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Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Valli, C., Olesen, K. & Parker, P. (2024). Solutions in search of a problem: Opening policy windows for Business Improvement Districts in the Nordic countries. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Solutions in search of a problem: Opening policy windows for Business Improvement Districts in the Nordic countries
2024 (English)In: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, E-ISSN 2399-6552Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Policy mobility literature invites us to consider the power-laden processes of how urban policies are exported, mimicked, and transformed in different urban contexts. However, recent critique has highlighted the need for a fuller understanding of urban policy context to understand where and when policies come to be implemented in new settings and how they are transformed. The purpose of this study is to explore understandings of urban policy context in a comparative study of policy mobility, and specifically relations between internationally packaged concepts, local pilot projects and national level actors. We develop a framework for understanding these relations in policy mobility based on case studies of BID policy development in Sweden and Denmark drawing on both Policy Mobility literature and a Multiple Streams Approach. The main finding is that local pilots play a key role in translating packaged policy concepts but also serve as ‘proof of concept’ for further institutionalization. The way these pilots are discursively situated in relation to ‘problems’ is therefore of central importance for further implementation. Furthermore, the study highlights the role of policy entrepreneurs that connect local pilots (and discursive problems) with national level actors, and political opportunities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2024
Keywords
Business improvement district, neoliberalism, Nordic, multiple streams approach, policy mobility
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-65259 (URN)10.1177/23996544241226807 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-01-22 Created: 2024-01-22 Last updated: 2024-01-22Bibliographically approved
Murphy, M. A., Parker, P. & Hermus, M. (2023). Cultivating inclusive public space with urban gardens. Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 28(1), 99-116
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultivating inclusive public space with urban gardens
2023 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 99-116Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A promise of urban gardening (UG) is allowing individuals to shape and engage with the built environment, bringing people together in public space. Municipalities may promote UG in public space for a wide variety of reasons such as enabling integration, reducing crime, or promoting area attractivity. While there is a general sense that UG can contribute to inclusive public space in these efforts, previous research provides ambiguous findings. UG in public space requires balancing inclusive and exclusive practices to create common values, as a select group of engaged members inherently shape space in their interest. UG initiatives vary considerably with respect to their aims, organisational forms, and spatial contexts - affecting inclusion in public space in different manners. The article seeks to unpack how urban settings, organisational forms, and municipal enabling affect UG practices towards inclusion in public space. To do so, the article draws on the theory of urban commons and intertwines it with research on inclusion in public space. This provides an understanding of multi-faceted UG governance and its exclusionary aspects. A framework is not only developed and applied to critically, but also constructively, to review how municipalities enable UG. A comparative analysis of UG initiatives in three Northern European municipalities explores both municipal enabling and the co-production of inclusive public space. The research abductively refines the framework for understanding the co-production of inclusive public space in UG. We argue that the findings and resulting framework have implications for research and for municipal enabling of UG towards inclusive public space.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
National Category
Social Anthropology
Research subject
Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55431 (URN)10.1080/13549839.2022.2120461 (DOI)000853808700001 ()2-s2.0-85138329529 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Research Council of Norway, BIONÆR 270725
Available from: 2022-10-18 Created: 2022-10-18 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Parker, P., Grander, M. & Larsson, A. (2023). Om fotgängarperspektiv, frirum och långsamma vägar. Plan : tidskrift för samhällsplanering (2), 69-70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Om fotgängarperspektiv, frirum och långsamma vägar
2023 (Swedish)In: Plan : tidskrift för samhällsplanering, ISSN 0032-0560, no 2, p. 2p. 69-70Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Föreningen för samhällsplanering, 2023. p. 2
Keywords
gående, fotgängare, stadsplanering, segregation
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-64742 (URN)
Projects
Allmänningar och stråk för rumslig rättvisa i urban fullåkersbyggd
Available from: 2023-12-27 Created: 2023-12-27 Last updated: 2023-12-28Bibliographically approved
Parker, P. & Pinder, D. (2022). Om betydelser av att gå. In: Grundström, Karin; Rosengren, Mathilda (Ed.), Allmänningar och Stråk: essäer, reflektioner och pratpromenader om gemensamma rum (pp. 147-156). Malmö: Allmänningar & Stråk
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Om betydelser av att gå
2022 (Swedish)In: Allmänningar och Stråk: essäer, reflektioner och pratpromenader om gemensamma rum / [ed] Grundström, Karin; Rosengren, Mathilda, Malmö: Allmänningar & Stråk , 2022, p. 147-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Allmänningar & Stråk, 2022
Keywords
gående, fotgängare, kvalitativa aspekter, värden, stadsplanering
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-60789 (URN)978-91-527-2481-1 (ISBN)978-91-527-2480-4 (ISBN)
Projects
ALLMÄNNINGAR & STRÅK FÖR RUMSLIGRÄTTVISA I URBAN FULLÅKERSBYGD
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-01923
Available from: 2023-06-15 Created: 2023-06-15 Last updated: 2023-06-19Bibliographically approved
Parker, P. & Grander, M. (2022). Om långsamma vägar. In: Grundström, Karin; Rosengren, Mathilda (Ed.), Allmänningar och Stråk: essäer, reflektioner och pratpromenader om gemensamma rum (pp. 115-124). Malmö: Allmänningar & Stråk
