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  • 1.
    Areskoug, Mats
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Bidrar förbränningsvärme till växthuseffekten?2003In: Ny Teknik, ISSN 1402-4845, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Areskoug, Mats
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Varför flyter is?2003In: Ny teknik, ISSN 1402-4845, no 13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Areskoug, Mats
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Davidsson, Eva
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Klimat-X Experiments on Energy and Climate2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate and energy issues are part of our everyday life. Children's understanding of energy concepts and energy transformations is often insufficient. In Malmö, Sweden, a small science center, Klimat-X, tries to capture the students' fascination and interest and give them the opportunity of building their knowledge of scientific concepts concerned with energy and climate. Examples of experiments are described and the educational problems they are designed to address will be discussed. A pilot study on the influence of the experiments on students' understanding has been carried out. The students get a deeper understanding of energy chains, they see possibilities and not only problems in energy economizing and they find the experiments funny, interesting and instructive. It seems that Klimat-X could be a starting point for reflecting upon scientific issues that have an impact on decisions made in everyday life.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 4.
    Berndtsson, R.
    et al.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden..
    Becker, P.
    Risk Management and Societal Safety, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa..
    Persson, A.
    GIS Centre/Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden..
    Aspegren, H.
    Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; VA SYD, SE-211 20 Malmö, Sweden.
    Haghighatafshar, S.
    Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Jönsson, K.
    Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Larsson, R.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Mobini, S.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Mottaghi, M.
    Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; VA SYD, SE-211 20 Malmö, Sweden; Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Jerry
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Nordström, J.
    AgriFood, Economics Centre, Lund University, SE-220 07, Lund, Sweden.
    Pilesjö, P.
    Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; GIS Centre/Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Scholz, M.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Department of Civil Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Johannesburg, South Africa; Directorate of Civil Engineering, University of Salford, Greater Manchester, M5 4WT, United Kingdom.
    Sternudd, C.
    Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Sörensen, J.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Tussupova, K.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Center for Transfer of Technology, Karaganda State Medical University, 100004, Karaganda, Kazakhstan.
    Drivers of changing urban flood risk: A framework for action2019In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 240, p. 47-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on drivers for changing urban flood risk. We suggest a framework for guiding climate change adaptation action concerning flood risk and manageability in cities. The identified key drivers of changing flood hazard and vulnerability are used to provide an overview of each driver's impact on flood risk and manageability at the city level. We find that identified drivers for urban flood risk can be grouped in three different priority areas with different time horizon. The first group has high impact but is manageable at city level. Typical drivers in this group are related to the physical environment such as decreasing permeability and unresponsive engineering. The second group of drivers is represented by public awareness and individual willingness to participate and urbanization and urban sprawl. These drivers may be important and are manageable for the cities and they involve both short-term and long-term measures. The third group of drivers is related to policy and long-term changes. This group is represented by economic growth and increasing values at risk, climate change, and increasing complexity of society. They have all high impact but low manageability. Managing these drivers needs to be done in a longer time perspective, e.g., by developing long-term policies and exchange of ideas.

  • 5.
    Blanco Storz, Ana Frida
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Friedman, Kelsey
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Climate Science Communication and Corporate Social Responsibility: The role climate science communication plays in the action corporations in the food industry are taking toward reaching global climate goals2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master of Fine Arts (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate Science Communication is an important tool for helping organizations set strategies to reduce their climate impact. As a major contributor to global climate warming emissions, the food industry needs to take stronger action to reduce their climate impact if the world wants to achieve the global climate goals committed to in the 2015 Paris Agreement. To ensure they meet the climate commitments in their Corporate Social Responsibility strategies, corporations in the food industry should use science-based targets, which research shows are more effective and ambitious. Through the context of Sweden, a country which has set strong emissions reduction policy, this thesis investigates the role that Climate Science Communication and stakeholder communication play in the actions that corporations in the food industry are taking to help achieve the global climate goals.

