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Effects of COVID-19 contagion in cohabitants and family members on mental health and academic self-efficacy among university students in Sweden: a prospective longitudinal study
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9819-2474
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linkoping, Sweden.
2024 (English)In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 14, no 3, article id e077396Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: This study used causal inference to estimate the longitudinal effects of contagion in cohabitants and family members on university students' mental health and academic self-efficacy during the COVID-19 pandemic.

DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study including a baseline online measurement in May 2020, and online follow-ups after 5 months and 10 months. Participants were recruited through open-access online advertising.

SETTING: Public universities and university colleges in Sweden.

PARTICIPANTS: The analytical sample included 2796 students.

OUTCOME MEASURES: Contagion in cohabitants and in family members was assessed at baseline and at the 5-month follow-up. Mental health and academic self-efficacy were assessed at the 5-month and 10-month follow-ups.

RESULTS: Mild symptoms reported in cohabitants at baseline resulted in negative mental health effects at follow-up 5 months later, and mild baseline symptoms in family members resulted in negative effects on academic self-efficacy at follow-ups both 5 and 10 months later.

CONCLUSIONS: Notwithstanding the lack of precision in estimated effects, the findings emphasise the importance of social relationships and the challenges of providing students with sufficient support in times of crisis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2024. Vol. 14, no 3, article id e077396
Keywords [en]
COVID-19, mental health, public health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66566DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-077396PubMedID: 38479749Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85187718165OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-66566DiVA, id: diva2:1847653
Available from: 2024-03-28 Created: 2024-03-28 Last updated: 2024-03-28Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Claes

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