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Om långsamma vägar
2022 (Swedish)In: Allmänningar och Stråk: essäer, reflektioner och pratpromenader om gemensamma rum / [ed] Grundström, Karin; Rosengren, Mathilda, Malmö: Allmänningar & Stråk , 2022, p. 115-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Allmänningar & Stråk, 2022
Keywords
offentliga platser, stråk, segregation, stadsplanering, inkludering
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-60774 (URN)978-91-527-2481-1 (ISBN)978-91-527-2480-4 (ISBN)
Projects
ALLMÄNNINGAR & STRÅK FÖR RUMSLIG RÄTTVISA I URBAN FULLÅKERSBYGD
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-01923
Available from: 2023-06-15 Created: 2023-06-15 Last updated: 2023-06-19Bibliographically approved
Parker, P., Vogel, N. & Diedrich, L. (2018). Design and Democracy. In: Lisa Diedrich, Mike Friesen, Mark Hendriks, Christel Lindgren, Claudia Moll (Ed.), Lisa Diedrich, Mike Friesen, Mark Hendriks, Christel Lindgren, Claudia Moll (Ed.), Care/create/act: a selection of groundbreaking projects and thought-provoking reflections (pp. 285-291). Blauwdruk
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design and Democracy
2018 (English)In: Care/create/act: a selection of groundbreaking projects and thought-provoking reflections / [ed] Lisa Diedrich, Mike Friesen, Mark Hendriks, Christel Lindgren, Claudia Moll, Blauwdruk , 2018, p. 285-291Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Landscape architects today love run-down areas, the challenge of temporary projects, hands-on activities, working with people, and the aesthetics of the transitory. They often experience themselves as part of a particularly democratic process of space production when given the opportunity to address urban redevelopment through temporary interventions, claiming to make a difference to conventional ways of planning and building. Alternative forms of power, they feel, can be enacted through new forms of professional expertise, with public authorities accepting or fostering these precarious production modes, and with designers in the role of activists. The much lauded emergence of temporary bottom-up projects in urban redevelopment areas also raises the question of their true democratic potential. Often presented as enabling new forms of democracy and participatory planning for imagining and building new urban forms and new professional profiles, they also carry the danger of abusing people’s resources for tacit interests of societally established power groups and of derailing into ‘people-washing’. To distinguish between democratic enhancement and its abuse requires mining the notion of democracy. In this essay we do so in crossing research on the spatial aspects of democracy with theory on radical participation in order to develop a frame for judgment of concrete projects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blauwdruk, 2018
Series
Landscape Architecture Europe ; 5
Keywords
temporary use, democracy, urban redevelopment, design
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16285 (URN)26892 (Local ID)978-94-9247-430-8 (ISBN)26892 (Archive number)26892 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2022-07-14Bibliographically approved
Parker, P., Vogel, N. & Diedrich, L. (2018). Investigating the democratic potential of temporary uses in urban redevelopment projects. In: Jens Kaae Fisker, Letizia Chiappini, Lee Pugalis, Antonella Bruzzese (Ed.), Jens Kaae Fisker, Letizia Chiappini, Lee Pugalis, Antonella Bruzzese (Ed.), Enabling Urban Alternatives: Crises, Contestation, and Cooperation: (pp. 85-108). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating the democratic potential of temporary uses in urban redevelopment projects
2018 (English)In: Enabling Urban Alternatives: Crises, Contestation, and Cooperation / [ed] Jens Kaae Fisker, Letizia Chiappini, Lee Pugalis, Antonella Bruzzese, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 85-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter we shed light on enabling urban alternatives that arise through novel ways of governance and collaboration, observed in current urban redevelopment projects in Europe. Often instated on left-over industrial, commercial or infrastructural areas and premises, the projects we are concerned with are driven by municipal authorities, public or private developers who offer parts of the spaces under redevelopment for temporary appropriation by users who conventionally play a secondary if not marginal role in the formation of new urban districts: youngsters, freelancers, small businesses, start-ups, associations, groups representing subcultures. These processes seem to empower novel constellations of actors in urban development. However, there is already a substantial body of research pointing out how temporary uses may provide a means of normalizing precarious forms of rental and are exploited for gentrification and branding purposes. A starting point of the chapter is therefore that these initiatives are ambiguous.We argue that it is important to consider democratic implications of temporary use as this practice becomes increasingly accepted and enabled by public sector actors. The chapter then brings together research on spatial aspects of democracy with theory on radical participation in order to develop a heuristic framework for assessing democratic potentials of temporary use and briefly illustrates this in relation to two examples. We contend that such a framework will enable an informed approach to temporary use by activists, professional designers and authorities. The overarching purpose is to enable this kind of informed approach and thereby make it possible for more people to experience democracy in urban development and create more varied urban alternatives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
Keywords
temporary use, democracy, urban redevelopment, design
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16277 (URN)10.1007/978-981-13-1531-2_5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85075688746 (Scopus ID)26880 (Local ID)978-981-13-1530-5 (ISBN)978-981-13-1531-2 (ISBN)26880 (Archive number)26880 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Parker, P. & Schmidt, S. (2017). Enabling urban commons (ed.). CoDesign - International Journal of CoCreation in Design and the Arts, 13(3), 202-213
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enabling urban commons
