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Politeness, Criticism & Praise in Student Peer Reviews: A Cross-Cultural Analysis
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3352-4102
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this exploratory, descriptive study, we examine ways in which students negotiate symmetrical and asymmetrical power relations and express their authority and expertise in reviewing their peers’ writing. Furthermore, we question the ways in which the context for these peer reviews may explain differences in commenting styles. This mapping of peer reviews is layered by different cultural and developmental contexts. Our corpus is composed by students and faculty at Malmö University (Sweden), the University of South Florida (U.S.) and the University of Tartu (Estonia). These students were enrolled in a variety of courses at different educational levels: the Malmö students were enrolled in an English teacher trainee program, the USF students were enrolled in first-year composition, and the students at Tartu were doctoral students working on their journal articles. To conduct this analysis, we will pay particular attention to linguistic expressions such as modality markers, verbs, adverbs and adjectives, and transitions as indicators of politeness, criticism and praise. One of the dimensions for comparison is the difference, if any, manifested in the peer reviews depending whether the peer reviewer is a native speaker of English or an EFL learner. Brown, P., & Levinson, S. C. (1987). Politeness: some universals in language usage ([Rev. ed.] with corr., new introd. and new bibliogr). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (1999). Critical Inquiry in a Text-Based Environment: Computer Conferencing in Higher Education. The Internet and Higher Education, 2(2–3), 87–105. http://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-7516(00)00016-6 Gielen, S., Peeters, E., Dochy, F., Onghena, P., & Struyven, K. (2010). Improving the effectiveness of peer feedback for learning. Learning and Instruction, 20(4), 304–315. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2009.08.007 Martin, J. R., & White, P. R. R. (2007). The Language of Evaluation. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from http://www.palgraveconnect.com/doifinder/10.1057/9780230511910 Nelson, M. M., & Schunn, C. D. (2009). The nature of feedback: how different types of peer feedback affect writing performance. Instructional Science, 37(4), 375–401. Sadler, D. R. (1989). Formative Assessment and the Design of Instructional Systems. Instructional Science, 18(2), 119.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
academic writing, politeness, criticism, corpus, writing analytics, cross-cultural
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-11078Local ID: 22326OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-11078DiVA, id: diva2:1408121
Conference
Writing Research Across Borders (WRAB) IV 2017, Bogotá, Colombia (15-18 February, 2017)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved

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http://wrab2017.com/javeriana/

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Kauppinen, AskoWärnsby, Anna

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