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Torstensson Levander, Marie
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Chrysoulakis, A. P., Ivert, A.-K. & Torstensson Levander, M. (2023). From structural time use to situational rule-breaking: Analysing adolescents’ time use and the person-setting interaction. European Journal of Criminology, 20(6), 1804-1828
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>From structural time use to situational rule-breaking: Analysing adolescents’ time use and the person-setting interaction
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 20, nr 6, s. 1804-1828Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

While unsupervised and unstructured socialising with peers is associated with delinquency, less is known about to what extent it fits within adolescents’ daily routine activities; that is, their general, structural time use. Furthermore, research informed by the situational action theory shows that unstructured socialising increases the probability of rule-breaking acts more for individuals with higher crime propensity. Hence, structural time use might explain patterns of unstructured socialising, and crime propensity might explain why some are at an increased risk of committing rule-breaking acts during such situations. The present study aims to connect these three aspects and examine: (i) how adolescents tend to structure their time use, (ii) if their structural time use differentially places them in unstructured socialising, and (iii) whether some adolescents during unstructured socialising run an elevated risk of committing rule-breaking acts due to their morality (as part of their crime propensity) while also taking their structural time use into account. Using a sample of 512 adolescents (age 16) in Sweden, time use and morality are analysed using latent class analysis based on space-time budget data and a self-report questionnaire. Multilevel linear probability models are utilised to examine how rule-breaking acts result from an interaction between an individual’s morality and unstructured socialising, also taking structural time use into account. Results show that the likelihood of unstructured socialising in private but not in public is different across identified latent classes. Adolescents, in general, run an elevated risk of rule-breaking acts during unstructured socialising, irrespective of structural time use. In this study, these acts consist mainly of alcohol consumption. However, the risk is higher for adolescents with lower morality. Adolescents’ time use may account for a general pattern of delinquency, but accounting for rule-breaking acts requires knowledge of the interaction between person and setting.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2023
Nyckelord
Morality, space-time budget, unstructured socialising, latent class analysis, time-use, situational action theory
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-51487 (URN)10.1177/14773708221097657 (DOI)000797538600001 ()2-s2.0-85132644996 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, Grant No. 2012-05545/HS24-09/1055
Tillgänglig från: 2022-05-17 Skapad: 2022-05-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Nilsson, E.-L., Ivert, A.-K. & Torstensson Levander, M. (2021). Adolescents ' Perceptions, Neighbourhood Characteristics and Parental Monitoring -Are they Related, and Do they Interact in the Explanation of Adolescent Offending?. Child Indicators Research, 14, 1075-1087
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Adolescents ' Perceptions, Neighbourhood Characteristics and Parental Monitoring -Are they Related, and Do they Interact in the Explanation of Adolescent Offending?
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Child Indicators Research, ISSN 1874-897X, E-ISSN 1874-8988, Vol. 14, s. 1075-1087Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Children are nested in families, and families are nested within communities (e.g. neighbourhoods). This implies that the behaviour of both children and their parents is influenced by external and contextual factors. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between parental monitoring and neighbourhood disorder and collective efficacy from the perspective of the adolescent and to investigate how perceived monitoring and neighbourhood characteristics were related to and interact in predicting adolescent offending. The characteristics of the adolescent's neighbourhoods were assessed using two different data sources: adolescents' own perceptions and an independent, aggregated measure from a community survey. The analyses showed that the adolescents' perceptions of neighbourhood level of disorder and collective efficacy were associated with both adolescent-perceived parental monitoring and adolescent offending, while the corresponding measures from the community survey were not. As regards the prediction of offending, adolescent-perceived parental monitoring is the most important predictor. Neither collective efficacy nor disorder appear to interact with parental monitoring in explaining adolescent offending. Future research would contribute to the field by examining the effect and interaction between the study variables in a sample with younger adolescents as well as by including parents' perceptions. As to practical implications, our results indicate that families living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods may benefit from targeted support aimed at handling negative neighbourhood influences.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2021
Nyckelord
Parental monitoring, Collective efficacy, Neighbourhood disorder, Adolescent offending, Adolescent perceptions
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Kriminologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-37600 (URN)10.1007/s12187-020-09789-7 (DOI)000591224000001 ()2-s2.0-85096372136 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-12-17 Skapad: 2020-12-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Torstensson Levander, M. (2019). Betydelsen av moral, självkontroll och exponering för brottslighet bland unga kvinnor och män (ed.). In: Anita Heber, Lena Roxell (Ed.), Anita Heber, Lena Roxell (Ed.), Att odla kriminologi: perspektiv på brott och utsatthet: festskrift till Eva Tiby (pp. 157-172). : Kriminologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Betydelsen av moral, självkontroll och exponering för brottslighet bland unga kvinnor och män
2019 (Svenska)Ingår i: Att odla kriminologi: perspektiv på brott och utsatthet: festskrift till Eva Tiby / [ed] Anita Heber, Lena Roxell, Kriminologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm , 2019, s. 157-172Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Kriminologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, 2019
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-8894 (URN)30710 (Lokalt ID)978-91-87355-67-7 (ISBN)30710 (Arkivnummer)30710 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-28 Skapad: 2020-02-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-06-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Ivert, A.-K., Torstensson Levander, M. & Wikström, P.-O. (2019). Explaining Within and Between Gender Differences in Crime Involvement. A Question of Morality and Life-Styles? (ed.). Paper presented at American Society of Criminology annual meeting 2019, San Francisco, USA (191113-191116). Paper presented at American Society of Criminology annual meeting 2019, San Francisco, USA (191113-191116). : Americen society of criminology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Explaining Within and Between Gender Differences in Crime Involvement. A Question of Morality and Life-Styles?
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Situational Action Theory (SAT) explains people’s acts of crime as an outcome of the interaction between their crime propensity (dependent on their personal morals and ability to exercise self-control) and their criminogenic exposure (dependent on the criminogenic circumstances of the settings in which they take part). In this paper, utilising UK (PADS+) and Swedish (MINDS) data for the ages 15-16, we will explore cross-nationally to what extent the SAT framework can help explain within and between gender differences in young people’s crime involvement.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Americen society of criminology, 2019
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-10592 (URN)30632 (Lokalt ID)30632 (Arkivnummer)30632 (OAI)
Konferens
American Society of Criminology annual meeting 2019, San Francisco, USA (191113-191116)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-29 Skapad: 2020-02-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-04-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Ivert, A.-K., Andersson, F., Svensson, R., Pauvels, L. & Torstensson Levander, M. (2018). An examination of the interaction between morality and self-control in offending: A study of differences between girls and boys (ed.). CBMH. Criminal behaviour and mental health, 28(3), 282-294
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>An examination of the interaction between morality and self-control in offending: A study of differences between girls and boys
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: CBMH. Criminal behaviour and mental health, ISSN 0957-9664, E-ISSN 1471-2857, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 282-294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There is a well-documented gender difference in offending, with evidence that boys, on average, are more involved in crime than girls. Opinions differ, however,on whether the causes of crime apply to girls and boys similarly.Aims: Our aim is to explore crime propensity in boys and girls. Our research questions were (1) are there differences between boys and girls in moral values and self-control;(2) are these attributes similarly correlated with offending among girls and boys; and (3) is any interaction effect between morality and self-control identical for girls and boys. Methods: Data were drawn from the Malmö Individual and Neighbourhood Development Study, which includes 481 girls and boys aged 16–17. An 8-item self-control scale was derived from Grasmick’s self-control instrument; we created a 16-item morality scale. Analysis of variance was used to test for differences in scale scores.Results: There were significant gender differences in moral values but not self-control.Moral values and self-control were significantly correlated with offending among both girls and boys. In the multiple regression analysis, the three-way interaction term used to test the interaction between gender, self-control and moral values was non-significant, indicating that the magnitude of the self-control–moral value interaction is not affected by gender.Conclusions: Our findings indicate that effects of morality and self-control are general and apply to girls and boys similarly, so more research is needed to explain gender differences in crime prevalence.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Nyckelord
self control, morality, gender, criminality, situational action theory
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-4334 (URN)10.1002/cbm.2065 (DOI)000434272500007 ()29336069 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85040651964 (Scopus ID)24679 (Lokalt ID)24679 (Arkivnummer)24679 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-28 Skapad: 2020-02-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Svalin, K., Mellgren, C., Torstensson Levander, M. & Levander, S. (2018). Police employees' violence risk assessments: the predictive validity of the B-SAFER and the significance of protective actions (ed.). International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 56, 71-79
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Police employees' violence risk assessments: the predictive validity of the B-SAFER and the significance of protective actions
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, ISSN 0160-2527, E-ISSN 1873-6386, Vol. 56, s. 71-79Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Violence risk assessment and management is conducted in police settings in order to prevent repeat victimization. One of the most frequently used violence risk assessment tools in this specific context is called the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER), which focuses on intimate partner violence (IPV). The present study examines B-SAFER assessments conducted by police employees, related protective actions and repeat IPV crimes in order to study: 1) to what extent risk- and victim vulnerability factors in the B-SAFER predicted global risk assessments, 2) the predictive accuracy of each B-SAFER item and the global risk assessments with regard to repeat IPV, 3) to what extent recommended protective actions were implemented and 4) the preventive effect of the implemented protective actions on repeat IPV. There were a large number of missing cases in the assessments and the risk and victim vulnerability factors only contributed to the global risk assessments to a minor extent. The predictive validity was low overall, few protective actions were implemented and those which were actually implemented did not appear to prevent repeat IPV. The continuous education and training of assessors is required to improve the work of violence risk assessment and management in police settings.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2018
Nyckelord
violence, risk assessment, police, IPV, B-Safer
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-14565 (URN)10.1016/j.ijlp.2017.09.001 (DOI)000424181700010 ()28954698 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85029756745 (Scopus ID)23637 (Lokalt ID)23637 (Arkivnummer)23637 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-30 Skapad: 2020-03-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Torstensson Levander, M., Kronkvist, K., Gerell, M., Anderberg, A. & Ivert, A.-K. (2018). Yttrande över SOU 2018:62 Kamerabevakning i brottsbekämpningen – ett enklare förfarande..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Yttrande över SOU 2018:62 Kamerabevakning i brottsbekämpningen – ett enklare förfarande.
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2018 (Svenska)Övrigt, Policydokument (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik och samhälle
Forskningsämne
Kriminologi; Kriminologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-41208 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-03-10 Skapad: 2021-03-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Ivert, A.-K. & Torstensson Levander, M. (2017). A cross-national comparison of gender differences in young people’s crime involvement: the UK and Sweden (ed.). Paper presented at Stockholm Criminology Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden (19-21 June 2017). Paper presented at Stockholm Criminology Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden (19-21 June 2017). : Brottsförebyggande rådet
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A cross-national comparison of gender differences in young people’s crime involvement: the UK and Sweden
2017 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines gender differences in young people’s crime involve- ment by testing the core propositions of Situational Action Theory (SAT) in the UK and Sweden. Using data from the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+) and the Malmö Individual and Neighbourhood Development Study (MINDS) we explore cross-national differences in crime propensity and exposure to criminogenic settings and the extent to which these can explain gender differences in crime involve- ment. Findings show gender differences in crime involvement across both countries with lower levels of crime involvement among females. The results show within study gender differences in offending and propensity, but not in relation to exposure. Between study differences (for both girls and boys) were found in offending and exposure, but not in propensity. Propensity and exposure appear to predict offending among girls and boys similarly. These findings are discussed in relation to contextual differences.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Brottsförebyggande rådet, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-10688 (URN)28165 (Lokalt ID)28165 (Arkivnummer)28165 (OAI)
Konferens
Stockholm Criminology Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden (19-21 June 2017)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-29 Skapad: 2020-02-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-06-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Svalin, K., Mellgren, C., Torstensson Levander, M. & Levander, S. (2017). Assessing and managing risk for intimate partner violence: Police employees’ use of the Police Screening Tool for Violent Crimes in Scania (ed.). Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 18(1), 84-92
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Assessing and managing risk for intimate partner violence: Police employees’ use of the Police Screening Tool for Violent Crimes in Scania
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 84-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Relapse into intimate partner violence (IPV) can potentially be predicted and counter-measures applied. This study examines the predictive validity of a violence risk assessment tool: the Police Screening Tool for Violent Crimes (PST-VC) among a sample of 65 offenders. All PST-VC assessments regarding IPV that were conducted at the Scania police department in 2010 were included in the sample. Follow-up time was 16–28 months, and all reported incidents with the same victim and suspected offender were recorded. The PST-VC demonstrated limited effect in the ability to identify high-risk offenders and predict repeat victimization. Interventions against the offender and victim protective actions were more often recommended in high-risk cases but did not lower the number of IPV relapses. The study suggests that the PST-VC is not a promising instrument.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Nyckelord
intimate partner violence, violence risk assessment, police, victims, interventions, crime prevention
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15252 (URN)10.1080/14043858.2016.1260333 (DOI)2-s2.0-85002216167 (Scopus ID)21718 (Lokalt ID)21718 (Arkivnummer)21718 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-30 Skapad: 2020-03-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Svalin, K., Mellgren, C., Torstensson Levander, M. & Levander, S. (2017). The Inter-Rater Reliability of Violence Risk Assessment Tools Used by Police Employees in Swedish Police Settings (ed.). Nordisk Politiforskning, 4(1), 9-28
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Inter-Rater Reliability of Violence Risk Assessment Tools Used by Police Employees in Swedish Police Settings
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordisk Politiforskning, ISSN 1894-8693, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 9-28Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Risk assessments are used by the police in order to identify the need for victim protection. The aim of this study was to examine the inter-rater reliability of two violence risk assessment tools; the Police Screening Tool for Violent Crimes (PST-VC) and the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER), used by police employees in two different police authorities in Sweden. The inter-rater agreement was evaluated for both tools, with respect to global risk assessments, recommended protective actions and risk- and victim vulnerability factors. The main results showed that the inter-rater agreement was highest for the global assessments and widely varying, from very low to fairly high, for the structured variables. The fairly high reliability for the global risk assessments was most likely due to shared assumptions (heuristics, tacit knowledge) among the assessors rather than being based on the information obtained by the tools.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Universitetsforlaget, 2017
Nyckelord
Violence risk assessments, crime prevention, police, inter rater reliability
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15144 (URN)10.18261/issn.1894-8693-2017-01-03 (DOI)22699 (Lokalt ID)22699 (Arkivnummer)22699 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-30 Skapad: 2020-03-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Projekt
Utsatthet för brott bland ungdomar i Malmö – rutiner, vardagsliv och konsekvenser; Malmö universitetSTUNDA: Att undersöka upplevelser av situationell otrygghet genom smarta telefoner bland unga vuxna i Malmö; Malmö universitet
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