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The Complex Nature of Reading Comprehension for Upper Secondary Students with Autism in EFL Classrooms
Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
2024 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Läsförståelsens komplexa karaktär för gymnasieelever med autism i EFL klassrum (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

In order to provide equal education to students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Swedish upper secondary English as a foreign language (EFL) classrooms, support must be provided that adapts to their strengths and needs regarding reading comprehension. Multiple studies show that many upper secondary students with ASD in Sweden do not meet the knowledge requirements for passing grades in English, and require support in reading comprehension. Through a systematic research review based on ten studies regarding reading comprehension for L2 students as well as students with ASD, this paper aims to investigate what current research says regarding how L2 students with ASD process text and also explores scaffolding tools and teaching methods used for developing reading comprehension. Further the findings are discussed in regard to the Swedish educational context. The results from the reviewed studies found four factors that can affect the reading comprehension of L2 students with ASD; namely: 1) individualistic problem-solving strategies, 2) working memory and main idea comprehension, 3) forms of scaffolding and teaching methods as well as 4) language proficiency. The discussion sheds light on how the way in which these four factors interplay when teaching reading comprehension to L2 students with ASD is relevant for teachers as it identifies the strengths of students with ASD through a resource perspective. Adaptations that could be implemented based on the results, align with Swedish policy documents. Thus, future interventional studies that combine the four factors found in the results could be significant for teachers working with EFL students with ASD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
reading comprehension, inference generation, autism spectrum disorder, English as a foreign language, working memory, scaffolding
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-65077OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-65077DiVA, id: diva2:1828946
Educational program
LS Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education
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Available from: 2024-02-08 Created: 2024-01-17 Last updated: 2024-02-08Bibliographically approved

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Rebecka Larsson Henrietta Edlund(256 kB)12 downloads
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Citation style
  • apa
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