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Karatuna, I., Jönsson, S. & Muhonen, T. (2022). Job Demands, Resources, and Future Considerations: Academics' Experiences of Working From Home During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 1-12, Article ID 908640.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job Demands, Resources, and Future Considerations: Academics' Experiences of Working From Home During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic
2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 13, p. 1-12, article id 908640Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has severely affected workers, workplaces, and working practices. In the higher education setting, universities have shifted to distance learning, resulting in profound changes in academics' work. In this study, we aimed to describe academics' job demands and resources related to changes in working conditions during the pandemic, and to examine how these changes have affected the perceived occupational wellbeing of academics. Additionally, we aimed to investigate academics' expectations and concerns for future academic working practices following the pandemic. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 26 academics working at various universities in Sweden. A content analysis was used to identify the key themes from the transcribed interviews. The results indicated that academics experienced a lack of face-to-face communication, absence of an academic environment, work overload, and work-home interference as demanding during the pandemic. In relation to resources, online communication options, appropriate working conditions, organizational-social support, and individual factors were perceived as important. Most respondents perceived negative occupational wellbeing outcomes. However, academics who had the appropriate resources were less likely to be affected by job demands. Academics' expectations for future academic work included continuation of working online, flexibility in the choice of workspace, and strengthened digital capacity. Their concerns were related to a lack of face-to-face interaction, management actions and economic implications, and pure digital education. This paper contributes to the literature by illustrating the complexity and diversity of experiences and preferences among academics that are important for universities to consider when organizing and managing future academic work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
Keywords
COVID-19, higher education, academics, job demands and resources, qualitative
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54087 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2022.908640 (DOI)000823394200001 ()35832908 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85133950896 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-08-02 Created: 2022-08-02 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karatuna, I., Owen, M., Westerlund, H. & Berthelsen, H. (2022). The Role of Staff-Assessed Care Quality in the Relationship between Job Demands and Stress in Human Service Work: The Example of Dentistry. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(19), 12795-12795
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Staff-Assessed Care Quality in the Relationship between Job Demands and Stress in Human Service Work: The Example of Dentistry
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 19, p. 12795-12795Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate staff-assessed care quality at the clinic as a predictorof stress and as a moderator between job demands (quantitative demands and role conflict) and stressamong dental professionals as an example of human service workers. Cross-sectional questionnairedata from 1012 dental professionals (i.e., dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses) working at99 clinics were analysed by confirmatory factor analysis and a two-level hierarchical linear model.Stress, quantitative demands and role conflict were measured by the Swedish standard version ofCOPSOQ III and care quality was measured by three proprietary items. The results showed thatstaff-assessed care quality at the clinic was of importance for the individual workers’ experiencesof stress. Furthermore, the staff’s joint assessment of the care quality at the clinic mitigated thenegative effect of role conflict on stress among dental nurses. These results indicate that a high levelof staff-assessed care quality at the clinic can contribute to reduced stress in dental professionals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
care quality, stress, job demands, dentistry, workplace, COPSOQ
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55371 (URN)10.3390/ijerph191912795 (DOI)000866815400001 ()36232093 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85139876376 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-00676
Available from: 2022-10-13 Created: 2022-10-13 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karatuna, I., Jönsson, S. & Muhonen, T. (2021). A Qualitative Study of Workplace Bullying Among Nurses: Preliminary Turkish Data from a Cross-Cultural Study. In: : . Paper presented at The 12th International Association on Workplace Bullying & Harassment Conference, hosted online by University of Wollongong, Dubai, 12-14 April 2021.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Qualitative Study of Workplace Bullying Among Nurses: Preliminary Turkish Data from a Cross-Cultural Study
2021 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63136 (URN)
Conference
The 12th International Association on Workplace Bullying & Harassment Conference, hosted online by University of Wollongong, Dubai, 12-14 April 2021
Available from: 2023-10-13 Created: 2023-10-13 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karatuna, I., Jönsson, S. & Muhonen, T. (2021). Workplace bullying in the nursing profession: A cross-cultural scoping review. In: : . Paper presented at The 12th International Association on Workplace Bullying & Harassment Conference, hosted online by University of Wollongong, Dubai, 12-14 April 2021.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Workplace bullying in the nursing profession: A cross-cultural scoping review
2021 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63134 (URN)
Conference
The 12th International Association on Workplace Bullying & Harassment Conference, hosted online by University of Wollongong, Dubai, 12-14 April 2021
Available from: 2023-10-13 Created: 2023-10-13 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karatuna, I., Jönsson, S. & Muhonen, T. (2020). Workplace bullying in the nursing profession: A cross-cultural scoping review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 111, Article ID 103628.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Workplace bullying in the nursing profession: A cross-cultural scoping review
2020 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 111, article id 103628Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Globally, nurses are at high risk of exposure to workplace bullying, and there is a growing body of literature addressing bullying in the nursing profession. Yet, our understanding of cross-cultural variations in bullying among nurses is lacking. An analysis of what is currently known about bullying in different parts of the world is critical for our understanding of cross-cultural effects of bullying among nurses.

Objectives: We aimed to examine workplace bullying research among nurses with the focus on sources, antecedents, outcomes and coping responses from a cross-cultural perspective during the years 2001– 2019. Design: This is a scoping review of published literature on workplace bullying among nurses.

Data sources: A literature search was conducted using the CINAHL, PubMed, PsychINFO and Web of Sci- ence databases. A total of 166 articles provided data from the following cultural clusters: Anglo, Latin Europe, Eastern Europe, Nordic Europe, Middle East, Latin America, Confucian Asia, Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

Procedure: Studies were identified through a database search. Relevant data were extracted using a narra- tive approach. Categories were thematically organized according to the study topics. Cultural differences regarding the variation in the perceptions of and responses to bullying were analysed in relation to the cultural dimensions: power distance, assertiveness, in-group collectivism and performance orientation. Results: Research was mostly conducted in the Anglo cluster. Antecedents and outcomes of bullying were the most often studied topics across all cultural clusters. Vertical bullying was most prevalent in higher power distance cultures, whereas horizontal bullying was either more or equally prevalent in lower power distance cultures. The risk of bullying decreased as nurses’ length of service and age increased in most of the clusters. Individual antecedents were more frequently reported in high in-group collec- tivist cultures. Organizational antecedents such as lack of bullying prevention measures, unsupportive leadership and stressful work characteristics were frequently reported across different cultural clusters. Yet, an organizational culture that tolerates bullying was most commonly addressed in Anglo, a highly performance-oriented culture. Negative outcomes of bullying were very similar across the world. Nurses used emotion-focused coping strategies more frequently almost in all clusters; yet, there were reports of problem-focused coping strategies especially in relatively higher assertiveness cultures.

Conclusions: Analysis revealed both similarities and differences in the nurses’ reports of bullying by world region. Cultural factors were found to be important for understanding the variation in the nurses’ per- ceptions of and responses to bullying.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Cross-cultural, nursing profession, scoping review, workplace bullying
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36875 (URN)10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103628 (DOI)000600695000001 ()32932063 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85090579118 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-11-18 Created: 2020-11-18 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karatuna, I. & Basol, O. (2018). To Blow the Whistle or Not: The Roles of Perceived Organizational Retaliation and Upward Communication Satisfaction in Employee Responses to Observed Wrongdoing. In: Redefining Corporate Social Responsibility: (pp. 217-233). Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>To Blow the Whistle or Not: The Roles of Perceived Organizational Retaliation and Upward Communication Satisfaction in Employee Responses to Observed Wrongdoing
2018 (English)In: Redefining Corporate Social Responsibility, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018, p. 217-233Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The act of reporting illegal and unethical practices in the workplace has become an increasingly important issue for researchers and organizational management over the past several decades. This study tested a model of whis- tleblowing in which perceived organizational retaliation and upward commu- nication satisfaction were hypothesized to act as predictors of types of whistleblowing intentions using a representative sample of employees working in Kirklareli, Turkey (n 1⁄4 1,012). Structural equation modeling indicated that perceptions of upward communication satisfaction were positively asso- ciated to blowing the whistle to internal channels like immediate supervisor and upper management and negatively related to staying silent and external whistleblowing. In addition, perceived threat of retaliation from an organiza- tion was negatively related to blowing the whistle to internal channels and 

