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A national turn of local integration policy: multi-level governance dynamics in Denmark and Sweden
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
2015 (English)In: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a growing interest in the research community in the local governance of migration and integration. Studies indicate a local turn in integration policies, with local governments becoming important integration policy actors. Unlike most research, this study of recent developments in the policies for migrant newcomers in Denmark and Sweden observes a national turn in local integration policy. Despite their different integration policies, the central governments of both countries have increased their control and influence at the local level and thereby made it more difficult for local governments to formulate their own integration policies. This study highlights the need to complement earlier research based on frame analysis with an analytical framework that takes central government steering and the uneven power relationship between the levels of government into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015. Vol. 3, no 1
Keywords [en]
Local integration policy, Multi-level governance, Sweden, Denmark, National integration models
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1885DOI: 10.1186/s40878-015-0008-5Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84988506317Local ID: 19869OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-1885DiVA, id: diva2:1398617
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-04-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Paper planes: labour migration, integration policy and the state
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Paper planes: labour migration, integration policy and the state
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation collects four peer-reviewed articles that are published in academic journals. Two of the articles are about the multi-level governance of integration polices, and two study the effects of labour migration policies. The two topics are tied together by an introduction where a common theme of the articles is discussed – the role of the state. Based on the results of my four articles, I argue that the relevance of the state as a unit of analysis is still strong and impossible to ignore if one wants to understand the patterns of migration and the conditions which migrant newcomers face in their countries of residence. When the Swedish labour migration policy was changed, and the veto of the unions and the state (the Employment Service) was abolished, it enabled social networks and market forces to play out more freely, which led to an increase in labour migration. The Swedish 2008 labour migration policy was designed to solve labour shortages. However, the effect of the new law was mainly the creation of new opportunities for migrants to get work permits and visas to Sweden in order to apply for asylum or work in low-skilled jobs in sectors without labour shortages. Thus, state policies do matter, even if not always in the way in which policymakers intend them to. The state has also tightened its grip on local integration policies in both Denmark and Sweden, despite very different overall policies. Where Denmark´s civic integration policies have formed a tighter relationship between the state and the individual, the Swedish way has been to centralise and standardise integration services and reduce local policy autonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö university, 2016. p. 82
Series
Dissertation Series in Migration, Urbanisation, and Societal Change ; 1
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7436 (URN)21157 (Local ID)978-91-7104-730-4 (ISBN)978-91-7104-731-1 (ISBN)21157 (Archive number)21157 (OAI)
Public defence
2016-10-07, NIC0E11, Nordenskiöldsgatan 1, Malmö, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Emilsson, Henrik

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