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Parental socialization and adolescent offending
Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The overarching aim of this thesis is to extend the existing knowledge on how different aspects of parenting are associated with adolescent problem-related behaviors, such as offending. This relationship is illustrated in the four studies included in this thesis and has been conducted each with its own specific objective. The first study examine gender differences in several dimensions of family-related variables in the explanation of adolescent offending. The findings in the study show that there are clear gendered differences in both levels of the family variables and in the associations between the different family var-iables and offending. The results in this study are not only indicative of real and important differences in the dynamics in patterns of family attachment among boys and girls, they also point to the importance of conducting more nuanced and detailed studies of the different elements of family attach-ments in order to be able to capture the gendered differences that exist. The second study employ a longitudinal design and explore both time-variant and long-term associations of parenting, deviant peer affiliations and substance use among a sample of adolescents aged 12-17, and their par-ents. The main findings in this study show that parents knowing where their children are, what they are doing, and whom they are with, is beneficial in providing protection against involvement with deviant peers, which in turn appear to be important to the development of substance use. These results apply to both time-variant and long-term associations. The results also indi-cate that adolescents vary in susceptibility to social influences by age, and that parenting in early adolescence shape the landscape for involvement with deviant peers and substance use in later adolescence. In addition to more common between-group comparisons, analyses of with-in-person changes was also conducted in the third paper, with the aim to study different aspects of parental monitoring and young people’s moral values in the explanation of why some adolescents are more exposed to criminogenic settings than others. The results showed that adolescents ex-periencing less monitoring and adolescents with poor moral values tend to be more exposed to criminogenic settings. The findings also indicate that a decrease in monitoring over time can explain some of the increase in crimi-nogenic exposure over time. Parental monitoring also showed to be im-portant regardless of the level of a young person’s moral values. Overall, this thus indicate that it is important for parents to maintain high levels of monitoring during adolescence. In the fourth paper, parental knowledge is not only examined as a predictor, but also as an outcome variable in order to increase knowledge of how con-textual factors might shape parenting strategies. The aim of the study is to examine whether there are differences in parental knowledge in relation to level of collective efficacy and disorder in the neighbourhood. Additionally, we will examine how parental knowledge interact with collective efficacy and disorder in the explanation of adolescent offending. Two sources of data were employed to measure the contextual variables – adolescent percep-tions, as well as an independent, aggregated measure. Only the adolescent perceptions of the contextual variables were significantly associated with parental knowledge and offending. The main findings indicate that the per-ceived neighbourhood characteristics are associated with different levels of parental knowledge. Parental knowledge is more important in predicting of-fending than neighbourhood characteristics, however, the existence of an interaction between parental knowledge and perceived collective efficacy was found, indicating that collective efficacy has a different effect on of-fending for adolescents with different levels of parental knowledge. In conclusion, the results presented in the thesis show that parents is a ro-bust predictor of adolescent problem behaviors throughout adolescence, however the parent-child interaction does not seem to be universal. The findings also indicate that it is important to examine multidimensional measures to be able to identify variations and to capture the complexity comprised in the parent-child interaction in general, and in some concepts in particular.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society , 2017. , s. 70
Serie
Malmö University Health and Society Dissertations, ISSN 1653-5383 ; 6
Emneord [en]
Socialization, Family influences, Adolescent offending
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7328DOI: 10.24834/2043/22366Lokal ID: 22366ISBN: 9789171047588 (tryckt)ISBN: 9789171047595 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-7328DiVA, id: diva2:1404242
Merknad

Paper IV published in dissertation as manuscript with title ”The importance of context for parenting – do adolescents’ perceptions of parentalknowledge of their whereabouts vary by neighbourhood characteristics? ”

Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-28 Laget: 2020-02-28 Sist oppdatert: 2022-07-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. Analyzing Gender Differences in the Relationship between Family Influences and Adolescent Offending among Boys and Girls
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Analyzing Gender Differences in the Relationship between Family Influences and Adolescent Offending among Boys and Girls
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Child Indicators Research, ISSN 1874-897X, E-ISSN 1874-8988, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 1079-1094Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to examine gender differences in several dimensions of family-related variables in the explanation of adolescent offending. Analyses are conducted to examine: 1) whether boys and girls differ in levels of offending and in levels of family variables respectively, 2) whether the correlations between family variables and offending differ by gender, and 3) whether the family variables explain gender differences in adolescent offending. The study employs self-report data from a sample of young adolescents in Halmstad, Sweden (N = 889). The findings show that boys offend more than girls and that there are clear differences in both levels of the family variables and in the associations between the different family variables and offending. The findings also show that the family variables cannot explain gender differences in offending. The findings in this study are not only relevant theoretically, they also have important policy implications.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2016
Emneord
Adolescent offending, Gender differences, Family influences, Social bonding
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-5395 (URN)10.1007/s12187-016-9435-6 (DOI)000415637500011 ()29201254 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85034746161 (Scopus ID)21836 (Lokal ID)21836 (Arkivnummer)21836 (OAI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-28 Laget: 2020-02-28 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-05bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Parents’ monitoring-relevant knowledge, involvement with deviant peers and substance use: Time-variant and long-term associations among adolescents aged 12-17
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Parents’ monitoring-relevant knowledge, involvement with deviant peers and substance use: Time-variant and long-term associations among adolescents aged 12-17
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Social Science Studies, ISSN 2324-8033, E-ISSN 2324-8041, Vol. 4, nr 10, s. 91-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

With longitudinal data, drawn from the Malmö Individual and Neighbourhood Development Study (MINDS), time-variant and long-term associations between parents’ monitoring-relevant knowledge, involvement with deviant peers and substance use are examined among a sample of 190 adolescents followed from 12 to 17 years of age. The main results show that parents knowing where their children are, what they are doing, and whom they are with, is beneficial in providing protection against involvement with deviant peers, which in turn appear to be important to the development of substance use. These results apply to both time-variant and long-term associations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Redfame, 2016
Emneord
deviant peers, longitudinal study, parents’ monitoring-relevant knowledge, substance use
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-4666 (URN)10.11114/ijsss.v4i10.1876 (DOI)21592 (Lokal ID)21592 (Arkivnummer)21592 (OAI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-28 Laget: 2020-02-28 Sist oppdatert: 2022-06-27bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Changes in various aspects of parental monitoring in relation to changes in adolescents’ criminogenic exposure
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Changes in various aspects of parental monitoring in relation to changes in adolescents’ criminogenic exposure
2017 (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17816 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-07-17 Laget: 2020-07-17 Sist oppdatert: 2022-06-27bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Adolescents ' Perceptions, Neighbourhood Characteristics and Parental Monitoring -Are they Related, and Do they Interact in the Explanation of Adolescent Offending?
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Adolescents ' Perceptions, Neighbourhood Characteristics and Parental Monitoring -Are they Related, and Do they Interact in the Explanation of Adolescent Offending?
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Child Indicators Research, ISSN 1874-897X, E-ISSN 1874-8988, Vol. 14, s. 1075-1087Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Children are nested in families, and families are nested within communities (e.g. neighbourhoods). This implies that the behaviour of both children and their parents is influenced by external and contextual factors. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between parental monitoring and neighbourhood disorder and collective efficacy from the perspective of the adolescent and to investigate how perceived monitoring and neighbourhood characteristics were related to and interact in predicting adolescent offending. The characteristics of the adolescent's neighbourhoods were assessed using two different data sources: adolescents' own perceptions and an independent, aggregated measure from a community survey. The analyses showed that the adolescents' perceptions of neighbourhood level of disorder and collective efficacy were associated with both adolescent-perceived parental monitoring and adolescent offending, while the corresponding measures from the community survey were not. As regards the prediction of offending, adolescent-perceived parental monitoring is the most important predictor. Neither collective efficacy nor disorder appear to interact with parental monitoring in explaining adolescent offending. Future research would contribute to the field by examining the effect and interaction between the study variables in a sample with younger adolescents as well as by including parents' perceptions. As to practical implications, our results indicate that families living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods may benefit from targeted support aimed at handling negative neighbourhood influences.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2021
Emneord
Parental monitoring, Collective efficacy, Neighbourhood disorder, Adolescent offending, Adolescent perceptions
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Kriminologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-37600 (URN)10.1007/s12187-020-09789-7 (DOI)000591224000001 ()2-s2.0-85096372136 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-12-17 Laget: 2020-12-17 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-05bibliografisk kontrollert

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