced humiliation from colleagues. Both threats and humiliation showed negative associations with work motivation and health (p < 0.05). Respondents classified as working in a high- or moderate-risk environment were more frequently exposed to threats (p = 0.025) and humiliation (p = 0.003). Meanwhile, half of the respondents were unaware of any action plans or training regarding workplace violence. However, of those who indicated that they had been exposed to workplace violence, the majority had received quite a lot or a lot of support, mainly from colleagues (range 70.8-80.8%).

    CONCLUSION: Despite a high prevalence of workplace violence, and especially of humiliating acts, there appeared to be low preparedness within the hospital organizations to prevent and/or handle such incidents. To improve these conditions, hospital organizations should place more emphasis on preventive measures as part of their systematic work environment management. To help inform such initiatives, it is suggested that future research should focus on the identification of suitable measures regarding different types of incidents, perpetrators, and settings.

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  • 8.
    Karatuna, Işıl
    et al.
    Beykoz University, Turkey.
    Owen, Mikaela
    University of South Australia, Australia.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stockholm University.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA).
    The Role of Staff-Assessed Care Quality in the Relationship between Job Demands and Stress in Human Service Work: The Example of Dentistry2022Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, nr 19, s. 12795-12795Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate staff-assessed care quality at the clinic as a predictorof stress and as a moderator between job demands (quantitative demands and role conflict) and stressamong dental professionals as an example of human service workers. Cross-sectional questionnairedata from 1012 dental professionals (i.e., dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses) working at99 clinics were analysed by confirmatory factor analysis and a two-level hierarchical linear model.Stress, quantitative demands and role conflict were measured by the Swedish standard version ofCOPSOQ III and care quality was measured by three proprietary items. The results showed thatstaff-assessed care quality at the clinic was of importance for the individual workers’ experiencesof stress. Furthermore, the staff’s joint assessment of the care quality at the clinic mitigated thenegative effect of role conflict on stress among dental nurses. These results indicate that a high levelof staff-assessed care quality at the clinic can contribute to reduced stress in dental professionals.

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  • 9.
    Kingma, B. R. M.
    et al.
    Section for Integrative Physiology, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen.
    Steenhoff, H.
    International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark.
    Toftum, J.
    International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark.
    Daanen, H. A. M.
    Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behaviour and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences.
    Folkerts, M. A.
    Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behaviour and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences.
    Gerrett, N.
    Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behaviour and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences.
    Gao, C.
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University.
    Kuklane, K.
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University.
    Petersson, J.
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University.
    Halder, A.
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University.
    Zuurbier, M.
    Public Health Services Gelderland Midden, Arnhem, The Netherlands.
    Garland, S. W.
    FritzdorfSport, Klagshamn, Sweden.
    Nybo, L.
    Section for Integrative Physiology, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen.
    ClimApp—Integrating Personal Factors with Weather Forecasts for Individualised Warning and Guidance on Thermal Stress2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, E-ISSN 1660-460, Vol. 18, nr 21, s. 1-26, artikel-id 11317Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Malmqvist, Ebba
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department for Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Westerberg, Karin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Stroh, Emilie
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department for Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Rittner, Ralf
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department for Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Susanna
    Environmental Department of the City of Malmö, Sweden.
    Spanne, Mårten
    Environmental Department of the City of Malmö, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Henric
    Environmental Department of the City of Malmö, Sweden.
    Oudin, Anna
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department for Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Sweden; Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dept. Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Estimated health benefits of exhaust free transport in the city of Malmö, Southern Sweden2018Ingår i: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 118, s. 78-85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Luftföroreningar står för ett av åtta förtida dödsfall i världen, och utgör därmed ett stort hot mot människors hälsa. HIA (hälsokonsekvensbedömningar) av hypotetiska förändringar i luftföroreningshalter kan användas som ett sätt att bedöma hälsoeffekter, planer och projekt som beslutsfattare behöver för att förhindra sjukdom. Syftet med denna studie var att beräkna hälsoeffekter som kan tillskrivas hypotetisk nedgång i luftföroreningshalter i Malmö i södra Sverige om en policy med avgasfri innerstad skulle genomföras.

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  • 11.
    Obiechina, Chukwunwike Solomon
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
    Workplace Bullying and Psychological Distress: The Mediating Role of Resilience and Social Support Among Employees of University of Lagos, Nigeria2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Workplace bullying is endemic in modern workplaces. It is capable of disrupting employeepsychological ill-health which create pathways to substance abuse, in turn exposes individuals tobecome victims or perpetrator of various crimes. The study investigates the extent to whichworkplace bullying determine the experience of psychological distress and also, explored the roleplayed by resilience and social support as possible mediators of the outcome of psychologicaldistress. The study sampled a total number of 259 participants from non-academic staff of theUniversity of Lagos, Nigeria. The participants responded to the Negative Actions QuestionnaireNAQ which was used to measure workplace bullying, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10)which assessed psychological distress, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale CD-RISC whichmeasured Resilience, and multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) whichmeasured social support. The result showed significant positive correlation between workplacebullying and psychological distress. Workplace bullying explained 32% variance in psychologicaldistress scores. Resilience was negatively related with psychological distress, it explained 11%variance in psychological distress score. Social support was negatively correlated with psychologicaldistress. However, it was not a significant mediator, explaining only 1% of variance in psychologicaldistress score. Workplace bullying has significant impact on the wellbeing of employees.Organizations should do all they can to mitigate its occurrence in their work environment and alsoemployees could also benefit from resilience training aimed at helping them reduce incidences ofvictimization. Social support from both within and outside the workplace can also play a role inreducing the impact of negative events at the workplace.

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  • 12.
    Ose, Solveig Osborg
    et al.
    Health Services Research Group, SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway.
    Lohmann-Lafrenz, Signe
    St. Olav’s University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Kaspersen, Silje L.
    Health Services Research Group, SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA).
    Marchand, Gunn Hege
    St. Olav’s University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Registered nurses’ exposure to workplace aggression in Norway: 12-month prevalence rates, perpetrators, and current turnover intention2023Ingår i: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 23, nr 1, artikel-id 1272Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Identifying occupational health hazards among Registered Nurses (RNs) and other health personnel and implementing effective preventive measures are crucial to the long-term sustainability of health services. The objectives of this study were (1) to assess the 12-month prevalence rates of exposure to workplace aggression, including physical violence, threats of violence, sexual harassment, and bullying; (2) to identify whether the perpetrators were colleagues, managers, subordinates, or patients and their relatives; (3) to determine whether previous exposure to these hazards was associated with RNs' current turnover intention; and (4) to frame workplace aggression from an occupational health and safety perspective.

    Methods: The third version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ III) was used to assess RNs' exposure to workplace aggression and turnover intention. A national sample of 8,800 RNs in Norway, representative of the entire population of registered nurses in terms of gender and geography, was analysed. Binary and ordinal logistic regression analyses were conducted, and odds for exposure and intention to leave are presented, with and without controls for RNs' gender, age, and the type of health service they work in.

    Results: The 12-month prevalence rates for exposure were 17.0% for physical violence, 32.5% for threats of violence, 12.6% for sexual harassment, and 10.5% for bullying. In total, 42.6% of the RNs had experienced at least one of these types of exposure during the past 12 months, and exposure to more than one of these hazards was common. Most perpetrators who committed physical acts and sexual harassment were patients, while bullying was usually committed by colleagues. There was a strong statistical association between exposure to all types of workplace aggression and RNs' intention to leave. The strongest association was for bullying, which greatly increased the odds of looking for work elsewhere.

    Conclusions: Efforts to prevent exposure to workplace aggression should be emphasised to retain health personnel and to secure the supply of skilled healthcare workers. The results indicate a need for improvements. To ensure the sustainability of health services, labour and health authorities should join forces to develop effective workplace measures to strengthen prevention, mitigation, and preparedness regarding incidents of workplace aggression in health services and the response and recovery regarding incidents that could not be prevented.

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  • 13.
    Owen, Mikaela S
    et al.
    Behaviour–Brain–Body Research Group & Psychosocial Safety Climate Global Observatory, Justice & Society, University of South Australia , Adelaide , Australia.
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö universitet, Centrum för tillämpad arbetslivsforskning och utvärdering (CTA). Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Jamieson, Stephanie D
    Centre for Workplace Excellence, Business School, University of South Australia , Adelaide , Australia.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University , Stockholm , Sweden.
    A Quick “Environment Check” for All Ages: Validating the New Age-Inclusive Work Environments Instrument2022Ingår i: Innovation in Aging, E-ISSN 2399-5300, Vol. 6, nr 7Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and objectives: The global aging workforce necessitates new approaches in designing work environments to cater to the needs of increasingly age-diverse work groups. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has in reaction outlined that organizations need to provide age-inclusive work environments that support the needs of their multigenerational workforce, to ensure their sustainability and profitability. To capture the age inclusiveness of the work environment, the present study proposes and validates an age-inclusive "environment check" for organizations referred to as the Age-Inclusive Work Environment Instrument (AIWEI), which covers discrimination, inclusion, and development opportunities.

    Research design and methods: We validate the 9-item AIWEI using cross-sectional and multilevel data from 2,892 Swedish workers across 101 workplaces who completed an online survey, using confirmatory factor analyses across young, middle-age, and older workers. Using a nomological approach, we also evaluate the concurrent validity of the AIWEI with a 2-1-1 path analysis.

