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Diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD) for children and adolescents: An international Delphi study—Part 1‐Development of Axis I
Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Oral Sciences School of Orthodontics University of Naples Federico II Naples Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9741-794X
Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5635-1887
Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Center for Oral Rehabilitation FTV Östergötland Norrköping Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0550-8925
Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences Sweden;East Jeddah Hospital, Ministry of Health Jeddah Saudi Arabia.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7168-9835
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 48, no 7, p. 836-845Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To develop new instruments and to adapt the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD) for the evaluation of TMD in children and adolescents.

METHOD: A modified Delphi method was used to seek international consensus among TMD experts. Fourteen clinicians and researchers in the field of orofacial pain and TMD worldwide were invited to participate in a workshop initiated by the International Network for Orofacial Pain and Related Disorders Methodology (INfORM scientific network) at the General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR, London 2018), as the first step in the Delphi process. Participants discussed the protocols required to make physical diagnoses included in the Axis I of the DC/TMD. Thereafter, nine experts in the field were added, and the first Delphi round was created. This survey included 60 statements for Axis I, and the experts were asked to respond to each statement on a five-item Likert scale ranging from "Strongly disagree" to "Strongly agree". Consensus level was set at 80% agreement for the first round, and at 70% for the next.

RESULTS: After three rounds of the Delphi process, a consensus among TMD experts was achieved and two adapted DC/TMD protocols for Axis I physical diagnoses for children and adolescents were developed.

CONCLUSION: Through international consensus among TMD experts, this study adapted the Axis I of the DC/TMD for use in evaluating TMD in children and adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2021. Vol. 48, no 7, p. 836-845
Keywords [en]
Delphi study, adolescents, children, diagnostic criteria, temporomandibular disorders
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62961DOI: 10.1111/joor.13175ISI: 000651992600001PubMedID: 33817818Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85105916851OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-62961DiVA, id: diva2:1802710
Available from: 2023-10-05 Created: 2023-10-05 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Ekberg, EwaCarinNilsson, Ing-MarieAlstergren, PerList, ThomasSharma, SoniaSvensson, Peter

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Rongo, RobertoEkberg, EwaCarinNilsson, Ing-MarieAl‐Khotani, AmalAlstergren, PerConti, Paulo Cesar RodriguesKapos, Flavia P.List, ThomasLobbezoo, FrankOhrbach, RichardRestrepo, ClaudiaSharma, SoniaSvensson, PeterVisscher, Corine M.Wahlund, Kerstin
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