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Policies for Reducing Car Traffic and Their Problematisation: Lessons from the Mobility Strategies of British, Dutch, German and Swedish Cities
Molde University College.
Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). K2 (The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9445-784X
2020 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 19, article id 8170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of the paper is to explore whether particular problematisations of cars and car use lead to sets of solutions that may not deal with all problems associated with car use, and whether this leads to any internal conflicts within the chosen policies. The paper is based on a review of local transport policy documents from 13 cities in four countries using the lens of policy problematization as an analytical framework. The paper finds that the problems most typically highlighted in the strategies reviewed are poor accessibility (as a “bad” in itself, but also because it is seen to compromise economic growth); the negative impacts of tra_c on liveability of the central part of the city and therefore its ability to attract inhabitants, especially those needed to support a knowledge economy; local air and noise pollution; and road safety. The resulting visions are for urban areas less dominated by private cars, with more green and public space, in order to maximise accessibility and liveability to attract economic development; and most cities also seek to reduce car travel as a proportion of trips. However, in many cities this vision covers mainly the central city, with car use set to remain dominant in outer cities and for regional trips. In almost all cities, only one measure, parking management, is proposed as a means of cutting car use. The differing sets of measures envisaged for outer areas of cities threatens to undermine those envisaged for more central cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 12, no 19, article id 8170
Keywords [en]
policy, local transport, mobility plan, Sweden, Great Britain, Netherlands, Germany
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transportation studies; Urban studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-18558DOI: 10.3390/su12198170ISI: 000586571400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85092653630OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-18558DiVA, id: diva2:1474283
Available from: 2020-10-08 Created: 2020-10-08 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Hrelja, Robert

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