    Results: The factor analyses supported a 3-factor model comprising of inclusion, discrimination, and development opportunities, across 3 age groups (i.e., young, middle-age, and older workers). These 3 factors had high Intraclass Coefficient (ICC) scores showing consistency in responding in the workplace. In accordance with the nomological approach, the factors of the AIWEI were linked with Psychosocial Safety Climate, burnout, and engagement, demonstrating concurrent validity for the AIWEI.

    Discussion and implications: This new "environment check" provides a way to capture age-inclusive work environments for both younger and older workers, in an age-diverse workforce. In the validation process, age-inclusive work environments were found to exist as a group phenomenon, through shared perceptions within an organization, as well as an individual phenomenon, as experiences specific to an individual. This is important for the development and implementation of policies and strategies designed to benefit workers and organizations.

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  • 14.
    Paulsson, Isabelle
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Strålskydd för nuklearmedicinsk personal som arbetar med 99mTc: Är engångshandskar tillförlitliga vid hantering av radioaktiva lösningar?2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Användandet av joniserande strålning i sjukhusmiljöer ökar, vilket leder till enökad stråldos för patienter och personal. Joniserande strålning ärelektromagnetisk- eller partikelstrålning som sänds ut från instabila atomkärnor.Strålningen kommer vid kontakt med materia växelverka och orsaka enenergideponering som över sikt skulle kunna leda till strålskada eller cancer. Förpersonal som arbetar med öppna strålkällor är engångshandskar den enda formenav strålskydd för händer. Syftet med studien är att undersöka ifall deengångshandskar som används i verksamheten släpper igenom teknetium-99mperteknetat-lösning samt att mäta hur mycket av de konversionselektroner somsänds ut stoppas av engångshandsken. Engångshandskarnas genomsläpplighettestades genom att droppa radioaktiv lösning på handsken. Ytterligare en handskevar placerad direkt undertill och aktiviteten på respektive handske mättes i engammaräknade för att beräkna kvoten. Kvoten genererar ett mått på andelengenomsläppt radioaktiv lösning. Dosen från konversionselektronerna mättes medhjälp av fingerdosimetrar som placerades under och ovanpå ett vävnadsliknandematerial, strålkällan placerades sedan nära det vävnadsliknande materialet meddosimetrarna. Engångshandskarna uppvisade ingen signifikant genomsläpplighetav teknetiumlösning och kan användas i verksamheten. Fler mätningar och enoptimerad mätmetod krävs emellertid för att praktiskt ta reda på omengångshandskar absorberar konversionselektronerna från teknetium-99m.

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  • 15.
    Sollerhed, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Kristianstad Univ, Kristianstad, Sweden..
    Olesen, Line Gronholt
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Soini, Anne
    Univ Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland..
    Saakslahti, Arja
    Univ Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland..
    Kristjansdottir, Gudrun
    Univ Iceland, Reyjkavik, Iceland..
    Vilhjalmsson, Runar
    Univ Iceland, Reyjkavik, Iceland..
    Fjortoft, Ingunn
    Univ South Eastern Norway, Notodden, Norway..
    Larsen, Robert
    Univ South Eastern Norway, Notodden, Norway..
    Ekberg, Jan-Eric
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV). Malmö Univ, Malmö, Sweden..
    Froberg, Karsten
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    P01-03 Movement and physical activity in early childhood education and care in the Nordic countries2022Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 32, nr Supplement 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) acknowledges the importance of preschool children taking part in comprehensive physical activities supporting, among other things, their motor development, and competencies. A growing number of children attend early childhood education and care (ECEC), and expectations that this will support the development and learning of the youngest children are high. ECEC are governed by different policies embodied in both laws and curricula, and the framework of a curriculum plays a key role in ensuring the quality of ECEC services. The documents represent the content society wants the ECEC institutions to disseminate, and set out the values, objectives, and content of the work of pre-school teachers and serve as a point of reference for ECEC teachers and schools. The purpose of this study was to examine the values of movement and physical activity (MoPA) using government policy documents ECEC from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden.

    Methods: This descriptive, comparative study was designed based on curriculum theory and used word count and content analyses to examine values of MoPA and to identify similarities and differences in the ECEC policies of Nordic countries.

    Results: Seven terms were identified as MoPA related; body, motor, move, physical activity, physical education, coordination, idrott/liikunta. These terms occurred in various content contexts: development, environment, expression, health and well-being, learning and play, albeit sparsely and were referred to as both a goal in itself and as a mean of achieving other goals (e.g., learning or development in another area). Formulations dedicated to MoPA as a goal were present in the Danish and Finnish curricula and, to some extent, also in the Norwegian, while the Icelandic and Swedish curricula mentioned MoPA only as a mean.

    Conclusion: Findings indicated that MoPA, which are important for children's development, health, and well-being, is a low-priority value, to varying degrees, in the ECEC policies enacted by the Nordic countries. Thus, the guidance provided to educators and stakeholders therein is inexplicit. The low priority of the MoPA domain in the ECEC policies might negatively affect the possibility for young children to be physically active in preschools.

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