    This qualitative study analyzes the firsthand accounts of ten professionals across the food, science communications, and science research industries. Interviews with the participants explore stakeholder management in science communication, the role of collaboration within the science and food industries, and what gaps they see between the science community and the food industry when establishing corporate climate strategies.

    Results suggest that there is a necessary, and often missing, link between the food industry’s climate strategies and the climate research that informs them. Using principles from Stakeholder Theory, Communications Accommodation Theory, and Cross-Sector Collaboration can help bridge this gap. Improved stakeholder collaboration, better efforts to help decision makers understand climate science, changes to corporate behaviors, and systemic changes in both the corporate world and academia can improve the relationship between the science community and food industry, leading to more effective and impactful climate strategies and results.

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    Thesis
  • 6.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Department of Architecture Design and Media Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Heinonen, Jukka
    Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Iceland.
    El-Mahdy, Deena
    The British University in Egypt, Architectural Engineering Department, Egypt.
    Hassan, Dalya M.
    The British University in Egypt, Architectural Engineering Department, Egypt.
    A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks2020In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 275, article id 122998Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a comparison of the life cycle carbon emission (LCCO2) and embodied energy calculation between two kinds of bricks, sun-dried and fired clay, as means of evaluating the energy and climate impact of each brick type and the economics of production. Focus is paid to the differences across the whole production chain between sun-dried clay bricks, which represent the traditional norm, and fired clay bricks, which are the most widely-used walling materials in conventional buildings. A case study was carried out in Dakhla Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt. The results of this study show that if sun-dried bricks are used instead of fired bricks, a reduction of up to 5907 kg CO(2)e (in CO2 emissions) and 5305 MJ of embodied energy for every1000 bricks produced could be achieved. The paper concludes by offering alternative scenarios for brick-making and suggestions for improving sun-dried brick production. The methodology used in this study contributes to the development of an investigative-comparative way to assess choices between building materials. It also intends to help inform local homeowners and building practitioners not only in Egypt, but also globally, about resource depletion, energy consumption, and harmful emissions from fired industrial bricks as a common building construction material. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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  • 7.
    Forss, Matilda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Friberg, Li
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Klimatundervisning i skolans tidiga år för miljövänliga attityder och beteenden2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kunskapsöversikt syftar till att undersöka hur klimatundervisning i skolans tidiga år kan utformas för att bidra till miljövänliga attityder och beteenden i klimatundervisning. Arbetet behandlar även hur lärare kan minska klimatångest hos elever i klimatundervisning. Ämnet är av stor relevans att undersöka då forskning om klimatundervisning i förskoleklassen och skolans 1–3 (F–3) är begränsad. 

    För att få svar på frågeställningarna genomfördes en informationssökning i databaserna ERC och ERIC. Olika sökord har kombinerats med hjälp av boolesk sökteknik och frassökning för att hitta relevanta källor. Ytterligare sökteknik som använts är kedjesökning med hjälp av valda forskningsartiklars referenslistor. Totalt valdes 21 artiklar och rapporter ut. Då forskning om klimatundervisning i skolans tidiga år är begränsad har generaliseringar gjorts utifrån vad utvald forskning om klimatundervisning för andra årskurser än skolans F–3 beskriver. 

    Resultatet presenterar användbara undervisningsstrategier med varierande arbetssätt som kan vara gynnsamma i klimatundervisning för att utveckla positiva attityder och beteenden. Exempel på strategier som tas upp är diskussioner, att möta klimatvetenskapen, hantera missuppfattningar samt att göra lokala projekt. Dessa strategier kan implementeras i undervisningen genom erfarenhetsbaserat lärande, rollspel och användning av skönlitteratur. Arbetssätten som presenteras kan minska klimatångest och istället bidra till hopp för att utveckla miljövänliga attityder och beteenden. Slutsatserna som dras i kunskapsöversikten är att arbetet med klimatundervisning bör påbörjas i så tidig ålder som möjligt trots bristande direktiv från läroplanen för grundskola samt för förskoleklassen och fritidshem (LGR11). Att lärare för de lägre årskurserna kan välja att inte genomföra klimatundervisning med tanke på de bristande direktiven samt i oro för att väcka negativa känslor som klimatångest hos elever är ännu en slutsats som dras. På grund av att klimatångest är ett faktiskt problem är det av största vikt att fokusera på undervisning som bidrar till hopp. 

