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Didaktik models as a bridge between theories and teaching practice
Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3083-1716
Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Childhood, Education and Society (BUS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4521-1528
2021 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Didaktik models may look different, but have in common that they support teachers when reflecting on, answering and/or are practicing teaching based on the didactic questions: why, what, and how to teach a certain content for a certain group of learning subjects (e.g. Lunde & Sjöström, 2021; Sjöström, 2019a; Vallberg Roth et al., 2021). Didaktik models are useful in both planning and evaluation of teaching as well as in-action, and constitute the basis for teachers’ professional judgment and reflection. How can we better understand what Didaktik models are, different types and their usability in different contexts? And how can we better understand the concept of “didactic modelling” both in terms of research and teaching praxis? This latter concept can be given both the meaning of working systematically with Didaktik models in teaching practice as well as in didactic (collaboration) research, both theoretically and empirically (Sjöström, 2019a). Therefore, we propose a multidimensional understanding of didactic modelling based on a humanistic, Bildung-oriented, Didaktik-tradition (Hopmann, 2007). Examples will especially be given from the collaboration-research-project, Fundif (scientific leader: Ann-Christine Vallberg Roth), which is about teaching in preschool and has been going on 2018-2021 (Vallberg Roth et al., 2021). Several different examples will be given on Didaktik models, for example from Fundif. Also a new model for how Didaktik models can be understood as a bridge between (educational) theories and teaching practice will be presented. Often used synonyms for Didaktik models are tools, instruments, frameworks, compasses and thought figures. It is common with illustrated models, but also with such that are only described with words or presented in a table. Didaktik models often has both a theoretical-philosophical grounding and an empirical-analytical one. Examples of Didaktik models are: didactic questions, Klafki's questions, the Berliner model, didactic triangles, didactic relationship models, Herbart’s didactic tact, Schwab's degrees of freedom, organizing purposes and knowledge emphases (e.g. Lunde & Sjöström, 2021; Sjöström, 2019a; Vallberg Roth et al., 2021; Wickman et al., 2020). Also some content/discipline-specific Didaktik models will be described, mainly related to chemistry and sustainability issues (e.g. Sjöström, 2019b; Sjöström, Eilks & Talanquer, 2020; Herranen, Yavuzkaya & Sjöström, 2021).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021.
Keywords [en]
didaktik, didaktik models, didactic questions, didactic modelling, Bildung
Keywords [sv]
didaktik, didaktiska modeller, didaktiska frågor, didaktisk modellering, bildning
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-47487OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-47487DiVA, id: diva2:1619726
Conference
Teachers Matter – but How?; an international conference on Didaktik, pedagogy, and classroom research, October 13-15, 2021, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
Available from: 2021-12-13 Created: 2021-12-13 Last updated: 2022-03-30Bibliographically approved

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Sjöström, JesperVallberg Roth, Ann-Christine

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Sjöström, JesperVallberg Roth, Ann-Christine
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