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WASP-HS Community Reference Meeting: Challenges and Opportunities of Regulating AI
Stockholm University.
Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University/NGO Civil Law Platform.
Umeå University.
Uppsala University.
Show others and affiliations
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Main Findings:

AI systems are increasingly being used to shift decisions made by humans over to automated systems, potentially limiting the space for democratic participation. The risk that AI erodes democracy is exacerbated where most people are excluded from the ownership and production of AI technologies that will impact them.

AI learns through datasets but, very often, that data excludes key parts of the population. Where marginalized groups are considered, datasets often contain derogatory terms, or exclude explanatory contextual information, that is hard to accurately categorise in a format that AI can process. Resulting biases within AI design raise concerns as to the quality and representativeness of AI-based decisions and their impact on society.

There is very little two-way communication between the developers and users of AI-technologies such that the latter function only as personal data providers. Being largely excluded from the development of AI’s role in human decision-making, everyday individuals may feel more marginalized and disinterested in building a healthy and sustainable society.

Yet, AI’s capacity for seeing patterns in big data provides new ways to reach parts of the population excluded from traditional policymaking. It can serve to identify structural discrimination and include information from those otherwise ignored in important decisions. AI could enhance public participation by both providing decision-makers with better data and helping to communicate complex decisions – and their consequences – to wider parts of the population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wallenberg Institute , 2022. , p. 11
Series
WASP-HS RESEARCH BRIEF SERIES ; 2022/02
Keywords [en]
Participation, Artificial Intelligence, AI, democracy, decision making
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54920OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-54920DiVA, id: diva2:1695574
Note

The section titled "The Participation Paradox in the Politics of AI" (pages 7-8) details the main findings of a workshop organised by the authors with a range of experts. Roundtable experts included (please note that the text does not necessarily reflect the views of everyone listed):Malvika Sharan, The Turing Institute, UK; Pedro Sanches, Umeå University, Sweden; ​Sunny Dosanjh, Deloitte MCS Limited​, UK; Aleks Berditchevskaia, NESTA, UK;​Henrik Björklund, Umeå University, Sweden; ​Birgit Schippers, University of Strathclyde Glasgow, UK​; Rachel Foley, DeepMind, UK/USA; Ratidzo Njagu, Kunashe Foundation, Zimbabwe. 

Available from: 2022-09-14 Created: 2022-09-14 Last updated: 2024-04-24Bibliographically approved

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https://wasp-hs.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/09/WASP-HS-CRM-Challenges-and-Opportunities-of-Regulating-AI-brief_29.08.2022.pdf

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Haynie-Lavelle, JessMunetsi, DennisStrange, MichaelTucker, Jason

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