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The Business of Improving Neighborhoods. A Critical Overview of Neighborhood-Based Business Improvement Districts (NBIDs) in Sweden
Independent Researcher.
Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6193-8559
2023 (English)In: Urban Affairs Review, ISSN 1078-0874, E-ISSN 1552-8332, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 1046-1079, article id 107808742110707Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article offers an overview of neighbourhood-based BIDs (NBIDs) in Sweden. Swedish NBIDs tend to appear in stigmatized residential areas engaging with pressing sets of urban issues that have been longstanding concern of social policy. Their overarching goal is raising property values in neighborhoods on the edge between urban decline and (re)development potential. Emerging in a neoliberalizing institutional context, NBIDs present themselves as correctives to public-policy failures by promoting property-oriented solutions. The adaptation of the BID model in the Swedish ‘post-welfare’ landscape, however, exhibits, and arguably exacerbates, the shortcomings found in BID elsewhere. Their opaque institutional structure and lack of accountability contribute to curbing democratic influence over local development, thus reinforcing spatial inequalities. We argue that the growing political advocacy for the institutionalization of the BID model in Sweden presents a new milestone in the neoliberalization of urban governance, as private actors are promoted to legitimate co-creators of urban policy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023. Vol. 59, no 4, p. 1046-1079, article id 107808742110707
Keywords [en]
BID; Business Improvement District; Sweden; neoliberal urbanism; neighborhood development
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Urban studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-49285DOI: 10.1177/10780874211070746ISI: 000747833800001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85122832145OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-49285DiVA, id: diva2:1626608
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasAvailable from: 2022-01-11 Created: 2022-01-11 Last updated: 2023-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Valli, Chiara

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