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  • 8.
    Forss, Matilda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Friberg, Li
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Lågstadielärares upplevda utmaningar med klimatundervisning inom de naturorienterande ämnena2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar är i dagens samhälle ett påtagligt problem och skolans uppdrag är att lära ut området för unga. Det komplexa ämnet kan orsaka utmaningar och känslor, specifikt klimatångest, som lärare tvingas hantera för att stödja elever att bli medvetna och uppmuntrade till att arbeta för hållbar utveckling. Däremot behandlas inte klimatförändringar i någon större utsträckning i det centrala innehållet i läroplanen för NO-ämnena i årskurs 1-3. 

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka lärares upplevda utmaningar med klimatundervisning inom NO-ämnena i de lägre årskurserna och hur dessa hanteras. Studien syftar även till att undersöka hur NO-lärare hanterar klimatångest i undervisningen. 

    Studien genomfördes med semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem NO-lärare för årskurs F- 3 och materialet analyserades genom tematisk analysmetod. Analysen utgår från teoretiska begrepp, exempelvis klimatångest och eco-anxiety, samt känslohanteringsstrategier för att diskutera resultatet. 

    Resultatet visar att de utmaningar NO-lärarna såg var nivåanpassning, media, lärarnas egna engagemang samt kunskaper och transparens. Engagemang var den mest uttalade positiva känslan lärarna upplevde hos både sig själva och eleverna. Negativa känslor som klimatångest och oro var synligt hos lärare och elever. Lärarna hanterade utmaningarna genom att börja klimatundervisningen tidigt och inte ignorera fenomenet. De arbetade även elevnära och lösningsfokuserat. 

    Utifrån resultatet blir det synligt att klimatångest skulle kunna ses som en stor utmaning med NO- och klimatundervisning på lågstadiet. Lärarnas erfarenheter av hantering av klimatångest som utmaning utgår mestadels från menings- och problemfokuserade strategier och i mindre grad emotionsfokuserade hanteringsstrategier. 

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  • 9.
    Hedin, Philip
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Svanberg, Marcus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Klimatundervisning i skolan, en kunskapsöversikt2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar är ett enormt globalt problem, att ge elever metoder för att främja vårt klimat är viktigt. Deras känslor är också viktiga relaterat till deras vilja att göra klimatfrämjande val. Ambitionen med vår kunskapsöversikt är att sammanställa hur man som lärare kan bedriva en god klimatundervisning. Texten behandlar frågor om hur elever ser på klimatförändringar, vad lärare kan utveckla för att driva en god klimatundervisning och vilka praktiska metoder lärare kan använda sig när de undervisar om klimatförändringar. En mängd olika vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut och analyserades. Av resultatet framgick det att elever saknar tillräckliga kunskaper om klimatförändringar och de lägger främst ansvaret för klimatet på en samhällsnivå. Det visade sig även att elever är oroliga och rädda för klimatförändringar. I forskningen fann vi relevanta utvecklingsstrategier såsom att integrera klimatundervisningen med andra ämnen utöver No-ämnet, se klimatet som ett system och att föra en pluralistisk klimatdidaktik. Traditionella didaktiska strategier är inte effektiva i att lära elever om klimatförändringar. Praktiska metoder som haft god effekt är besök på botanisk trädgård, ekologiskt fotavtryck, 5E Learning Cycle och filmskapande. 