positively related to staying silent and external whistleblowing. The present study has contributed to our understanding of whistleblowing in a relatively new national context by clarifying its associations with perceived organiza- tional retaliation and communication with management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Series
Developments in Corporate Governance and Responsibility, ISSN 2043-0523 ; 13
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36879 (URN)10.1108/S2043-052320180000013015 (DOI)978-1-78756-162-5 (ISBN)978-1-78756-161-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-11-18 Created: 2020-11-18 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karatuna, I. & Basol, O. (2017). Job satisfaction of part-time vs. full-time workers in Turkey: the effect of income and work status satisfaction. International journal of value chain management, 8(1), 58-72
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job satisfaction of part-time vs. full-time workers in Turkey: the effect of income and work status satisfaction
2017 (English)In: International journal of value chain management, ISSN 1741-5357, E-ISSN 1741-5365, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 58-72Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study compared the job satisfaction of part-time and full-time sales workers and tested the impact of income level and satisfaction with work status (i.e., whether employed as a part-timer or a full-timer) as explanatory factors for job satisfaction differences between part-time and full-time workers. Data were analysed through questionnaires among 1,158 sales workers. The analysis showed that those working part-time as compared to full-time reported lower job satisfaction. Income level fully mediated the work status effect on job satisfaction and satisfaction with work status partially mediated this relationship. The differences among part-time and full-time workers were found to be consistent for male and female participants. This study contributes to the existing literature by demonstrating that work status relates to job satisfaction through different pathways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2017
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36881 (URN)10.1504/IJVCM.2017.082686 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-11-18 Created: 2020-11-18 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karatuna, I. (2015). Targets’ coping with workplace bullying: a qualitative study. Qualitative research in organization and management, 10(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Targets’ coping with workplace bullying: a qualitative study
2015 (English)In: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656, Vol. 10, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore targets’ coping strategies in dealing with workplace bullying and to determine the possible contributing effects of these strategies to the escalation or de-escalation of bullying process. Design/methodology/approach – Based on a qualitative design, 20 self-reported targets were interviewed in-depth and data were analysed using the content analysis method.

Findings – Five main themes were identified in the targets’ coping with workplace bullying: first, underestimation of the problem – avoidance; second, losing patience – confrontation; third, perceiving threats to personal health – seeking support; fourth, despair – destructive coping; and fifth, giving up – exit. The use of coping strategies both influenced the course of workplace bullying and were affected by the escalating nature of the bullying process itself. The most effective strategies included problem-solving strategies like coping collectively with colleagues, seeking support of managerial staff and filing complaints to management.

Originality/value – The present study contributed to the workplace bullying research by describing workplace bullying as a process in which targets’ coping strategies and their consequences were evaluated and by providing data in a new national context (Turkey).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36876 (URN)10.1108/QROM-09-2013-1176 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-11-18 Created: 2020-11-18 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Gök, S., Karatuna, I. & Ozdemir Karaca, P. (2015). The Role of Perceived Supervisor Support and Organizational Identification in Job Satisfaction. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 177, 38-42
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Perceived Supervisor Support and Organizational Identification in Job Satisfaction
2015 (English)In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 177, p. 38-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to investigate the role of perceived supervisor support and organizational identification in job satisfaction among Turkish medical secretaries. The data were collected using a questionnaire form among a convenience sample of 549 secretaries working in various private hospital settings located in Istanbul. Job satisfaction was found to be positively correlated with perceived supervisor support and organizational identification partially mediated this relationship. Thus, having a supportive relationship with the supervisor increased job satisfaction, and organizational identification was found as a significant component of this relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36882 (URN)10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.02.328 (DOI)000380497300006 ()
Available from: 2020-11-18 Created: 2020-11-18 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karatuna, I. & Gök, S. (2014). A Study Analyzing the Association between Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder and Workplace Bullying. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 29(2), 127-142
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Study Analyzing the Association between Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder and Workplace Bullying
2014 (English)In: Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, ISSN 1555-5240, E-ISSN 1555-5259, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 127-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between perceived victimization from workplace bullying and self-reported embitterment reactions. Data were obtained through anonymous questionnaires from 397 participants working in the public sector. Among the participants, 23.9% were labeled as victims of bullying. Significant differences were observed in the mean scores of post-traumatic embitterment disorder between victims and nonvictims and experiencing bullying was found to be highly in correlation with displaying embitterment reactions. Feelings of injustice, intrusive thoughts, and negative mood were determined as the reactions that received the highest mean scores among victims.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36880 (URN)10.1080/15555240.2014.898569 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-11-18 Created: 2020-11-18 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1406-289X

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