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Health and quality of life among women after participation in a CBPR-informed physical activity intervention: with a pandemic perspective.
Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4603-9974
Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1235-620X
Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0077-9061
Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6421-2158
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 17972Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The lack of culturally and contextually oriented interventions promoting physical activity (PA) has led to increased physical inactivity among women living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Sweden. In this study one such intervention informed by community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been evaluated among 34 women from a disadvantaged neighbourhood before and during COVID-19. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL), behavioural and biomedical outcomes were assessed directly prior and post-intervention, followed by evaluations at 6-months and 18-months follow-up during COVID-19. The results revealed that HRQOL, particularly psychological, social, and environmental health significantly increased post-intervention compared to prior to intervention but reversed back at 6-months follow-up. Perceived health satisfaction and environmental health increased at 18-months follow-up during COVID-19. Participation in PA improved post-intervention and at 6-months follow-up. Everyday activities and fruit and vegetable intake continued to increase through all timepoints. Systolic blood pressure significantly decreased post-intervention and 6-months follow-up; blood flow rate increased significantly at all timepoints. Overall, the findings underscores the potential effectiveness of CBPR approaches in promoting and sustaining healthy lifestyles, even during acute situations such as the COVID-19. It may even serve as a future model for promoting health and addressing health disparities in similar groups.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Nature, 2023. Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 17972
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63606DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-45239-4ISI: 001087596300084PubMedID: 37863947Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85174618667OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-63606DiVA, id: diva2:1811143
Tillgänglig från: 2023-11-10 Skapad: 2023-11-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Non-invasive biomedical analysis: recent advances, challenges, and future perspectives
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Non-invasive biomedical analysis: recent advances, challenges, and future perspectives
2024 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Non-invasive healthcare technologies are increasingly pivotal in research anddevelopment due to their affordability and the convenience they offer to bothhealthcare recipients and providers. Alongside traditional non-invasive methodssuch as ultrasound imaging, a variety of innovative non-invasive devices havebeen developed. These include cardiovascular diagnostic systems, bioimpedancebasedscales, and various types of analyzers. These analyzers, which can be fluidlessor fluid-based, are capable of measuring not just physical parameters of thebody but also key biomarkers like glucose and lactate. This comprehensive andtransdisciplinary thesis encompasses three distinct yet interconnected segments:1) Advanced ultrasound imaging (Papers I and II): The first explored vortexformation time in female athletes and the second detailed investigations of thesuperficial venous systems of apparently healthy volunteers.2) Validation and application of commercially available fluid-less bloodanalyzers (Papers IV-VI). These papers focus on non-invasive blood glucosemonitoring (Paper IV) and the general use of non-invasive healthcaretechnologies among female participants from socioeconomicallydisadvantaged areas (Papers V and VI).3) Design and testing of novel, fluid-based sensors, and biosensors (Papers II andIII): Paper II delves into biosensing of viruses, and paper III deals withcontinuous ex vivo glucose sensing in human blood using an enzymatic sensorin a vein replica.Each of these segments contribute to the broader understanding and advancementof non-invasive healthcare technologies, highlighting the significant role suchtechnologies play in modern healthcare research. The thesis's transdisciplinaryapproach, spanning from advanced imaging techniques to the development ofnovel biosensors, exemplifies the dynamic and evolving nature of medicaltechnology research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö: Malmö University Press, 2024. s. 64
Serie
Malmö University Health and Society Dissertations, ISSN 1653-5383, E-ISSN 2004-9277 ; 2024:3
Nationell ämneskategori
Biomedicinsk laboratorievetenskap/teknologi
Forskningsämne
Hälsa och samhälle
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66097 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178774562 (DOI)978-91-7877-455-5 (ISBN)978-91-7877-456-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2024-03-01, Aula, Health, and Society, Jan Waldenströms gata 25, 205 06, Malmö, 13:00 (Engelska)
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Paper IV in dissertation as manuscript

Tillgänglig från: 2024-02-27 Skapad: 2024-02-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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Ramji, RathiRämgård, MargaretaCarlson, ElisabethShleev, SergeyAwad, EmanCirovic, StefanKottorp, Anders

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Ramji, RathiRämgård, MargaretaCarlson, ElisabethShleev, SergeyAwad, EmanCirovic, StefanKottorp, Anders
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Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV)Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV)Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces
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Scientific Reports
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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