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  • 10. Heumann, Ben
    et al.
    Seaquist, Jonathan
    Eklundh, Lars
    Jönsson, Per
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    AVHRR derived phenological change in the Sahel and Soudan, Africa, 1982–20052007In: Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 108, no 4, p. 385-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sahel region of Africa has experienced a decrease in rainfall from the early 1960s to mid 1990s. Recent studies have detected an increased in NDVI amplitude and growing season integrated NDVI for the region since 1982. However, these studies have not examined how plant phenology has changed. Phenology examines life cycle events such as bud burst and leaf senescence. Using the software TIMESAT to estimate phenological parameters from the GIMMS AVHRR NDVI dataset, we have found significant positive trends for the length of the growing and end of the growing season for the Soudan and Guinean regions, but significant trends in the Sahel could not be detected. The geographical extent of these trends contrasts with the more northern extent of positive trends of NDVI amplitude and growing season integrated NDVI. Results suggest two types of "greening" trends associated with rainfall change since the drought in the early 1980s.

  • 11.
    Hosseini Karimabadi, Seyed Hamid
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö university.
    Applying Doughnut Economics in Small scale Urban Development Projects: The Case Study of Future School, Tomelilla, Sweden2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 12.
    Jönsson, Per
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Beck, P.S.A
    Högda, K.-A
    Karlsen, S.R
    Eklundh, Lars
    Skidmore, A.K.
    A ground-validated NDVI dataset for monitoring vegetation dynamics and mapping phenology in Fennoscandia and the Kola peninsula2007In: International Journal of Remote Sensing, ISSN 0143-1161, E-ISSN 1366-5901, Vol. 28, p. 4311-4330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An NDVI dataset covering Fennoscandia and the Kola peninsula was created for vegetation and climate studies, using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer 16-day maximum value composite data from 2000 to 2005. To create the dataset, (1) the influence of the polar night and snow on the NDVI values was removed by replacing NDVI values in winter with a pixel-specific NDVI value representing the NDVI outside the growing season when the pixel is free of snow; and (2) yearly NDVI time series were modelled for each pixel using a double logistic function defined by six parameters. Estimates of the onset of spring and the end of autumn were then mapped using the modelled dataset and compared with ground observations of the onset of leafing and the end of leaf fall in birch, respectively. Missing and poor-quality data prevented estimates from being produced for all pixels in the study area. Applying a 5 km×5 km mean filter increased the number of modelled pixels without decreasing the accuracy of the predictions. The comparison shows good agreement between the modelled and observed dates (root mean square error = 12 days, n = 108 for spring; root mean square error = 10 days, n = 26, for autumn). Fennoscandia shows a range in the onset of spring of more than 2 months within a single year and locally the onset of spring varies with up to one month between years. The end of autumn varies by one and a half months across the region. While continued validation with ground data is needed, this new dataset facilitates the detailed monitoring of vegetation activity in Fennoscandia and the Kola peninsula.

  • 13.
    Jönsson, Per
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Eklundh, Lars
    Kuusk, Andres
    Investigating modelled and observed Terra/MODIS 500-m reflectance data for viewing and illumination effects2007In: Advances in Space Research, Vol. 39, p. 119-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MODIS data are needed for the development of a light-use efficiency model over Swedish forests. Sweden stretches between Lat. 55N. and Lat. 69N. and MODIS reflectance data are recorded at vastly different sun and viewing angles. We have investigated modelled and observed red and near-infrared (NIR) MODIS data, and the normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), in order to enable the development of a processing scheme that can be used for correcting MODIS data for directional effects. Directional reflectances have been simulated with the Kuusk–Nilson forest reflectance model, based on data from the Swedish National Forest Inventory. Modelled BRDF data are stored in a look-up table (LUT) and the possibility of finding a match with the observed data is tested. The analysis shows that matching may be based on normalised data rather than absolute values. Directional effects in the modelled data differ between sparse, medium and dense forest stands. The matching of observed MODIS data to the model data stored in the LUT is severely hampered by the scatter in the MODIS data. Reducing this scatter, e.g., by an improved cloud screening and improved atmospheric correction, will be necessary for the development of a reliable correction scheme.

