Malmö University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Effects of an Interactive Software Application on The Self-Assessment Ability of Dental Students
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7358-7496
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3602-9449
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5145-8220
Show others and affiliations
2004 (English)In: European journal of dental education, ISSN 1396-5883, E-ISSN 1600-0579, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 97-104Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

A randomised controlled trial was designed to test an Internet-based interactive application as a stand-alone support for the development of self-assessment skills among second-year dental students at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malmo, Sweden. Fifty-two students were randomised into an experimental (n = 26) and a control group (n = 26). Both groups went through four identical learning cases in elementary clinical Periodontology during a period of 1 month. The experimental group received the cases with the interactive software, while the control group received them through a static web page. After the end of the learning phase, both groups were assessed blindly by two assessors during the interactive examination methodology. There was a moderate agreement between the two assessors, but both failed to find any significant differences between the two groups with regard to self-assessment skills and overall performance of the students. Students positively received the Internet support, but several attitude differences were observed between the two groups during the study. Time on task and competence with computers were positively correlated to assessment results for both groups. On the basis of these findings, it remains unclear if computer-based applications with automated feedback can constitute an effective remedial support for the improvement of self-assessment skills of students. In addition, for such applications to be successfully accepted, two factors are critical: students must have a clear perception of the benefits deriving from the use of the software and the use of the software should be integrated in the curriculum, replacing some of the existing workload.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 8, no 3, p. 97-104
Keywords [en]
examination, self-assessment, interactive, Internet-based software, undergraduate dental education
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15605DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2004.00325.xLocal ID: 3068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-15605DiVA, id: diva2:1419127
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Information Technology and Interaction in Learning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information Technology and Interaction in Learning
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Learning is an interactive process between the learner and thesurrounding structures, the so-called learning environment. Several typesof instructional interaction - such as the learner-tutor, the learner-learner, the learner-content, and recently, the learner-interface interactions - have been identified in higher education. The design execution of these interactions may significantly influence the learning impact of an academic educational session. Information and communication technology (ICT), and especially the Internet, has affected learning in many ways, but most significantly through introducing new possibilities for instructional interaction. The overriding aim of this thesis has been to elucidate the relative role of certain types of interaction between the learner and his or her environment in academic oral health education. In this thesis, ICT is studied in two distinct roles: as a mediator of communication?that is, as the mediator in learner-instructor and learner-learner interaction?and as a partner in interaction through the educational interface?the so-called learner-interface interaction (human?computer interaction). ICT as a mediator of communication was studied during two Internet-based problem-based learning (PBL) courses and one Internet-based examination of undergraduate students. The potential of ICT as a partner in interaction through the educational interface was investigated through an interactive software application, which aimed to improve the self-assessment ability of students. The results of these studies suggest that computer-mediated interaction (CMI) has an important role to play in higher education, can facilitate complex instructional methodologies such as PBL, and can effectively supplement and enhance face-to-face instruction. However, CMI presented several methodological differences when compared with face-to-face interaction, in terms of both quality as well as quantity of interaction. CMI was received less positively than face-to-face interaction by the students, when used in examination settings. In addition, it remains unclear if computer applications are able to constitute an effective, short-term, remedial support for the improvement of complex cognitive skills in students?such as self-assessment skills?without human feedback. At the basis of these findings and currently available technology, the most beneficial scenario from an educational point of view would include both computer-mediated and face-to-face interaction, with a considerable degree of user-determined flexibility. Future studies should focus on the roles of the various factors that affect learning through the process of interaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Department of Periodontology Centre for Oral Health Sciences, 2004. p. 37
Keywords
Computer-assisted instructions, Datorstödd undervisning, Distance Learning, Tandläkarutbildning, User-computer interface, Human-Computer interaction, Problem-based learning, Computer communication networks
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7680 (URN)953 (Local ID)91-628-5980-3 (ISBN)953 (Archive number)953 (OAI)
Note

Note: The papers are not included in the fulltext online.

Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-03-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full texthttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1600-0579.2004.00325.x

Authority records

Mattheos, NikosChristersson, CeciliaJansson, Henrik

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Mattheos, NikosChristersson, CeciliaJansson, Henrik
By organisation
Faculty of Odontology (OD)
In the same journal
European journal of dental education
Dentistry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 20 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf