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Methodological implications of adapting and applying a web-based questionnaire on health problems to adolescent football players
Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Box 300, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Box 300, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Box 300, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7315-0411
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2021 (English)In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, E-ISSN 1471-2288, Vol. 21, no 1, article id 252Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background The Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre Questionnaire on Health Problems (OSTRC-H) has become a popular tool to monitor health status in athletes. Originally developed for adult athletes, the tool is today also being used in adolescent athletes. However, little is known on the suitability of the questionnaire for the adolescent age group and the methodological implications of applying the tool to prospectively monitor illness and injury. To address this gap in methodological knowledge, the aim of this study is to outline and discuss the adaption and application process of the OSTRC-H to adolescent football players. Method The adaption process included a slightly modified back-translation method to translate the questionnaire. The application process included a web-based version of the Swedish OSTRC-H sent out once a week over 23 weeks to 115 adolescent football players aged 10-19 attending two football schools in Sweden. The response rate and prevalence of health problems over 23 weeks were calculated as feasibility indicators. Additionally, comprehensibility questions were added to the questionnaire in the end of the study. Result No major disagreement was found between the original and translated versions of the questionnaire. However, significant changes to the wording of the questions and answer categories were necessary to adapt it to adolescents. A visual body figure was also added. The average weekly response rate was 38% (SD 13.5). To increase this rate, questionnaire data was gathered retrospectively through telephone and email contact with the participants and their parents, elevating the response rate to 53% (SD 15.5). The adolescents experienced the questionnaire as easy to understand and to cover all relevant health problems. Conclusion Our study demonstrates the importance of adapting the questionnaire to the adolescent target group through translation, pre-tests, adjustments of wording and the facilitation of answering the questionnaire using a visual body figure. The study further shows the importance of keeping close and personal contact with the participants, their parents, teachers, and coaches throughout data collection. Future studies should take into account the age group and study context when adapting and applying the OSTRC-H to adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2021. Vol. 21, no 1, article id 252
Keywords [en]
OSTRC-H, Youth, Survey, Methodology, Prospective study
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-47297DOI: 10.1186/s12874-021-01406-7ISI: 000718814700001PubMedID: 34781894Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85119039004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-47297DiVA, id: diva2:1617884
Available from: 2021-12-08 Created: 2021-12-08 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Boije af Gennäs, Klara

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