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Nystedt, T. A., Svensson, P., Herder, T., Asamoah, B. O., Ouis, P. & Agardh, A. (2023). Coming across a hidden problem in an excluded population in Sweden: professionals' experiences of young migrants' disclosures of sexual violence. Culture, Health and Sexuality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coming across a hidden problem in an excluded population in Sweden: professionals' experiences of young migrants' disclosures of sexual violence
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2023 (English)In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Growing evidence suggests that young migrants are particularly vulnerable to sexual violence. As young migrants often lack family and social networks, professionals are often the recipients of disclosures of sexual violence. This study aimed to explore how professionals experience young migrants' disclosures of sexual violence. A qualitative design was used, based on 14 semi-structured interviews with a range of professionals from the public sector and civil society in southern Sweden. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The overarching theme developed was 'coming across the hidden problem of sexual violence in an excluded population' supported by three sub-themes: 'linking structural marginalisation and vulnerability to sexual violence'; 'realising that sexual violence is one among many other concerns'; and 'taking pride in backing up young people betrayed by society'. Professionals expressed a strong sense of responsibility due to the complex vulnerabilities of young migrants and their lack of access to services. This, coupled with the lack of clarity about how to respond to disclosures of sexual violence, can lead to moral distress. There is a need to strengthen support for professionals, including recognition of ethical dilemmas and the establishment of formal connections between organisations making access more straightforward and predictable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Migrants, youth, sexual violence, professionals, Sweden
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61894 (URN)10.1080/13691058.2023.2234431 (DOI)001032833000001 ()37489949 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85165609984 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-16 Created: 2023-08-16 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Holmström, C., de Cabo, A. & Ouis, P. (Eds.). (2023). Perspektiv på sexualitet i socialt arbete. Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspektiv på sexualitet i socialt arbete
2023 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Antologin belyser hur seuxalitet tolkas, bemöts och hanteras som ett socialt problem i en svensk välfärdskontext. Boken erbjuder analytiska perspektiv på sexualitet inom professionsområdet socialt arbete. Samtidigt konkretiseras frågor om sexualitet och social utsatthet genom empiriska exempel inom tre kunskapsområden: (1) Sexualitet i välfärdspolitiken, (2) Att möta frågor om sexualitet i praktiskt socialt arbete och (3) Erfareneter av sexuell utsatthet i relation till kunskaps- och professionsområdet socialt arbete.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Liber, 2023. p. 270
Keywords
socialt arbete, personer med funktionsnedsättning och sexualitet, äldre och sexualitet, ungdomar och sexualitet, sexualbrott, social utsatthet och sexualitet
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Health and society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63276 (URN)978-91-47-14353-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-10-29 Created: 2023-10-29 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved
Staaf, A., Ouis, P. & Cinthio, H. (2022). Heder i kollektivets namn?. Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, 172(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heder i kollektivets namn?
2022 (Swedish)In: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 172, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54888 (URN)
Available from: 2022-09-13 Created: 2022-09-13 Last updated: 2023-10-10Bibliographically approved
Amroussia, N., Holmström, C. & Ouis, P. (2022). Migrants in Swedish sexual and reproductive health and rights related policies: a critical discourse analysis. International Journal for Equity in Health, 21(1), Article ID 125.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migrants in Swedish sexual and reproductive health and rights related policies: a critical discourse analysis
2022 (English)In: International Journal for Equity in Health, E-ISSN 1475-9276, Vol. 21, no 1, article id 125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Previous research has shown that migrants in Sweden are disadvantaged in terms of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). SRHR policies might play a crucial role in shaping migrants’ SRHR outcomes. The purpose of the study was to critically examine: a) how migrants were represented in the discourses embedded within Swedish SRHR-related policies, and b) how migrants’ SRHR-related issues were framed and addressed within these discourses.

Methods

Critical discourse analysis (CDA) was used to analyze a total of 54 policy documents. Following Jäger’s approach to CDA, discourse strands and entanglements between different discourse strands were examined.

Results

Our findings consisted of three discourse strands: 1) “Emphasizing vulnerability”, 2) “Constructing otherness”, and 3) “Prioritizing the structural level or the individual level?”.

Migrants’ representation in Swedish SRHR-related policies is often associated with the concept of vulnerability, a concept that can hold negative connotations such as reinforcing social control, stigma, and disempowerment. Alongside the discourse of vulnerability, the discourse of otherness appears when framing migrants’ SRHR in relation to what is defined as honor-related violence and oppression. Furthermore, migrant SRHR issues are occasionally conceptualized as structural issues, as suggested by the human rights-based approach embraced by Swedish SRHR-related policies. Relevant structural factors, namely migration laws and regulations, are omitted when addressing, for example, human trafficking and HIV/AIDS.

