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Synthesis of Forms: Integrating Practical and Reflective Qualities in Design
Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1852-3937
Pennsylvania State University.
2021 (English)In: CHI '21: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Yokohama, Japan, May 2021, New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2021Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Synthesis, or the integration of hitherto separated elements, is a prominent concept in theories of design processes. Synthesis often happens when there is a need to make a decision, though it is often the result of a combination of different alternatives, instead of deciding in favor of one and eliminating another. In many design studies, synthesis has been investigated in the contexts of everyday design—bicycle frames, sewing machines, commercial architecture. We were interested in how it might apply in contexts of reflective design, whose pragmatics often depend on different interrelationships between users and technological products. In this paper, we argue that designing everyday use objects for reflection requires a synthesis of two apparently opposite forms: conventionally practical forms, since they are everyday use objects, and evocative forms, since they make users think. We provide two examples of everyday objects for reflection that we believe synthesize both conventionally practical and evocative forms, analyzing the design processes that led to these forms, and discussing how these reflective designs embody different forms of synthesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2021.
Keywords [en]
Formgiving, Design process, Research through Design, Design Theory
National Category
Design Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Interaktionsdesign
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-41307DOI: 10.1145/3411764.3445232ISI: 000758168002059Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85106679389ISBN: 978-1-4503-8096-6 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-41307DiVA, id: diva2:1537662
Conference
CHI '21: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Yokohama, Japan, May 2021
Available from: 2021-03-16 Created: 2021-03-16 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Ghajargar, Maliheh

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Citation style
  • apa
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