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Sjuksköterskans roll att främja till rökavväjning: En litteraturstudie
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
2024 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses role in promoting smoking cessation : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det finns ca 1,9 miljoner människor som dagligen använder tobak i Sverige. 6,1 procent av den svenska befolkningen röker tobak. Hjärt-och kärlsjukdomar, cancer och lungsjukdomar har stark koppling till tobaksrökning, dessa kan leda till döden. Sjuksköterskans roll är att främja hälsa och förebygga sjukdomar och leder på så sätt till syftet som denna litteraturstudie vill utforska. Syftet i denna litteraturstudie är att belysa sjuksköterskans roll att främja rökavvänjning. Litteraturstudien är kvalitativ och sökningarna gjordes i databaserna Pubmed samt Cinahl. Litteraturstudien baseras på tio kvalitativa studier som sedan kvalitetsgranskats enligt SBU:s granskningsmall. Resultatet påvisade att sjuksköterskans roll berör rådgivning, motivation, information och utbildning samt proaktiv identifiering. Sjuksköterskans främsta roll är att främja hälsa, detta går i enlighet med att aktivt arbeta med rökavvänjning för patienter. Sjuksköterskans roll stötte även på etiska dilemman vid svårmotiverade patienter och på så sätt påverkades sjuksköterskans roll negativt. Konklusionen av denna litteraturstudie visade att sjuksköterskans roll för att främja rökavvänjning är att skapa goda relationer för att vinna förtroende hos patienterna för att därefter öka motivationen hos patienten för att främja rökavvänjning. Vidare forskning är nödvändig för att kunna nå ett rökfritt samhälle i Sverige

Abstract [en]

There are approximately 1.9 million people who use tobacco daily in Sweden. 6.1 percent of the Swedish population smokes tobacco. Cardiovascular diseases, cancer and lung diseases are strongly linked to tobacco smoking, these can lead to death. The nurses role is to promote health and prevent disease and thus leads to the purpose that this literature study wants to explore. The purpose of this literature study is to highlight the nurses role in promoting smoking cessation. The literature study is qualitative and the searches were made in the databases Pubmed and Cinahl. The literature study is based on ten qualitative studies which have then been quality-reviewed according to SBU's review template. The results showed that the nurses role concerns counselling, motivation, information and education as well as proactive identification. The nurses main role is to promote health, this goes in accordance with actively working with smoking cessation for patients. The nurses role also encountered ethical dilemmas with difficult-to-motivate patients and in this way the nurse's role was negatively affected. The conclusion of this literature study showed that the nurse's role in promoting smoking cessation is to create good relationships in order to gain the trust of the patients in order to subsequently increase the motivation of the patients to promote smoking cessation. Further research is necessary to be able to reach a smoke-free society in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
health promotion, nurses, nurses role, smoking, smoking cessation
Keywords [sv]
hälsofrämjande, rökavvänjning, rökning, sjuksköterska, sjuksköterskans roll
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-68571OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-68571DiVA, id: diva2:1867738
Educational program
HS Sjuksköterskeutbildning
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2024-06-11 Created: 2024-06-10 Last updated: 2024-06-11Bibliographically approved

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