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Collaborating in a penta-helix structure within a community based participatory research programme: 'Wrestling with hierarchies and getting caught in isolated downpipes'
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3594-3944
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8976-2612
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1235-620X
2021 (English)In: Archives of Public Health, ISSN 0778-7367, E-ISSN 2049-3258, Vol. 79, no 1, article id 27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: In the light of the existence of social inequalities in health, a CBPR (Community Based Participatory Research) programme for health promotion started in Malmö, Sweden, in 2017. The programme was based on a penta-helix structure and involved a strategic steering group with representatives from academia, voluntary organisations, the business sector, the public sector, and citizens from the community where the programme took place. The aim of this study was to explore how the penta-helix collaboration worked from the perspectives of all partners, including the citizens.

METHODS: Individual interviews, that were based on a guide for self-reflection and evaluation of CBPR partnerships, were conducted with the representatives (N = 13) on three occasions, during the period 2017-2019. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the interviews.

RESULTS: Six themes emerged from the analysis, including Challenges for the partners in the penta-helix collaboration; Challenges for the professionals at the local level; Citizen-driven processes are important for the penta-helix collaboration; Health promoters are essential to build trust between different sectors of society; Shift of power; and System changes take time. The analysis shows that the penta-helix collaboration worked well at the local level in a governance-related model for penta-helix cooperation. In the overall cooperation it was the citizen-driven processes that made the programme work. However, the findings also indicated an inflexibility in organisations with hierarchical structures that created barriers for citizen involvement in the penta-helix collaboration.

CONCLUSION: The main issue uncovered in this study is the problem of vertically organised institutions where discovery and innovation processes flow down from the top, thereby eliminating the essential input of the people and community that they are supposed to serve. The success of the programme was based on an interprofessional cooperation at a local level, where local professions worked together with voluntary organisations, social workers, CBPR researchers from the university, citizens and local health promoters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2021. Vol. 79, no 1, article id 27
Keywords [en]
CBPR, Collaboration, Health promotion, Penta-helix
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-41198DOI: 10.1186/s13690-021-00544-0ISI: 000626520600001PubMedID: 33676556Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85102201404OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-41198DiVA, id: diva2:1536401
Available from: 2021-03-10 Created: 2021-03-10 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Sjögren Forss, KatarinaKottorp, AndersRämgård, Margareta

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