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Periodontal Health in Children with Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Center for Oral Rehabilitation, Linköping, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Center for Oral Rehabilitation, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping. (Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences (SCON))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2260-8442
Department of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Kalmar County Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden.
Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Skåne University Hospital, Specialized Pain Rehabilitation, Lund, Sweden. (Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences (SCON))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8539-7742
2024 (English)In: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, ISSN 1591-996X, E-ISSN 2035-648X, Vol. 25, article id 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To investigate gingival inflammation and prevalence of four specific periodontal associated pathogens in Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in relation to orofacial pain, jaw function and systemic inflammatory activity in JIA.

METHODS: Forty-five children with JIA and 16 healthy children as controls, were enrolled. Subjects were examined and classified according to the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD). Pain, pain-related disability and jaw function were also assessed. A clinical periodontal examination was performed. Subgingival plaque samples were collected and analyzed for semiquantitative levels of the following periodontal pathogens; Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomintans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola.

RESULTS: No significant difference between JIA and healthy individuals was observed regarding the clinical periodontal variables plaque, gingivitis, probing pocket depth or the investigated periodontal pathogens. P. gingivalis and T. forsythia were detected in both groups. In the group with JIA, no significant correlation was found between orofacial pain, jaw function, systemic inflammatory activity and periodontal disease, including levels of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia. 

CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the periodontal disease-associated bacteria P. gingivalis and T. forsythia do not contribute to neither periodontal disease, systemic inflammatory activity nor orofacial pain and jaw dysfunction, including TMJ arthritis, in JIA patients in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Società Italiana di Odontoiatria Infantile , 2024. Vol. 25, article id 1
Keywords [en]
Bacteria anaerobic, children, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, periodontal disease, temporomandibular joint disorders
National Category
Dentistry Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66263DOI: 10.23804/ejpd.2024.1913PubMedID: 38353519Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85185205970OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-66263DiVA, id: diva2:1843166
Available from: 2024-03-08 Created: 2024-03-08 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved

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Dimitrijevic Carlsson, AlexandraAlstergren, Per

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