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Putting an end to “paper parks”? A qualitative study concerning how the BBNJ Treaty may influencethe effectiveness of OSPAR’s MPA Governance in ABNJ
Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
2023 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Amidst a complex and fragmented legal framework governing international waters, OSPAR, aregional environmental agreement, grapples with challenges in its Marine Protected Area(MPA) Governance, leaving marine ecosystems vulnerable. However, after nearly two decadesof negotiations, the "Treaty for Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction" (BBNJ Treaty) hasemerged as a pivotal milestone. Designed to address existing gaps in the legal framework, theBBNJ Treaty aims to safeguard international waters, combat environmental degradation,climate change, and biodiversity loss. This thesis examines the potential influence of the BBNJTreaty on the effectiveness of OSPAR's MPA Governance in areas beyond nationaljurisdiction, assessing whether it successfully addresses the current challenges posed by thecurrent framework. Using qualitative content analysis and Stokke's taxonomy of regimeinterplay, the study analyzes provisions promoting cooperation, knowledge-sharing, and globalprinciples. The study highlights how the BBNJ Treaty could bolster marine conservation effortsin international waters while also addressing its limitations. Conclusively, the effectiveness ofthe Treaty ultimately depends on the willingness of Parties and OSPAR members to cooperateand implement its provisions. Thus, the real impact of the BBNJ Treaty will unfold as eventsprogress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
Keywords [en]
OSPAR, regime interplay, regime theory, BBNJ Treaty, and Global MPAGovernance.
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-65902OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-65902DiVA, id: diva2:1836876
Educational program
KS GPS Political Science - Global Politics
Examiners
Available from: 2024-02-12 Created: 2024-02-12 Last updated: 2024-02-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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