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Local analgesia in paediatric dentistry: a systematic review of techniques and pharmacologic agents
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1371-8770
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4501-6976
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
Malmö högskola, Library and IT Services (BIT).
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2017 (English)In: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, ISSN 1818-6300, E-ISSN 1996-9805, Vol. 18, no 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality. RESULTS: 725 scientific papers were identified. 89 papers were identified to be read in full text of which 80 were excluded. Finally, 9 papers were evaluated for quality and risk of bias. Many of the included papers had methodological shortcomings affecting the possibility to draw conclusions. Information about ethical clearance and consent were missing in some of the included papers. No alarming adverse effects were identified. One study was assessed as having low risk of bias. This reported inferior alveolar nerve block to be more effective than buccal infiltration for dental treatment of mandibular molars, while no differences were found regarding pharmacological agents. CONCLUSIONS: At present, there is insufficient evidence in support of any pharmacologic agent or injection technique as being superior compared to others. There is a need for more rigorous studies which also handle the ethical issues of including children in potentially painful studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017. Vol. 18, no 5
Keywords [en]
Adolescent, Child, Dental, Local anaesthesia, Local analgesia, Systematic review
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15857DOI: 10.1007/s40368-017-0302-zISI: 000413470300002PubMedID: 28913645Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85032180077Local ID: 23676OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-15857DiVA, id: diva2:1419379
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Klingberg, GunillaRidell, KarinBrogårdh-Roth, SusanneVall, MartinaBerlin, Henrik

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