  • 14.
    Jönsson, Per
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Olofsson, Pontus
    Eklundh, Lars
    Lagergren, Fredrik
    Lindroth, Anders
    Estimating net primary production for Scandinavian forests using data from Terra/MODIS2007In: Advances in Space Research, Vol. 39, p. 125-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract A model for estimating net primary production (NPP) across Scandinavia has benn developed. The model is based on the light-use efficiency (LUE) concept, where NPP is calculated as a product of the amount of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (APAR) and a LUE-factor (ε) controlling the efficiency by which vegetation transforms photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) into biomass. The fractional APAR (FAPAR) is obtained by a linear transformation of 250 m normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). Prior to the transformation, the NDVI time series were seasonally adjusted by fitting local asymmetric Gaussian curves to the data thereby minimizing cloud contamination and other noise factors such as BRDF-related variation. The APAR is then calculated as a product of FAPAR and incident PAR, where the latter is obtained from the “Swedish Regional Climate Modelling Programme” (SWECLIM). The LUE-factor is modeled as a daily function of temperature, latitude, and day of the year (DOY). The FAPAR dataset was validated against measurements of fractional intercepted PAR (FIPAR) that were carried out at Norunda experimental site in central Sweden (60°5′N, 17°29′E) between August and October, 2001. The calculated FAPAR time series are in good agreement with the measurements. The modeled NPP is evaluated against flux measurements carried out in Norunda 1997–1999. The determination coefficients obtained when comparing modeled with measured data are R2 = 0.82 for 2000 (RMSE = 2.71 g C m−2 d−1), and R2 = 0.68 for 2001 (RMSE = 3.57 g C m−2 d−1) (time series averaged every 10th day).

  • 15.
    Khoshooei, Zahra
    Malmö University, Malmö University Library. Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Oceanhamnens klimatanpassning och hållbarhet: En fallstudie om Oceanhamnens klimatanpassning inför framtida klimatförändringar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study addresses the topics of climate adaptation and sustainability in coastal

    areas, using Oceanhamnen in Helsingborg as a case study. The research examines the

    measures taken to adapt the area to climate change and evaluates the sustainability

    considerations in the planning. The theoretical framework for the study is based on

    future scenarios assembled from international organizations and Swedish authorities.

    Within the study, the three different methods literature analysis, observation, and

    interviews are simultaneously utilized to address the research questions. The results

    indicate that climate adaptation measures have been taken into account based on the

    latest future scenarios during the planning stage of Oceanhamnen. However, future

    scenarios evolve over time, and this does not necessarily ensure the maintenance of the

    area’s climate adaptation in the future.

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  • 16. Le Page, Yannick
    et al.
    Oom, Duarte
    Silva, João M N
    Jönsson, Per
    Malmö högskola, School of Technology (TS).
    Pereira, José M C
    Seasonality of vegetation fires as modified by human action: observing the deviation from eco-climatic fire regimes2010In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, ISSN 1466-822X, E-ISSN 1466-8238, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 575-588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim  In any region affected, fires exhibit a strong seasonal cycle driven by the dynamic of fuel moisture and ignition sources throughout the year. In this paper we investigate the global patterns of fire seasonality, which we relate to climatic, anthropogenic, land-cover and land-use variables. Location  Global, with detailed analyses from single 1°× 1° grid cells. Methods  We use a fire risk index, the Chandler burning index (CBI), as an indicator of the ‘natural’, eco-climatic fire seasonality, across all types of ecosystems. A simple metric, the middle of the fire season, is computed from both gridded CBI data and satellite-derived fire detections. We then interpret the difference between the eco-climatic and observed metrics as an indicator of the human footprint on fire seasonality. Results  Deforestation, shifting cultivation, cropland production or tropical savanna fires are associated with specific timings due to land-use practices, sometimes largely decoupled from the CBI dynamics. Detailed time series from relevant locations provide comprehensive information about these practices and how they are adapted to eco-climatic conditions. Main conclusions  We find a great influence of anthropogenic activities on global patterns of fire seasonality. The specificity of the main fire practices and their easy identification from global observation is a potential tool to support land-use monitoring efforts. Our results should also prove valuable in the development of a methodological approach for improving the representation of anthropogenic fire practices in dynamic global vegetation models.

