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Job Demands, Resources, and Future Considerations: Academics' Experiences of Working From Home During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Beykoz University, Istanbul, Turkey.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1406-289X
Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Centre for Work Life and Evaluation Studies (CTA).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2207-0996
Malmö University, Centre for Work Life and Evaluation Studies (CTA). Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of School Development and Leadership (SOL).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5972-4933
2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 13, p. 1-12, article id 908640Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has severely affected workers, workplaces, and working practices. In the higher education setting, universities have shifted to distance learning, resulting in profound changes in academics' work. In this study, we aimed to describe academics' job demands and resources related to changes in working conditions during the pandemic, and to examine how these changes have affected the perceived occupational wellbeing of academics. Additionally, we aimed to investigate academics' expectations and concerns for future academic working practices following the pandemic. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 26 academics working at various universities in Sweden. A content analysis was used to identify the key themes from the transcribed interviews. The results indicated that academics experienced a lack of face-to-face communication, absence of an academic environment, work overload, and work-home interference as demanding during the pandemic. In relation to resources, online communication options, appropriate working conditions, organizational-social support, and individual factors were perceived as important. Most respondents perceived negative occupational wellbeing outcomes. However, academics who had the appropriate resources were less likely to be affected by job demands. Academics' expectations for future academic work included continuation of working online, flexibility in the choice of workspace, and strengthened digital capacity. Their concerns were related to a lack of face-to-face interaction, management actions and economic implications, and pure digital education. This paper contributes to the literature by illustrating the complexity and diversity of experiences and preferences among academics that are important for universities to consider when organizing and managing future academic work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022. Vol. 13, p. 1-12, article id 908640
Keywords [en]
COVID-19, higher education, academics, job demands and resources, qualitative
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54087DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.908640ISI: 000823394200001PubMedID: 35832908Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85133950896OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-54087DiVA, id: diva2:1685370
Available from: 2022-08-02 Created: 2022-08-02 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Karatuna, IşılJönsson, SandraMuhonen, Tuija

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