Conclusions

We conclude that the dominant discourses favor depictions of migrants as vulnerable and as the Other. Moreover, despite the prevailing human rights-based discourse, structural factors are not always considered when framing and addressing migrants’ SRHR issues. This paper calls for a critical analysis of the concept of vulnerability in relation to migrants’ SRHR. It also highlights the importance of avoiding othering and paying attention to the structural factors when addressing migrants’ SRHR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2022
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Health and society; Health and society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55678 (URN)10.1186/s12939-022-01727-z (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-03365_VRSwedish Research Council, 2018-03365_VRSwedish Research Council, 2018-03365_VRMalmö University
Available from: 2022-11-07 Created: 2022-11-07 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Björngren Cuadra, C. & Ouis, P. (2022). Swedish eco-social interventions for climate justice and social justice: Examples from the Global North. In: Madhanagopal, D; Nikku, B.R. (Ed.), Social work and climate justice: International perspective (pp. 55-70). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish eco-social interventions for climate justice and social justice: Examples from the Global North
2022 (English)In: Social work and climate justice: International perspective / [ed] Madhanagopal, D; Nikku, B.R., London: Routledge, 2022, p. 55-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2022
Series
Routledge Advances in Social Work, ISSN 2694-5347, E-ISSN 2694-5339
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56456 (URN)10.4324/9781003200390-4 (DOI)9781032060279 (ISBN)9781003200390 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-03 Created: 2022-12-03 Last updated: 2023-12-28Bibliographically approved
Cinthio, H., Staaf, A. & Ouis, P. (2022). “That’s how we were raised”: Perpetrator perspectives in relation to legislative changes targeting honour related violence in Sweden. Nordic Journal on Law and Society, 5(01)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“That’s how we were raised”: Perpetrator perspectives in relation to legislative changes targeting honour related violence in Sweden
2022 (English)In: Nordic Journal on Law and Society, E-ISSN 2002-7788, Vol. 5, no 01Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since July 1st, 2020, honour is viewed as an aggravating circumstance in criminal cases in Sweden, and it is suggested that honour related violence and oppression should become a criminal offence in its own right. Interventions directed towards victims of honour crimes have been implemented, but fewer have targeted the offenders. The purpose of this article is to mirror the Swedish legal and discursive framework against the perspective of the perpetrators. While we discuss findings with relevance for practitioners, particularly in the light of recent legislative changes, our main focus is set on subjective understandings of honour crimes. In particular, questions about the perpetrators’ norms and worldviews, their perceptions of the concept of honour, and their experiences of the Swedish justice system are investigated. Using court verdicts and deep interviews, we highlight important themes under the following four headlines: (1) Collectivism, norms, and traditions, (2) Complexities of honour crimes, (3) Marginalization, social vulnerability, and stereotyping, and (4) Reflections in retrospect.

This article gives insight into some of the complexities that courts will have to handle given the recent and pending changes in Swedish legislation and provides knowledge that can be implemented in social and legal work to combat honour related violence and oppression.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå Universitet, 2022
Keywords
honour, perpetrators, offenders, honour crimes, honour as aggravating circumstance, honour violence
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54886 (URN)10.36368/njolas.v5i01.191 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-09-13 Created: 2022-09-13 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Ouis, P. & Löfgren-Mårtenson, L. (2021). "Det är familjernas sätt att skydda dem": Mellan omsorg och kontroll i en hedersrelaterad kontext för unga med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning (1ed.). In: Liber (Ed.), Sexualitet och migration i välfärdsarbete: (pp. 525-544). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Det är familjernas sätt att skydda dem": Mellan omsorg och kontroll i en hedersrelaterad kontext för unga med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning
2021 (Swedish)In: Sexualitet och migration i välfärdsarbete / [ed] Liber, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, 1, p. 525-544Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021 Edition: 1
Keywords
Heder, sexualitet, unga med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, etnicitet
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-39654 (URN)978-91-44-13372-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-01-21 Created: 2021-01-21 Last updated: 2022-04-26Bibliographically approved
Ouis, P. (2021). Hedersrelaterade familjekonflikter: Konsekvenser av förändrade normer i migrationsprocessen. Fokus på familien: Tidsskrift for familiebehandling (3), 213-236
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hedersrelaterade familjekonflikter: Konsekvenser av förändrade normer i migrationsprocessen
2021 (Swedish)In: Fokus på familien: Tidsskrift for familiebehandling, ISSN 0332-5415, E-ISSN 0807-7487, no 3, p. 213-236Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I många familjer med migrationsbakgrund uppstår konflikter som kan kopplas till förän-drade normer i migrationsprocessen. Dessa norm- och generationskonflikter inom familjer diskuteras ofta under benämningen “hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck”. Artikeln försöker ge en grundläggande förståelse för mekanismerna bakom sådana konflikter, med utgångspunkt i författarens tidigare forskning samt annan aktuell forskning på temat. Skillnader i normer kan utläsas i World Value Survey, där nordiska länder framträder som mest sekulära, liberala och individualistiska. Detta kan jämföras med andra länder där invandrare migrerat från, där normerna är mer traditionella, religiösa och kollektiva. De våldsamma familjekonflikterna vi sett i Norden har diskuterats på ett förenklat sätt i termer av kön och kultur. Artikeln försöker att ge fördjupad kunskap om familjekonflikterna som kan förstås i termer av släktskapsorganiserade kollektiva samhällen, där skam och heder spelar stor roll för social status, trygghet och välfärd i gruppen. Komplexa relationer inom familjen kan förstås i teoretiska termer utifrån endogami och patriarkalisk förbundenhet (connectivity) där relationerna mellan mor, son och svärdotter samt mellan bror och syster är särskilt viktiga för förståelsen av konflikterna. Både män och kvinnor kan vara offer och förövare i det hedersrelaterade våldet, där kollektivet har stor betydelse för våldsutövandet. Våldet bör förstås i ett intersektionellt perspektiv där kön, etnicitet, religion, klass och ålder spelar stor roll. Det är dock inte bara våldet som bör uppmärksammas, utan det vardagliga förtrycket som de unga upplever då de socialiseras in i traditionella könsroller för att bli “giftasbara” inom gruppen. Familjeterapeuter har en bra förutsättning att kunna hjälpa familjerna i sin roll som utomstående, där ett förslag är att medla eller mäkla mellan de olika familjemedlemmarna för att blottlägga normkonflikterna och hitta en lösning.