2017 (English)In: CoDesign - International Journal of CoCreation in Design and the Arts, ISSN 1571-0882, E-ISSN 1745-3755, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 202-213Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An increasing interest in commons has generated a rich literature related to co- and participatory design (PD). Besides providing examples, cases and methods, this literature often displays interpretations that are recognisably engaged and political in which commons have acquired an additional symbolic value. In some cases this symbolic value propels more ambitious narratives in which other, post-industrial/post-collapse futures or utopian societal forms are prototyped or infrastructured. Although this literature highlights an important connection between collaborative design and collaborative governance, we hold that the conception of commons underpinning some of these efforts is not fully relevant in contemporary urban contexts. In the following article we describe the practical and normative issues raised by transferring the concept of commons to a contemporary urban setting. We critique aspects of how the concept has been invoked in Co-Design and PD but also seek to demonstrate how it may be applied constructively, paying due attention to both network and subtractive effects of shared resources and acknowledging interrelations with the public sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Urban commons, public sector, network effects, conflict resolution, facilitation, co- and participatory design
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-14346 (URN)10.1080/15710882.2017.1355000 (DOI)000406751200006 ()2-s2.0-85026679632 (Scopus ID)23194 (Local ID)23194 (Archive number)23194 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Parker, P. & Schmidt, S. (2016). Commons-based governance in public space: user participation and inclusion (ed.). Paper presented at Co-laborations : Sharing authorship and space in architectural and urban research, Lund, Sweden (2016). Paper presented at Co-laborations : Sharing authorship and space in architectural and urban research, Lund, Sweden (2016). : Resarc
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Commons-based governance in public space: user participation and inclusion
2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Participatory forms of park governance have been seen as means of empowering users, improving adaptation to local needs and harnessing local resources. Participatory governance has however also been critiqued for benefiting only select groups. The situation is ambiguous with participation held to be both empowering in the sense of developing use-values in locally relevant ways and exclusionary in representing select interests. This research addresses the question of if and how a particular form of participatory governance, park commons, may be compatible with inclusive public space. To do so the research explores boundary work of user groups and public sector enabling in two park commons using a multiple case study approach. We find that park commons may be understood to contain a mix of different types of shared resources. The specific mix explains different expressions of user-generated boundaries and particularly the extent that these boundaries are permeable. The research also identifies several forms of public sector intervention that influence the ways boundaries are constructed. The findings indicate a potential for public managers to strategically enable commons as a means to increase civic engagement and potentially increase rather than diminish inclusiveness of parks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Resarc, 2016
Keywords
urban commons, public space, inclusive space, boundaries, subtractabillity, network effects
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16438 (URN)20741 (Local ID)20741 (Archive number)20741 (OAI)
Conference
Co-laborations : Sharing authorship and space in architectural and urban research, Lund, Sweden (2016)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
Parker, P. & Schmidt, S. (2016). Commons-based Governance in Public Space: User Participation and Inclusion (ed.). Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, 28(3), 114-139
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Commons-based Governance in Public Space: User Participation and Inclusion
2016 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, E-ISSN 1893-5281, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 114-139Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Participatory forms of park governance have been seen as means of empowering users, improving adaptation to local needs and harness¬ing local resources. Participatory governance has however also been critiqued for benefiting only select groups. The situation is ambiguous with participation held to be both empowering in the sense of develop¬ing use-values in locally relevant ways and exclusionary in representing select interests. This research addresses the question of if and how a particular form of participatory governance, park commons, may be compatible with inclu¬sive public space. To do so the research explores boundary work of user groups and public sector enabling in two park commons using a multiple case study approach. We find that park commons may be understood to contain a mix of dif¬ferent types of shared resources. The specific mix explains different ex¬pressions of user-generated boundaries and particularly the extent that these boundaries are permeable. The research also identifies several forms of public sector intervention that influence the ways boundaries are constructed. The findings indicate a potential for public managers to strategically enable commons as a means to increase civic engagement and potentially increase rather than diminish inclusiveness of parks

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SINTEF Academic Press, 2016
Keywords
urban commons, park governance, public space, inclusive space, exclusion, boundaries, network effect
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-14320 (URN)22198 (Local ID)22198 (Archive number)22198 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2023-08-29Bibliographically approved
Projects
Governing private provision of public space: developing governance models and urban design that ensure inclusive, democratic public spaceShifting conceptualizations of property in Sweden; Malmö UniversityCultivating Public Spaces: urban agriculture as a basis for human flourishing and sustainability transition in Norwegian cities
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5830-0319

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