  • 17.
    Mabeldott, Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Towards collective sensemaking of the unfolding story of climate justice: A structural narrative analysis unpacking the perspective of civil society2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master of Fine Arts (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Civil society actors are routinely silenced in the climate change discourse due to a mediated portrait of climate change mainly shaped by governments and international development organizations (Carvalho, 2019). As the impacts of climate change aggravate, interest in how to communicate the complex topic has grown, emerging into the climate change communication research field. In parallel with researchers exploring how to best communicate climate change to the public and international climate negotiations happening behind closed doors, civil society has taken it to the streets and social media to emphasize the human rights perspective of climate change, framed as climate justice. The story of climate justice mobilizes millions of people, but its meaning, scope, and implications are debated, and it is widely known that the term lacks one shared established definition (Newell et al., 2021). Instead, climate justice is recognized as a concept with a heavily diverse nature that means different things to different people (Jafry, et al., 2018). This study steers the lens toward the story of climate justice and the elements civil society perceives to constitute the narrative. Through structural narrative analysis, this study unpacks who civil society perceives as the subjects of climate injustices, the root causes of those injustices, the actors and actions sustaining injustices, and the perceived solutions needed for climate justice to be materialized.

  • 18.
    Pastorello, Mariangela
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Disseminating Nature-based Thinking across Local and Global Networks: the case study of Turin (IT), CONEXUS (H2020, grant agreement n. 867564)2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nature-based Solutions (NBS) are currently considered among the most effective tools available to city administrations and urban planners to tackle the negative effects of climate change.This umbrella concept comprises a large set of different low-impact technical solutions that are inspired/supported, or copied, from nature. NBS are particularly valued as they can help cities foster sustainability and enhance resilience, while providing social benefits and new economic opportunities. NBShave been selected as a priority by the European Commission.Existing literature does not provide a clear, unique definition of NBS nor sufficient empirical support to demonstrate long-term change in communities and affected territories, particularly for participatory actions, as these are often difficult to analyse, measure, and assess. Adapting NBS-based strategies to local contexts is always a challenge – not only in terms of physical interventions, but particularly in terms of creating common understanding and long-term impact. Yet, dissemination activities, exchanges and debates across local and global actors are often considered as ‘collateral’.Starting from these premises, the study investigates the role of communication across local and global networks in NBS projects to explore which elements favour or hinder collaboration and knowledge creation, looking for possible seeds of transformation that might go undetected due to their intangible, non-quantifiable nature.Through a case study and a set of qualitative interviews, the challenges of understanding and adopting NBS will be tackled among the local and the global, revealing the importance of transdisciplinarity and a set of enabling conditions to facilitate transformative learning, and the role of flexible, adaptable participatory approaches to enhance collaborative open innovation. Possible ways forward and challenges towards forms of participatory governance will also be included.The analysis is clustered per themes to investigate the dynamics of dissemination activities, living lab settings and collaboration among international partners, as well as the overall influence of the European dimension; it ends with challenges and opportunities for the future of living labs and collaboration after the closure of the project. Meaningful examples and best practices shared by the2interviewees will guide the analysis. Additional topics and concerns as expressed freely by the participants will be outlined.As outlined in the closing section, reiteration of concepts and multiple opportunities to learn, experience and exchange about NBS are needed at local and global level. To support such collaborative effort, it takes one or more skilled facilitators as well as project frameworks to enable cross-sectoral collaboration and spontaneous inputs, towards innovative, long-lasting strategies to contribute in the global battle against climate change in cities.In the conclusions, through experiences and suggestions from the participants, possible strategies and actions will be reported, inviting for further transdisciplinary research by highlighting how intangible and practical items contribute to nature-based thinking. As to say: “to be inspired by natural processes in all aspects of urban development to create more holistic approaches to sustainable cities'' (Randrup, et al., 2020, p. 2).