Abstract [en]

In many families with a migration background, conflicts arise that can be linked to changing norms in migration processes. These norms and generational conflicts within families are often discussed under the term “honor-related violence and oppression”. The article seeks to provide a basic understanding of the mechanisms behind such conflicts, based on the author’s previous research and other current research on the topic. Differences in norms can be seen in the World Value Survey, where Nordic countries appear as the most secular, liberal, and individualistic. This can be compared to other countries from where immigrants moved from, where the norms are more traditional, religious, and collective. The violent family conflicts we have seen in the Nordic countries have been discussed in a simplified way in terms of gender and culture. The article seeks to provide in-depth knowledge of family conflicts that can be understood in terms of kinship-organized collective societies, where shame and honor play a major role for social status, security, and well-being in the group. Complex relationships within the family can be understood in the-oretical terms from the perspective of endogamy and patriarchal connectivity, where the relationship between mother, son and daughter-in-law, and between brother and sister, are particularly important for understanding the conflicts. Both men and women can be victims and perpetrators of honor-related violence, where the collective is of great impor-tance for the practice of violence. Violence should be understood from an intersectional perspective where gender, ethnicity, religion, class, and age play a major role. However, it is not only the violence that should be noticed, but the everyday oppression that young people experience as they socialize into traditional gender roles to become “marriageable” within the group. Family therapists are well suited to be able to help families in their role as outsiders, where a proposal is to mediate between the different family members to expose the norm conflicts and find a solution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2021
Keywords
honour based violence and oppression, World Value Survey, collectivism, clan, shame, endogamy, connectivity, intersectionality, hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck, World Value Survey, normkonflikter, familjekonflikter
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-47471 (URN)10.18261/issn.0807-7487-2021-03-04 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-12-13 Created: 2021-12-13 Last updated: 2021-12-14Bibliographically approved
Ouis, P. (2021). Introduktion till temat sexualitet och migration: Sexuella script i förändring. In: Pernilla Ouis (Ed.), Sexualitet och migration i välfärdsarbete: (pp. 21-60). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduktion till temat sexualitet och migration: Sexuella script i förändring
2021 (Swedish)In: Sexualitet och migration i välfärdsarbete / [ed] Pernilla Ouis, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, p. 21-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-42012 (URN)9789144133720 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-04-28 Created: 2021-04-28 Last updated: 2022-04-26Bibliographically approved
Cinthio, H. & Ouis, P. (2021). "Jag kom till verkligheten nu" - röster från klienter dömda för brott kopplade till familjens heder (1ed.). In: Pernilla Ouis (Ed.), Sexualitet och migration i välfärdsarbete: (pp. 449-475). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Jag kom till verkligheten nu" - röster från klienter dömda för brott kopplade till familjens heder
2021 (Swedish)In: Sexualitet och migration i välfärdsarbete / [ed] Pernilla Ouis, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, 1, p. 449-475Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021 Edition: 1
Keywords
hedersrelaterad brottslighet, kriminalvård, hedersmord
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-40953 (URN)9789144133720 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-03-02 Created: 2021-03-02 Last updated: 2023-10-18Bibliographically approved
Projects
The role of values for equity in sexual and reproductive health: clinical encounters as contentious space in a multicultural society; Uppsala University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8403-6534

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