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Temporomandibular Disorders per RDC/TMD in Adult Saudi Arabians Referred for Specialized Dental Treatment
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5635-1887
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
2008 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine frequency of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) pain in Saudi Arabians, ages 20 to 40, which were referred to a dental specialist clinic in Makkah. Materials and Methods: 325 referred patients (135 males, 190 females) answered history questionnaires. Patients reporting TMD pain in these questionnaires were clinically examined. History questionnaires and clinical examinations were done per Axis I and Axis II of the Arabic version of Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Results: The male-female ratio of the study group was 1:1.4. Fifty-eight patients (18%) had TMD pain; 46 were clinically examined. Mean age of examined TMD pain patients was 30 years (±7) with a male-female ratio of 1:6. All TMD pain patients had a diagnosis of myofascial pain and 65% had diagnoses of arthralgia or osteoarthritis. Graded chronic pain severity was reported to be grade I in 45%, grade II in 53%, grade III in 2% and grade IV in none of the patients. Psychological status assessment showed that 38% of the TMD pain patients had severe depression scores and 60% severe somatization scores. Conclusion: The present study showed a high frequency of TMD pain in this Saudi Arabian cohort, and 18% of the patients met criteria for subdiagnoses of TMD. Depression and somatization per Axis II had significantly higher scores in the TMD pain group compared to the non-pain group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svensk Förening för Bettfysiologi, Höstmöte 2008, Stockholm , 2008.
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16663Local ID: 7057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-16663DiVA, id: diva2:1420177
Conference
Svensk Förening för Bettfysiologi, Höstmöte 2008, Stockholm
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Al-Harthy, MohammadEkberg, EwaCarinNilner, Maria

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