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  • 19.
    Pivotti, Valentina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Anderson, Bruce T.
    Boston Univ, Dept Earth & Environm, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Assessing the future influence of the North Pacific trade wind precursors on ENSO in the CMIP6 HighResMIP multimodel ensemble2024In: Climate Dynamics, ISSN 0930-7575, E-ISSN 1432-0894, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 1487-1500Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), as one of the largest coupled climate modes, influences the livelihoods of millions of people and ecosystems survival. Thus, how ENSO is expected to behave under the influence of anthropogenic climate change is a substantial question to investigate. In this paper, we analyze future predictions of specific traits of ENSO, in combination with a subset of well-established precursors-the Trade Wind Charging and North Pacific Meridional Mode (TWC/NPMM). We study it across three sets of experiments from a protocol-driven ensemble from CMIP6-the High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP). Namely, (1) experiments at constant 1950's radiative forcings, and (2) experiments of present (1950-2014) and (3) future (2015-2050) climate with prescribed increasing radiative forcings. We first investigate the current and predicted spatial characteristics of ENSO events, by calculating area, amplitude and longitude of the Center of Heat Index (CHI). We see that TWC/NPMM-charged events are consistently stronger, in both the presence and absence of external forcings; however, as anthropogenic forcings increase, the area of all ENSO events increases. Since the TWC/NPMM-ENSO relationship has been shown to affect the oscillatory behavior of ENSO, we analyze ENSO frequency by calculating CHI-analogous indicators on the Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) of its signal. With this new methodology, we show that across the ensemble, ENSO oscillates at different frequencies, and its oscillatory behavior shows different degrees of stochasticity, over time and across models. However, we see no consistent indication of future trends in the oscillatory behavior of ENSO and the TWC/NPMM-ENSO relationship.

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  • 20.
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Disruptive Possibilities: AI and Planetary Health2022In: If only the lake could talk: Futures of AI for Sustainability / [ed] Martin Thörnkvist; Reeta Hafner; Rowan Drury, Malmö: Media Evolution , 2022, p. 73-79Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This short playful piece is a result of my participation in the Collaborative Foresight Cycle on the Futures of AI and Sustainability. Hosted by Media Evolution in Malmö between May and June 2022, the Cycle brought together a broad range of actors to co-create and explore the future possibilities of AI in relation to sustainability. This piece is a response to the hopelessness which has arisen due to the limited and often dystopian future(s) of planetary health with which we are faced. To counter this, it is posited that AI can be used as an imaginative tool and act as a catalyst for the creation of different and disruptive possible futures of planetary health. By doing so, possibilities such as utopianism and collection action can be put back on the table. 

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  • 21.
    Vörlund Rylenius, Tomas
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Governmentality in the battle against climate change: Governmentality regimes in the Global North and the Global South2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is the worst long-term security issue humans has ever faced. The discourse around the problems and solutions connected to it are predominantly coming from the Global North. On the other hand, it is the Global South who are experiencing the impacts of a changing climate, in the form of floods, droughts, heatwaves, and lack of food, water, and energy. This asymmetrical relationship has rendered the Global South the vulnerable subjects in the current governmentality regime of climate change. Through a governmental lens, this paper analyses the similarities and differences in how climate change as a security and IR issue is problematized, and especially what solutions are seen as viable, across and between the North-South divide. This understudied relationship and its implications, is in this paper exposed and tackled. It shows that the Global North are slowly shifting the responsibility of coping with climate change away from the large GHG emitters, and on to the individuals in the Global South that are worst affected by the consequences of a changing climate. The recently updated NDCs within the Paris agreement supports this view and make up a key part of this paper.

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