Malmö University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The interactive examination in a comprehensive oral care clinic: a three-year follow up of students' self-assessment ability
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7358-7496
2006 (English)In: Medical teacher, ISSN 0142-159X, E-ISSN 1466-187X, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 544-548Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Little is known of how students' self-assessment ability evolves throughout the curriculum. The Interactive Examination aims to assess students' self-assessment ability, in parallel with their knowledge and competences. The method utilizes a written task and subsequent comparison of own performance with that of a qualified clinician. One cohort of dental students (n = 48) underwent assessment through Interactive Examination at three instances in 2004, during their final year of studies. Forty-two of them were assessed with the same methodology in 2001. Students' individual performance, self-assessment ability scores and attitudes in 2004 were correlated with their respective data from 2001. Students' acceptance of the methodology was high. The written performance in 2004 was positively correlated with this of 2001 in one of the three cases, while the comparison document scores in two out of three cases. Five students presented unacceptable self-assessment ability in 2004, four of whom were also unacceptable in 2001 in the same field. Unacceptable students of 2001 (n = 9) presented significantly lower results than their colleagues in 2004. These observations indicate that the self-assessment ability is not directly relevant to subject knowledge. On graduation, there exist students with significant self-assessment difficulties, the majority of whom could be detected earlier in their studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 28, no 6, p. 544-548
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-6833DOI: 10.1080/01421590600878184ISI: 000242451600005PubMedID: 17074702Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33750510070Local ID: 3498OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-6833DiVA, id: diva2:1403784
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Self-directed learning, teamwork, holistic view and oral health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-directed learning, teamwork, holistic view and oral health
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The dental program at the Malmö dental school, the so called Malmö-model, is guided by four linked principles: self-directed learning, teamwork, a holistic view of patient care, and oral health (Fig.1). Figure 1. The four guiding principles of problem based learning at TVH, Malmö.Self-assessment ability is a critical competence for healthcare professionals, necessary for the successful adaptation to the modern life-long learning environment. Educational research seems to point out two critical factors for the development of such skills, continuous practice of self-assessment (1) and constructive feedback (2). The first study (3) presented in this publication assessed students’ self-assessment ability by means of the Interactive Examination in a cohort of senior dental students, who had gone through an identical assessment procedure during their second year of studies (4). The results indicated that self-assessment ability was not directly relevant to subject knowledge. Upon graduation, there were a number of students (10%) with significant self-assessment difficulties. Early detection of students with weak self-assessment abilities appears possible to achieve. The aim of the second study, concerning teamwork and holistic view (5), was to investigate if highlighting teamwork between dental and dental hygienist students could improve the students’ holistic view on patients, as well as their knowledge of, and insight into, each other's future professions. Thus, this project showed that by initiating teamwork between dental and dental hygienist students, it was possible to increase students’ knowledge on dental hygienists competence, develop students’ perceived holistic view on patients, and prepare students for teamwork. The third study explored findings clinicians use when diagnosing chronic periodontitis. A questionnaire was distributed to students, dental teachers and clinical supervisors in the Public Dental Services. Within all categories of clinicians, the majority of the clinicians used deepened pocket, bone loss on x-rays, and bleeding. There were differences in the use of findings between the categories of clinicians. None of the supervisors used attachment loss as a finding, while 13% to 27% of the other categories of clinicians used this finding. A higher frequency of dental hygienist students used plaque, calculus and pus, compared to the other categories.Dental hygienist students used more findings as compared to the other categories of clinicians. Fifty-eight of the 76 clinicians used each finding solitarily, i.e. one at a time, and not in combination to diagnose chronic periodontitis. However, about a third of the dental students and the supervisors only used findings either from the soft tissue inflammation subgroup or the loss of supporting tissue subgroup. With the exception of the dental teachers, the majority of clinicians within each category used irrelevant findings. The third study (6) gave valuable information when designing the fourth study (7). The In the fourth study, a questionnaire was distributed to 2,440 professional clinicians, i.e. dentists and dental hygienists in public and private activity, and dental students at the Dental school in Malmö. The results showed that two groups, representing dentists and dental hygienists delivering basic periodontal care in Sweden, were to a significant degree not sharing the knowledge basis for diagnosis and treatment planning. This may result in a less optimal utilization of resources in Swedish dentistry. The delivery of basic periodontal care was not in line with the severity of disease and too much attention was paid to the needs of relatively healthy persons. To change this pattern, the incentives in, and structure of, the national assurance system need to be adapted in order to stimulate a better inter-collegial cooperation between dentists and dental hygienists in basic periodontal care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology, 2014. p. 65
Series
Swedish Dental Journal : Supplement, ISSN 0348-6672 ; 235
Keywords
Livslångt lärande, Munhälsa, Tandläkarutbildning, Problembaserat lärande, Oral health, Education, Dental, Diagnosis, Patient Care Team
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7726 (URN)17710 (Local ID)9789171046055 (ISBN)9789171046062 (ISBN)17710 (Archive number)17710 (OAI)
Note

Paper IV is not included in the fulltext online.

Paper IV  published in dissertation as manuscript with title "A comparison of proposals for diagnosis and treatment of periodontal conditions by dentists, dental hygienists and undergraduate students: An analysis based on the recommendations from the Swedish National Guidelines"

Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-03-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records

Leisnert, LeifMattheos, Nikos

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Leisnert, LeifMattheos, Nikos
By organisation
Faculty of Odontology (OD)
In the same journal
Medical teacher
Dentistry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 30 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf