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Social Media Hedonism and the Case of ’Fitspiration’: A Nietzschean Critique
Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4322-9916
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, ISSN 1751-1321, E-ISSN 1751-133X, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 127-142Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Though the rise of social media has provided countless advantages and possibilities, both within and without the domain of sports, recent years have also seen some more detrimental aspects of these technologies come to light. In particular, the widespread social media culture surrounding fitness – ‘fitspiration’ – warrants attention for the way it encourages self-sexualization and -objectification, thereby epitomizing a wider issue with photo-based social media in general. Though the negative impact of fitspiration has been well documented, what is less understood are the ways it potentially impacts and molds moral psychology, and how these same aspects may come to influence digital sports subcultures more broadly. In this theoretical paper, I rely on the insights of Friedrich Nietzsche to analyze the moral significance of a culture like fitspiration becoming normalized and influential in structuring and informing self-understanding, notions of value, and how to flourish in life. Using two doctrines central to Nietzsche’s philosophy—The Last Man and his conception of the ’higher self’ – I argue that fitspiration involves a form of hedonism that is potentially harmful to the pursuit and achievement of human flourishing. Through fitspiration, desire is elevated to a central moral principle, underlying the way users both consume and produce its content, catering simultaneously to their desires for external validation and instant gratification. It thereby creates conditions which foster a culture in adherence to the ethos of The Last Man. In doing so, I argue it impedes the cultivation of the virtues and higher values which define the higher individual, regarded by Nietzsche as essential for human flourishing. However, drawing on the ethical framework of the higher individual provides the philosophical and psychological resources with which resisting and overcoming the more harmful temptations of these trends may be possible. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2023. Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 127-142
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Filosofi
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URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54859DOI: 10.1080/17511321.2022.2121849ISI: 000852173400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85138280714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-54859DiVA, id: diva2:1694839
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-12 Skapad: 2022-09-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-07-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Daudi, Aurélien

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