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Global governance and the normalization of artificial intelligence as ‘good’ for human health
Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2903-7267
Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9489-1681
2023 (English)In: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The term ‘artificial intelligence’ has arguably come to function in political discourse as, what Laclau called, an ‘empty signifier’. This article traces the shifting political discourse on AI within three key institutions of global governance–OHCHR, WHO, and UNESCO–and, in so doing, highlights the role of ‘crisis’ moments in justifying a series of pivotal re-articulations. Most important has been the attachment of AI to the narrative around digital automation in human healthcare. Greatly enabled by the societal context of the pandemic, all three institutions have moved from being critical of the unequal power relations in the economy of AI to, today, reframing themselves primarily as facilitators tasked with helping to ensure the application of AI technologies. The analysis identifies a shift in which human health and healthcare is framed as in a ‘crisis’ to which AI technology is presented as the remedy. The article argues the need to trace these discursive shifts as a means by which to understand, monitor, and where necessary also hold to account these changes in the governance of AI in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023.
Keywords [en]
AI, Crisis, Discourse, Global governance, Health
National Category
Media Studies Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Communication Studies
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62518DOI: 10.1007/s00146-023-01774-2Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85171198964OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-62518DiVA, id: diva2:1797041
Available from: 2023-09-13 Created: 2023-09-13 Last updated: 2023-10-20Bibliographically approved

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Strange, MichaelTucker, Jason

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Department of Global Political Studies (GPS)Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM)Rethinking Democracy (REDEM)
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AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence
Media StudiesPublic Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyCommunication Studies

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